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Assessing the robustness of projected precipitation changes over central Africa on the basis of a multitude of global and regional climate projections

Andreas Haensler, Fahad Saeed, Daniela Jacob
2013 Climatic Change  
For this purpose we have compiled a state-of-the-art multi-model multi-scenario ensemble of global and regional precipitation projections.  ...  However some robust changes in precipitation characteristics, like the intensification of heavy rainfall events as well as an increase in the number of dry spells during the rainy season are projected  ...  By combining different approaches (e.g. general circulation models-GCMs vs. regional climate models-RCMs) and also different model generations (e.g.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10584-013-0863-8 fatcat:yldt2jjbbzeh5gdho3qcfdnrfy

Fast, visual specialization for reading in English revealed by the topography of the N170 ERP response

Urs Maurer, Daniel Brandeis, Bruce D McCandliss
2005 Behavioral and Brain Functions  
Characterization of such effects may be improved by sampling with greater spatial frequency recordings that sample inferior regions.  ...  Words elicited larger N170 negativities than symbols at inferior occipito-temporal channels, with the maximal effect over left inferior regions often unsampled in conventional electrode montages.  ...  Using BESA software, channels with excessive artifacts were spline interpolated (in average 3.5 channels per subject), and eye blinks were corrected (multiple source eye correction method [48] , as applied  ... 
doi:10.1186/1744-9081-1-13 pmid:16091138 pmcid:PMC1208852 fatcat:vn54p7rmzfee3d6aou7vlaostq

Assessing internal changes in the future structure of dry–hot compound events: the case of the Pyrenees

Marc Lemus-Canovas, Joan Albert Lopez-Bustins
2021 Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences  
To this end, we quantified the changes in the temporal trends of such events, as well as changes in the bivariate probability density functions for the main Pyrenean regions.  ...  much more serious than if these events were to occur separately in time (e.g. only long dry spells).  ...  Bias correction techniques are used to correct the data simulated by global and regional climate models (GCMs and RCMs, respectively) by means of observed data.  ... 
doi:10.5194/nhess-21-1721-2021 fatcat:errd7uvt6fhgppr7smldt4dbwy

Effects of rhyme and spelling patterns on auditory word ERPs depend on selective attention to phonology

Yuliya N. Yoncheva, Urs Maurer, Jason D. Zevin, Bruce D. McCandliss
2013 Brain and Language  
ERP responses to spoken words are sensitive to both rhyming effects and effects of associated spelling patterns.  ...  ERP responses to the same stimuli presented under melodic focus, however, showed no evidence of sensitivity to rhyme or spelling patterns.  ...  For rhyme pairs, identical rime-unit spelling resulted in superior performance relative to differing spelling (R + O + vs. R + O À : accuracy t(15) = 3.27, p < 0.005, RT t(15) = À3.97, p < 0.001).  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.bandl.2012.12.013 pmid:23395712 pmcid:PMC4365939 fatcat:jab4o56hafajtovyfzg7zzzgji

Harmonizing taxon names in biodiversity data: a review of tools, databases, and best practices

Matthias Grenié, Emilio Berti, Juan Carvajal‐Quintero, Gala Mona Louise Dädlow, Alban Sagouis, Marten Winter
2022 Methods in Ecology and Evolution  
We categorized available taxonomic databases according to their taxonomic breadth (e.g. taxon specific vs. multi-taxa) and spatial scope (e.g. regional vs. global), highlighting strengths and caveats of  ...  The y-axis represents spatial scale from regional to global.  ...  | CON CLUS ION The correct treatment of taxon names is a prerequisite for robust biodiversity research.  ... 
doi:10.1111/2041-210x.13802 fatcat:tj44hdref5hktdjxfrdhcs5j4m

Reading Aloud Boosts Connectivity through the Putamen

M. L. Seghier, C. J. Price
2009 Cerebral Cortex  
Note: Positive values indicate an increase in interactions between regions during reading as compared with object naming and saying 123 to unfamiliar stimuli.  ...  Using dynamic causal modeling in skilled readers who were reading regularly spelled English words, we compared 27 possible pathways that might connect the ventral anterior occipito-temporal sulcus (aOT  ...  ., 1A vs. 1B vs. 1C vs. 1D; 2A vs. 2B vs. 2C vs. 2D, etc).  ... 
doi:10.1093/cercor/bhp123 pmid:19561062 pmcid:PMC2820698 fatcat:ozco3sdcdvahjnuo4jz5av4bte

Brain volumes as predictors of tDCS effects in primary progressive aphasia

Vânia de Aguiar, Yi Zhao, Andreia Faria, Bronte Ficek, Kimberly T. Webster, Haley Wendt, Zeyi Wang, Argye E. Hillis, Chiadi U. Onyike, Constantine Frangakis, Brian Caffo, Kyrana Tsapkini
2020 Brain and Language  
Anodal tDCS and sham were administered over the left inferior frontal gyrus (IFG), combined with written naming/spelling therapy.  ...  Correct spelling requires accurate processing in at least one of two processing routes.  ...  and global atrophy.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.bandl.2019.104707 pmid:31704518 pmcid:PMC7709910 fatcat:i72wxaaixrcgdgax6a42rdt4yq

Climate Projections for Precipitation and Temperature Indicators in the Douro Wine Region: The Importance of Bias Correction

Joana Martins, Helder Fraga, André Fonseca, João Andrade Santos
2021 Agronomy  
Significant differences between the bias correction methods are indeed found for the number of extremely warm days (maximum temperature > 35 °C), number of warm spells, number of warm spell days, number  ...  A four-member ensemble of the Regional Climate Model-Global Climate Model chain simulations is used to evaluate the potential impacts of climate change on indices of extreme temperature and precipitation  ...  We acknowledge the World Climate Research Programme's Working Group on Regional Climate, and the Working Group on Coupled Modelling, former coordinating body of CORDEX and responsible panel for CMIP5.  ... 
doi:10.3390/agronomy11050990 fatcat:bbovp5o36zdkhi6vabt755bfoi

Human–computer interaction based on visual hand-gesture recognition using volumetric spatiograms of local binary patterns

Ana I. Maqueda, Carlos R. del-Blanco, Fernando Jaureguizar, Narciso García
2015 Computer Vision and Image Understanding  
For this purpose, a robust vision-based hand-gesture recognition system has been developed, and a new database has been created to test it.  ...  Finally, the recognition stage segments a spatio-temporal volume of data using the obtained trajectories, and compute a video descriptor called Volumetric Spatiograms of Local Binary Patterns (VS-LBP),  ...  Green image regions correspond to hand poses correctly detected from which a trajectory of tracked hand regions is extracted. The tracker is robust against missing detections (red image regions).  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.cviu.2015.07.009 fatcat:75dne4lacnefzgqusa6ot6npp4

Inequality and Poverty in Africa in an Era of Globalization: Looking Beyond Income to Health and Education [chapter]

David E. Sahn, Stephen D. Younger
2010 The Poor under Globalization in Asia, Latin America, and Africa  
However, the overall picture gives little cause for complacency or optimism that Africa has reaped, or will soon reap the potential benefits of the process of globalization.  ...  Within this region, Cameroon is the only country, based on the 1991 to 1998 spell, but not the 1998 to 2004 spell, where a substantial improvement is seen in the share of women who have competed six years  ...  Table 1 1 Poverty headcounts and Gini coefficients for children's heights Tests for equality Tests for equality Survey Headcount vs. 1st vs. 2nd vs. 3rd Gini vs. 1st vs. 2nd vs. 3rd Burkina Faso  ... 
doi:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199584758.003.0013 fatcat:c5zidysxpbapphcozp5vhujamm

Inequality and Poverty in Africa in an Era of Globalization: Looking Beyond Income to Health and Education

David E. Sahn, Stephen D. Younger
2007 Social Science Research Network  
However, the overall picture gives little cause for complacency or optimism that Africa has reaped, or will soon reap the potential benefits of the process of globalization.  ...  Within this region, Cameroon is the only country, based on the 1991 to 1998 spell, but not the 1998 to 2004 spell, where a substantial improvement is seen in the share of women who have competed six years  ...  Table 1 1 Poverty headcounts and Gini coefficients for children's heights Tests for equality Tests for equality Survey Headcount vs. 1st vs. 2nd vs. 3rd Gini vs. 1st vs. 2nd vs. 3rd Burkina Faso  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.871833 fatcat:55lqdkkgzvhyhijkhjnhvzyaf4

Late Twenty-First-Century Changes in the Midlatitude Atmospheric Circulation in the CESM Large Ensemble

Y. Peings, J. Cattiaux, S. Vavrus, Gudrun Magnusdottir
2017 Journal of Climate  
This study also illustrates that further understanding of regional processes is critical for anticipating changes in the midlatitude dynamics.  ...  Extreme temperature events in midlatitudes are more sensitive to thermodynamical than dynamical changes, and a general decrease in the intensity of wintertime cold spells is found.  ...  Hence, anomalies in Figs. 3b-d highlight regional anomalies in the amplitude of the global change rather than the change itself.  ... 
doi:10.1175/jcli-d-16-0340.1 fatcat:yjexnc22urggvekyjlr5v7y2ii

Orthographic influence on spoken word identification: Behavioral and fMRI evidence

Christine Chiarello, Kenneth I. Vaden, Mark A. Eckert
2018 Neuropsychologia  
Both voxel-based and region of interest analyses demonstrated robust effects of OPOR in several cingulo-opercular regions.  ...  To assess such influences, the proportion of similar sounding words (i.e. phonological neighbors) that were also spelled similarly (i.e., orthographic neighbors) was computed for each auditorily presented  ...  Such a system would be globally recruited whenever task difficulty increases, regardless of whether a response on a given trial was correct or not.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2018.01.032 pmid:29371094 pmcid:PMC5866781 fatcat:uekr5r5vbzg4joe2nl65dplm54

When all hypotheses are right: A multifocal account of dyslexia

Cyril Pernet, Jesper Andersson, Eraldo Paulesu, Jean Francois Demonet
2009 Human Brain Mapping  
Analyses were performed in large samples of control and dyslexic subjects, and in correlation with their performance on phonological, reading, and spelling tests.  ...  Within the same region, other clusters also showed correlations with pseudoword reading and irregular word spelling.  ...  analysis, P 5 0.05 FDR corrected).  ... 
doi:10.1002/hbm.20670 pmid:19235876 fatcat:33z4sb2smrhojplkxtl6kg7c4u

Clinical and Electrophysiological Differences between Subjects with Dysphonetic Dyslexia and Non-Specific Reading Delay

Jorge Bosch-Bayard, Valeria Peluso, Lidice Galan, Pedro Valdes Sosa, Giuseppe Chiarenza
2018 Brain Sciences  
The classification equation for the QEEG, both at the scalp and the sources levels, obtained an area under the robust Receiver Operating Curve (ROC) of 0.73.  ...  The subtypes are identified by an algorithm that considers the reading quotient and the % of errors in the spelling test.  ...  The geometric power was applied to standardize the EEGs by a global scale factor.  ... 
doi:10.3390/brainsci8090172 pmid:30201924 pmcid:PMC6162778 fatcat:2czb2qnnmrewdcauphbrqietgi
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