Filters








1,064,630 Hits in 6.1 sec

A SUBJECTIVE SAFETY AND COST BASED DECISION MODEL FOR ASSESSING SAFETY REQUIREMENTS SPECIFICATIONS

J. WANG, J. B. YANG
2001 International Journal of Reliability, Quality and Safety Engineering (IJRQSE)  
In the approach fuzzy set modeling and evidential reasoning are combined to assess both the safety associated with and the cost incurred in each option of safety requirements specifications.  ...  Both safety and cost estimates are combined to obtain the preference degree associated with each option of safety requirements specifications for selecting the best one.  ...  and D3727.  ... 
doi:10.1142/s0218539301000335 fatcat:hullmxbozbhdjaeobgykxgusuu

Integrating Preferences into Goal Models for Requirements Engineering

Sotirios Liaskos, Sheila A. McIlraith, Shirin Sohrabi, John Mylopoulos
2010 2010 18th IEEE International Requirements Engineering Conference  
In this paper, we address this by extending a traditional goal modeling notation to support the representation of optional and preference requirements.  ...  Requirements can differ in their importance. As such the priorities that stakeholders associate with requirements may vary from stakeholder to stakeholder and from one situation to the next.  ...  CONCLUSIONS We presented a goal-based framework for modeling and reasoning about optional and preferred requirements.  ... 
doi:10.1109/re.2010.26 dblp:conf/re/LiaskosMSM10 fatcat:yqv45nsvejhjfhgzsyzwgaog6q

THE SMALL-IMPROVEMENT ARGUMENT RESCUED

Erik Carlson
2010 The Philosophical Quarterly  
have recently argued that the 'small-improvement argument', against completeness as a rationality requirement for preference orderings, is defective.  ...  They claim that the two main premises of the argument conflict with each other, and hence should not both be accepted. I show that this conflict can be avoided by modifying one of the premises.  ...  Suppose Alice has the preferences xPy ∧ yIz ∧ zPx regarding some options x, y and z, and she starts out with y.  ... 
doi:10.1111/j.1467-9213.2010.664.x fatcat:knqp5x5vpnbldosimmkzcvlera

Automating analysis of qualitative preferences in goal-oriented requirements engineering

Zachary J. Oster, Ganesh Ram Santhanam, Samik Basu
2011 2011 26th IEEE/ACM International Conference on Automated Software Engineering (ASE 2011)  
Our framework employs a model checking-based method for reasoning with qualitative preferences to identify the most preferred alternative(s).  ...  It may, however, be impossible to find a design that fulfills all required goals and all optional goals.  ...  In [7] , Liaskos et al. specify mandatory and optional requirements, along with preferences over optional requirements, within goal models that are similar to ours except for some additional concepts  ... 
doi:10.1109/ase.2011.6100096 dblp:conf/kbse/OsterSB11 fatcat:n5fy5ptqurfxvde2p5pdzmxlji

Decision making with natural language based preferences and psychology-inspired heuristics

Ingrid Nunes, Simon Miles, Michael Luck, Simone Barbosa, Carlos Lucena
2015 Engineering applications of artificial intelligence  
In this paper, we propose an automated decision making technique, which chooses an option from the set of those available based on preferences and priorities expressed in a highlevel preference language  ...  Moreover, in order to make a decision, our technique goes beyond the provided preferences with psychology-inspired heuristics, which concern how humans make decisions, as provided preferences are typically  ...  By construction, if no monadic preference is satisfied by an option, and one of them is associated with a requirement (or need), the PSM value of this option will indicate an unsatisfied requirement (or  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.engappai.2015.03.008 fatcat:ckxpb2efsrgddispgsrxtcn3ze

Strategic knowledge in design: a compositional approach

Frances M.T Brazier, Pieter H.G van Langen, Jan Treur
1998 Knowledge-Based Systems  
These levels are identified in reasoning about the manipulation of requirements and their qualifications, reasoning about the manipulation of design object descriptions and reasoning about design process  ...  In this paper three levels of strategic interaction and strategic knowledge are identified within a compositional model of design.  ...  Interaction with the designer is possible on, for example, preference relations between requirements, inconsistent requirements, and a preferred focus.  ... 
doi:10.1016/s0950-7051(98)00074-4 fatcat:yr66xyyiovhsxo6zcxyrfqk5hm

Transparent Provenance Derivation for User Decisions [chapter]

Ingrid Nunes, Yuhui Chen, Simon Miles, Michael Luck, Carlos Lucena
2012 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
The user reasoning is simulated, and if the result of the simulation matches the documented decision, the simulation is taken to approximate the actual reasoning.  ...  The plausibility of this approach requires that the simulation mirror human decisionmaking, so we adopt an automated process explicitly modelled on human psychology.  ...  We are concerned with cases where the reasons for a decision are not immediately obvious as they require a choice between options with multiple attributes with pros and cons.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-642-34222-6_9 fatcat:5yqk55karjcztmu375kcgcds3a

Individual differences and preference for instructional methods

Charles E. Pascal
1973 Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science  
This study was part of an effort to evaluate the effectiveness of offering three options--lecture, lecture with discussions, and independent reading--to students in a large lecture course and was concerned  ...  with identifying any significant student variables related to choice of an option.  ...  "less reading to do" as the main reason for preferring this option and/or had leSs reading to do'.  ... 
doi:10.1037/h0082352 fatcat:zd2fhlhzcjcipchcyvefqhpfa4

PTIME

Pauline M. Berry, Melinda Gervasio, Bart Peintner, Neil Yorke-Smith
2011 ACM Transactions on Intelligent Systems and Technology  
This article overviews the system design and describes the models and technical advances required to satisfy the competing needs of preference modeling and elicitation, constraint reasoning, and machine  ...  It interfaces with commercial enterprise calendaring platforms, and it operates seamlessly with users who do not have PTIME.  ...  Spaulding, and J. Weber. The suggestions of the anonymous reviewers are gratefully recognized.  ... 
doi:10.1145/1989734.1989744 fatcat:onwucubaqjgtrj4goj6txgdgaa

Preference of Students on the Format of Options in a Multiple-Choice Test

Voltaire Quiza Oyzon, Hermabeth O. Bendulo, Erlinda D. Tibus, Rhodora A. Bande, Myrna L. Macalinao
2016 International Journal of Evaluation and Research in Education (IJERE)  
And lastly, the relationship between the students' preference of the arrangement of options in a multiple-choice test and the letter case options were tested using the Chi-square test.  ...  The reasons were identified by the respondents for their preference. Moreover, the lower case is the more preferred letter case option than the upper case.  ...  Lyziel Bongcaras, and all the BEED respondents.  ... 
doi:10.11591/ijere.v5i4.5956 fatcat:be7ytwhjyberjmqegbi52jsv2u

Hard Choices Made Harder [chapter]

Ryan Doody
2021 Value Incommensurability  
these values is an option's expected value; the option with the highest expected value is the one you ought to perform).  ...  When it comes to these two careers, you're ambivalent: you don't prefer one to the other, nor are you indifferent between the two. 1 It's hard to choose when you're ambivalent.  ...  I'm grateful to audiences at the Conference on Ethics and Uncertainty at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, the departmental colloquium at the  ... 
doi:10.4324/9781003148012-17 fatcat:byauoyhssrdhvdjc3iuk233ate

A subjective modelling tool applied to formal ship safety assessment

Jin Wang
2000 Ocean Engineering  
Subjective safety and cost assessments obtained can finally be combined to produce the preference degrees associated with the design/operation options for ranking purposes.  ...  In the framework, failure events at the lowest level are modelled using fuzzy sets and safety synthesis at the different levels of a hierarchy is carried out using evidential reasoning.  ...  The utility description on the safety associated with the option is assessed as "slightly preferred" with a belief of 11.1942%, as "moderately preferred" with 17.5782%, as "preferred" with 45.1996% and  ... 
doi:10.1016/s0029-8018(99)00037-2 fatcat:h6gicxaslbeu5i5qqvugep5cyq

Investigating Explanations to Justify Choice [chapter]

Ingrid Nunes, Simon Miles, Michael Luck, Carlos J. P. de Lucena
2012 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
This paper presents the study, its results, and the guidelines and patterns we derived.  ...  The analysis led to the development of guidelines and patterns for explanations to be generated by automated decision systems.  ...  disadvantages (or advantages) with respect to other options in relation to their preferences.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-642-31454-4_18 fatcat:3h77une5azb4fn7eu44xe3n66i

Nudging to donate organs: do what you like or like what we do?

Sergio Beraldo, Jurgis Karpus
2021 Medicine, Health care and Philosophy  
AbstractAn effective method to increase the number of potential cadaveric organ donors is to make people donors by default with the option to opt out.  ...  We review three often hypothesized reasons for why defaults work and argue that the as-judged-by-themselves principle may hold only in two of these cases.  ...  Author contributions SB and JK contributed equally to developing and writing this paper. Funding Open Access funding enabled and organized by Projekt DEAL.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s11019-021-10007-6 pmid:33733389 fatcat:p6raqfgx4zamfecwci2yukbdja

Institutional constraints on strategic maneuvering in shared medical decision-making [chapter]

A. Francisca Snoeck Henkemans, Dima Mohammed
2014 Benjamins Current Topics  
In this paper it is first investigated to what extent the institutional goal and basic principles of shared decision making are compatible with the aim and rules for critical discussion.  ...  Next, some techniques that doctors may use to present their own treatment preferences strategically in a shared decision making process are discussed and evaluated both from the perspective of the ideal  ...  is given that the treatment preferred by the doctor is the most reasonable option.  ... 
doi:10.1075/bct.64.03moh fatcat:yzqez32wp5bfza6pfpmmhkt2ni
« Previous Showing results 1 — 15 out of 1,064,630 results