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Reconstructing Velocities of Migrating Birds from Weather Radar – A Case Study in Computational Sustainability

Andrew Farnsworth, Daniel Sheldon, Jeffrey Geevarghese, Jed Irvine, Benjamin Van Doren, Kevin Webb, Thomas G. Dietterich, Steve Kelling
2014 The AI Magazine  
We describe recent work on an AI system to quantify bird migration using radar data, which is part of the larger BirdCast project to model and forecast bird migration at large scales using radar, weather  ...  Archived data from the WSR-88D network of US weather radars hold valuable and detailed information about the continent-scale migratory movements of birds over the last 20 years.  ...  The aliasing operation of a value is mathematically equivalent to the modulus operation in modular arithmetic, except it follows the convention that the result lies in the 4.  ... 
doi:10.1609/aimag.v35i2.2527 fatcat:w3f6nkape5bjxbihq2eoepdu4q

Computational Sustainability [chapter]

Carla P. Gomes
2011 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
Artificial intelligence (AI) techniques play a key role in computational sustainability research, enabling the solution of sustainability problems that involve modeling or decision making in dynamic and  ...  Since 2011, the main AAAI conference has included a special track on computational sustainability, encouraging AI research in this area and broader participation of sustainability researchers in the AAAI  ...  Dietterich, and Steve Kelling describe, in Reconstructing Velocities of Migrating Birds from Weather Radar -A Case Study in Computational Sustainability, a Bayesian approach for learning large-scale models  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-642-24800-9_2 fatcat:3lptsfasefggdml5ru64kaewiy

Computational Sustainability: Editorial Introduction to the Summer and Fall Issues

Eric Eaton, Carla Gomes, Brian C. Williams
2014 The AI Magazine  
Computational sustainability problems, which exist in dynamic environments with high amounts of uncertainty, provide a variety of unique challenges to artificial intelligence research and the opportunity  ...  This editorial introduction provides an overview of artificial intelligence for computational sustainability, and introduces the special issue articles that appear in this issue and the previous issue  ...  Dietterich, and Steve Kelling describe, in Reconstructing Velocities of Migrating Birds from Weather Radar -A Case Study in Com-putational Sustainability, a Bayesian approach for learning large-scale models  ... 
doi:10.1609/aimag.v35i3.2561 fatcat:7npgposs2ndvbiwpsfks4kvxmi

Computational Sustainability

Eric Eaton, Carla P. Gomes, Brian Williams
2014 The AI Magazine  
Computational sustainability problems, which exist in dynamic environments with high amounts of uncertainty, provide a variety of unique challenges to artificial intelligence research and the opportunity  ...  This editorial provides an overview of artificial intelligence for computational sustainability, and introduces this special issue of AI Magazine.  ...  Dietterich, and Steve Kelling describe, in Reconstructing Velocities of Migrating Birds from Weather Radar -A Case Study in Computational Sustainability, a Bayesian approach for learning large-scale models  ... 
doi:10.1609/aimag.v35i2.2525 fatcat:oicxa2jrpbhbrgfnegr22pnrmi

Cascading effects of climate variability on the breeding success of an edge population of an apex predator

Laura Gangoso, Duarte S. Viana, Adriaan M. Dokter, Judy Shamoun‐Baranes, Jordi Figuerola, Sergio A. Barbosa, Willem Bouten
2020 Journal of Animal Ecology  
We tracked foraging movements of breeding adults using GPS, monitored departure of migratory birds using weather radar and simulated their migration trajectories using an individual-based, spatially explicit  ...  By reconstructing how migratory birds are pushed towards the Canary Islands by trade winds, we explain most of the variation (up to 86%) in annual productivity for over a decade.  ...  In our case, NRMSE was 0.30.  ... 
doi:10.1111/1365-2656.13304 pmid:33439490 fatcat:qypn56fg2zgf7ivgg7ebis6pda

Thermal soaring flight of birds and unmanned aerial vehicles

Zsuzsa Ákos, Máté Nagy, Severin Leven, Tamás Vicsek
2010 Bioinspiration & Biomimetics  
The solution is to make use of so-called thermals, which are localized, warmer regions in the atmosphere moving upwards with a speed exceeding the descent rate of birds and planes.  ...  This paper first presents an overview of our knowledge of the soaring flight and strategy of birds, followed by a discussion of control strategies that have been developed for soaring UAVs both in simulations  ...  the case of airplanes or flapping of wings in the case of birds).  ... 
doi:10.1088/1748-3182/5/4/045003 pmid:21098957 fatcat:7dml7qqribhmzagj3ug3svibwq

The Ornithodolite as a tool to quantify animal space use and habitat selection; a case study with birds diving in tidal waters

Emma-Louise Cole, James J Waggitt, Anders Hedenstrom, Marco Piano, Mark D. Holton, Luca Börger, Emily L. C. Shepard
2018 Integrative Zoology  
The Ornithodolite as a tool to quantify animal space use and habitat selection; a case study with birds diving in tidal waters.  ...  Using a database of > 4,200 tracks of 20 migrating birds, we show that detection distance increases with bird body mass (range 21 5 g ->10 kg).  ...  The latter was investigated using a large 148 database of 4,284 positional fixes taken from birds during migration. of the VOD have been described in detail elsewhere in terms of the use of 153 this equipment  ... 
doi:10.1111/1749-4877.12327 pmid:29851279 fatcat:l5742yvkcrgfbjujuvsttizvdy

2019 Index IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observations and Remote Sensing Vol. 12

2019 IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observations and Remote Sensing  
., +, JSTARS Nov. 2019 4438-4445 Multivariate DINEOF Reconstruction for Creating Long-Term Cloud-Free Chlorophyll-a Data Records From SeaWiFS and MODIS: A Case Study in Bohai and Yellow Seas, China.  ...  Ruf, C., +, JSTARS Jan. 2019 3-6 Organic compounds Multivariate DINEOF Reconstruction for Creating Long-Term Cloud-Free Chlorophyll-a Data Records From SeaWiFS and MODIS: A Case Study in Bohai and Yellow  ... 
doi:10.1109/jstars.2020.2973794 fatcat:sncrozq3fjg4bgjf4lnkslbz3u

Remote sensing of ocean surface currents: a review of what is being observed and what is being assimilated

Jordi Isern-Fontanet, Joaquim Ballabrera-Poy, Antonio Turiel, Emilio García-Ladona
2017 Nonlinear Processes in Geophysics  
In this paper we review the current knowledge in these fields and provide a global and systematic view of the technologies to retrieve ocean velocities in the upper ocean and the available approaches to  ...  </strong> Ocean currents play a key role in Earth's climate – they impact almost any process taking place in the ocean and are of major importance for navigation and human activities at sea.  ...  Strong ocean currents define corridors used by marine mammals, birds and fish and sustain their migration in search for food, breeding sites and spawning areas.  ... 
doi:10.5194/npg-24-613-2017 fatcat:aaijkb4vpfglxctegmnbrti6ui

Behavioural responses to human disturbance in an alpine bird

Cristina Vallino, Enrico Caprio, Fabrizio Genco, Dan Chamberlain, Claudia Palestrini, Angela Roggero, Massimo Bocca, Antonio Rolando
2019 Journal of Ornithology  
patterns in a Mediterranean urban bird community  ...  The use of large non-excavated holes by tawny owls and other forest vertebrates in oak forest Yehor Yatsiuk PP-85, p. 197 Evolution of the Satchinez Marshland avifauna in the past two decades and a half  ...  However, in tracking radar studies we have shown that in most cases birds migrate with much less wind assistance, and are often forced to migrate even in strong headwinds.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10336-019-01660-z fatcat:cproziwtgrdkhnini27xqchwpy

Knowledge Extracted from Copernicus Satellite Data

Dumitru Octavian, Schwarz Gottfried, Eltoft Torbjørn, Kræmer Thomas, Wagner Penelope, Hughes Nick, Arthus David, Fleming Andrew, Koubarakis Manolis, Datcu Mihai
2019 Zenodo  
In this publication, we focus on the Polar case which requires the selection of validation areas, the generation of a training dataset, the development and testing of deep learning algorithms, and the  ...  For doing this, we propose to select overlapping target areas from Synthetic Aperture Radar and multispectral images acquired with rapid succession.  ...  The results are shown for two case studies in Italy and in China The Italian ones is the Sud Fortore District of the Capitanata Irrigation consortium which covers an area of about 50'000 hectares with  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.3941573 fatcat:zzifwgljifck5bpjnboetsftfu

A SWOT Analysis for Offshore Wind Energy Assessment Using Remote-Sensing Potential

Meysam Majidi Nezhad, Riyaaz Uddien Shaik, Azim Heydari, Armin Razmjoo, Niyazi Arslan, Davide Astiaso Garcia
2020 Applied Sciences  
The elaboration of a methodology for accurately assessing the potentialities of blue renewable energy sources is a key challenge among the current energy sustainability strategies all over the world.  ...  potential from offshore wind.  ...  Conflicts of Interest: The authors declare no conflict of interest.  ... 
doi:10.3390/app10186398 fatcat:dt67ijzwofhylirzbudvomvwvq

Imaging the sea surface using a dual-sensor towed streamer

Okwudili Orji, Walter Söllner, Leiv Jacob Gelius
2010 Geophysics  
ACKNOWLEDGMENTS We are grateful to the Department of Geosciences at the University of Oslo for academic and financial support. We are grateful to PGS for permission to publish this work.  ...  In the second part of the study, time-domain finite-difference modeling was employed to compute scattered data from a comparatively rougher "frozen" sea surface comprising of a composite of sinusoids.  ...  The illuminating field in this case is the upgoing wavefield; here, the wavefields are extrapolated upward to the sea surface as opposed to the downward extrapolation used in migration in the case of subsurface  ... 
doi:10.1190/1.3496439 fatcat:jt5ktojhrrcrni3gasmalm4xza

2014 Scar Open Science Conference And Comnap Symposium: Abstracts [article]

Bryan Storey
2016 Zenodo  
Abstracts from the XXXIII SCAR Open Science Conference, 'Global Messages from Antarctica', held in 2014 in Auckland, New Zealand, including Plenary Lectures, the Antarctic Conservation Flipped Symposium  ...  Most of these Quaternary landforms and deposits are a glacial origin, reflecting the generalized glacier retreat in the region.  ...  Although Canada is a non-consultative party to the Treaty and an associate member of SCAR, there is currently no officially-recognized NADC for Canadian research data from Antarctica.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.53123 fatcat:tycti5b3n5cdfmrrwlibgmyhvq

Extracting recent short-term glacier velocity evolution over Southern Alaska from a large collection of Landsat data

Bas Altena, Ted Scambos, Mark Fahnestock, Andreas Kääb
2018 The Cryosphere Discussions  
In this study we propose a new post-processing procedure for assembling a set of velocity fields in time-series that generates a better visualization of glacier speed changes when the velocity fields are  ...  However, the reliable discovery of important glacier velocity variations on a large scale from noisy time-series of such data is still problematic.  ...  We also thank Shae Frydenlund for improving the English language of an early version of this contribution.  ... 
doi:10.5194/tc-2018-66 fatcat:dy2zeqenbzfkrmwqjagbqnabv4
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