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Reasoning Over Paragraph Effects in Situations

Kevin Lin, Oyvind Tafjord, Peter Clark, Matt Gardner
2019 Proceedings of the 2nd Workshop on Machine Reading for Question Answering  
In order to facilitate progress on this kind of reading, we present ROPES, a challenging benchmark for reading comprehension targeting Reasoning Over Paragraph Effects in Situations.  ...  in the background passage in the context of the situation.  ...  Computations on beaker.org were supported in part by credits from Google Cloud.  ... 
doi:10.18653/v1/d19-5808 dblp:conf/acl-mrqa/LinTCG19 fatcat:rfp7jntpsja6bbtkpnwjcgcgoi

Reasoning Over Paragraph Effects in Situations [article]

Kevin Lin, Oyvind Tafjord, Peter Clark, Matt Gardner
2019 arXiv   pre-print
In order to facilitate progress on this kind of reading, we present ROPES, a challenging benchmark for reading comprehension targeting Reasoning Over Paragraph Effects in Situations.  ...  in the background passage in the context of the situation.  ...  Computations on beaker.org were supported in part by credits from Google Cloud.  ... 
arXiv:1908.05852v2 fatcat:o3iv5ue7gzahlpvpwctagqm55q

Towards Interpretable Reasoning over Paragraph Effects in Situation [article]

Mucheng Ren, Xiubo Geng, Tao Qin, Heyan Huang, Daxin Jiang
2020 arXiv   pre-print
We focus on the task of reasoning over paragraph effects in situation, which requires a model to understand the cause and effect described in a background paragraph, and apply the knowledge to a novel  ...  situation.  ...  Table 2 : 2 ROPES statistics it is the only dataset that requires reasoning over paragraph effects in situation.  ... 
arXiv:2010.01272v1 fatcat:ojs4ocwvtje7xfhd2wu4iezhf4

Towards Interpretable Reasoning over Paragraph Effects in Situation

Mucheng Ren, Xiubo Geng, Tao Qin, Heyan Huang, Daxin Jiang
2020 Proceedings of the 2020 Conference on Empirical Methods in Natural Language Processing (EMNLP)   unpublished
We focus on the task of reasoning over paragraph effects in situation, which requires a model to understand the cause and effect described in a background paragraph, and apply the knowledge to a novel  ...  situation.  ...  Table 2 : 2 ROPES statistics it is the only dataset that requires reasoning over paragraph effects in situation.  ... 
doi:10.18653/v1/2020.emnlp-main.548 fatcat:xuxd4457v5d7zgmjxl44nqezza

Page 700 of British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology Vol. 57, Issue 6 [page]

2004 British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology  
The overall effect of paragraph 29 would seem to rule out use of placebo wherever proven treatment exists.  ...  This would be in line with the introductory principle of paragraph 5 that ‘considerations related to the well- being of the subject should take preference over the interests of science and society’.  ... 

Remedies and Sanctions for Non-Compliance with the Aspects Aiming at the Authorization and Development of Supervision and Research Special Methods

Denisa Barbu
2020 Logos Universality Mentality Education Novelty Law  
the main plan the idea of safeguarding the entire procedure by trying to keep the procedural and processual activities within reasonable limits.  ...  The latter principles benefit both from a framework regulation in the Fundamental Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms, but also from an internal regulation in the Code  ...  the litigant could find themselves in such a situation), as well as their effective and efficient granting in order to strengthen trust in the judiciary and avoid any unfortunate situations of misjudgement  ... 
doi:10.18662/lumenlaw/8.2/41 fatcat:nc7bludr7zah5f3fujabd363xe

Cosmos QA: Machine Reading Comprehension with Contextual Commonsense Reasoning

Lifu Huang, Ronan Le Bras, Chandra Bhagavatula, Yejin Choi
2019 Proceedings of the 2019 Conference on Empirical Methods in Natural Language Processing and the 9th International Joint Conference on Natural Language Processing (EMNLP-IJCNLP)  
over a diverse collection of people's everyday narratives, asking such questions as "what might be the possible reason of ...?"  ...  , or "what would have happened if ..." that require reasoning beyond the exact text spans in the context.  ...  This research was supported in part by NSF (IIS-1524371, IIS-1714566), DARPA under the CwC program through the ARO (W911NF-15-1-0543) , DARPA under the MCS program through NIWC Pacific (N66001-19-2-4031  ... 
doi:10.18653/v1/d19-1243 dblp:conf/emnlp/HuangBBC19 fatcat:2owyqpestbd2tfmu2qtqzh4qoa

Cosmos QA: Machine Reading Comprehension with Contextual Commonsense Reasoning [article]

Lifu Huang, Ronan Le Bras, Chandra Bhagavatula, Yejin Choi
2019 arXiv   pre-print
over a diverse collection of people's everyday narratives, asking such questions as "what might be the possible reason of ...?"  ...  , or "what would have happened if ..." that require reasoning beyond the exact text spans in the context.  ...  This research was supported in part by NSF (IIS-1524371, IIS-1714566), DARPA under the CwC program through the ARO (W911NF-15-1-0543), DARPA under the MCS program through NIWC Pacific (N66001-19-2-4031  ... 
arXiv:1909.00277v2 fatcat:7fz4zxq4xjemzc3acgh42ghtgu

Constitutional and Humanitarian Guarantees of the Patient, Subject to Procedures Assimilated to Detention in the Context of Epidemic Prevention

Alina Zaharia
2020 Zenodo  
of an individual for health reasons, must be carried out in the least restrictive manner and the legislative evolution that regulates in Romania the action of the invested authorities with taking the  ...  In this context, the present study is of increasing importance in relation to the legislative uncertainties found both nationally and in the European regulatory environment, the methods used consisting  ...  , effects and manner of execution of the custodial measure (ECHR 1976, Paragraph 59) .  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.4058842 fatcat:imojhxriandopdemwtht6gwism

Dissecting the Principle Of "Due Regard": Exploring The Interaction Between Board of Directors and Its Shariah Committee in Malaysian Islamic Financial Institution (Analisa Mengenai Prinsip "Pertimbangan Sewajarnya": Meneroka Interaksi Antara Lembaga)

Mohamed Hadi
2020 Journal of Islam in Asia (E-ISSN 2289-8077)  
The Board in essence is expected to follow the advice of the SC and giving due regard to such advice, the Board is required to put in place conflict resolution mechanism to deal with any differences in  ...  views between the Board and the SC, in the case where the Board refused to accept the views of Sc with justifications.  ...  It is worth to highlight that Paragraph 8.1 of the new SGPD maintains that the Board has the oversight accountability over Shariah governance and compliance of the IFI.  ... 
doi:10.31436/jia.v17i2.962 fatcat:upk7hzvwnvc5tlgkbrwx7wyqdq

Influences of winning or losing in competitive situations on level of aspiration

Vernon M. Cope, Harold Sigall
1967 Psychonomic Science  
The present study examines the effects of losing or winning in a two-person competitive situation.  ...  It is hypothesized that level of aspiration is, in part, determined by improvement in performance in a competitive situation and, more specifically, that Ss who lose on each trial but who improve over  ...  The present study examines the effects of losing or winning in a two-person competitive situation.  ... 
doi:10.3758/bf03330660 fatcat:dzkopwehxvaufn67uupvfjmvpy

Page 587 of Wisconsin Law Review Vol. 1961, Issue 4 [page]

1961 Wisconsin Law Review  
July] USE OF FEDERAL PROCUREMENT 587 in paragraph 3.12 These four situations, one of which relates to small business suppliers and another to labor surplus suppliers, thus become, in effect, exceptions  ...  Consequently, the net result of paragraph 3 of the Executive Order is to remove the application of the order’s force with respect to the four situations enumerated in paragraph 3.  ... 

Progress in the Revision of Inheritance and Gift Tax under the European Union Law: Judgement of the EU Court of Justice (Seventh Chamber), 26 May 2016, Commission v Greece (C-244/15, CLI:EU:C:2016:359)

Gracia Maria Luchena Mozo
2017 Athens Journal of Law  
In the absence of such regulations, IGT is a responsibility of individual EU Member States.  ...  In fact, the EU until recently had no standard regulations on direct taxation and much less so on Inheritance and Gift Tax (IGT).  ...  See, to that effect, cited judgments of 17 October 2013 in Welte (C-181/12), paragraph 44; of 3 April 2014, Commission v Spain (C-428/12), paragraph 34; of 4 September 2014,  ... 
doi:10.30958/ajl.3-2-3 fatcat:ralh4dafb5ar5juygolludbjgi

Quality of Argumentation Models

Chamnong Kaewpet
2018 Theory and Practice in Language Studies  
The models were evaluated by three evaluators with expertise in academic writing. Analysis confirmed the effectiveness of the quality criteria and scale.  ...  Effectiveness concerned content validity, reliability, and practicality of the criteria.  ...  In the second paragraph, reasons were given to explain the position.  ... 
doi:10.17507/tpls.0809.01 fatcat:kkk6z653yfhzrjs6ac4vjzxeca

Remedies and Sanctions for Non-compliance with Aspects Regarding the Authorization and Conduct of Special Methods of Supervision and Research

Denisa Barbu, Valahia University from Targoviste, Romania
2020 Logos Universality Mentality Education Novelty Law  
such a situation), as well as their effective and efficient granting in order to strengthen the confidence in the justice and avoid any regrettable situations of wrong appraisals, or lack of transparency  ...  The same reason will apply to the hypothesis of art. 102 paragraph (1), which deals with evidence obtained through torture and a fortiori, in agreement with other authors (Udroiu, 2018, p. 979) , through  ... 
doi:10.18662/lumenlaw/8.1/35 fatcat:no6zu2mr2zh2bluio3wtjobjoe
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