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Redundant information encoding in primary motor cortex during natural and prosthetic motor control

Kelvin So, Karunesh Ganguly, Jessica Jimenez, Michael C. Gastpar, Jose M. Carmena
2011 Journal of Computational Neuroscience  
To explore this hypothesis in the motor system, we applied concepts from information theory to quantify the redundancy of movementrelated information encoded in the macaque primary motor cortex (M1) during  ...  natural and neuroprosthetic control.  ...  ., and the Department of Veterans Affairs, Veterans Health Administration, Rehabilitation Research and Development, and the American Heart Association/American Stroke Association to K.G.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10827-011-0369-1 pmid:22042443 fatcat:tdgiryxyajfsvcgayeeaxnyixa

Distributed processing of movement signaling

Scott D. Kennedy, Andrew B. Schwartz
2019 Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America  
motorized prosthetic arms and hands.  ...  Basic neurophysiological research with monkeys has shown how neurons in the motor cortex have firing rates tuned to movement direction.  ...  In addition to the 2 UEAs in his motor cortex for recording movement-related signaling, 2 additional arrays were placed in the hand area of his primary sensory motor cortex.  ... 
doi:10.1073/pnas.1902296116 pmid:31871180 fatcat:nw4zfsn2uvgo7owes5lftw3qr4

Human Somatosensory Processing and Artificial Somatosensation

Luyao Wang, Lihua Ma, Jiajia Yang, Jinglong Wu
2021 Cyborg and Bionic Systems  
In the past few years, we have gained a better understanding of the information processing mechanism in the human brain, which has led to advances in artificial intelligence and humanoid robots.  ...  Based on this close-loop route, we used prosthetic upper limbs as an example to highlight the importance of somatosensory information.  ...  Recent studies found that the organization principle in the primary motor cortex was slightly different from that in the somatosensory cortex.  ... 
doi:10.34133/2021/9843259 fatcat:ygvxjfxqbjcpfpssajed2ed5vi

Cognition in Sensorimotor Control: Interfacing With the Posterior Parietal Cortex

Srinivas Chivukula, Matiar Jafari, Tyson Aflalo, Nicholas Au Yong, Nader Pouratian
2019 Frontiers in Neuroscience  
These devices have typically derived control signals from the motor cortex (M1) which provides information highly correlated with desired movement trajectories.  ...  We illustrate in this review, through a small sampling, the cognitive functions encoded in the PPC and discuss their neural representation in the context of their relevance to motor neuroprosthetics.  ...  Cortical signals for these devices have typically been derived from the primary motor cortex (M1).  ... 
doi:10.3389/fnins.2019.00140 pmid:30872993 pmcid:PMC6401528 fatcat:dcnvpjamdfe6zcdqb25yhvdlxy

Advancing brain-machine interfaces: moving beyond linear state space models

Adam G. Rouse, Marc H. Schieber
2015 Frontiers in Systems Neuroscience  
Such devices nevertheless remain robotic and limited in their movements compared to normal human motor performance.  ...  We argue that incorporating these various non-linear characteristics will be an important next step in advancing BMIs to more closely match natural motor performance.  ...  Acknowledgments This work was funded by National Institutes of Health R01s NS065902 and NS079664.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fnsys.2015.00108 pmid:26283932 pmcid:PMC4516874 fatcat:oqnllbbiizfatb57njfqf4c3oy

Interfacing With the Computational Brain

A. Jackson, E. E. Fetz
2011 IEEE transactions on neural systems and rehabilitation engineering  
Studies of natural movements have emphasized the importance of concepts such as dimensionality reduction within hierarchical levels of redundancy, optimization of behavior in the presence of sensorimotor  ...  noise and internal models for predictive control.  ...  This basic research informs the development of neural prosthetics technology to restore motor function to the injured nervous system. Dr.  ... 
doi:10.1109/tnsre.2011.2158586 pmid:21659037 pmcid:PMC3372096 fatcat:bc55bvizdvgn7ag7dk7pqc67j4

Useful signals from motor cortex

Andrew B. Schwartz
2007 Journal of Physiology  
Thus, the motor cortex and muscle activity are inextricably entwined like a puppet master and his marionette.  ...  Recently, this concept has been challenged by current experimentation showing that many behavioural aspects of action are represented in motor cortical activity.  ...  The possible route and anatomical structures that visual information may traverse on the way to motor cortex are summarized in Fig. 17 .  ... 
doi:10.1113/jphysiol.2006.126698 pmid:17255162 fatcat:w5yvno3o3vgqjiakuqfbgcooia

Clinical neuroscience and neurotechnology: An amazing symbiosis

Andrea Cometa, Antonio Falasconi, Marco Biasizzo, Jacopo Carpaneto, Andreas Horn, Alberto Mazzoni, Silvestro Micera
2022 iScience  
In the last decades, clinical neuroscience found a novel ally in neurotechnologies, devices able to record and stimulate electrical activity in the nervous system.  ...  Neurotechnologies are concurrently enabling a deeper understanding of healthy and pathological dynamics of the nervous system through stimulation and recordings during brain implants.  ...  Once proficient performance is achieved, direct neurons display stronger tuning and they are more redundant in encoding of behavior-related information compared to indirect neurons (Ganguly et al., 2011  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.isci.2022.105124 fatcat:mbi7v3vehnbdxbwwef6guniwsy

Computational Models of Cognitive and Motor Control [chapter]

Ali A. Minai
2015 Springer Handbook of Computational Intelligence  
Motor Control Given its experimental accessibility and direct relevance to robotics, motor control has been a primary area of interest for computational modeling (Marr, 1969; Albus, 1975; Dickinson et  ...  The motor cortex and cerebellum can be seen primarily as motor control (though see Houk, 2005) whereas the basal ganglia falls into the domain of cognitive control and working memory.  ...  exploiting the redundancy inherent in motor control (Bernstein, 1967) .  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-662-43505-2_35 fatcat:xbkf3dhiuzbdnfgxlcpkairbme

Hand synergies: Integration of robotics and neuroscience for understanding the control of biological and artificial hands

Marco Santello, Matteo Bianchi, Marco Gabiccini, Emiliano Ricciardi, Gionata Salvietti, Domenico Prattichizzo, Marc Ernst, Alessandro Moscatelli, Henrik Jörntell, Astrid M.L. Kappers, Kostas Kyriakopoulos, Alin Albu-Schäffer (+2 others)
2016 Physics of Life Reviews  
for human-robot interaction and prosthetics.  ...  Furthermore, we consider how sensory and motor elements can be combined together into the paradigm of sensory-motor synergies. Analogies and applications in robotics are also discussed.  ...  Nonetheless, the nature of the specific neural information encoded within these regions is still ill-defined.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.plrev.2016.02.001 pmid:26923030 pmcid:PMC5839666 fatcat:uu6cf7mc6ngvfpivx3qlk2iyda

Restoring tactile and proprioceptive sensation through a brain interface

Gregg A. Tabot, Sung Shin Kim, Jeremy E. Winberry, Sliman J. Bensmaia
2015 Neurobiology of Disease  
For upper-limb neuroprostheses to be adopted by prospective users, prosthetic limbs will thus need to provide sensory information about the position of the limb in space and about objects grasped in the  ...  One approach to restoring touch and proprioception consists of electrically stimulating neurons in somatosensory cortex in the hopes of eliciting meaningful sensations to support the dexterous use of the  ...  Primary somatosensory cortex is located in anterior parietal cortex, on the postcentral gyrus, and comprises four modules, Brodmann's areas 3a, 3b, 1 and 2.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.nbd.2014.08.029 pmid:25201560 pmcid:PMC4362964 fatcat:e7g44lqfc5erzhwgkbkfqvljde

Future developments in brain-machine interface research

Mikhail A. Lebedev, Andrew J. Tate, Timothy L. Hanson, Zheng Li, Joseph E. O'Doherty, Jesse A. Winans, Peter J. Ifft, Katie Z. Zhuang, Nathan A. Fitzsimmons, David A. Schwarz, Andrew M. Fuller, Je Hi An (+1 others)
2011 Clinics  
During the last decade, considerable progress has been achieved in this multidisciplinary research, mainly in the brain-machine interface that enacts upper-limb functionality.  ...  extending the brain-machine interface approach to a broad range of motor and sensory functions.  ...  The dorsal premotor cortex (PMd) and primary motor cortex (M1) arrays were used to extract motor commands, while the primary somatosensory cortex (S1) array was employed as the main target for ICMS.  ... 
doi:10.1590/s1807-59322011001300004 pmid:21779720 pmcid:PMC3118434 fatcat:tncwkz4igfcxhh5w3yskuu2d4e

Single-Trial Decoding of Visual Attention from Local Field Potentials in the Primate Lateral Prefrontal Cortex Is Frequency-Dependent

S. Tremblay, G. Doucet, F. Pieper, A. Sachs, J. Martinez-Trujillo
2015 Journal of Neuroscience  
Our findings suggest that LFPs recorded from chronically implanted multielectrode arrays in the LPFC contain information about sensory, cognitive, and motor components of a task in a frequency-dependent  ...  The information contained in the high-frequency LFPs was fully redundant with the information contained in the spiking activity of single neurons recorded from the same electrodes.  ...  Redundancy of information in spikes and LFPs.  ... 
doi:10.1523/jneurosci.1041-15.2015 pmid:26085629 fatcat:2qml4cconbf25n2mxden2l62bq

Residual kinetic imaging: a versatile interface for prosthetic control

Sam L. Phillips, William Craelius
2005 Robotica (Cambridge. Print)  
We studied the pressure patterns in the residual limbs of transradial amputees during their voluntary commands for finger taps.  ...  Coupled with a trained filter, RKIs can provide biomimetic control over multiple degrees of freedom.  ...  Acknowledgements Support was provided by funds from NIH Biotechnology Training Program, Grant # T32 GM08339, Rutgers University Strategic Opportunity Award, and an NIH STTR grant to Nian-Crae, Inc.  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0263574704001298 fatcat:rwqm2ifyofdvri7ayk2hfjah2e

Learning to move machines with the mind

Andrea M. Green, John F. Kalaska
2011 Trends in Neurosciences  
du Québec (FRSQ) (A.G.) and an infrastructure grant from the FRSQ.  ...  Acknowledgments The preparation of this manuscript was supported by a Canadian Institutes of Health Research operating grant (J.K. and A.G.), a salary support grant from the Fonds de la Recherche en Santé  ...  (a) During normal overt arm control (bottom), feed-forward motor command signals (green pathways) generated in part in the primary motor cortex and premotor cortical areas are transmitted via multiple  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.tins.2010.11.003 pmid:21176975 fatcat:pzc3seza5fe23jlvyt5w65b34m
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