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Analysis and Evaluation of Braille to Text Conversion Methods

Sana Shokat, Rabia Riaz, Sanam Shahla Rizvi, Khalil Khan, Farina Riaz, Se Jin Kwon
2020 Mobile Information Systems  
Most of the schemes require special actions to switch between upper and lowercase and between numbers and special characters, which affects system usability.  ...  This paper provides a comprehensive survey of various user input schemes designed for the visually impaired for Braille to natural language conversion.  ...  Recognition of Ethiopic Braille Characters. A Mechanism to recognize Ethiopic Braille characters was designed in [23] . e authors designed a new skewness correction technique.  ... 
doi:10.1155/2020/3461651 fatcat:rbkp5mhxknefphpsh6suzxj32y

Amharic OCR: An End-to-End Learning

Birhanu Belay, Tewodros Habtegebrial, Million Meshesha, Marcus Liwicki, Gebeyehu Belay, Didier Stricker
2020 Applied Sciences  
This script uses 34 consonant characters with the seven vowel variants of each (called basic characters) and other labialized characters derived by adding diacritical marks and/or removing parts of the  ...  The experimental results, on a printed and synthetic benchmark Amharic Optical Character Recognition (OCR) database called ADOCR, demonstrated that the proposed model outperforms state-of-the-art methods  ...  Then, other attempts were made, such as typewritten [16] , machine-printed [1] , and Amharic braille document image recognition [17] , Geez script written on vellum [18] , Amharic document image recognition  ... 
doi:10.3390/app10031117 fatcat:4gtjsm5gcjggtlvfsymqurapgm

The Unicode Standard

Joan M. Aliprand
2000 Library resources & technical services  
The Unicode Character Database and other files are provided as-is by Unicode®, Inc. No claims are made as to fitness for any particular purpose. No warranties of any kind are expressed or implied.  ...  The Unicode Character Database and other files are provided as-is by Unicode®, Inc. No claims are made as to fitness for any particular purpose. No warranties of any kind are expressed or implied.  ...  The character names for Braille patterns are based on the assignments of the dots of the Braille pattern to digits 1 to 8 as follows: The designation of dots 1 to 6 corresponds to that of 6-dot Braille  ... 
doi:10.5860/lrts.44n3.160 fatcat:t5yh4d5gtzfp7dp52ex234xc7m

exiLes ^ND exp^TRiTiTes Articles Interview OF GEORGE JONAS BY LINDA SANDLER Poems Review Articles and Reviews Notes and Opinions A QUART€RLY OF CRITICISM AND R€VI€W

David Staines, T Tausky, Rose Burwell, Robin Endres, Peter Brigg, R Everson, A Purdy, Pier Giorgio, D Cicco, James Harrison, John Ditsky, Cyril Dabydeen (+19 others)
unpublished
They are inaccessible and out of reach. While Al draws near to a recognition of Shore, Lisa becomes alienated.  ...  character.  ...  of Toronto Press.  ... 
fatcat:scofnieuffgkjaa7u4yfh7gks4

The Nature of Writing : A Theory of Grapholinguistics

Dimitrios Meletis
2020
The Nature of Writing is a collection of ideas about writing, a status report about relevant research, a discovery of desiderata, and a new perspective.  ...  Linguistically, writing is a system of graphic marks that relate to language. Under the lens of processing, it is a method of producing and perceiving utterances with our hands, eyes, and brains.  ...  ) and for abugida, the Ethiopic writing system (a-bu-gi-da) (cf.  ... 
doi:10.5167/uzh-198384 fatcat:fviyyqxhqzbttohl42iilwxnuy