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A Comparative Study on Collecting High-Quality Implicit Reasonings at a Large-scale [article]

Keshav Singh, Paul Reisert, Naoya Inoue, Kentaro Inui
2021 arXiv   pre-print
Explicating implicit reasoning (i.e. warrants) in arguments is a long-standing challenge for natural language understanding systems.  ...  Boltužić and Šnajder (2016) made a preliminary attempt at crowdsourcing warrants to fill the reasoning gap between a claim and premise.  ...  Filtering For each methodology, we can collect, at most, 200 warrants, if a worker first identifies that hidden reasoning is necessary to link the claim and its premise.However, after initial filtering  ... 
arXiv:2104.07924v1 fatcat:hzrftfkdkna2lkc356tvkx33ie

Assessing of use of the Internet for personal reasons at lessons at school: A Validation of the Cyberloafing Scale

Nadezhda Sivrikova, Svetlana Roslyakova, Nadezhda Sokolova, Elena Moiseeva, E.V. Vorobyova, I.V. Abakumova
2019 SHS Web of Conferences  
Studying of this new phenomenon at the Russian school is complicated due to the lack of reliable and valid techniques. Therefore, adaptation of a scale of a cyberloafing of Y.  ...  Work makes a contribution to studying of a cyberloafing at school.  ...  First of all, the reasons not-training of use of technologies at a lesson are analyzed.  ... 
doi:10.1051/shsconf/20197006010 fatcat:jhtkavekpjf25kx2zz62h6mmtq

Study on Survey Methods for Crop Area Change Reasons at National Scale [chapter]

Quan Wu, Hualang Hu, Yanxia Liu, Danqiong Wang, Xinyu Duan, Lijuan Jia, Yajuan He
2015 IFIP Advances in Information and Communication Technology  
A survey index system about crop area change reasons has been established by questionnaire and expert consultation.  ...  A problem has been proposed from the RSAC'S technology system, which is that the monitoring result is only an estimate to main crop planting areas without quantitative explanation to crop area change reasons  ...  This paper is supported by the project named Study on survey methods for crop area change reasons at national scale, authorized by CAAE in 2012.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-319-19620-6_5 fatcat:jqmpb4dmkfbujmomiprs76izui

Study on Reasonable Spatial Scale of Metropolitan Area in the Perspective of Travel Time: Based on the Comparison of Typical Cases at Home and Abroad
出行时耗约束下的大都市区空间尺度研究 —— 基于国内外典型案例比较

Pei Zhang, Chao Shen
2017 Urban Planning International  
Studying the spatial scale of MA is helpful for making scientific city policy, reserving facilities resources, and ensuring the healthy development of MA.  ...  In the context of using subway or regional railway system to support the expansion of MA, one-way commuting time should be no more than 1.5 h, the maximum radius of MA is 40~60 km, the scale of super MA  ... 
doi:10.22217/upi.2016.074 fatcat:bijxjrp7sjhl5pnuoyg44o3524

You Do Not Need a Bigger Boat: Recommendations at Reasonable Scale in a (Mostly) Serverless and Open Stack [article]

Jacopo Tagliabue
2021 pre-print
We propose our template data stack for machine learning at "reasonable scale", and show how many challenges are solved by embracing a serverless paradigm.  ...  "reasonable scale".  ...  At reasonable scale, many providers offer fully-managed services to run our computation without worrying about downtime [7] , replication, auto-scaling.  ... 
doi:10.1145/3460231.3474604 arXiv:2107.07346v1 fatcat:sszc2ihtg5gmbkl4rvouec4m4e

Team Solomon at SemEval-2020 Task 4: Be Reasonable: Exploiting Large-scale Language Models for Commonsense Reasoning

Vertika Srivastava, Sudeep Kumar Sahoo, Yeon Hyang Kim, Rohit R.r, Mayank Raj, Ajay Jaiswal
2020 Proceedings of the Fourteenth Workshop on Semantic Evaluation   unpublished
Our proposed system validates the reasonability of a given statement against the backdrop of commonsense knowledge acquired by these models and generates a logical reason to support its decision.  ...  In subtask A and B, we achieved 96% and 94% accuracy respectively standing at 4th position in both the subtasks. * * Equal Contribution This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International  ...  Training the model for larger epochs generates more complex and precise reasons at the cost of decreasing the BLEU score.  ... 
doi:10.18653/v1/2020.semeval-1.74 fatcat:s34kdrpamzea7m25hmrb2fltrq

Characterizing the neural correlates of reasoning [article]

David Papo
2015 arXiv   pre-print
Here, it is shown that the complex properties of spontaneous activity, which can be ignored in a short-lived event-related world, become prominent at the long time scales of certain forms of reasoning  ...  While for perceptuo-motor functions neural activity is shaped by the input's statistical properties, and processing is carried out at high speed in hardwired spatially segregated modules, in reasoning,  ...  However, at long time scales, the presence of scaling indicates that the brain relaxes more slowly than an exponential and fluctuates at all scales [58] [59] [60] .  ... 
arXiv:1501.05174v2 fatcat:74du3kpjvbh2zjoaezxqwdy7bi

Essay #2: Scales of Epistemic Appraisal [chapter]

Kenneth G. Lucey
2014 Pesky Essays on the Logic of Philosophy  
At the middle of this scale is the appraisal "counterbalanced", which represents the situation in which neither p nor not-p is appraised more than the other.  ...  The specific scale that this essay explores is as follows: certain, evident, reasonable, has some presumption, counter-balanced, has no presumption, unreasonable, and gratuitous.  ...  its verdict is beyond reasonable doubt. Thus, there exists a scale of appraisals which contains at least two levels, namely "has some presumption in its favor" and "is beyond reasonable doubt".  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-319-08063-5_2 fatcat:xhgzivasondpfaegelundmyxna

Towards a Global Scale Semantic Web [chapter]

Zhengxiang Pan
2006 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
Nevertheless, an approach that could scale well and keep essential reasoning powers is highly desired in the Semantic Web at global scale.  ...  The Semantic Web at global scale is also dynamic, inconsistent and heterogeneous.  ... 
doi:10.1007/11926078_80 fatcat:we3rbatkxnh43oddets5473dym

Learning About Spatial and Temporal Scale: Current Research, Psychological Processes, and Classroom Implications

Kim A. Cheek, Nicole D. LaDue, Thomas F. Shipley
2017 Journal of Geoscience education  
' reasoning about scale models.  ...  Geoscientists analyze and integrate spatial and temporal information at a range of scales to understand Earth processes.  ...  Geoscientists work at a variety of spatial and temporal scales and thus must reason about a variety of magnitudes.  ... 
doi:10.5408/16-213.1 fatcat:bfdgi52i7rbihfmllluclhbaii

Dealing with Big Numbers: Representation and Understanding of Magnitudes Outside of Human Experience

Ilyse Resnick, Nora S. Newcombe, Thomas F. Shipley
2016 Cognitive Science  
This study examines patterns of estimation errors across temporal and spatial magnitudes at large scales.  ...  However, people have difficulty reasoning about magnitudes outside of human perception (e.g., nanoseconds, geologic time).  ...  at both scales.  ... 
doi:10.1111/cogs.12388 pmid:27471016 fatcat:huz3mz7nn5fatgmofeioikqkby

Measuring Probabilistic Reasoning: The Construction of a New Scale Applying Item Response Theory

Caterina Primi, Kinga Morsanyi, Maria Anna Donati, Silvia Galli, Francesca Chiesi
2017 Journal of Behavioral Decision Making  
Additionally, through investigating Differential Item Functioning, the measurement equivalence of the scale at the item level was confirmed for gender, educational status and language (i.e., Italian and  ...  The aim of the present study was to develop a new instrument (the Probabilistic Reasoning Scale -PRS) to accurately measure low levels of probabilistic reasoning ability in order to identify people with  ...  The scale consists of 18 items, and it uses a 5-point Likert scale that ranges from 1=not at all like me to 5=very much like me.  ... 
doi:10.1002/bdm.2011 fatcat:w2u4dg3hs5fhbo457p5gymklou

Student Teacher Performance Related to Cognitive Style

Brian Noad
1979 Australian Journal of Teacher Education  
of reasoning scales -. relationships, categorical and appraisal, operating differentially, accounted for  ...  The goal of this study was to explore whether the cognitive style manner of reasoning scales were jointly and differentially, related to student teachers' academic performance.  ...  This study used the manner of reasoning scales. The manner of reasoning scales refer to one's preference in processing information.  ... 
doi:10.14221/ajte.1979v4n2.3 fatcat:w43didvctvc6ne7lf3p2jtyeau

How can we study reasoning in the brain?

David Papo
2015 Frontiers in Human Neuroscience  
Here, it is shown that the complex properties of spontaneous activity, which can be ignored in a short-lived event-related world, become prominent at the long time scales of certain forms of reasoning.  ...  While for perceptuo-motor functions neural activity is shaped by the input's statistical properties, and processing is carried out at high speed in hardwired spatially segregated modules, in reasoning,  ...  At the long time scales of reasoning, the random walker takes steps from a non-Gaussian distribution.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fnhum.2015.00222 pmid:25964755 pmcid:PMC4408754 fatcat:ktvxkvexp5ggxj2z5gzxtiev3e

Establishing Assessment Scales Using a Novel Disciplinary Rationale for Scientific Reasoning

Per Morten Kind
2013 Journal of Research in Science Teaching  
Kind, P. (2013) 'Establishing assessment scales using a novel disciplinary rationale for scientic reasoning.', Journal of research in science teaching., 50 (5). pp. 530-560.  ...  The scales are trialled in a small-scale study.  ...  The study will look at these scales separately, but also merge them into one combined reasoning scale.  ... 
doi:10.1002/tea.21086 fatcat:vokca2xx5jfttfbybba37osk4m
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