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Evaluating Creativity in Computational Co-Creative Systems [article]

Pegah Karimi, Kazjon Grace, Mary Lou Maher, Nicholas Davis
2018 arXiv   pre-print
We situate co-creative systems within a broader context of computational creativity and explain the unique qualities of these systems.  ...  These questions provide a framework for comparing how existing co-creative systems evaluate creativity, and we apply them to examples of co-creative systems in art, humor, games and robotics.  ...  combination and intersection of usability and creativity metrics. Evaluative methods and metrics are a step towards selfaware and intentional co-creative agents.  ... 
arXiv:1807.09886v1 fatcat:ohqecebh5zdjrihwkqkrjcb4k4

Creativity and Machine Learning: A Survey [article]

Giorgio Franceschelli, Mirco Musolesi
2021 arXiv   pre-print
There is a growing interest in the area of machine learning and creativity.  ...  This survey presents an overview of the history and the state of the art of computational creativity theories, machine learning techniques, including generative deep learning, and corresponding automatic  ...  Regent-Dependent Creativity Metric On the contrary, the Regent-Dependent Creativity metric [31] Although these last two approaches are based on the use of the novelty-value pair and Boden's three criteria  ... 
arXiv:2104.02726v2 fatcat:atd4cg2dyjetzhuofackyrotju

Creative Culinary Recipe Generation Based on Statistical Language Models

Willian A. Santos, Joao Ribeiro Bezerra, Luis F. W. Goes, Flavia Magalhaes
2020 IEEE Access  
In addition, a recipe from this approach was cooked and tasted for taste assessment, obtaining an average evaluation of 93% of the scale.  ...  This work proposes the use of statistical Language Models, as well as the perplexity metric, for the generation of culinary recipes.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENT The authors would like to thank CAPES, PUC Minas, CNPq, and FAPEMIG for the financial support.  ... 
doi:10.1109/access.2020.3013436 fatcat:2mebgefpzfcojnhhieeb4me6oy

Measures of relative metacognitive accuracy are confounded with task performance in tasks that permit guessing

Matti Vuorre, Janet Metcalfe
2021 Metacognition and Learning  
It is therefore important that measures of resolution are independent of domain-knowledge accuracy.  ...  AbstractThis article investigates the concern that assessment of metacognitive resolution (or relative accuracy—often evaluated by gamma correlations or signal detection theoretic measures such as da)  ...  Metacognitive resolution is typically evaluated with metrics that are assumed to be independent of the participants' performance, skill, or knowledge in the primary task.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s11409-020-09257-1 fatcat:ht6xosh4orb6hjrnde2f3l6ole

The impact of culture on the innovative strength of nations

Piet Moonen
2017 Journal of Organizational Change Management  
A comparison of the theories of culture as information space by Boisot and the theories of culture as organizational software by Cameron and Quinn The leadership styles, which are usually described as  ...  Non-Hofstedian approaches to culture's consequences: Culture as a knowledge asset, organizational culture and management style.  ...  Knowledge & Technology Outputs and Creative Outputs (Global Innovation Index) and Innovations and Economic Effects (European Innovation Scoreboard) are dependent variables for assessing and comparing the  ... 
doi:10.1108/jocm-08-2017-0311 fatcat:aghuh5eozzgwpndsf5zjv2ml3u


Mehdi Ghahremani
Findings of this study indicated that a combination of challenging tasks, open-ended problems, and student teamwork provides a rich environment for learners' engagement to think creatively.  ...  The IPOCC model offer insights for educators in terms of input components, group processes, and mediating factors that can facilitate learners' engagement in creative teamwork.  ...  The rating team applied the Consensual Assessment Technique, and three raters independently scored all of the sketches.  ... 
doi:10.25394/pgs.12645503.v1 fatcat:fgjnex5ohnghxkgr4aq3iawzza

Tumor BRCA Test for Patients with Epithelial Ovarian Cancer: The Role of Molecular Pathology in the Era of PARP Inhibitor Therapy

Caterina Fumagalli, Federica Tomao, Ilaria Betella, Alessandra Rappa, Mariarosaria Calvello, Bernardo Bonanni, Loris Bernard, Fedro Peccatori, Nicoletta Colombo, Giuseppe Viale, Massimo Barberis, Elena Guerini-Rocco
2019 Cancers  
We report the results of the clinical implementation of a tumor BRCA test within the frame of an institutional workflow for the management of patients with nonmucinous and nonborderline epithelial ovarian  ...  Therefore, the availability of a tumor BRCA test has become a clinical need.  ...  All the discordant cases were re-tested in an independent analysis: the specimens were re-evaluated and if available, a different sample was used for the re-test.  ... 
doi:10.3390/cancers11111641 pmid:31653094 pmcid:PMC6896171 fatcat:nuehktl7kbfd5dssra6tpnxplq

Not Too Small to be Strategic: The State of Academic Program Review Guidelines and Instrumentation in Public Institutions

Veronica McGowan
2019 Administrative Issues Journal Education Practice and Research  
Using a content analysis methodology, outcomes assessment and the use of data results featured prominently with 86.7% of the sample requiring their incorporation in academic program review, followed closely  ...  In order to discover trends and best practices in the current state of academic program review in higher education, examined was a sample of 53 processes representing a range of small-to-large public institutions  ...  improvement initiative (Higher Learning Commission, n.d.; Permenter, 2016) , so it is clear that the development of a rich set of metrics is still ongoing for a significant portion of institutions.  ... 
doi:10.5929/9.1.1 fatcat:2wo2ibyzdjdotcjhg6ds422agm

DASH: Distributed Data Structures and Parallel Algorithms in a Global Address Space [chapter]

Karl Fürlinger, José Gracia, Andreas Knüpfer, Tobias Fuchs, Denis Hünich, Pascal Jungblut, Roger Kowalewski, Joseph Schuchart
2020 Lecture Notes in Computational Science and Engineering  
This article describes recent developments in the context of DASH concerning the ability to execute tasks with remote dependencies, the exploitation of dynamic hardware locality, smart data structures,  ...  DASH is a new programming approach offering distributed data structures and parallel algorithms in the form of a C++ template library.  ...  We would also like to thank the German research foundation (DFG) for the funding received through the SPPEXA priority programme and initiators and managers of SPPEXA for their foresight and level-headed  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-030-47956-5_6 fatcat:44avzbgnkvh73iriqceboti4wu

Free Labour Syndrome. Volunteer Work and Unpaid Overtime in the Creative and Cultural Sector [chapter]

Valeria Graziano
In: Joy Forever: The Political Economy of Social Creativity. Edited by Michał Kozłowski, Agnieszka Kurant, Jan Sowa, Krystian Szadkowski and Jakub Szreder.  ...  Acknowledgements Every act of creativity is always a collective endeavour. This book in particular is a direct result of the international conference 'Labour of the Multitude?  ...  Political Economy of Social Creativity', convened in Warsaw in October 2011.  ... 
doi:10.17613/z0sc-5471 fatcat:rei55i53sfdhbi4glexj5cr5mm

Abstracts of Working Papers in Economics

1994 Abstracts of Working Papers in Economics  
The need for additional assumptions is an artifact of the chosen model of the infinite, not an intrinsic aspect of the situation being modeled.  ...  It so happens that when the penalties imposed on the firm increase, or when those of the employee diminish, the CEO chooses to assume more responsibility for (i.e. centralizes) the assessment of environmental  ...  In this way, the nice large deviation properties of the Hamming metric become efficient for L sub n.  ... 
doi:10.1017/s095100790000406x fatcat:yeczqgu23rfejdmwrke6csvgby

Beyond Boundary Objects: Collaborative Reuse in Aircraft Technical Support

Wayne G. Lutters, Mark S. Ackerman
2006 Computer Supported Cooperative Work (CSCW)  
Through a field study of aircraft technical support, we examined the role of boundary objects in the practical achievement of safety by service engineers.  ...  This suggests design implications for organizational memory systems which can more fluidly represent the meta-negotiations surrounding boundary objects.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS This project has been funded, in part, by grants from National Science Foundation (IRI-9702904, IRI-0124878, and NSF IIS-0325347) and the UCI/NSF Industry/University Cooperative Research  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10606-006-9036-x fatcat:3kn2iof57ba2ndjwwqs45vvqae

On the Opportunities and Risks of Foundation Models [article]

Rishi Bommasani, Drew A. Hudson, Ehsan Adeli, Russ Altman, Simran Arora, Sydney von Arx, Michael S. Bernstein, Jeannette Bohg, Antoine Bosselut, Emma Brunskill, Erik Brynjolfsson, Shyamal Buch (+102 others)
2021 arXiv   pre-print
AI is undergoing a paradigm shift with the rise of models (e.g., BERT, DALL-E, GPT-3) that are trained on broad data at scale and are adaptable to a wide range of downstream tasks.  ...  Despite the impending widespread deployment of foundation models, we currently lack a clear understanding of how they work, when they fail, and what they are even capable of due to their emergent properties  ...  Acknowledgments References ACKNOWLEDGMENTS We would like to thank the following people for their valuable feedback: Mohit Bansal, Boaz Barak, Yoshua Bengio, Sam Bowman, Collin Burns, Nicholas Carlini  ... 
arXiv:2108.07258v2 fatcat:yktkv4diyrgzzfzqlpvaiabc2m

Teacher preparation for emergent bilingual students: Implications of evidence for policy

Francesca Lopez, Lucrecia Santibanez
2018 Education Policy Analysis Archives  
Implications for policy are discussed.  ...  Failure to adequately prepare teachers of emergent bilingual (EB) students could have devastating consequences for student achievement, EB reclassification, and eventually, high school and college completion  ...  The assessments measure one or more of the following domains: listening, speaking, reading, language, and/or written expression. The proficiency levels depend on the particular assessment used.  ... 
doi:10.14507/epaa.26.2866 fatcat:wzzz6pk3tzhmlcrd65nf4mop2q

Speaker comfort and increase of voice level in lecture rooms

Jonas Brunskog, Anders C. Gade, Gaspar Payà Bellester, Lilian Reig Calbo
2008 Journal of the Acoustical Society of America  
indicate that all three of these characteristics do affect listeners' percept of a consonant, but not sufficiently to completely account for the percept.  ...  The current work identifies acoustic characteristics of reduced 'flaps' and presents phonetic identification data for continua that manipulate these characteristics.  ...  Digital algoritm for sound synthesis: Realism and complexity for creativity.  ... 
doi:10.1121/1.2934367 fatcat:xr6gp4ldo5bylnxytx2iumrdmi
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