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Real-Time Decision Making under Uncertainty of Self-localization Results [chapter]

Takeshi Fukase, Yuichi Kobayashi, Ryuichi Ueda, Takanobu Kawabe, Tamio Arai
2003 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
In this paper, we present a real-time decision making method for a quadruped robot whose sensor and locomotion have large errors.  ...  We make a State-Action Map by off-line planning considering the uncertainty of the robot's location with Dynamic Programming (DP).  ...  Real-Time Decision Making From the above-mentioned discussion, real-time decision making methods are required to meet following properties: 1) automatic design which can discuss optimality, 2) low computational  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-540-45135-8_33 fatcat:3l4mviu5o5f27gnki2m3jw3gru

The Relevance of Notions of Risk and Uncertainty in Investment Decision to Base at Local

Veronica Pasa Stignei
2010 Studies and Scientific Researches: Economics Edition  
Uncertainty and risk meet anywhere (even local government), combined in different proportions, so that the process has consciously assumed taking place in every field of activity, uncertainty can be eliminated  ...  Investing resources in the local public interest objectives locally involves taking risks caused by system operation and efficiency level established.  ...  (administrative decision must be taken of the body right time, knowing the local administration bodies best local social needs.  ... 
doi:10.29358/sceco.v0i15.111 fatcat:mmvk4nc675entawjjxqddjmc3i

Dealing with Uncertainty in Structured Environments: A Robot Soccer Case Study

Tekin Meriçli, Çetin Meriçli, Ergin Özkucur, Can Kavaklioğlu, Bariş Gökçe, H. Levent Akin
2009 Mobile Robotics  
Noisy sensor readings and uncontrollable factors in the operation environment as well as the internal mechanisms of the robots may have an accumulating negative effect throughout the decision making process  ...  Starting from the perception of the environment, which is the very first stage of the sense-plan-act cycle, uncertainty should be handled carefully in the localization, world modeling, and action realization  ...  Recognized objects are then used in Self Localization and World Modeling modules incorporates the information about recognized objects and make it ready for the Planner module to make decisions.  ... 
doi:10.1142/9789814291279_0015 fatcat:3tjkj3twbfctrofo2ysvpekoby

A Real Options Model of Stepwise Entry Into Self-Employment

Karl Wennberg, Timothy B. Folta, Frédéric Delmar
2008 Social Science Research Network  
This paper tests a real options model of stepwise entrepreneurial entry. We distinguish between part time and full time entry among the self employed in Swedish knowledge intensive industries.  ...  However, our hypothesis that entrepreneurs use a real options heuristic shaped by the uncertainty and the irreversibility of entry received only mixed support.  ...  That is, for part time self-employed, what would make them change to full time self-employment or to exit altogether.  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.1310937 fatcat:nsj47phpcvcmzagnphlsesgova

Bridging the Gap of Abstraction for Probabilistic Decision Making on a Multi-Modal Service Robot

Sven Schmidt-Rohr, Steffen Knoop, Martin Lösch, Rüdiger Dillmann
2008 Robotics: Science and Systems IV  
With partially observable Markov decision processes (POMDPs) utilized for scenario level decision making, the robot is able to deal with uncertainty in both observation and environment dynamics and can  ...  This paper proposes a decision making and control supervision system for a multi-modal service robot.  ...  Also, the course of events in the real world is never completely deterministic but stochastic. Both aspects of uncertainty need to be regarded by decision making of an autonomous service robot.  ... 
doi:10.15607/rss.2008.iv.014 dblp:conf/rss/Schmidt-RohrKLD08 fatcat:4tgowwip6jeaxjcs2svtnbnupe

Voluntary leadership and the emergence of institutions for self-governance

Krister P. Andersson, Kimberlee Chang, Adriana Molina-Garzón
2020 Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America  
We show that unselfish leadership actions make the biggest difference for rule creation under high levels of uncertainty, such as when the resource is in subtle decline and intragroup communication sparse  ...  We argue that voluntary local leaders play an important role in the initiation of self-governance institutions because such leaders can directly affect local users' perceived costs and benefits associated  ...  Cook, Tara Grillos, Ruth Meinzen-Dick, Emily Nocito, Andrew Phillips, and Charlie Schweik provided helpful feedback on previous versions of this paper.  ... 
doi:10.1073/pnas.2007230117 pmid:33067395 fatcat:zzfhz64vh5do7gszizi67bxrge

A Distributed Coordination Framework for Adaptive Sensor Uncertainty Handling [chapter]

Zhifeng Dai, Yuanxiang Li, Bojin Zheng, Xianjun Shen
2007 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
set technique sense of uncertainty, we show how an adaptive distributed coordination framework for a hierarchy of sensor data uncertainty performs local data fusion to increase the certainty of real-time  ...  sensor readings coherently, makes global rational decisions under imprecision and partial truth, and reconciles the conflicts somewhat, thus evolving adaptive and robust sensor uncertainty handling systems  ...  The authors would like to thank the National Science Foundation of P.R.C for financial support under Grant No. 60473014 for this research.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-540-72590-9_176 fatcat:us52g4cwqrfk5plgcu5lrcbz2q

Notice of Violation of IEEE Publication Principles The Right Thing to Do: Automating Support for Assisted Living with Dynamic Decision Networks

Nayyab Zia Naqvi, Davy Preuveneers, Wannes Meert, Yolande Berbers
2013 2013 IEEE 10th International Conference on Ubiquitous Intelligence and Computing and 2013 IEEE 10th International Conference on Autonomic and Trusted Computing  
Secondly, the system should be made aware of the impact of its decisions over time so that it can learn from its mistakes as humans do.  ...  It leverages Dynamic Decision Networks (DDN) to deal with the presence of uncertainty and the partial observability of context information, as well as the temporal effects of the decisions.  ...  We have used probability reasoning with Bayesian networks and Decision networks [15] to tackle the real-time decision problems under uncertainty and QoC requirements of the users.  ... 
doi:10.1109/uic-atc.2013.65 dblp:conf/uic/NaqviPMB13 fatcat:d7j5tmn5unf2rmrrzwm766ryma

When Experts Become Liabilities: Domain Experts on Boards and Organizational Failure

Juan Almandoz, András Tilcsik
2016 Academy of Management Journal  
We argue that under conditions of significant decision uncertainty, a higher proportion of domain experts on a board may detract from effective decision making and thus increase the probability of organizational  ...  We predict that the greater the level of decision uncertainty-due to rapid asset growth or operation in less predictable markets-the stronger the relationship between the proportion of banking expert directors  ...  Figures 1 and 2 display results relevant to Hypothesis 1 and Hypothesis 2a under different conditions of decision uncertainty.  ... 
doi:10.5465/amj.2013.1211 fatcat:2he67jjepfd43lptioyp7rlni4

The effects of behavioral and outcome feedback on prudent decision-making under conditions of present and future uncertainty

Jay C. Brown
2006 Judgment and Decision Making  
Prudent decision-making decreased when both types of uncertainty were added. Further, the addition of feedback increased prudent decision-making when future uncertainty was present.  ...  Participants played a repeated game in which decisions were made under various types of uncertainty (either no uncertainty, uncertainty about the present consequences of behaviors, uncertainty about the  ...  In real life, this type of uncertainty of consequences may also be responsible for decreased levels of prudent decision-making.  ... 
doaj:66911e7b8e4b40639bffac658b9c62b8 fatcat:3d53ntvufzdkjkrjk44ub3rxza

Precise Vehicle Location as a Fundamental Parameter for Intelligent Self-aware Rail-track Maintenance Systems

I. Durazo-Cardenas, A. Starr, A. Tsourdos, M. Bevilacqua, J. Morineau
2014 Procedia CIRP  
Clearly, precise knowledge of trains' real-time location is of paramount importance. The positional accuracy demand of the future railway is less than 2m.  ...  Real-time regulation of traffic will optimise the performance of the network, with trains running in succession within an adjacent movable safety zone.  ...  Acknowledgements AUTONOM work is conducted under EPSRC's AIS programme EP/J011630 grant.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.procir.2014.07.002 fatcat:ebz54xnklve2dn22husd3eewyq

Stochastic Investment Trading Model for Selection of Companies Under Uncertainty in Stock Markets

Hai V. Pham, Eric W.Cooper, Katsuari Kamei
2012 Proceedings of the ISCIE International Symposium on Stochastic Systems Theory and its Applications  
The notion of stock trading under uncertainty in stochastic investment trading systems that satisfies dynamic trading problems in market dynamics.  ...  Our approach uses Kansei evaluation and fuzzy reasoning with inference; this quantifies trader intuition relating to trading decisions based on dynamic market conditions under uncertainty.  ...  Step Aggregating decision makers' negative decisions under uncertainty and risk to determine selling decisions. When training process of the data sets is done, these SOM results show on a map.  ... 
doi:10.5687/sss.2012.320 fatcat:aqbapxilbfhatbn5i7lvo3tsya

Page 4307 of Psychological Abstracts Vol. 81, Issue 9 [page]

1994 Psychological Abstracts  
—Meaningful connections among dif- ferent types of decision making situations are established to improve the development of useful decision technologies for application to real world problems.  ...  Ss also completed a self-efficacy questionnaire. Results indicate that experimental Ss performed better in reproducing the letter and tended to make fewer requests for help than control Ss.  ... 

Towards Understanding Uncertainty in Cloud Computing Resource Provisioning

Andrei Tchernykh, Uwe Schwiegelsohn, Vassil Alexandrov, El-ghazali Talbi
2015 Procedia Computer Science  
In spite of extensive research of uncertainty issues in different fields ranging from computational biology to decision making in economics, a study of uncertainty for cloud computing systems is limited  ...  We also discuss potentials of these approaches for scheduling cloud computing activities under uncertainty, and address methods for mitigating job execution time uncertainty in the resource provisioning  ...  the exact results of decisions; (4) Stochastic uncertainty is a result of probabilistic (stochastic) nature of the studied processes and phenomena, where the following cases can be distinguished: there  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.procs.2015.05.387 fatcat:slgh4s5c75efrgkprepjpkcqdq

Urref Self-Confidence In Information Fusion Trust

Erik Blasch, Audun Jøsang, Jean Dezert, Paulo C. G. Costa, Anne-Laure Jousselme
2015 Zenodo  
Our goal is two-fold, since we address both the distinctions between confidence and self-confidence, as well as the implications of these differences when evaluating the impact of uncertainty to the decision-making  ...  We argue that uncertainty can be minimized through confidence (information evidence) and self-confidence (source agent) processing, The results here seek to enrich the ongoing discussion at the ISIF's  ...  Paulo Costa was partially supported by the Army Research Office, under grant W911NF-11-1-0176.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.22665 fatcat:44mcnwln4zh3dmwjmb6erx5tfi
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