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Reflective Oracles: A Foundation for Classical Game Theory [article]

Benja Fallenstein, Jessica Taylor, Paul F. Christiano
2015 arXiv   pre-print
This can be seen as providing a foundation for classical game theory in which players aren't special.  ...  It isn't trivial to find a decision-theoretic foundation for game theory in which an agent's coplayers are a non-distinguished part of the agent's environment.  ...  This can be seen as providing a foundation for classical game theory in which players aren't special.  ... 
arXiv:1508.04145v1 fatcat:2v5vtdqdunaipbyqhyf2jfospq

Overview of Blockchain Oracle Research

Giulio Caldarelli
2022 Future Internet  
Despite their crucial role, academic research on blockchain oracles is still in its infancy, with few contributions and a heterogeneous approach.  ...  This study undertakes a bibliometric analysis by highlighting institutions and authors that are actively contributing to the oracle literature.  ...  ; BPM = business process management; AI = artificial intelligence.  ... 
doi:10.3390/fi14060175 fatcat:wuw3zacjubea3p6dhhehbfapby

The oracle or the crowd? Experts versus the stock market in forecasting ceasefire success in the Levant

Gerald Schneider, Maya Hadar, Naomi Bosler, Håvard Hegre, Nils W Metternich, Håvard Mokleiv Nygård, Julian Wucherpfennig
2017 Journal of Peace Research  
These two competing views were evaluated in a quantitative analysis of the ex ante success of 24 ceasefire agreements in various conflicts which took place in the Levant from 1993 to 2014.  ...  The partial support for the crowd thesis is discussed in light of recent literature that resuscitates the usage of well-trained experts for forecasting purposes, but warns against the dramatizing predictions  ...  Funding The second author wishes to acknowledge funding provided by the Ernst-Ludwig-Ehrlich-Foundation.  ... 
doi:10.1177/0022343316683437 fatcat:ire6ah7zubao5b5ahjl63djxoy

Thinking with Ngangas: Reflections on Embodiment and the Limits of "Objectively Necessary Appearances"

Stephan Palmié
2006 Comparative Studies in Society and History  
Might we then speak of "marooned body parts", or am I merely setting up a language game that artificially subverts medical reality to inappropriate ethnographic analogies?  ...  they purport to reflect.  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0010417506000326 fatcat:zzqrpimn3zgxbotfhodpdinh2q

A client-server computational tool for integrated artificial intelligence curriculum

Lawrence B. Holder, Diane J. Cook
2001 Journal of Computing in Higher Education  
In this paper we describe the multimedia approach to teaching Artificial Intelligence classes that we have developed and focus on the simulation tool.  ...  Box 19015 University of Texas at Arlington Arlington, TX 76019-0015 Office: (817) 272-3606 Fax: (817) 272-3784 ABSTRACT The goal of this project is to increase students' interest in Artificial Intelligence  ...  BACKGROUND The foundational classes in Artificial Intelligence at the University of Texas at Arlington are divided into Artificial Intelligence 1 and Artificial Intelligence 2.  ... 
doi:10.1007/bf02940956 fatcat:ppkzpfo2w5e5lite4h74gvcwka

Conceptual Foundations of Interrogative Agents

Vincenzo Deufemia, Giuseppe Polese, Genoveffa Tortora, Mario Vacca
2007 Workshop From Objects to Agents  
This model allows us to express the properties of agents in a natural way, and to use heuristics for reasoning.  ...  In this paper we present the conceptual foundations of interrogative agents, a new model of BDI architecture based on interrogative logic.  ...  To this end, it is important to remark that the problem of flexibility has already been faced in the artificial intelligence field, yielding several models of intelligent systems [33] , [34] , [36]  ... 
dblp:conf/woa/DeufemiaPTV07 fatcat:2zktamm52nbddnptowej6ex6lu

Retrospectives and Reflections: 20 Years of IT Professional

Sorel Reisman, Wushow Bill Chou, Frank E. Ferrante, Simon Y. Liu, San Murugesan
2018 IT Professional Magazine  
ACKNOWLEDGMENTS We thank the late professor Nick Cercone for the opportunity to get started in this field.  ...  IT PROFESSIONAL cludes many new techniques we take for granted today, such as multitasking, just-in-time compilation, networking, and artificial intelligence.  ...  SCALE THEORY Scale theory is a small part of the broad discipline of measurement theory. It was popularized in 1946 by Stanley S.  ... 
doi:10.1109/mitp.2018.011291537 fatcat:dpc7vcdis5emlmujrr6zayey5y

The Divergence and Convergence of Critical Reflection and Critical Reflexivity

Stella L Ng, Sarah R Wright, Ayelet Kuper
2019 Academic Medicine  
As a field, health professions education (HPE) has begun to answer calls to draw on social sciences and humanities (SS&H) knowledge and approaches for curricular content, design, and pedagogy.  ...  Two commonly used SS&H concepts in HPE are critical reflection and critical reflexivity. But these are often conflated, misunderstood, and misapplied.  ...  Having the feel for the game is . . . to master in a practical way the future of the game, is to have a sense of the history of the game.  ... 
doi:10.1097/acm.0000000000002724 pmid:30920447 fatcat:gprerruvxjayzd5x5zza4mvmmu

The Hopeful Liberal. Reflections on Free Markets, Science and Ethics

Giorgio Baruchello
2013 Nordicum-Mediterraneum  
In these reflections of mine, I wish to address one of these resilient beliefs.  ...  Thus we keep hearing leading politicians and revered economic advisors who call for a return to growth and assert that structural reforms are imperative so that market confidence may be re-established  ...  * Written in English by Castoriadis himself for "Building Bridges: A Conference on Psychoanalysis and Culture" organized by the William Alanson White Institute of New York, this previously unpublished  ... 
doi:10.33112/nm.8.2.7 fatcat:cnrq5hmudbh7jp35ke4itchzky

Toward Complexity Measures for Systems Involving Human Computation

R. Jordan Crouser, Benjamin Hescott, Remco Chang
2014 Human Computation  
This paper introduces the Human Oracle Model as a method for characterizing and quantifying the use of human processing power as part of an algorithmic process.  ...  The utility of this model is demonstrated through a comparative algorithmic analysis of several well-known human computation systems, as well as the definition of a preliminary characterization of the  ...  Computation with Human Oracles Research in the field of Artificial Intelligence seeks to model and emulate human intelligence using a machine.  ... 
doi:10.15346/hc.v1i1.4 dblp:journals/hc/CrouserHC14 fatcat:t7ynhnc6lnheletgvrunxxlkpm

On scientific understanding with artificial intelligence [article]

Mario Krenn, Robert Pollice, Si Yue Guo, Matteo Aldeghi, Alba Cervera-Lierta, Pascal Friederich, Gabriel dos Passos Gomes, Florian Häse, Adrian Jinich, AkshatKumar Nigam, Zhenpeng Yao, Alán Aspuru-Guzik
2022 arXiv   pre-print
Now, the ever-growing power of computers and artificial intelligence poses one ultimate question: How can advanced artificial systems contribute to scientific understanding or achieve it autonomously?  ...  For each dimension, we explain new avenues to push beyond the status quo and unleash the full power of artificial intelligence's contribution to the central aim of science.  ...  answering our questions on understanding, Xuemei Gu for Figure 2 and 3  ... 
arXiv:2204.01467v1 fatcat:axtjtnpv5zevrmmvebjxyazh4q

Enhancing computer science education with a wireless intelligent simulation environment

Diane J. Cook, Manfred Huber, Ramesh Yerraballi, Lawrence B. Holder
2004 Journal of Computing in Higher Education  
T HE GOAL OF THIS PROJECT is to develop a unique simulation environment that can be used to increase students' interest and expertise in Computer Science curricula. Hands-on  ...  In our earlier work we reported the results of using a Wumpus World game simulator as a method of enhancing artificial intelligence curriculum (Holder & Cook, 2001) .  ...  Obtaining image percepts from physical avatars ENHANCING AN ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE CLASS USING WISE A topic for which WISE is well suited is artificial intelligence.  ... 
doi:10.1007/bf02960285 fatcat:2fgdokk3xfcnpc7gd3fefqowpa

AGI Safety Literature Review [article]

Tom Everitt, Gary Lea, Marcus Hutter
2018 arXiv   pre-print
The development of Artificial General Intelligence (AGI) promises to be a major event. Along with its many potential benefits, it also raises serious safety concerns (Bostrom, 2014).  ...  A significant number of safety problems for AGI have been identified. We list these, and survey recent research on solving them.  ...  top 100 most cited authors in artificial intelligence.  ... 
arXiv:1805.01109v2 fatcat:v7vno74ngrcpljfj2exy5vf7rq

Embedded Agency [article]

Abram Demski, Scott Garrabrant
2020 arXiv   pre-print
We provide an informal survey of obstacles to formalizing good reasoning for agents embedded in their environment.  ...  Such agents have a known functional relationship with their environment, can model their environment in every detail, and do not need to reason about themselves or their internal parts.  ...  Decision theory Decision theory and artificial intelligence typically try to compute something resembling arg max a ∈ Actions f (a). I.e., maximize some function of the action.  ... 
arXiv:1902.09469v3 fatcat:hyujyp6gmbeklofw25odikxfsm

Modelling Behavioural Diversity for Learning in Open-Ended Games [article]

Nicolas Perez Nieves, Yaodong Yang, Oliver Slumbers, David Henry Mguni, Ying Wen, Jun Wang
2021 arXiv   pre-print
In this work, we offer a geometric interpretation of behavioural diversity in games and introduce a novel diversity metric based on determinantal point processes (DPP).  ...  By incorporating the diversity metric into best-response dynamics, we develop diverse fictitious play and diverse policy-space response oracle for solving normal-form games and open-ended games.  ...  In Proceedings of the AAAI Conference on Artificial Intelligence, volume 34, pp. 4501-4510, 2020.  ... 
arXiv:2103.07927v2 fatcat:cpo6geyqorb3td57mqi2xu2skm
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