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Real-world expectations and their affective value modulate object processing [article]

Laurent Caplette, Frederic Gosselin, Martial Mermillod, Bruno Wicker
2018 bioRxiv   pre-print
Real-world expectations are however often generated from complex associations between potentially affective contexts and objects learned over a lifetime.  ...  This result supports a recent proposal that affect modulates predictions in the brain. Together, our results help elucidate the neural mechanisms of real-world expectations.  ...  For instance, real-world expectations are often tinted by some affective value.  ... 
doi:10.1101/408542 fatcat:2vohfqsoebf7vjpvtvb2tmxnai

How task analysis can be used to derive and organize the knowledge for the control of autonomous vehicles

T. Barbera, J. Albus, E. Messina, C. Schlenoff, J. Horst
2004 Robotics and Autonomous Systems  
The Real-time Control System (RCS) Methodology has evolved over a number of years as a technique to capture task knowledge and organize it in a framework conducive to implementation in computer control  ...  In particular, the task context at any time determines what is to be sensed in the world, what world model states are to be evaluated, which situations are to be analyzed, what plans should be invoked,  ...  Shoemaker) and DARPA's Mobile Autonomous Robotics program (PM. D. Gage).  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.robot.2004.07.017 fatcat:aijjwpnyqffrjewcjap3c6czpy

Identifying sensory processing requirements for an on-road driving application of 4D/RCS

John A. Horst, Anthony J. Barbera, Craig I. Schlenoff, David W. Aha, Douglas W. Gage
2004 Mobile Robots XVII  
Sensory processing for real-time, complex, and intelligent control systems is costly, so it is important to perform only the sensory processing required by the task.  ...  In particular, we describe the planning algorithms, supporting reasoning strategies, required WM entities, the SP tasks required to compute their values, and the tolerances within which they must perform  ...  The main need for future research is to spend the huge effort and painstaking work of defining FSMs, world model entities, and sensing requirements for all the tasks in the system, and then continuously  ... 
doi:10.1117/12.579982 dblp:conf/mr/HorstBSA02 fatcat:4cmg6ypty5c2xamawvhn2k6a7i

4D/RCS: a reference model architecture for intelligent unmanned ground vehicles

James S. Albus, Grant R. Gerhart, Chuck M. Shoemaker, Douglas W. Gage
2002 Unmanned Ground Vehicle Technology IV  
4D/RCS consists of a multi-layered multi-resolutional hierarchy of computational nodes each containing elements of sensory processing (SP), world modeling (WM), value judgment (VJ), and behavior generation  ...  WM processes maintain a rich and dynamic database of knowledge about the world in the form of images, maps, entities, events, and relationships at every level.  ...  This paper is a product of government funding and is therefore not subject to copyright.  ... 
doi:10.1117/12.474462 fatcat:434k55s5wncn5m3xp7yhgjkj5a

Where do Graduates Develop Their Enterprise Skills?

Deema Refai, John Thompson
2015 Industry & higher education  
This study explores where graduates develop enterprise skills through investigating the impact of HE and employment contexts on their development.  ...  The study adds value by highlighting the significant role of both HE and employment contexts in developing enterprise skills, while emphasising that these skills become more transferable through exposure  ...  Although generalazability cannot be claimed for findings of any qualitative study, this study could have some wider relevance and value to other disciplinary and employment contexts than pharmacy.  ... 
doi:10.5367/ihe.2015.0282 fatcat:iby3pvvbsjfy3p2mobke4rmjgq

Digital Citizenship Model Course

2022 Zenodo  
domains essential for today's digital world.  ...  Access and Inclusion Learning and Creativity Media and Information Literacy Ethics and Empathy Health and Wellbeing e-Presence and Communications Active Participation Rights and Responsibilities Privacy  ...  of the key takeaways communication: they value more and belief will BLOOMS TAXONOMY Real Visual presence the real-world affect their reaction in the Non visual presence examples provided above future  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.7123591 fatcat:s464vuigj5a6jccvn45dv7aana

Extending Situated Language Comprehension (Accounts) with Speaker and Comprehender Characteristics: Toward Socially Situated Interpretation

Katja Münster, Pia Knoeferle
2018 Frontiers in Psychology  
Still, real-time language processing accounts remain largely elusive with respect to the influence of biological (e.g., age) and experiential (e.g., world and moral knowledge) comprehender characteristics  ...  The review informs the extension of an extant real-time processing account (already featuring a coordinated interplay between language comprehension and the non-linguistic visual context) with a variable  ...  However, in this paper we focus on real-time language comprehension, leaving language production aside.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2017.02267 pmid:29416517 pmcid:PMC5787543 fatcat:i6hnh32bybfk3cdt32mecra4r4

Big Data Analytics as a Service for Affective Humanoid Service Robots

Ming Jiang, Li Zhang
2015 Procedia Computer Science  
This paper identifies and analyses the advanced capability requirements for humanoid service robots to serve in highly complicated and intelligence demanding applications, such as children education and  ...  A user preference based children toy recommendation application is introduced as a use case study of the DCCL mechanism and platform.  ...  ; the expectation of a detected type is a real value between 0 and 1 as a confidence value.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.procs.2015.07.288 fatcat:zpvrv4vvazcunakmpumfodjozq

Predicting (variability of) context effects in language comprehension

Pia Knoeferle
2019 Journal of Cultural Cognitive Science  
Variability in context effects is predicted by characteristics of the language user and world-language relations.  ...  Predicting variability in context effects is a timely enterprise considering that psycho-and neurolinguistic research has assessed how language processing depends on the perceived context, the body, and  ...  reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s41809-019-00025-5 fatcat:jhgqbzldpnf6fe7kiuh4mx5x6e

A biologically-inspired affective model based on cognitive situational appraisal

Feng Shu, Ah-Hwee Tan
2012 The 2012 International Joint Conference on Neural Networks (IJCNN)  
Moreover, few existing emotion models are biologically-inspired and are inadequate in imitating emotion process of human brain.  ...  An appraisal module is positioned within EAN contributing to translate cognitive information to emotion appraisal.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENT This research is supported by the Singapore National Research Foundation under its Interactive & Digital Media (IDM) Public Sector R&D Funding Initiative and administered by the IDM Programme  ... 
doi:10.1109/ijcnn.2012.6252463 dblp:conf/ijcnn/ShuT12 fatcat:fa66ipsbrbf45djbsv34myxrly

Outline for a theory of intelligence

J.S. Albus
1991 IEEE Transactions on Systems, Man and Cybernetics  
Understanding implies that the information in the message has been correctly decoded and incorporated into the world model of the receiver. Communication may be either intentional or unintentional.  ...  Preventing an enemy from receiving and understanding communication between friendly agents can often be crucial to survival. Communication and language are by no means unique to human beings.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENT The author wishes to thank Alex Meystel, Robert Rosenfeld, John Simpson, Martin Herman, Ron Lumia, and Rick Quintero for their numerous helpful comments, and Cheryl Hutchins for her help  ... 
doi:10.1109/21.97471 fatcat:22thttflojfnzge7qezhx4mowy

A New Action Execution Module for the Learning Intelligent Distribution Agent (LIDA): The Sensory Motor System

Daqi Dong, Stan Franklin
2015 Cognitive Computation  
Action execution refers to a situation in which a software agent or robot transforms a selected goal-directed action into low-level executable actions, and executes them in the real world.  ...  This paper presents a cognitive model for an action execution process-the Sensory Motor System (SMS)-as a new module of the systems-level cognitive model LIDA (for -Learning Intelligent Distribution Agent  ...  Since the action execution process is running in a real world with seemingly unlimited environmental data available, much of which heavily affects the order of the motor commands in real time, it is hard  ... 
doi:10.1007/s12559-015-9322-3 fatcat:zei5fmhxnvfdhmpdfdmtf6jgle

Effects of Dispositional Affect on the N400: Language Processing and Socially Situated Context

Veena D. Dwivedi, Janahan Selvanayagam
2021 Frontiers in Psychology  
We expected that processing incongruent direct objects (#roof) vs. congruent objects (wine) would elicit N400 effects.  ...  We examined whether the N400 Event-Related Potential (ERP) component would be modulated by dispositional affect during sentence processing.  ...  In addition, we thank Louis Schmidt for comments and discussion, as well as audiences at Maastricht University, McGill University, and the Cognitive Neuroscience Society 2019, where versions of this work  ... 
doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2021.566894 pmid:33868066 pmcid:PMC8044537 fatcat:l3duorcclnewxfuxe56456ikmi

Data Quality Challenges in a Learning Health System

Michail Sarafidis, Marilena Tarousi, Athanasios Anastasiou, Stavros Pitoglou, Efstratios Lampoukas, Athanasios Spetsarias, George Matsopoulos, Dimitrios Koutsouris
2020 Studies in Health Technology and Informatics  
This approach is implemented in our designed cloud platform, called MODELHealth, which is intended for supporting clinical work and administrative decision-making process.  ...  To begin with, the paper outlines the basic definitions and concepts of data quality and its dimensions.  ...  and Innovation, under call Research-Create-Innovate (Project Code: T1EDK-04066).  ... 
doi:10.3233/shti200139 pmid:32570363 fatcat:xm2q7abwtvggjjvp7kymnmvila

Robot Task Planning in Deterministic and Probabilistic Conditions Using Semantic Knowledge Base

Ahmed Abdulhadi Al-Moadhen, Michael Packianather, Rossitza Setchi, Renxi Qiu
2016 International Journal of Knowledge and Systems Science  
related to existing objects, their types and properties, as well as their relationships with each other.  ...  Following this, the semantic domain knowledge is used to derive implicit expectations of world states and the effects of the action which is nominated for insertion into the task plan.  ...  In a real world environment this is not always realistic, as planning with uncertainty is a complex process.  ... 
doi:10.4018/ijkss.2016010104 fatcat:pmiuvs2tmracvnnrtkvdpwdwgy
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