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Reducing Cache Traffic and Energy with Macro Data Load

Lei Jin, Sa Cho
2006 ISLPED'06 Proceedings of the 2006 International Symposium on Low Power Electronics and Design  
A macro data load brings into the processor a maximum-width data value the cache port allows, saves it in an internal structure, and facilitates reuse by later loads.  ...  This paper presents a study on macro data load, an efficient mechanism to enhance loaded value reuse.  ...  Our work shows that the proposed macro data load scheme is practical and at the same time effective in reducing L1 cache traffic and energy.  ... 
doi:10.1109/lpe.2006.4271825 fatcat:vbqtd4pve5bsdnpfvh4iceevry

Reducing cache traffic and energy with macro data load

Lei Jin, Sangyeun Cho
2006 Proceedings of the 2006 international symposium on Low power electronics and design - ISLPED '06  
A macro data load brings into the processor a maximum-width data value the cache port allows, saves it in an internal structure, and facilitates reuse by later loads.  ...  This paper presents a study on macro data load, an efficient mechanism to enhance loaded value reuse.  ...  Our work shows that the proposed macro data load scheme is practical and at the same time effective in reducing L1 cache traffic and energy.  ... 
doi:10.1145/1165573.1165608 dblp:conf/islped/JinC06 fatcat:xwniqqe4fzhnjjyehp3zqxvrh4

Macro Data Load: An Efficient Mechanism for Enhancing Loaded Data Reuse

Lei Jin, Sangyeun Cho
2011 IEEE transactions on computers  
A macro data load brings into the processor a maximum-width data the cache port allows.  ...  The macro data load mechanism is shown to open up significantly more loaded data reuse opportunities than previous schemes with no support for spatial locality.  ...  The benefits of the store-to-load and load-to-load forwarding are: 1) the L1 cache traffic and energy consumption can be reduced; and 2) the memory access latency seen by a load can be reduced depending  ... 
doi:10.1109/tc.2010.131 fatcat:bbnofm6whva5tbpvipy7wlixy4

Ultra-Dense HetNets Meet Big Data: Green Frameworks, Techniques, and Approaches [article]

Yuzhou Li, Yu Zhang, Kai Luo, Tao Jiang, Zan Li, Wei Peng
2017 arXiv   pre-print
Based on the framework, we then identify four promising techniques, namely big data analysis, adaptive base station operation, proactive caching, and interference-aware resource allocation, to reduce energy  ...  We further develop a load-aware stochastic optimization approach to show the potential of our proposed framework and techniques in energy conservation.  ...  By this, network deployment macroscopically matches both spatial and temporal dynamics of traffic loads, and thus energy saving is achieved on large scales by reducing the static power.  ... 
arXiv:1709.08797v1 fatcat:th6dj26ua5gnbkip7shv7o6oby

Caching at the edge in high energy-efficient wireless access networks

Greta Vallero, Margot Deruyck, Wout Joseph, Michela Meo
2020 ICC 2020 - 2020 IEEE International Conference on Communications (ICC)  
In the next generation of Radio Access Networks (RANs) Mobile Edge Computing (MEC) is considered a promising solution to reduce the latency and the traffic load of backhaul links.  ...  The performance of the caching in the RAN is analysed for different traffic characteristics, as well as for different capacity of the caches and different spread of it.  ...  First, the backhaul traffic load is reduced, since the content is stored locally and not taken from the content provider.  ... 
doi:10.1109/icc40277.2020.9149194 dblp:conf/icc/ValleroDJM20 fatcat:ktbq6ac5rrgjjmgkisqtb6t3yy

Base Station switching and edge caching optimisation in high energy-efficiency wireless access network

Greta Vallero, Margot Deruyck, Michela Meo, Wout Joseph
2021 Computer Networks  
The performance of the caching in the RAN is analysed through simulations for different traffic characteristics, as well as for different capacity of the caches and different spread of it.  ...  New user association policies are proposed, in order to totally exploit the MEC technology and reduce the network energy consumption.  ...  In [18] , the aim of the RoD strategy is to adapt the energy consumption to the actual traffic load, to reduce the grid energy demand and to limit the operational cost.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.comnet.2021.108100 fatcat:zqjga4cigrhldiqpqfyjns5quq

Modeling the Total Energy Consumption of Mobile Network Services and Applications

Ming Yan, Chien Aun Chan, André F. Gygax, Jinyao Yan, Leith Campbell, Ampalavanapillai Nirmalathas, Christopher Leckie
2019 Energies  
Reducing the energy consumption of Internet services requires knowledge about the specific traffic and energy consumption characteristics, as well as the associated end-to-end topology and the energy consumption  ...  By using small cell offloading and mobile edge caching, our results show that the energy consumption of popular and emerging applications could potentially be reduced by over 80%.  ...  Acknowledgments: The authors would like to thank the staff of the School of Communication and Information Engineering, Faculty of Science and Technology, Communication University of China (CUC), for their  ... 
doi:10.3390/en12010184 fatcat:uh22abvrpbdodhoao5oudun4du

Self-Sustaining Caching Stations: Toward Cost-Effective 5G-Enabled Vehicular Networks

Shan Zhang, Ning Zhang, Xiaojie Fang, Peng Yang, Xuemin Sherman Shen
2017 IEEE Communications Magazine  
In addition, a hierarchical network management framework is designed to deal with high dynamics in vehicular traffic and renewable energy, where content caching, energy management and traffic steering  ...  With SCSs integrated, a 5G-enabled heterogeneous vehicular networking architecture is further proposed, where SCSs are deployed along roadside for traffic offloading while conventional macro base stations  ...  cache size and well-designed caching schemes, deploying SCSs can effectively reduce the traffic load of MBSs.  ... 
doi:10.1109/mcom.2017.1700129 fatcat:no4cgurhtzcmhgi7oer3ehdl4y

Green 5G enabling technologies: an overview

Shunliang Zhang, Xuejun Cai, Weihua Zhou, Yongming Wang
2019 IET Communications  
Meanwhile, green energy sources are explored to reduce the dependence on conventional energy.  ...  To realise sustainable 5G, various new technologies have been proposed to reduce conventional energy consumption.  ...  [42] proposed a cache enabled HetNet, in which the macro-cells and small cells with different caching capacities cooperate together.  ... 
doi:10.1049/iet-com.2018.5448 fatcat:vc5ujsgdbngudbkxccyb3odrji

Network Utility Aware Traffic Loading Balancing in Backhaul-constrained Cache-enabled Small Cell Networks with Hybrid Power Supplies [article]

Tao Han, Nirwan Ansari
2014 arXiv   pre-print
Owing to the close proximity to mobile users, SCBSs can effectively enhance the network capacity and offloading traffic load from macro BSs (MBSs).  ...  On balancing the traffic load, the proposed NUA traffic load balancing scheme considers the green power utilization, the traffic delivery latency in both BSs and their backhaul, and the cache hit ratio  ...  Fig. 11 , when the backhaul data rate is small, the cache awareness helps to reduce the traffic delivery latency. 25 VI.  ... 
arXiv:1409.8267v1 fatcat:dreb3yoogvcgxmovwtp6vmrdby

A Survey on Recent Trends and Open Issues in Energy Efficiency of 5G

Muhammad Usama, Melike Erol-Kantarci
2019 Sensors  
The rapidly increasing interest from various verticals for the upcoming 5th generation (5G) networks expect the network to support higher data rates and have an improved quality of service.  ...  The deployment of small cells has been envisioned as a promising answer for handling the massive heterogeneous traffic, but the adverse economic and environmental impacts cannot be neglected.  ...  data rates and traffic density.  ... 
doi:10.3390/s19143126 fatcat:4vo6bolowbdcxpl22mgzymz5ju

Proactive Push with Energy Harvesting Based Small Cells in Heterogeneous Networks [article]

Jie Gong, Sheng Zhou, Zhenyu Zhou, Zhisheng Niu
2015 arXiv   pre-print
Motivated by the recent development of energy harvesting communications, and the trend of multimedia contents caching and push at the access edge and user terminals, this paper considers how to design  ...  Besides, more than 50% performance gain is achieved by the optimal push policy compared with the non-push policy.  ...  It is shown that compared with non-push optimal policy, the optimal push mechanism reduces the ratio of requests handled by the macro BS by more than 50% and the gain increases as the traffic load increases  ... 
arXiv:1501.06239v1 fatcat:efo6gyhguvfkncpifggwi5pmyy

Context-aware Group Buying in Ultra-dense Small Cell Networks: Unity is Strength [article]

Yuli Zhang, Yuhua Xu, Alagan Anpalagan, Qihui Wu, Yitao Xu, Youming Sun, Shuo Feng, Yunpeng Luo
2018 arXiv   pre-print
Some important technologies in SCNs are discussed in the view of CAGB, such as load balancing, spectrum management, and cooperative caching.  ...  The ultra-dense small cell networks (SCNs) have been regarded as a promising technology to solve the data traffic explosion in future.  ...  A Stackerlberg game was modeled with a group buying mechanism to balance the load between cells' energy resource and traffic demand.  ... 
arXiv:1807.08426v1 fatcat:r7g5llormzfddpuvckh5wo23ri

A Request-Based Handover Strategy Using NDN for 5G

Fan Jia, Xiaolin Zheng
2018 Wireless Communications and Mobile Computing  
Simulation results demonstrate that our proposed strategy achieves around 30% higher cache hit rate and 20% more traffic reduction, compared with the access network selection based on SINR.  ...  The proposed caching mechanism and access network selection mechanism were validated utilizing ndnSIM.  ...  RBHS: The Effective Handover Strategy With the object of reducing the traffic between the macro and the server, we need to gain a high cache hit rate.  ... 
doi:10.1155/2018/4513070 fatcat:e6y4wmwhgnbuhdyoe2ptjpinya

Performance and Energy Conservation of 3GPP IFOM Protocol for Dual Connectivity in Heterogeneous LTE-WLAN Network [article]

Shubhada Gadgil, Shashi Ranjan, Abhay Karandikar
2019 arXiv   pre-print
We have explored further and observed a throughput energy trade off for low data rate flows.  ...  They can have concurrent flows with different traffic types over these networks and can seamlessly switch the flows from one network to the other. In this paper, we focus on two objectives.  ...  With the SIPTO approach, a part of the data traffic associated with HeNB or macro network can be transferred to a local network, thus relieving the load of the macro network.  ... 
arXiv:1903.12149v1 fatcat:z3qqwqikgnhyhabt3q5i45cfoy
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