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Reconstructing Hard Problems in a Human-Readable and Machine-Processable Way [chapter]

Rolf Schwitter
2008 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
Our approach relies on a collaboration between humans and machines and bridges the gap between a (seemingly informal) problem description and an executable formal specification.  ...  This paper shows how a controlled natural language can help to reconstruct a logic puzzle in a well-defined subset of natural language and discusses how this puzzle can then be processed and solved using  ...  Fuchs on earlier versions of this paper and for the feedback from four anonymous reviewers.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-540-89197-0_105 fatcat:l7yr5wq7rjf55gnaboxizmgfz4

A Review of Tomographic Reconstruction Techniques for Computed Tomography [article]

Sanam Assili
2018 arXiv   pre-print
In this paper, we review computed tomography imaging modality and its applications in screening, diagnosis, and treatment and study some of the novel techniques used to reconstruct images in these machines  ...  Medical imaging modalities have revolutionized health-care approaches by offering a better understanding of the human anatomy.  ...  Conclusion In conclusion, CT imaging has come a long way in last decades since Rontgen discovered x-rays and Hounsfield designed the first clinical CT machine.  ... 
arXiv:1808.09172v2 fatcat:34f7d6pegrconhxicb43qi2rgu

Embedding machine-readable proteins interactions data in scientific articles for easy access and retrieval

Paolo Tieri, Alberto Termanini, Piero Fariselli, Claudio Franceschi
2008 Nature Precedings  
This task would be greatly simplified by embedding in the source, i.e. research articles, a standardized, synthetic, machine-readable codification for protein-protein interactions data description, to  ...  Extraction of protein-protein interactions data from scientific literature remains a hard, time-and resource-consuming task.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS We wish to thank Ilaria Cornia for the website layout, Rita Casadio and Gianluca Tasco for useful comments and discussion.  ... 
doi:10.1038/npre.2008.2337.1 fatcat:tcu7bvtwandtrjjnkbjvpsacea

Reconstruction of an Expert's Decision Making Expertise in Concrete Dispatching by Machine Learning

Mojtaba Maghrebi, Claude Sammut, Travis Waller
2013 Journal of Civil Engineering and Architecture  
In this paper, a logical reconstruction of an expert's decision making is achieved by two machine learning techniques: decision tree and rule induction.  ...  Finding the optimum solution for dispatching in concrete delivery is computationally intractable because it is a NP-hard (non-deterministic polynomial-time hard) problem.  ...  Acknowledgments NICTA is funded by the Australian Department of Communications and the Australian Research Council through the ICT Centre of Excellence program.  ... 
doi:10.17265/1934-7359/2013.12.009 fatcat:tv57rrvj4va3pabrlsblz7pgqa

The value of data

Barend Mons, Herman van Haagen, Christine Chichester, Peter-Bram 't Hoen, Johan T den Dunnen, Gertjan van Ommen, Erik van Mulligen, Bharat Singh, Rob Hooft, Marco Roos, Joel Hammond, Bruce Kiesel (+4 others)
2011 Nature Genetics  
However, it is hard to go the other way around, that is, to reconstruct the picture from the text.  ...  A graphical analysis of the problem We propose a new way to represent data, information and, in particular, assertions in the form of nanopublications 5 .  ... 
doi:10.1038/ng0411-281 pmid:21445068 fatcat:ffxifjtm4vcr3jw3mcjxaclqq4

Page 77 of Library & Information Science Abstracts Vol. , Issue 10 [page]

1994 Library & Information Science Abstracts  
Concludes that long-term readability of computer data remains a real issue and that human-readable records remain the only safe means of long-term archival retention.  ...  Therefore, the gathering and archiving of these texts in machine-readable form has many characteristics of computer-based medical records.  ... 

Reverse Engineering of Code [chapter]

Olav Lysne
2018 The Huawei and Snowden Questions  
Still, reverse engineering is used and studied for a handful of select purposes in ICT.  ...  A vital activity in most branches of industrial design and production has been to acquire samples of the products sold by competing companies and pick them apart.  ...  It takes a sequence of machine code instructions encoded in binary format readable by the machine and translates the instructions one by one into the more humanly readable textual form of assembly code  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-319-74950-1_6 fatcat:wcxoilkdanavxe2me2xuysrobu

The Ancestry Of Sino-Tibetan Populations And Languages

Mei-Shin Wu, Yunfan Lai, Johann-Mattis List
2018 Zenodo  
This is my oral presentation handout for "The 51st International Conference on Sino-Tibetan Languages and Linguistics" (2018/09/25-2018/09/28, Kyoto, Japan)  ...  on how to quote our data and code, and also submit a draft version to a stable archive to guarantee that the data will be long-term archived.  ...  Hugo Reyes-Centeno from the DFG Center for Advanced Studies "Words, Bones, Genes, Tools: Tracking Linguistic, Cultural and Biological Trajectories of the Human Past" (University of Tübingen), and Dr.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.1306622 fatcat:4idlqq3usrfsxobmr24lin7h6e

Uncertain about Uncertainty

Charles J. Shelley
1991 Journal of Services Marketing  
Bradley and Short, 2005) . The combined use of both elements allows conveying uncertainty to the human user while keeping it encoded in a machine-readable (or machine-traceable) way.  ...  While this strategy allows us to indicate possible vagueness in a machine-readable way, we also need to find ways of communicating this uncertainty to the human user of our information portal.  ... 
doi:10.1108/08876049110035648 fatcat:orljhvvmujcbtmcyrazdbo3cca

PaleoCodage—Enhancing machine-readable cuneiform descriptions using a machine-readable paleographic encoding

Timo Homburg
2021 Digital Scholarship in the Humanities  
This publication introduces PaleoCodage, a new machine-readable way to capture cuneiform paleographic shapes.  ...  and the cuneiform image recognition community in providing a gold standard encoding to match against.  ...  However, its approach is modeled using an absolute coordinate system with the goal of creating a font representation and not meant to represent the structure of the given sign in a machine-readable way  ... 
doi:10.1093/llc/fqab038 fatcat:723udvl57zdkbeq3kgqpq33hae

A layered controlled natural language for knowledge representation

2005 Lingvisticæ investigationes  
and understand by humans than formal languages; secondly, they are precisely defined subsets of natural languages and can be translated automatically (and often deterministically) into a formal target  ...  This paper presents a survey of research in controlled natural languages that can be used as high-level knowledge representation languages.  ...  Acknowledgments I would like to thank to three anonymous reviewers of Coling 2010 for their valuable feedback and to Robert Dale for comments and suggestions on previous versions of this paper.  ... 
doi:10.1075/li.28.1.08sch fatcat:vzs7usarrvevvoxsg44dgdrmiy

Human-like general language processing [article]

Feng Qi, Guanjun Jiang
2020 arXiv   pre-print
To let machines understand, learn, and use language flexibly, we propose a human-like general language processing (HGLP) architecture, which contains sensorimotor, association, and cognitive systems.  ...  writing, and human-like iterative thinking process guided by language.  ...  HGLP Achitecture Machine language processing could follow the human brain blue-print [5, 6] in order to achieve human-like general language processing skills.  ... 
arXiv:2005.09175v2 fatcat:mh5xp2acbnayjo5hwz6ayete4e

Trajectory annotation using sequences of spatial perception

Sebastian Feld, Steffen Illium, Andreas Sedlmeier, Lenz Belzner
2018 Proceedings of the 26th ACM SIGSPATIAL International Conference on Advances in Geographic Information Systems - SIGSPATIAL '18  
In the near future, more and more machines will perform tasks in the vicinity of human spaces or support them directly in their spatially bound activities.  ...  In order to simplify the verbal communication and the interaction between robotic units and/or humans, reliable and robust systems w.r.t. noise and processing results are needed.  ...  As mentioned above, such a framework may evaluate and interpret environmental information and communicate it in a human-like way.  ... 
doi:10.1145/3274895.3274968 dblp:conf/gis/FeldISB18 fatcat:d7clqg46u5bjbpu3236j5higbm

Introduction [chapter]

2011 Innovation and Nanotechnology  
The human-readable notation is substituted with a machine-readable software that eliminates a human step from the machine, speeding up the process, and helping to eliminate errors. 15 The same thing  ...  In such a machine, the software is hard-coded into its logic gates, and those logic gates are clearly parts of a machine. The software is simply the hard-coded elements of a larger machine.  ... 
doi:10.5040/9781849664783.0006 fatcat:orfthwdybrcshhwbjly2747jgi

Learning to cite framework: How to automatically construct citations for hierarchical data

Gianmaria Silvello
2017 Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology  
We present the "learning to cite" framework which enables the automatic construction of human-and machine-readable citations with different level of coarseness.  ...  This approach exploits the hierarchical nature of XML files to cite data at different levels of coarseness, create human-and machine-readable citations and associate description metadata with the cited  ...  Acknowledgements I would like to express gratitude to the people at the University of Padua, Italy and in particular to Maristella Agosti and Nicola Ferro for their support on my research activities throughout  ... 
doi:10.1002/asi.23774 fatcat:aehsjjaj2vbhtdbkd7odwel6vu
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