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Mode choice with latent availability and consideration: Theory and a case study

Chiara Calastri, Stephane Hess, Charisma Choudhury, Andrew Daly, Lorenzo Gabrielli
2017 Transportation Research Part B: Methodological  
availability and consideration.  ...  Indeed, although some information on the chosen mode and basic socio-demographic data is collected in such surveys, they (as well as in fact also some purpose collected surveys) lack information on mode  ...  Among the five alternative modes, it is safe to assume that "walking" is an available option for everyone in the sample and that the availability of bus depends on the network, i.e. on the presence of  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.trb.2017.06.016 fatcat:qkkpg3qvx5gr3k7zsdler6zk4y

Converging infrastructures

Christian Büscher, Michael Ornetzeder, Bernd Droste-Franke
2020 TATuP - Journal for Technology Assessment in Theory and Practice  
The interdisciplinary approach to the topic focuses on three central "socio-technical problems" and gives a first insight into the conditions under which converging infrastructures emerge and what consequences  ...  Converging infrastructures illustrate the complexity of the processes involved in both operational sector coupling and socio-technical sector integration.  ...  Acknowledgement We would like to thank our former colleague Chiara Iurato who gave us valuable and creative input for the conceptual idea of this paper.  ... 
doi:10.14512/tatup.29.2.10 fatcat:7gnuq22uszeerajukn7lxcg53y

Neurocomputing in Civil Infrastructure

Juan P. Amezquita-Sanchez, Martin Valtierra-Rodriguez, Mais Aldwaik, Hojjat Adeli
2016 Scientia Iranica. International Journal of Science and Technology  
Since then, many techniques and methodologies based on ANNs have been employed in the civil engineering discipline for optimization, control, identi cation, and prediction problems, among others.  ...  The most common ANN used in structural engineering is the backpropagation neural network followed by recurrent neural networks and radial basis function neural networks.  ...  Dai and Wang [89] presented an adaptive wavelet frame neural network method for ecient reliability analysis.  ... 
doi:10.24200/sci.2016.2301 fatcat:f35gtppgofaojkbertgsowsi24

Deep Learning for Accelerated Seismic Reliability Analysis of Transportation Networks

Mohammad Amin Nabian, Hadi Meidani
2018 Computer-Aided Civil and Infrastructure Engineering  
This paper presents a deep learning framework for accelerating infrastructure system reliability analysis.  ...  This requires accurate and efficient means to evaluate the infrastructure system reliability.  ...  Acknowledgement This work used the Extreme Science and Engineering Discovery Environment (XSEDE), which is supported by National Science Foundation grant number ACI-1053575.  ... 
doi:10.1111/mice.12359 fatcat:r4pag7aqijgxhe4akpvd4bsw5e

Assessing Cyberbiosecurity Vulnerabilities and Infrastructure Resilience

Daniel S. Schabacker, Leslie-Anne Levy, Nate J. Evans, Jennifer M. Fowler, Ellen A. Dickey
2019 Frontiers in Bioengineering and Biotechnology  
This approach proposes to integrate existing capabilities and proven methodologies from the infrastructure assessment realm (e.g., decision science, physical security, infrastructure resilience, cybersecurity  ...  The convergence of advances in biotechnology with laboratory automation, access to data, and computational biology has democratized biotechnology and accelerated the development of new therapeutics.  ...  Contribution of NE to the text on cybersecurity and the human factor. All authors have read and approved the manuscript for publication.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fbioe.2019.00061 pmid:31001526 pmcid:PMC6455068 fatcat:jzrqyborybgz7cbvybhxjxkifi

Multi-disciplinary analysis and optimization under uncertainty [chapter]

C Liang, S Mahadevan
2014 Safety, Reliability, Risk and Life-Cycle Performance of Structures and Infrastructures  
In the context of MDA under uncertainty, several studies have particularly focused on reliability analysis for multidisciplinary systems.  ...  Case 1, Case 2, Case 3 and Case 4: As the number of utilized principal components increases, the K-L divergence becomes smaller and converges after 20 PCs.  ...  Connections between the nodes (i.e. network topology) could be based on the analyst's underlying knowledge of the analysis flow of the model, whereas marginal and conditional probability distributions  ... 
doi:10.1201/b16387-415 fatcat:2u3vrd4orjavroggn7tqb6f3uq

Cockpit Social Infrastructure

Till Degkwitz, Daniel Schulz, Jörg Rainer Noennig
2021 International Journal of E-Planning Research  
Such infrastructures can create opportunities for governments to draw on existing systems and create the potential to improve planning practices through enhanced information and analysis.  ...  Its unique institutional setting as well as its reliance on an open standard software architecture make it a unique case for potential planning support infrastructure.  ...  We nevertheless want to draw on the PSS literature, as it provides us with a framework to analyse and interpret the tool in the context of this case-study.  ... 
doi:10.4018/ijepr.20211001.oa7 fatcat:fewlemhzmjcafpdw656z6yk5di

Critical infrastructure protection: Requirements and challenges for the 21st century

Cristina Alcaraz, Sherali Zeadally
2015 International Journal of Critical Infrastructure Protection  
, telecommunications, and so on).  ...  Today, the reliability, high performance, continuous operation, safety, maintenance and protection of these critical infrastructures are national priorities for many countries around the world.  ...  The research leading to these results has received funding from the MARIE-CURIE COFUND programme U-Mobility, co-financed by the University of Málaga, the EC FP7 under GA No. 246550 and the Ministerio de  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.ijcip.2014.12.002 fatcat:w5dkbi46sbdapgwiqnrrnclpte

Implications: People and Physical Infrastructure [chapter]

James Murday, Larry Bell, James Heath, Chin Hua Kong, Robert Chang, Stephen Fonash, Marietta Baba
2013 Science Policy Reports  
The Nanotechnology Applications and Career Knowledge network (NACK Network; see the case study in Section 8.8.2, which illustrates how convergence at the nanoscale is being addressed in education) and  ...  The NSF Integrative Graduate Education and Research Traineeship (IGERT) program, explicitly tasked to address converging technology opportunities, is one approach to watch (see the IGERT case study, Section  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-319-02204-8_8 fatcat:ruplgut5sjby5eikwpyt2tsszy

Urban Plan and Water Infrastructures Planning: A Methodology Based on Spatial ANP

Michele Grimaldi, Vincenzo Pellecchia, Isidoro Fasolino
2017 Sustainability  
In this study, the relationships between the instruments of regulation and planning are compared by a multi-criteria spatial analysis network (analytic network process (ANP)).  ...  networks.  ...  Indeed, this case study has showed that the limits of a multi-criteria spatial analysis essentially rely on the availability and accessibility of spatial data, which are rarely public and are scattered  ... 
doi:10.3390/su9050771 fatcat:gsfyx3bxebclzdmxbglzmsfr3y

Security and Robustness in the Internet Infrastructure [chapter]

Krishna Kant, Casey Deccio
2012 Handbook on Securing Cyber-Physical Critical Infrastructure  
The essential components of Internet infrastructure include the Domain Name System (DNS) that provides translation between user friendly names and network addresses, inter and intra-domain routing at IP  ...  One major cause of security and robustness challenges is the configuration complexity and the resulting misconfigurations that create security holes and undesired behavior.  ...  The true performance impact depends on how much data is exchanged per session, round-trip network delays, and available bandwidth.  ... 
doi:10.1016/b978-0-12-415815-3.00028-5 fatcat:akfmp2qhq5eepcckwy5ip5u36m

Community-oriented network measurement infrastructure (CONMI) workshop report

kc claffy, Mark Crovella, Timur Friedman, Colleen Shannon, Neil Spring
2006 Computer communication review  
measurement infrastructure.  ...  Sponsored by the National Science Foundation's Office of Cyberinfrastructure (OCI-0532233), the workshop was intended to begin a discussion regarding the viability and utility of a community-oriented network  ...  WORKSHOP ATTENDEES Although this report is based on minutes from the workshop, the authors are solely responsible for the text, and meeting attendees may not agree with everything written here.  ... 
doi:10.1145/1129582.1129594 fatcat:ozhy3khhovhtxody4kucpsawsq

Non-Invasive Methodological Approach to Detect and Characterize High-Risk Sinkholes in Urban Cover Evaporite Karst: Integrated Reflection Seismics, PS-InSAR, Leveling, 3D-GPR and Ancillary Data. A NE Italian Case Study

Alice Busetti, Chiara Calligaris, Emanuele Forte, Giulia Areggi, Arianna Mocnik, Luca Zini
2020 Remote Sensing  
In the present research, we have proposed and tested a methodology to identify the subsiding features through an integrated and non-invasive multi-scale approach combining seismic reflection, PS-InSAR  ...  The analysis was conducted in a small village in the Alta Val Tagliamento Valley (Friuli Venezia Giulia region, NE Italy).  ...  We acknowledge the Italian Space Agency because the research was carried out using CSK ® products © of the Italian Space Agency (ASI), delivered under a license to use by ASI being a product available  ... 
doi:10.3390/rs12223814 fatcat:pvm7e64z2raxncnqlb4kjors24

Bridge condition modelling and prediction using dynamic Bayesian belief networks

M. Imran Rafiq, Marios K. Chryssanthopoulos, Saenthan Sathananthan
2014 Structure and Infrastructure Engineering  
Acknowledgements The authors express their sincere thanks to Network Rail, and in particular Mr Brian Bell, for sponsoring part of the work and for making data available through Mouchel Rail (now SKM).  ...  They are also grateful to the partners of the Marie Curie ITN SmartEn for many fruitful discussions and for facilitating a number of interactions that have improved the context and relevance of this work  ...  The application of the methodology is presented through a case study on the UK's railway masonry arch bridges.  ... 
doi:10.1080/15732479.2013.879319 fatcat:h3f47orst5fcnnzfewnqgxoile

Functional and residual capital values as criteria for water pipe renewal

Amir Nafi, Youssef Tlili
2014 Structure and Infrastructure Engineering  
This study addresses the following questions: How can the functional value be estimated for water systems both at the pipe and network scale?  ...  The current research focuses on the definition of an appropriate time-dependent functional value, based on the following hypothesis: the functional value depends on both structural and hydraulic deterioration  ...  . [ CASE STUDY The methodology was applied to the same case study treated in Tlili and Nafi (2012) .  ... 
doi:10.1080/15732479.2013.862728 fatcat:jomb52ecxbbaxn3y2qvc3yfpsq
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