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Reading music and words: The anatomical connectivity of musicians' visual cortex

Florence Bouhali, Valeria Mongelli, Michel Thiebaut de Schotten, Laurent Cohen
2020 NeuroImage  
In the ventral occipitotemporal cortex (VOT), the specialization of the so-called Visual Word Form Area for word reading has been linked to its privileged structural connectivity to distant language regions  ...  In a cohort of professional musicians and non-musicians, we used probabilistic tractography combined with task-related functional MRI to identify the connections of individually defined word- and music-selective  ...  FB was supported by a doctoral fellowship of the R egion Ile-de-France and the "Ecole Doctorale Fronti eres du Vivant (FdV) -Programme Bettencourt", and by NIH R01HD115089.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.neuroimage.2020.116666 pmid:32087374 fatcat:vbmszk2dezfqhdykorzyrlejgu

Eye Movements and Music Reading: Where Do We Look Next?

Jaime Madell, Sylvie Hébert
2008 Music Perception  
of music perception and cognition.  ...  IN CONTRAST TO SIMILAR RESEARCH IN TEXT reading, research in the eye movements used to read music is relatively undeveloped.  ...  Author Note This paper was written thanks to a grant from Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada (SSHRC) and a salary support from Fonds de la Recherche en Santé du Québec (FRSQ) awarded  ... 
doi:10.1525/mp.2008.26.2.157 fatcat:b37auxs6dzfufjjd76ayaqko6q

Music and words in the visual cortex: The impact of musical expertise

Valeria Mongelli, Stanislas Dehaene, Fabien Vinckier, Isabelle Peretz, Paolo Bartolomeo, Laurent Cohen
2017 Cortex  
We used fMRI to compare activations induced in the visual cortex by musical notation, written words and other classes of objects, in professional musicians and in musically naïve controls.  ...  In musicians, there was also a dramatic increase of the brain-scale networks connected to the music-selective visual areas.  ...  Acknowledgments The research leading to these results has received funding from the program "Investissements d'avenir" ANR-10-IAIHU-06, and from the program CONSTRUCT ANR-2010-BLAN-1403-01.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.cortex.2016.05.016 pmid:27317491 fatcat:mot4vbj5zfctfkxwdoc4pcuf7q

Functional correlates of musical and visual ability in frontotemporal dementia

Bruce L. Miller, Kyle Boone, Jeffrey L. Cummings, Stephen L. Read, Fred Mishkin
2000 British Journal of Psychiatry  
Patients with the left-sided temporal lobe variant of FTD offer an unexpected window into the neurological mediation of visual and musical talents.  ...  Results The group with musical or visual ability performed better on visual, but worse on verbal tasks than did the other patients with FTD. Nine had asymmetrical left anterior dysfunction.  ...  There are many connections to and from polar tem-many connections to and from polar temporal cortex, and posterior temporal cor-poral cortex, and posterior temporal cortex.  ... 
doi:10.1192/bjp.176.5.458 pmid:10912222 fatcat:5bnocwrhufbklbn6wr4qibrgtq

Word-Blindness — Evolution and Heredity — Medical Notes

1892 Boston Medical and Surgical Journal  
There was also complete musical blindnesB, for the man, though a good musician, could uot read a note of music.  ...  Though afflicted with verbal and musical blindness, he could read figures and make calculations, both mentally and by writing.There was no word-deafness, no disturbance of speech, no hemiplegia, or hemiantesthesia  ...  -The University of Pennsylvania has recently received a gift of nearly three-quarters of a million of dollars for the erection of a biological and anatomical museum to cost nearly $200,000, and a yearly  ... 
doi:10.1056/nejm189203241261212 fatcat:4asbjuwj6rcu3istpvhl4hbxuy

Editorial: Language beyond Words: The Neuroscience of Accent

Ignacio Moreno-Torres, Peter Mariën, Guadalupe Dávila, Marcelo L. Berthier
2016 Frontiers in Human Neuroscience  
ACKNOWLEDGMENTS The authors of this Editorial thank the contributing authors who have worked hard to comply with deadlines and the reviewers of this Research Topic for the efficient work.  ...  IMT has been partly supported by a grant from the Spanish Ministerio de Economía e Innovación (FFI2015-68498P).  ...  This study shows that focal lesions in the middle part of the left motor cortex and adjoining regions seem to be crucial to alter the neural processes implicated in the production of regional accent features  ... 
doi:10.3389/fnhum.2016.00639 pmid:28066210 pmcid:PMC5169099 fatcat:xywxofm3ebemrhwkiw5sux4wl4

A taste for words and sounds: a case of lexical-gustatory and sound-gustatory synesthesia

Olympia Colizoli, Jaap M. J. Murre, Romke Rouw
2013 Frontiers in Psychology  
Most words and a subset of non-linguistic sounds induce the experience of taste, smell and physical sensations for SC.  ...  The type of inducer (visual-lexical, auditory-lexical, and non-lexical auditory stimuli) could be differentiated based on patterns of brain activity.  ...  We thank Ricardo van Buren for help with the experimental setup and data collection, all of the control participants, as well as Henk Bas and Jurjen Simmelink for introducing us to SC.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2013.00775 pmid:24167497 pmcid:PMC3806228 fatcat:ypktqbqaezevfc4gjrq5dputpm

Verbal memory retrieval engages visual cortex in musicians

Z. Huang, J.X. Zhang, Z. Yang, G. Dong, J. Wu, A.S. Chan, X. Weng
2010 Neuroscience  
Participants with and without musical training performed a verbal memory task to first encode a list of words auditorily delivered and then silently recall as many words as possible.  ...  While in the blind population, such cross-modal functional reorganization may be induced by sensory deprivation; in the musicians it may be induced by the long-term and demanding nature of musical training  ...  Acknowledgments-We thank Wen Zhou and Yi  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.neuroscience.2010.03.027 pmid:20303392 fatcat:orbhzsso6bgh7h7whlnfjyucxy

The emergence of the visual word form: Longitudinal evolution of category-specific ventral visual areas during reading acquisition

Ghislaine Dehaene-Lambertz, Karla Monzalvo, Stanislas Dehaene, Kalanit Grill-Spector
2018 PLoS Biology  
As soon as they started to acquire reading skills, a specific region of the visual cortex of the left hemisphere-called the visual word form area (VWFA)-started to selectively respond to written words.  ...  In this context, it has been hypothesized that the acquisition of reading takes advantage of the preexisting organization and plasticity of this ventral visual cortex [34] .  ...  Acknowledgments The authors thank the children and their parents for their enthusiasm and their numerous questions during this long and demanding study, as well as the medical and MRI team of UNI-ACT at  ... 
doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.2004103 pmid:29509766 pmcid:PMC5856411 fatcat:ng67o7xe25eutnf2fxi6mz5ggq

Morphological brain plasticity induced by musical expertise is accompanied by modulation of functional connectivity at rest

Baptiste Fauvel, Mathilde Groussard, Gaël Chételat, Marine Fouquet, Brigitte Landeau, Francis Eustache, Béatrice Desgranges, Hervé Platel
2014 NeuroImage  
The two clusters within the cingulate gyrus exhibited greater connectivity for musicians with the right prefrontal cortex and left temporal pole, which play a role in autobiographical and semantic memory  ...  We interpreted these findings as the consequence of repeated collaborative use in general networks supporting some of the memory, perceptual-motor and emotional features of musical practice. *4.  ...  We would like to thank all the members of the INSERM U1077 team and the staff at the Cyceron center for their support. We are especially grateful to Ms. Leblond and Ms.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.neuroimage.2013.12.065 pmid:24418502 fatcat:27coyzacw5gthlmal7qkpa2gcu

Multisensory integration and neuroplasticity in the human cerebral cortex

Evangelos Paraskevopoulos, Sibylle Herholz
2013 Translational Neuroscience  
AbstractThere is a strong interaction between multisensory processing and the neuroplasticity of the human brain.  ...  Multisensory training affects early sensory processing within separate sensory domains, as well as the functional and structural connectivity between uni- and multisensory brain regions.  ...  Changes in anatomical connectivity due to musical training have also been found in the longitudinal fasciculus [87] (a white-matter tract that connects temporal and frontal regions) as well as in the corticospinal  ... 
doi:10.2478/s13380-013-0134-1 fatcat:b7sugfjwdrcjzjbm2hvpouvyoy

Action in Perception: Prominent Visuo-Motor Functional Symmetry in Musicians during Music Listening

Iballa Burunat, Elvira Brattico, Tuomas Puoliväli, Tapani Ristaniemi, Mikko Sams, Petri Toiviainen, Joel Snyder
2015 PLoS ONE  
Furthermore, the size of the anterior corpus callosum (CC), which mainly connects motor areas, is enlarged in individuals with an early commencement of musical training [17, 18] .  ...  Early musical training has been shown to correlate with stronger auditory-cortical representations of piano vs. pure tones in pianists, supported by anatomical enlargements of the Heschl's gyrus [6, 7]  ...  ., administered by the Ministry of Education, Science and Culture of Finland. Author Contributions Conceived and designed the experiments: IB PT. Performed the experiments: EB.  ... 
doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0138238 pmid:26422790 pmcid:PMC4589413 fatcat:e7wk2qpehvalvlxxb74wgs7bve

Performed Being: Word Art as a Human Inheritance

Frederick Turner
1986 Oral Tradition  
seeds-semen, semantics-of music, writing, and the visual arts.  ...  To the extent that symbolists and imagists abandoned argument, plot, and discursive reason, to that extent they broke the mysterious and fertile connection between left cortex, right cortex, and limbic  ... 
doaj:7f94d6157e5e49fc86016be24660bb07 fatcat:xl6s5h5dgbhfxk3ig3kik7j5fu

Musical expertise is related to altered functional connectivity during audiovisual integration

Evangelos Paraskevopoulos, Anja Kraneburg, Sibylle Cornelia Herholz, Panagiotis D. Bamidis, Christo Pantev
2015 Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America  
Plasticity effects related to long-term musical training were investigated in this cross-sectional study by comparison of musicians and nonmusicians, whereas effects of short-term music reading training  ...  The rule was comparable to musical reading: "the higher the position of the circle, the higher the pitch of the tone."  ...  This work was partly supported by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (Grant PA392/12-2) and partly by an internal research fellowship from the Research Committee of the Aristotle University of Thessaloniki  ... 
doi:10.1073/pnas.1510662112 pmid:26371305 pmcid:PMC4603494 fatcat:pnncko4dtnclvfptbdts5rxixu

Music is Good for Your Brain, but Don't Blast it

Martin Pienkowski
2015 Frontiers for Young Minds  
More white matter is seen in the connections between temporal (sensory) and frontal (cognitive) cortex, and in the corpus callosum, the thick axonal bridge that connects the left and right halves of the  ...  He divided the cerebral cortex, the biggest and uniquely mammalian part of the brain, into about 50 regions based on their anatomical appearance. These are now known as "Brodmann areas" (Figure 1 ).  ...  I love to read and listen to music, and I have a passion for bharathanatyam -an ancient classical dance.  ... 
doi:10.3389/frym.2015.00008 fatcat:5havzd75njfx3gqmtl2brzjr2q
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