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Correlation of fractional anisotropy and metabolite concentrations measured using 1H-MRS of cerebral white matter in healthy adults

Sainan Cheng, Qiang Liu, Yubo Lv, Wenwen Han, Ke Yu, Yuchao Li, Tao Gong, Yi Zhang
2014 Bio-medical materials and engineering  
Fractional anisotropy (FA) is currently an ideal index capable of reflecting the white matter structure. 1H magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H-MRS) is often used as a noninvasive concentration measurement  ...  This study was conducted to investigate the relationship between FA and metabolite concentrations by comparing 1H-MRS of bilateral medium corona radiata in healthy adults.  ...  Acknowledgement This paper is sponsored by Shandong Provincial Key Laboratory of Medical Imaging Application of Advanced Technology.  ... 
doi:10.3233/bme-141122 pmid:25227009 fatcat:mn5fijivmrfnpaaxrjbkm5bqgq

Miniature pig magnetic resonance spectroscopy model of normal adolescent brain development

Meghann C. Ryan, Peter Kochunov, Paul M. Sherman, Laura M. Rowland, S. Andrea Wijtenburg, Ashley Acheson, L. Elliot Hong, John Sladky, Stephen McGuire
2018 Journal of Neuroscience Methods  
We analyzed longitudinal changes in adolescent pigs using proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy ( 1 H-MRS) and examined the relationship with white matter (WM) integrity derived from diffusion weighted  ...  For this study, we used proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H-MRS) to quantify longitudinal changes in metabolites during the adolescent brain development of miniature pigs and to link developmental  ...  Wijtenburg SA, et al., Relationship between fractional anisotropy of cerebral white matter and metabolite concentrations measured using (1)H magnetic resonance spectroscopy in healthy adults.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.jneumeth.2018.08.008 pmid:30099002 pmcid:PMC6211793 fatcat:23khsczrvbbbfemyzbkudqxidy

Combining diffusion tensor imaging and magnetic resonance spectroscopy to study reduced frontal white matter integrity in youths with family histories of substance use disorders

Ashley Acheson, S. Andrea Wijtenburg, Laura M. Rowland, Bethany C. Bray, Frank Gaston, Charles W. Mathias, Peter T. Fox, William R. Lovallo, Susan N. Wright, L. Elliot Hong, Stephen McGuire, Peter Kochunov (+1 others)
2014 Human Brain Mapping  
In this study, we examined high angular resolution DTI and proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy data from the anterior corona radiata were collected in 80 FH+ and 34 FH− youths (12.9 ±1.0 years old).  ...  White matter integrity indices included fractional anisotropy (FA), N-acetylaspartate (NAA), and total choline (tCho). Lower FA suggests decreased myelination.  ...  (DTI) and proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H-MRS).  ... 
doi:10.1002/hbm.22591 pmid:25044331 pmcid:PMC4219410 fatcat:qo7n33a2jzaqbeb6ljjf7jqnau

Brain Changes in Long-Term Zen Meditators Using Proton Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy and Diffusion Tensor Imaging: A Controlled Study

Nicolás Fayed, Yolanda Lopez del Hoyo, Eva Andres, Antoni Serrano-Blanco, Juan Bellón, Keyla Aguilar, Ausias Cebolla, Javier Garcia-Campayo, Stefano L. Sensi
2013 PLoS ONE  
Predefined areas of the brain were measured for diffusivity (ADC) and fractional anisotropy (FA) by MR-DTI.  ...  This work aimed to determine whether 1 H magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS), diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) and diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) are correlated with  ...  Acknowledgments The authors thank Zen Masters Dokusho Villalba and Denko Mesa, and the Soto Zen Spanish Buddhist community for their help in the development of this study.  ... 
doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0058476 pmid:23536796 pmcid:PMC3607604 fatcat:teezq473wvegjakx54n2hermma

Neuroimaging in human immunodeficiency virus infection

Karen A. Tucker, Kevin R. Robertson, Weili Lin, J. Keith Smith, Hongyu An, Yasheng Chen, Stephen R. Aylward, Colin D. Hall
2004 Journal of Neuroimmunology  
emission tomography (PET), volumetric magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), functional MRI (fMRI), magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS), diffusion tensor imaging (DTI), and perfusion MRI (pMRI).  ...  Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is associated with central nervous system (CNS) changes that may affect cerebral blood flow (CBF), metabolism, structure, and diffusion.  ...  Acknowledgments Aspects of the presented work were supported by grants from the National Institute of Mental Health [5R01MH062690 (CDH), 5R01MH055466 (CDH)] and from the National Institute of Neurological  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.jneuroim.2004.08.036 pmid:15579293 fatcat:rwcchutwe5c2zijt5ujg4eaeb4

Advancing Fetal Brain MRI: Targets for the Future

Catherine Limperopoulos, Cedric Clouchoux
2009 Seminars in Perinatology  
Until recently, the application of advanced magnetic resonance imaging techniques was limited by motion in the nonsedated fetus.  ...  ability to study the healthy and compromised fetus.  ...  Metabolic Development of the Fetal Brain Proton Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy Proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H-MRS) is becoming a powerful noninvasive tool for examining cerebral metabolism  ... 
doi:10.1053/j.semperi.2009.04.002 pmid:19631089 fatcat:nwbuhdbsa5bnhbsp7m2vrpw57y

Magnetic resonance and the human brain: anatomy, function and metabolism

I. -F. Talos, A. Z. Mian, K. H. Zou, L. Hsu, D. Goldberg-Zimring, S. Haker, J. G. Bhagwat, R. V. Mulkern
2006 Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences (CMLS)  
J. (1998) Differentiation of metabolic con- centrations between gray matter and white matter of human brain by in vivo 1H magnetic resonance spectroscopy. Magn. Reson.  ...  in the cerebral white matter.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s00018-005-5522-4 pmid:16568243 fatcat:pjshqjophjhz5crmeqmkzjiv5m

Spinal Cord Imaging in Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis: Historical Concepts—Novel Techniques

Mohamed Mounir El Mendili, Giorgia Querin, Peter Bede, Pierre-François Pradat
2019 Frontiers in Neurology  
Despite its enormous clinical and academic potential, a number of physiological, technological, and methodological challenges limit the routine use of computational spinal imaging in ALS.  ...  Quantitative spinal imaging in ALS has now been used in cross-sectional and longitudinal study designs, applied to presymptomatic mutation carriers, and utilized in machine learning applications.  ...  MR Spectroscopy Magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) is well-established, non-invasive imaging tool which provides neurochemical insights based on the concentration and relaxation profile of specific  ... 
doi:10.3389/fneur.2019.00350 pmid:31031688 pmcid:PMC6474186 fatcat:fehb2leou5d2dobp3jgxy6u33e

Proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy lactate/N-acetylaspartate within 2 weeks of birth accurately predicts 2-year motor, cognitive and language outcomes in neonatal encephalopathy after therapeutic hypothermia

Subhabrata Mitra, Giles S Kendall, Alan Bainbridge, Magdalena Sokolska, Mary Dinan, Cristina Uria-Avellanal, David Price, Katie Mckinnon, Roxana Gunny, Angela Huertas-Ceballos, Xavier Golay, Nicola J Robertson
2018 Archives of Disease in Childhood: Fetal and Neonatal Edition  
ObjectiveBrain proton (1H) magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) lactate/N-acetylaspartate (Lac/NAA) peak area ratio is used for prognostication in neonatal encephalopathy (NE).  ...  At 3 Tesla in NE babies, the objectives were to assess: (1) sensitivity and specificity of basal ganglia and thalamus (BGT) 1H MRS Lac/NAA for the prediction of Bayley III outcomes at 2 years using optimised  ...  Acknowledgements Funding support for this study was received from UK Department of Health's NIHR BRC funding scheme.  ... 
doi:10.1136/archdischild-2018-315478 pmid:30322975 fatcat:dxlnhdd555blbhxraqw727lsbu

Radiologic Imaging in Psychiatric Disorders in the Light of Recent Developments [chapter]

Duzgun Yildirim
2011 Psychiatric Disorders - Worldwide Advances  
Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy and basic principles Proton MR-Spectroscopy is a useful in vivo examination for analyzing the metabolites of the human brain that are in small concentrations.  ...  We can also calculate cellular construction and degradation products and metabolite contents with Phosphorus-31 magnetic resonance spectroscopy as well as conventional 1H-proton spectroscopy.  ... 
doi:10.5772/26756 fatcat:lqdhg4udv5aa3jqpuelmk4d5tm

Application of Magnetic Resonance Imaging in the Evaluation of Nutritional Status: A Literature Review with Focus on Dialysis Patients

Tsutomu Inoue, Eito Kozawa, Masahiro Ishikawa, Hirokazu Okada
2021 Nutrients  
cerebral blood flow evaluation; magnetic resonance elastography for fatty liver and cirrhosis evaluation; magnetic resonance spectroscopy for evaluation of metabolites in specific regions of the brain  ...  In addition to conventional MRI for morphological assessment, diffusion-weighted MRI/diffusion tensor imaging is used to evaluate white matter structures in the brain; arterial spin labeling is used for  ...  The sponsors had no role in the design, execution, interpretation, or writing of the study.  ... 
doi:10.3390/nu13062037 pmid:34198682 pmcid:PMC8232261 fatcat:picwvpmr2fasvhfpzz2yk7jsgm

Technology-based assessment in patients with disorders of consciousness

Carol Di Perri, Lizette Heine, Enrico Amico, Andrea Soddu, Steven Laureys, Athena Demertzi
2014 Annali dell'Istituto Superiore di Sanità  
Positron emission tomography (PET), functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), diffusion tensor imaging (DTI), and electroencephalography combined with transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS-EEG) techniques  ...  and minus, and the functional locked-in syndrome.  ...  the University and University Hospital of Liège.  ... 
pmid:25292268 fatcat:mtplb5kcevh5bbidnk7vbih3am

Advances in urea cycle neuroimaging: Proceedings from the 4th International Symposium on urea cycle disorders, Barcelona, Spain, September 2013

Ileana Pacheco-Colón, Stanley Fricke, John VanMeter, Andrea L. Gropman
2014 Molecular Genetics and Metabolism  
Using neuroimaging we can identify biomarkers that reflect the downstream impact of UCDs on cognition.  ...  Deficits in these capacities may be seen in symptomatic patients, as well as asymptomatic carriers with normal IQ and correlate with variances in brain structure and function in these patients.  ...  The most commonly used indices for the measurement of anisotropic diffusions by DTI include the relative anisotropy measure, fractional anisotropy (FA), and the volume ratio indices.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.ymgme.2014.05.005 pmid:25066103 pmcid:PMC4177962 fatcat:22yxfiddlnh6lhydglqgp7rlei

Metabolic Imaging in Humans

Taylor L. Fuss, Leo L. Cheng
2016 Topics in Magnetic Resonance Imaging (TMRI)  
Advancement of techniques, such as magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS), positron emission tomography (PET), and mass spectrometry (MS), allow for improved accuracy for quantification of metabolites and  ...  At present, metabolic imaging uses techniques including magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS), positron emission tomography (PET), and mass spectrometry (MS) imaging to visualize and quantify metabolites  ...  Funding: This work was funded by PHS NIH grants CA115746, CA115746S2, and CA162959.  ... 
doi:10.1097/rmr.0000000000000100 pmid:27748708 pmcid:PMC5117434 fatcat:tqhp5dmct5fsdkxmd4ygnxuc24

Anatomical and Neurochemical Correlates of Parental Verbal Abuse: A Combined MRS—Diffusion MRI Study

Dohyun Kim, Jae Hyun Yoo, Young Woo Park, Minchul Kim, Dong Woo Shin, Bumseok Jeong
2019 Frontiers in Human Neuroscience  
We measured metabolites in the pregenual anterior cingulate cortex (pgACC) acquired with single-voxel proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy and anatomical connectivity assessed with probabilistic tractography  ...  in 46 healthy young adults who experienced no-to-low level parental verbal abuse (paVA) during their childhood and adolescence.  ...  Myo-inositol in depressive and healthy subjects determined by frontal 1H-magnetic resonance spectroscopy at 1.5 tesla. J. Psychiatr.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fnhum.2019.00012 pmid:30760992 pmcid:PMC6361791 fatcat:7iyh5hqsurezzakxuynqee4x7u
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