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A Survey on Natural Language Processing for Fake News Detection [article]

Ray Oshikawa, Jing Qian, William Yang Wang
2020 arXiv   pre-print
Fake news detection is a critical yet challenging problem in Natural Language Processing (NLP). The rapid rise of social networking platforms has not only yielded a vast increase in information accessibility but has also accelerated the spread of fake news. Thus, the effect of fake news has been growing, sometimes extending to the offline world and threatening public safety. Given the massive amount of Web content, automatic fake news detection is a practical NLP problem useful to all online
more » ... tent providers, in order to reduce the human time and effort to detect and prevent the spread of fake news. In this paper, we describe the challenges involved in fake news detection and also describe related tasks. We systematically review and compare the task formulations, datasets and NLP solutions that have been developed for this task, and also discuss the potentials and limitations of them. Based on our insights, we outline promising research directions, including more fine-grained, detailed, fair, and practical detection models. We also highlight the difference between fake news detection and other related tasks, and the importance of NLP solutions for fake news detection.
arXiv:1811.00770v2 fatcat:muo74knnsfehlmhcopqzivfo6q

Bence-Jones Protein λ-type Multiple Myeloma Patient Withdrawn from Maintenance Hemodialysis after Long-term Bortezomib and Dexamethasone Therapy

Wakaba Yamaguchi, Naofumi Yui, Toshikage Nagao, Gaku Oshikawa, Mariko Negi, Soichiro Iimori, Tomokazu Okado, Tatemitsu Rai, Shinichi Uchida
2016 Internal medicine (Tokyo. 1992)  
The effectiveness of bortezomib treatment for multiple myeloma (MM) is well established. However, the protocol by which maintenance therapy using bortezomib should be continued for myeloma patients requiring regular hemodialysis remains to be established. We herein report a case of MM with severe renal insufficiency requiring hemodialysis for nearly 30 months which was finally withdrawn from renal replacement therapy during monthly maintenance treatment with bortezomib and dexamethasone for two
more » ... years. The details of this case are essential for establishing clinical guidelines for applying intermittent low-frequency bortezomib therapy in dialysis-dependent myeloma patients. A 61-year-old Japanese woman with no medical history of kidney disease was referred to our department with severe renal dysfunction. The patient had developed high blood pressure (219/119 mmHg), severe bilateral leg edema,
doi:10.2169/internalmedicine.55.5310 pmid:26831021 fatcat:5tlnmxrufzfxvheicsi3ufhdma

Electron Spin Resonance in Sine-Gordon Spin Chains in the Perturbative Spinon Regime

S. Zvyagin, A. Kolezhuk, J. Krzystek, R. Feyerherm
2005 Physical Review Letters  
copper pyrimidine dinitrate, a spin-1/2 antiferromagnetic chain with alternating g-tensor and the Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction, allowing us to test a new theoretical concept proposed recently by Oshikawa  ...  The lattice constants obtained from the singlecrystal X-ray diffraction are a = 12.404Å, b = 11.511Å, c = 7.518Å, β = 115.0 • . The Cu ions form chains running parallel to the short ac diagonal.  ...  The data were analyzed in frame of the Oshikawa-Affleck quantum-field theory [15] . An excellent quantitative agreement with the theory has been achieved.  ... 
doi:10.1103/physrevlett.95.017207 pmid:16090654 fatcat:laaqg72nunfnnl5akx36szsxsy

Page 559 of The Journal of Business Vol. 39, Issue 4 [page]

1966 The Journal of Business  
Sapaom1 OsHIKAWA, asst. prof., marketing, Washington, Sept. 1966. Jerry H. Papcett, asst Georgia, Sept. 1966. Patrick J.  ...  Dennis Ray, assoc. prof., management, Missis- sippi State, Sept. 1966. RosBert R. REHDER, assoc. prof., business ad- ministration, North Carolina, Sept. 1966.  ... 

Page 513 of JAMA: The Journal of the American Medical Association Vol. 81, Issue 6 [page]

1923 JAMA: The Journal of the American Medical Association  
He has traced the course under roentgen-ray control, and found it the same in each.  ...  The Gastric Mucosa in Dogs After Gastro-Enterostomy.— Oshikawa discusses in particular the Bizzozero spirochetes.  ... 

Generalised edema with human parvovirus B19 infection

Satoshi Hayano, Hideto Oshikawa
2021 BMJ Case Reports  
Chest X-ray showed bilateral pleural effusion (figure 2). Additional laboratory tests were positive for anti-human parvovirus B19 (anti-B19V) IgM (9.80) using enzyme immunoassays.  ...  Downloaded from Hayano S, Oshikawa H.  ...  Chest X-ray showed bilateral pleural effusion (figure 2). Additional laboratory tests were positive for anti-human parvovirus B19 (anti-B19V) IgM (9.80) using enzyme immunoassays.  ... 
doi:10.1136/bcr-2021-243130 pmid:34253520 fatcat:4ghd2ie4vfejjb3uhkjupv272u

One-dimensional quantum antiferromagnetism in thep-orbitalCsO2compound revealed by electron paramagnetic resonance

Tilen Knaflič, Martin Klanjšek, Annette Sans, Peter Adler, Martin Jansen, Claudia Felser, Denis Arčon
2015 Physical Review B  
Linewidth analysis with the Oshikawa-Affleck theory.  ...  Laboratory X-ray diffraction at room temperature confirmed high purity of the sample, as all peaks could be indexed to the tetragonal, I4/mmm, structure of CsO 2 .  ... 
doi:10.1103/physrevb.91.174419 fatcat:hwfffs6wfjffzjuioiqep5wupi

Electrochemical Hydrogen Permeation Test under Controlled Temperature and Humidity after Outdoor Exposure at Beijing, Chongqing and Okinawa
北京,重慶および沖縄に室外暴露した試験片を用いた温湿度制御下の電気化学的水素透過試験

Eiji Akiyama, Songjie Li, Hideki Katayama, Boping Zhang, Kai Zhao, Wataru Oshikawa
2017 Tetsu to hagane  
The concentrations were measured by means of X-ray fluorescence analysis. Cl and S contents of specimens exposed at Tsukuba for 2 and 4 months are added for comparison. 9 .  ... 
doi:10.2355/tetsutohagane.tetsu-2016-096 fatcat:if2mgjktdjea7cj4e6ehb6z4vy

Brucinium 2-carboxy-6-nitrophthalate dihydrate: the 1:1 proton-transfer compound of brucine with 3-nitrophthalic acid

Graham Smith, Urs D. Wermuth, David J. Young, Peter C. Healy
2005 Acta Crystallographica Section E  
Key indicators Single-crystal X-ray study T = 297 K Mean (C-C) = 0.006 Å R factor = 0.065 wR factor = 0.179 Data-to-parameter ratio = 9.4 For details of how these key indicators were automatically derived  ...  ., 1998; Oshikawa et al., 2002; Białoń ska & Ciunik, 2004a) .  ...  Oshikawa et al. (2002) observed that brucine had a recognitive affinity for the metasubstituted nitro-, chloro-and bromo-substituted benzoic acids but not the ortho-or para-isomers.  ... 
doi:10.1107/s1600536805017149 fatcat:hgv6pqu3cvhe5ht4witrdc5xl4

Transfusion-related acute lung injury caused by anti-HLA antibody in CRC
濃厚赤血球中の抗HLA抗体が原因による輸血関連急性肺障害(TRALI)の1例

Masami Yano, Seiichiro Karashima, Hidetsugu Oshikawa, Toshimitsu Shingu
1996 Nihon Kyukyu Igakukai Zasshi  
Chest X-ray showed diffuse infiltration of both lung fields. The lowest PaO2/FIO2 ratio was 138. TRALI was dramatically improved by high PEEP.  ...  A diffuse infilrative shadow is seen on the admission chest X-ray (day 0). 1980; 302: 789-94. 22) Andrews AT, Zmijewski CM, Bowman HS, et al: Transfusion reaction with pulmonary infiltration associated  ... 
doi:10.3893/jjaam.7.401 fatcat:qh6relyycjhbblvisyh33etaau

Page 26 of Journal of Advertising Research Vol. 19, Issue 3 [page]

1979 Journal of Advertising Research  
Ray. Pleasure. In P. H. Venables and M. J. Christie (Eds.). Research in Psychophy- siology. London: Wiley, 1975. Thompson, J. J., P. W. Dixon.  ...  Oshikawa. The Relationship between Anxiety and Pos- itive and Negative Advertising Appeals. Journal of Marketing Research, Vol. 7, No. 1, February 1970, pp. 85-89. Wilson, G. D.  ... 

SAT0124 RISK OF SERIOUS INFECTION, MALIGNANCY, OR DEATH IN JAPANESE RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS PATIENTS TREATED WITH A COMBINATION OF ABATACEPT AND TACROLIMUS: A RETROSPECTIVE COHORT STUDY

K. Tokunaga, K. Matsui, H. Oshikawa, T. Matsui, S. Tohma
2020 Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases  
Ann Rheum Dis 2007;66:1221–6.Disclosure of Interests:Kenichiro Tokunaga: None declared, Kunihiko Matsui: None declared, Hideto Oshikawa: None declared, Toshihiro Matsui Paid instructor for: Chugai Pharmaceutical  ...  Disclosure of Interests: Kenichiro Tokunaga: None declared, Kunihiko Matsui: None declared, Hideto Oshikawa: None declared, Toshihiro Matsui Paid instructor on February 24, 2021 by guest.  ...  Mean changes in HAQ-DI were similar between patients who received TCZ-IV in combination with MTX or as monotherapy (ACT-RAY) and in those who received TCZ-IV or ADA as monotherapy (ADACTA).  ... 
doi:10.1136/annrheumdis-2020-eular.1890 fatcat:olyzjn3d6ra5ncrnmt5sozosne

Acute eosinophilic pneumonia with increased soluble ST2 in serum and bronchoalveolar lavage fluid

K. OSHIKAWA, K. KUROIWA, T. TOKUNAGA, T. KATO, S.-I. HAGIHARA, S.-I. TOMINAGA, Y. SUGIYAMA
2001 Respiratory Medicine  
Her clinical symptoms and X-ray findings gradually improved, and she was discharged after hospitalization for 2 weeks. Predonisolone was tapered off for 6 weeks, then ceased.  ...  Based on clinical findings, X-ray findings and increased eosinophils in BALF, a diagnosis of AEP was made and oral predonisolone (30 mg day 71 ) was administered on the third day of hospitalization.  ... 
doi:10.1053/rmed.2001.1080 pmid:11421513 fatcat:irg223qc3baeffs3ewadz6riey

Page 930 of Archives of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine Vol. 19, Issue 6 [page]

1935 Archives of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine  
260 zoster and chickenpox, complement fixation in, 444 zoster, elementary bodies of zoster and their serological relationship to those of vari- cella, 750 High frequency electric fields and roentgen rays  ...  vaccinial immunity in swine, 587 structure of antigen and production of anti- bodies during combined immunization with alcohol-soluble haptens, 898 technic of immunization according to Fried- berger and Oshikawa  ... 

Magnetic-field induced gap in one-dimensional antiferromagnet KCuGaF6

R Morisaki, T Ono, H Tanaka, H Uekusa
2006 Journal of Physics, Conference Series  
Crystals obtained were identified to be KCuGaF 6 by X-ray powder and single crystal diffractions. Magnetic susceptibilities were measured by using a SQUID magnetometer (Quantum Design MPMS XL).  ...  Results and Discussion According to Oshikawa and Affleck [9, 10] , the magnetic susceptibility for the model (2) is expressed as χ ≃ χ u + c 2 s χ s , (4) where χ u is the uniform susceptibility for S  ... 
doi:10.1088/1742-6596/51/1/041 fatcat:bku4uz2fzvgm7a2fhc2sedh4nu
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