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RelatIF: Identifying Explanatory Training Examples via Relative Influence [article]

Elnaz Barshan, Marc-Etienne Brunet, Gintare Karolina Dziugaite
2020 arXiv   pre-print
RelatIF considers the local influence that an explanatory example has on a prediction relative to its global effects on the model.  ...  In this work, we focus on the use of influence functions to identify relevant training examples that one might hope "explain" the predictions of a machine learning model.  ...  RelatIF considers the local influence that an explanatory example has on a prediction relative to its global effects on the model.  ... 
arXiv:2003.11630v1 fatcat:shmzf2fh6bcl5l63t6zo77o52a

RelatIF: Identifying Explanatory Training Samples via Relative Influence

Elnaz Barshan, Marc-Etienne Brunet, Gintare Karolina Dziugaite
2020 International Conference on Artificial Intelligence and Statistics  
RelatIF considers the local influence that an explanatory example has on a prediction relative to its global e↵ects on the model.  ...  In this work, we focus on the use of influence functions to identify relevant training examples that one might hope "explain" the predictions of a machine learning model.  ...  RelatIF considers the local influence that an explanatory example has on a prediction relative to its global e↵ects on the model.  ... 
dblp:conf/aistats/BarshanBD20 fatcat:lyytbcmky5hmnodacnxzjwlkaa

Understanding Physiotherapists' Roles in Ontario Primary Health Care Teams

Sinéad Patricia Dufour, S. Deborah Lucy, Judith Belle Brown
2014 Physiotherapy Canada  
An explanatory scheme was developed.  ...  Canada's PHC mandate (access, teams, information, and healthy living) frame the contexts that influence role enactment.  ...  Physiotherapists' professional training enabled them to ''bridge'' across providers and programmes.  ... 
doi:10.3138/ptc.2013-22 pmid:25125776 pmcid:PMC4130401 fatcat:2x7rfpcrw5hu7johqwllnohdie

The paradox of measuring success of nations in elite sport

Veerle De Bosscher, Bruno Heyndels, Paul De Knop, Maarten van Bottenburg, Simon Shibli
2008 Belgeo  
Identifying relative success of nations 27 A regression analysis serves two purposes. First it identifies the determinants for international success on the macro-level.  ...  Via Diagnostic tests two outlying cases in X-direction were identified: Germany and the USA, with a Mahalanobis distance of 92,000 and 66,000 respectively, far above the other nations.  ... 
doi:10.4000/belgeo.10303 fatcat:xrqasejlzra3zkpe4ut3ikpvjy

Corporate Governance Regimes and Employment Relations in Europe

Marc Goergen, Chris Brewster, Geoffrey Wood
2009 Relations Industrielles - Industrial Relations  
This evidence highlights the complex relationship between societal institutions, legal traditions, political parties and electoral systems, on corporate governance regimes and the relative strength of  ...  relies on a limited number of case studies and/or broad macroeconomic data, whereas this article draws on evidence from a large scale survey of organizations to test the predictions of the theories on the relative  ...  The second logit uses MYRL as the main explanatory variable.  ... 
doi:10.7202/038876ar fatcat:k24a3kdugnfqvfqpk7cvvc4mcu

Impact of quality improvement tools on the performance of firms using different quality management systems

Iñaki Heras, Frederic Marimon, Martí Casadesús
2011 Innovar: Revista de Ciencias Administrativas y Sociales  
The study finds that organisations with qualitymanagement systems based on the ISO 9001:2000 standard tend to use general-purpose qualitative tools, and that these do have a relatively positive impact  ...  For example, during the earlier stages the emphasis is on diagnosis and data collection; typical tools in these earlier stages include benchmarking, stakeholder surveys, suggestion systems, and improvement  ...  organisations qui utilisent un système de gestion de la qualité basé sur le standard iso 9001:2000 ont tendance à utiliser des instruments qualitatifs génériques et ces instruments ont un impact positif relatif  ... 
doaj:8c8523af117f4fb89b6b5162e0edc770 fatcat:nrehpjznhrgqdbqjjlfmdm5idq

The integration of new immigrants in Brussels: an institutional and political puzzle

Catherine Xhardez
2016 Brussels Studies  
If needs are identified, the newcomer will be given the opportunity to enter into a 'reception agreement' (secondary part) which offers: linguistic training to reach level A2 (from 240 to 1140 hours 21  ...  Time will tell what VGC's true influence in this matter will be.  ... 
doi:10.4000/brussels.1434 fatcat:c5gerjmidvcxrdlo2kh5663hgm

Teacher Supply & Demand in Art Education

Ray C. Maul
1964 Art education  
They are sometimes referred to as entrants via alternate routes.  ...  However this is not to say that these measures have no explanatory power.  ... 
doi:10.2307/3190472 fatcat:oludhbm6yvc5fp2dafes4wnn3a

Research in ESP teaching and learning in French higher education: developing the construct of ESP didactics

Cédric Sarré, Shona Whyte
2016 ASp  
For example, we can describe the direct influences at work (represented as dotted lines with arrowheads) at three levels.  ...  Finally, the specialist domain also influences the knowledge required of teachers, and, as a result, the type of training they should receive.  ... 
doi:10.4000/asp.4834 fatcat:e763ze2ginfvjni25kmflsfxve

Acquired visual field defects rehabilitation: Critical review and perspectives

M.-C. Pouget, D. Lévy-Bencheton, M. Prost, C. Tilikete, M. Husain, S. Jacquin-Courtois
2012 Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine  
This review explores the key data relative to these different approaches in terms of behavioral or imagery results. It also aims at critically analyzing the advantages and limits of each one.  ...  Finally, the third line of criticism is related to explanatory mechanisms.  ...  [30] relative à la réorganisation corticale.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.rehab.2011.05.006 pmid:22209077 fatcat:2e7p6z6twzbp5mx55stnsagyae

The Bologna Process and physiotherapy education across Europe

J. Xerri de Caro, B. Richardson, M. Kirshbaum, M. Burton, F. Gordon
2015 Physiotherapy  
The legal requirement is still that there is only one way to become a physiotherapist in Germany -and this is via training at a diploma level.  ...  This was all carried out via email.  ...  context researching, teaching and training.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.physio.2015.03.066 fatcat:tl3z25ztszbytdnej72thkh3ha

An Empirical Comparison of Instance Attribution Methods for NLP

Pouya Pezeshkpour, Sarthak Jain, Byron Wallace, Sameer Singh
2021 Proceedings of the 2021 Conference of the North American Chapter of the Association for Computational Linguistics: Human Language Technologies   unpublished
We find that simple retrieval methods yield training instances that differ from those identified via gradient-based methods (such as IFs), but that nonetheless exhibit desirable characteristics similar  ...  Might simpler approaches (e.g., retrieving train examples most similar to a given test point) perform comparably?  ...  Relatif: Identifying explanatory training samples via relative influence. In International Conference on Artificial Intelligence and Statistics, pages 1899-1909.  ... 
doi:10.18653/v1/2021.naacl-main.75 fatcat:wwvbamcztnahhjb4qfueodjxfq

Do Investor–State Dispute Settlement Cases Influence Domestic Environmental Regulation? the Role of Respondent State Capacity

Tarald Laudal Berge, Axel Berger
2020 Social Science Research Network  
States can increase the precision of IIAs by using explanatory or interpretative language in substantive and procedural provisions, for example by defining standards that guide how obligations shall be  ...  Explanatory language is for example whether "ownership and control" is defined in detail in IIAs, whether fair and equitable treatment is qualified with reference to external standards, or ehetehr choice  ...  Thus, while we may lack information about the proceedings of many ISDS cases, information about ISDS claims is relatively transparent.  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.3522366 fatcat:4qg4unjek5ej7ppluv77k4mp7e

Contemporary Reviews of Mine Water Studies in Europe, Part 3

Christian Wolkersdorfer, Rob Bowell
2005 Mine Water and the Environment  
In addition, special attention is being paid to the influence of contaminated soil on surface water contamination (transport via groundwater), within the framework of the European Project AQUATERRA (505428  ...  The local geology of the mines in Ireland influences the associated mine wastewaters.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10230-005-0074-2 fatcat:zygh2lsk2zb3lpb4xjwq4xaemq

Influence Tuning: Demoting Spurious Correlations via Instance Attribution and Instance-Driven Updates

Xiaochuang Han, Yulia Tsvetkov
2021 Findings of the Association for Computational Linguistics: EMNLP 2021   unpublished
and unveiling data artifacts through influence func- 2020. RelatIF: Identifying explanatory training ex- tions. In Proc. ACL. amples via relative influence. In Proc.  ...  identify the same set of outlier training examples Influence functions Koh and Liang (2017) pro- being influential to a large number of different prob- pose influence functions (IF) for  ... 
doi:10.18653/v1/2021.findings-emnlp.374 fatcat:4set4sfpqba4liycipvs7wsc6q
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