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Planned EOS observations of the land, ocean and atmosphere

Jeff Dozier
1994 Atmospheric research  
Global Change Research Program, consists of: a series of satellites with sensors designed to measure the crucial variables to study processes and monitor changes on the land, ocean and atmosphere; a Data  ...  The instruments that comprise the payloads will address the highest priority science and policy questions, as identified by the inter-agency Committee on Earth and Environmental Sciences (CEES) and the  ...  ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS I am indebted to my colleagues on the EOS Payload Advisory Panel, comprised of the interdisciplinary principal investigators of the EOS Investigators Working Group and to the principal  ... 
doi:10.1016/0169-8095(94)90007-8 fatcat:qhgmwsqz3rgihptdzfjc2vhcxi

Satellite Salinity Observing System: Recent Discoveries and the Way Forward

Nadya Vinogradova, Tong Lee, Jacqueline Boutin, Kyla Drushka, Severine Fournier, Roberto Sabia, Detlef Stammer, Eric Bayler, Nicolas Reul, Arnold Gordon, Oleg Melnichenko, Laifang Li (+7 others)
2019 Frontiers in Marine Science  
and the upper-ocean, and delivering a wealth of information on various salinity processes in the ocean, linkages with the climate and water cycle, including land-sea connections, and providing constraints  ...  Measurements from these missions are the only means to probe the very-near surface salinity (top cm), providing a unique monitoring capability for the interfacial exchanges of water between the atmosphere  ...  To reduce uncertainty, information on rain rate derived from satellite SSS sensors could provide an independent constraint over the ocean, where very few in situ rain rate measurements exist.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fmars.2019.00243 fatcat:zomirl3h4vbpjjfamay3ipwqcy

A global satellite environmental data record derived from AMSR-E and AMSR2 microwave Earth observations

Jinyang Du, John S. Kimball, Lucas A. Jones, Youngwook Kim, Joseph Glassy, Jennifer D. Watts
2017 Earth System Science Data  
The resulting LPDR and potential updates from continuing AMSR2 operations provide for effective global monitoring of environmental parameters related to vegetation activity, terrestrial water storage,  ...  A new global land parameter data record (LPDR) was generated using similar calibrated, multifrequency brightness temperature (<i>T</i><sub>b</sub>) retrievals from the Advanced Microwave Scanning Radiometer  ...  This work was conducted at the University of Montana with funding from NASA (NNX14AB20A, NNX15AT74A, NNX15AB59G). Edited by: Michael E. Contadakis Reviewed by: two anonymous referees  ... 
doi:10.5194/essd-9-791-2017 fatcat:tow4rpi3ljam5i5n5w36wx6f4e

A global satellite environmental data record derived from AMSR-E and AMSR2 microwave earth observations

Jinyang Du, John S. Kimball, Lucas A. Jones, Youngwook Kim, Joseph Glassy, Jennifer D. Watts
2017 Earth System Dynamics Discussions  
The resulting LPDR and potential updates from continuing AMSR2 operations provide for effective global monitoring of environmental parameters related to vegetation activity, terrestrial water storage and  ...  Space-borne microwave remote sensing is widely used to monitor global environmental changes for understanding hydrological, ecological and climate processes.  ...  This work was conducted at the University of Montana with funding from NASA (NNX14AB20A, NNX15AT74A, NNX15AB59G). Edited by: Michael E. Contadakis Reviewed by: two anonymous referees  ... 
doi:10.5194/essd-2017-27 fatcat:qj7sp56vuzb3zdnw53may7wpu4

RESOLVED MULTIFREQUENCY RADIO OBSERVATIONS OF GG Tau

Sean M. Andrews, Claire J. Chandler, Andrea Isella, T. Birnstiel, K. A. Rosenfeld, D. J. Wilner, L. M. Pérez, L. Ricci, J. M. Carpenter, N. Calvet, S. A. Corder, A. T. Deller (+11 others)
2014 Astrophysical Journal  
Using these measurements of the resolved, multifrequency emission structure of the GG Tau A system, models of the far-infrared to radio spectrum are developed to place constraints on the grain size distribution  ...  A central point source, likely associated with the primary component (GG Tau Aa), exhibits a composite spectrum from dust and free-free emission.  ...  S.M.A. and T.B. acknowledge support from NASA Origins of Solar Systems grant NNX12AJ04G. A.I., L.M.P., and J.M.C. acknowledge support from NSF award AST-1109334.  ... 
doi:10.1088/0004-637x/787/2/148 fatcat:4fwj5u22wbhcfbyhi3tkyiwvty

VODCA2GPP – a new, global, long-term (1988–2020) gross primary production dataset from microwave remote sensing

Benjamin Wild, Irene Teubner, Leander Moesinger, Ruxandra-Maria Zotta, Matthias Forkel, Robin van der Schalie, Stephen Sitch, Wouter Dorigo
2022 Earth System Science Data  
These datasets are based on observations from optical remote sensing, are upscaled from in situ measurements, or rely on process-based models.  ...  (MODIS), FLUXCOM, and the TRENDY-v7 process-based model ensemble.  ...  GPP is also considered the primary driver of the terrestrial carbon sink responsible for the uptake of approximately 30 % of anthropogenic CO 2 emissions (Friedlingstein et al., 2020) .  ... 
doi:10.5194/essd-14-1063-2022 fatcat:rxunt3ux7nbkpiexw5675ze2ry

Evaluation of MERRA Land Surface Estimates in Preparation for the Soil Moisture Active Passive Mission

Yonghong Yi, John S. Kimball, Lucas A. Jones, Rolf H. Reichle, Kyle C. McDonald
2011 Journal of Climate  
water, mass, and energy exchanges (e.g..  ...  Relative to GEOS-4, M ERRA is generally warmer (~0.5°C for Tmin and Tmax) and drier ( -50 Pa for V PD) for low-and middle-Iatitude regions (<50°N ) associated with reduced cloudiness and increased SW^ad-M  ...  This work was supported with funding from the NASA Hydrology and Terrestrial Ecology programs and the SMAP mission.  ... 
doi:10.1175/2011jcli4034.1 fatcat:efnj4kmla5fbtebba25mo2ug4m

Remote Sensing of Environmental Changes in Cold Regions: Methods, Achievements and Challenges

Jinyang Du, Jennifer D. Watts, Lingmei Jiang, Hui Lu, Xiao Cheng, Claude Duguay, Mary Farina, Yubao Qiu, Youngwook Kim, John S. Kimball, Paolo Tarolli
2019 Remote Sensing  
detected from satellite observations; (c) discussing the limits of available remote sensing data and approaches for regional monitoring; and (d) exploring new opportunities from next-generation satellite  ...  selected key variables related to ice, snow, permafrost, water bodies, and vegetation; (b) highlighting recent environmental nonstationarity occurring in the Arctic, Tibetan Plateau, and Antarctica as  ...  ., from the Global Ozone Monitoring Experiment 2 [225] and Orbiting Carbon Observatory-2 [226] ), allows for global monitoring of terrestrial GPP and the carbon cycle.  ... 
doi:10.3390/rs11161952 fatcat:63wghdyherdo3cyxasqpcbrz3m

Community review of Southern Ocean satellite data needs

A. Pope, P. Wagner, R. Johnson, J.D. Shutler, J. Baeseman, L. Newman
2016 Antarctic Science  
, terrestrial cryospheric connections, sea surface salinity, and a discussion of coincident and in situ data collection.  ...  to safely conduct their activities in the Southern Ocean, and for space agencies to gain greater impact from Southern Ocean-related acquisitions and missions.  ...  Acknowledgements The authors acknowledge the Climate and Cryosphere Project and the Southern Ocean Observing System.  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0954102016000390 fatcat:rm4dtrapbvam3oukuapfdsoghq

Earth observation from space – The issue of environmental sustainability

Sylvie Durrieu, Ross F. Nelson
2013 Space policy  
lidar system or a blue and green carbon system, i.e. a dual frequency lidar to assess biomass both on land and in oceans and coastal waters.  ...  alone and where measurement processes are designed to take into account mostly economical and technological constraints.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.spacepol.2013.07.003 fatcat:lqyioirajbayrezsvv6wngmo6u

Earth Observing System

W. Stanley Wilson, Jeff Dozier, James L. McElroy, Robert J. McNeal
1991 Remote Sensing of Atmospheric Chemistry  
, water and carbon, particularly over the continents.  ...  ASTER), should provide for a new understanding of the terrestrial carbon cycle as well as a better grasp of the role of terrestrial systems in determining global climate.  ...  The primary worry with this conclusion from the perspective of global climate change prediction is that TSI variability on longer time scales than the 11-year cycle might be larger in magnitude and would  ... 
doi:10.1117/12.46654 fatcat:lkmaybdfxzbj7mrgm7rnwe3xcm

Science Potential from a Europa Lander

R.T. Pappalardo, S. Vance, F. Bagenal, B.G. Bills, D.L. Blaney, D.D. Blankenship, W.B. Brinckerhoff, J.E.P. Connerney, K.P. Hand, T.M. Hoehler, J.S. Leisner, W.S. Kurth (+10 others)
2013 Astrobiology  
The science concept concentrates on observations that can best be achieved by in situ examination of Europa from its surface.  ...  The highest priority is active sampling of Europa's non-ice material from at least two different depths (0.5-2 cm and 5-10 cm) to understand its detailed composition and chemistry and the specific nature  ...  Acknowledgments We thank the entire Europa lander technical team for its dedication and effort in accomplishing this study, and Chris McKay for a helpful review of this paper.  ... 
doi:10.1089/ast.2013.1003 pmid:23924246 fatcat:xl4tbgspqnbzzb5h3zdn522ugq

The State and Future of Mars Polar Science and Exploration

S Clifford
2000 Icarus (New York, N.Y. 1962)  
From the scarcity of superposed craters on their surface, these layered deposits are thought to be comparatively young-preserving a record of the seasonal and climatic cycling of atmospheric CO 2 , H 2  ...  Beyond their scientific value, the polar regions may soon prove important for another reason-providing a valuable and accessible reservoir of water to support the long-term human exploration of Mars.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS This summary benefited from the input of the more than one-hundred terrestrial and planetary scientists who participated in the First International Conference on Mars Polar Science and  ... 
doi:10.1006/icar.1999.6290 pmid:11543391 fatcat:xpsfwrxjajcunm5nm5ir2av7my

Broadband acoustic inversion for gas flux quantification ‐ application to a methane plume at Scanner Pockmark, central North Sea

Jianghui Li, Ben Roche, Jonathan M. Bull, Paul R. White, Timothy G. Leighton, Giuseppe Provenzano, Marius Dewar, Tim J. Henstock
2020 Journal of Geophysical Research - Oceans  
as methane and carbon dioxide, into the global ocean system.  ...  Extensive work has addressed quantifying gas seeps in the terrestrial setting while little has been done to refine accurate methods for determining gas flux emerging through the seabed into the water column  ...  Acknowledgments Funding for this work was provided by NERC Grant NE/N01610/1 and the European Unions Horizon 2020 research and innovation program under Grant Agreement 654462 (STEMM-CCS).  ... 
doi:10.1029/2020jc016360 fatcat:ke7n6gn2fjc7zhz3ud6riynb6q

Antarctic climate change and the environment

P. Convey, R. Bindschadler, G. di Prisco, E. Fahrbach, J. Gutt, D.A. Hodgson, P.A. Mayewski, C.P. Summerhayes, J. Turner
2009 Antarctic Science  
anthropogenic influences, food stocks, biodiversity and carbon uptake by the ocean.  ...  One hundred experts in Antarctic science have contributed and drafts of the manuscript were reviewed by over 200 scientists.  ...  ., WARNER, R. and ALLISON, I. 2000. Mass balance of the Lambert Glacier-Amery Ice shelf system, East Antarctica: a comparison of computed balance fluxes and measured fluxes, J. Glaciol  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0954102009990642 fatcat:zaj57sp4wzechlgadi7rlq5sni
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