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The political impact of science: is tobacco control science- or policy-driven?

Lars Thorup Larsen
2008 Science and Public Policy  
Already in 1981 did the first studies point to a causal relationship between ETS and lung cancer, and in 1986 both the US Surgeon General, the US National Research Council and the International Agency  ...  Does the case of tobacco control help us to develop a better understanding of the relationship and separation between science and politics?  ... 
doi:10.3152/030234208x394697 fatcat:piqeb6vdtretpfq5qnmcphjfym

Tobacco-induced suppression of the vascular response to dental plaque

David Scott
2018 Tobacco Induced Diseases  
Background The literature about the causal relationship between lung cancer and tobacco smoking mostly concerns cigarettes.  ...  Aim and objective: The aim of our study is to establish a rodent model of pancreatic cancer and to determine the relationships between the development of pancreatitis and pancreatic cancer in response  ... 
doi:10.18332/tid/94524 fatcat:a3uqjyatdje5nfrtyqifajh5hq

Youth Smoking in Europe. Strategies for Prevention and Reduction [article]

Joan Hanafin, Luke Clancy
2019 Zenodo  
Strategies for Prevention and Reduction.  ...  In addition to HE, smoking harms are also discussed in Biology, included in both the curriculum and textbooks on lung anatomy, and physiology and cancer.  ...  relationships) might weaken or strengthen the link between implementation component and mechanism.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.5594431 fatcat:j3evchovdnar3brlbyuqzujhza

Tobacco Control and the Role of Litigation: A Survey of Issues in Law, Policy, and Economics

Basil C. Bitas, Pedro P. Barros
2008 Social Science Research Network  
This article examines the course of tobacco litigation in the United States and its implications for law and policy in the future, both in the U.S. and internationally.  ...  majority of such states to opt for the direct and transparent regulation of tobacco activities through formal and perhaps consensual channels, thereby bypassing the long and costly stage of litigation  ...  wave, (iii) increasing medical costs on a system-wide basis, and (iv) an alleged causal relationship between smoking and health care costs.  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.1121000 fatcat:vrkcf5rxz5arhn4hezdfnzqryy

The Social Origins of Innovation Failures

Laura G. Pedraza-Farina
2017 Social Science Research Network  
Identifying the social causes underlying innovation failures is essential to the design of effective law and policy interventions.  ...  First, market failure models frequently assume that public, non-secret knowledge (or information) will flow freely among communities of innovators and be put to its optimal use.  ...  after the introduction of light cigarettes in the market, but epidemiologists did not make the connection between light cigarette smoking and this more aggressive form of lung cancer. 191 At around the  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.3020102 fatcat:7v7o53m3mje2zms5baq7ofsmfe

Building Blocks for Tobacco Control: A Handbook

2005 Addiction  
Acknowledgements We thank the Regional Advisers of the Tobacco Free Initiative for their participation in the planning of this publication and assistance in identifying experts with practical experience  ...  The following individuals served as the editors and primary contributors of this publication:  ...  In it Franz Hermann Muller of Germany observed a strong dose-response relationship between smoking and lung cancer.  ... 
doi:10.1111/j.1360-0443.2005.01301.x fatcat:rqa36olhcvbgvotwkw2heqgzay

Addictive Technology and Its Implications for Antitrust Enforcement

Niels J. Rosenquist, Fiona M. Scott Morton, Samuel Weinstein
2021 Social Science Research Network  
Economic theory tells us that more choice in digital media will increase the likelihood that some firms will vie to offer higher-quality and safer platforms.  ...  Other types of addictive products, like tobacco and prescription drugs, are heavily regulated to protect consumers.  ...  The impact on lung cancer and cardiac disease of mass-produced (and enhanced) tobacco products in the early part of the twentieth century was not fully 85.  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.3787822 fatcat:exbvwdv5nvc5vnjeqr6jyquswa

From global agenda-setting to domestic implementation: successes and challenges of the global health network on tobacco control

Uwe Gneiting
2015 Health Policy and Planning  
The case of global tobacco control highlights the trade-off faced by global health networks between maintaining internal cohesion and forming alliances with actors in their social environment.  ...  A global health network of tobacco control scientists and advocates, which formed around the creation of the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC), successfully extended its life cycle into promoting  ...  social harm of tobacco use through second-hand smoke and a strong scientific evidence base regarding the link between tobacco use and negative health effects (i.e. cancer, lung and heart disease).  ... 
doi:10.1093/heapol/czv001 pmid:26253698 pmcid:PMC4954556 fatcat:zquswebkrzdivca7bgroswmbua

Smoking among Doctors: Governmentality, Embodiment, and the Diversion of Blame in Contemporary China

Matthew Kohrman
2008 Medical Anthropology  
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS Research for this article was supported by NIH grant #K07CA093605. 2002 '' (Newsedge 2001; see also Zhong and Yano (2007).  ...  of lung cancer cases.  ...  system of hospital-based physicians.  ... 
doi:10.1080/01459740701831401 pmid:18266170 fatcat:zy5ksl4txjdfjgzkgev4kj3qhu

The Economic Impact of Smoking and of Reducing Smoking Prevalence: Review of Evidence

Victor U. Ekpu, Abraham K. Brown
2015 Tobacco Use Insights  
On average, community pharmacist-based smoking cessation programs yield cost savings to the health system of between US$500 and US$614 per LYG. 7.  ...  systems, and these may have affected the comparability of the results of the studies reviewed.  ...  Using a system-dynamics computer simulation model based on secondary data, the authors evaluated the cost effectiveness of an enhanced nationwide school-based anti-tobacco education and found that over  ... 
doi:10.4137/tui.s15628 pmid:26242225 pmcid:PMC4502793 fatcat:qtiocpyzqrggbk4rcnfet2sj7i

Using Devolution to Set the Agenda? Venue Shift and the Smoking Ban in Scotland

Paul Cairney
2007 British Journal of Politics & International Relations  
It charts the methods that groups, governments and MSPs use to frame and pursue or suppress discussion of the prohibition of smoking in public places.  ...  John Reid). 1 The legislation was initially set to mark one of the most significant policy divergences between Scotland and England since devolution.  ...  in the 1950s reporting the relationship between smoking and lung cancer; publicity surrounding the Royal College of Physicians report, 'Smoking and Health', the first US Surgeon General report on'Smoking  ... 
doi:10.1111/j.1467-856x.2007.00259.x fatcat:ppixiysmwbeypicljb4zg6xlkq

Cigarette Mainstream Smoke: The Evolution of Methods and Devices for Generation, Exposure and Collection

Hubert Klus, Barbara Boenke-Nimphius, Lutz Müller
2016 Beiträge zur Tabakforschung International  
SUMMARY The objective of this review is to support tobacco scientists when evaluating information published on smoking machines, and on cigarette mainstream smoke (in vivo and in vitro) exposure systems  ...  Covered as well is the field of in vitro toxicity testing, including the increasingly informative new techniques of air-liquid interface exposure, which are becoming more and more refined with the use  ...  ACKNOWLEDGEMENT The authors would like to thank everyone who contributed to this review, in particular the reviewers for numerous helpful comments.  ... 
doi:10.1515/cttr-2016-0015 fatcat:uz5hb3hi7veo3egxq5kvfkus4m

Proportionality Review in EU Gambling Law [chapter]

Simon Planzer
2013 Studies in European Economic Law and Regulation  
They all feature unique sequelae (for instance, lung cancer in the case of tobacco addiction) as well as shared manifestations (for instance, neuroadaptation).  ...  The expressions can be different (e.g. alcoholism, nicotine, gambling) and each expression shows unique sequelae (e.g. lung cancer in the case of nicotine addiction) as well as shared manifestations (e.g  ...  UK courts effectively apply a proportionality review on substance -in spite of also using language reminiscent of common law, particularly relating to the Wednesbury test. 617 However, fi nal conclusions  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-319-02306-9_9 fatcat:2es63gr4zzbpxj5n4ourwwryb4

DETECTION AND CONTROL OF ARTERIAL HYPERTENSION IS AN EFFECTIVE TOOL FOR REDUCING MORTALITY FROM DISEASES OF THE CIRCULATORY SYSTEM
ВЫЯВЛЕНИЕ И КОНТРОЛЬ АРТЕРИАЛЬНОЙ ГИПЕРТОНИИ – ЭФФЕКТИВНЫЙ ИНСТРУМЕНТ СНИЖЕНИЯ СМЕРТНОСТИ ОТ БОЛЕЗНЕЙ СИСТЕМЫ КРОВООБРАЩЕНИЯ

V.A. Evdakov, Federal Research Institute for Health Organization and Informatics of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation, O.O. Zakharchenko, D.S. Terentyeva, D.A. Khaltourina, Federal Research Institute for Health Organization and Informatics of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation, Federal Research Institute for Health Organization and Informatics of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation, Federal Research Institute for Health Organization and Informatics of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation
2021 Social Aspects of Population Health  
The relationship between blood pressure and mortality from diseases of the circulatory system has been proved.  ...  Reducing morbidity and mortality from diseases of the circulatory system calles for improved efficiency of the state health system to detect and control blood pressure at the population level.  ...  , pancreatitis), cancers (e.g. gastrointestinal cancers, lung cancer, breast cancer in women), and external causes of mortality (e.g. injuries, transport accidents, poisonings). [90] [91] [92] For a more  ... 
doi:10.21045/2071-5021-2021-67-5-9 fatcat:675n5rnn4jafznjque6q6xis3u

Global Health Governance and the Challenge of Chronic, Non-Communicable Disease

Roger S. Magnusson
2010 Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics  
Conclusion David Stuckler, Corinna Hawkes, and Derek Yach argue that the governance of chronic disease should be understood as “the dynamic relationship between the burden of disease and the complete set  ...  of tobacco use, alcohol abuse, and poor diet.  ... 
doi:10.1111/j.1748-720x.2010.00508.x pmid:20880237 fatcat:onhp55yb5jd4xc56lpfc6qcr64
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