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Terrestrial evaporation response to modes of climate variability

Brecht Martens, Willem Waegeman, Wouter A. Dorigo, Niko E. C. Verhoest, Diego G. Miralles
2018 npj Climate and Atmospheric Science  
However, the response of terrestrial water and energy fluxes to these modes of variability is still poorly understood.  ...  Here, we analyse the response of evaporation to 16 teleconnection patterns, using a simple supervised learning framework and global observation-based datasets of evaporation and its key climatic drivers  ...  The computational resources (Stevin Supercomputer Infrastructure) and services used in this work were provided by the VSC (Flemish Supercomputer Center), funded by Ghent University, FWO, and the Flemish  ... 
doi:10.1038/s41612-018-0053-5 fatcat:nfon6fyioraqjblclu4ivseuo4

Anthropogenic CO2 emissions in Africa

J. G. Canadell, M. R. Raupach, R. A. Houghton
2009 Biogeosciences  
Over this period, the African share of global emissions from land use change was 17%.  ...  We used a simplified form of the Kaya identity (Yamaji et al., 1991; to analyze the drivers and trends of fossil fuel emissions:  ...  This paper is a contribution to the "Global Carbon Budget and Trends" activity under the umbrella of the GCP of the Earth System Science Partnership.  ... 
doi:10.5194/bg-6-463-2009 fatcat:ydwt3jusgjdzndwxxhq4kq3mn4

Supplementary Information for the Manuscript "Global pathways to sustainable development to 2030 and beyond" [article]

Enayat A. Moallemi, Sibel Eker, Lei Gao, Michalis Hadjikakou, Jan Kwakkel, Patrick M. Reed, Michael Obersteiner, Brett A. Bryan
2020 Zenodo  
Supplementary_Information.pdf contains Supplementary Methods, Supplementary Tables, Supplementary Equations, Supplementary Figures, and Supplementary References.  ...  , flux humus to atmosphere, and a total carbon emission-flux atmosphere to biomass-flux atmosphere to ocean, and are unit conversion factors.  ...  See Walsh et al. 3 for the modelled equations of carbon flux among different reservoirs.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.4311139 fatcat:x4ddn5wfnbbddk6eth75eq4tfa

Contributions of economic growth, terrestrial sinks, and atmospheric transport to the increasing atmospheric CO2 concentrations over the Korean Peninsula

Jeongmin Yun, Sujong Jeong
2021 Carbon Balance and Management  
However, from a global perspective, changes in transported CO2 are a major driver of rising atmospheric CO2 over this region, yielding an increase rate higher than the global mean value.  ...  Therefore, in this study, we examined the characteristics of atmospheric CO2 variations over South and North Korea during 2000–2016 and unveiled the causes of their regional differences in the increasing  ...  We are grateful to the TRENDY group and NOAA-ESRL for providing valuable modeling results and in situ datasets. Authors' contributions JY performed the analysis and wrote the manuscript.  ... 
doi:10.1186/s13021-021-00186-3 fatcat:xtox7geckreuxmrsavogrsq2y4

Fire in Australian savannas: from leaf to landscape

Jason Beringer, Lindsay B. Hutley, David Abramson, Stefan K. Arndt, Peter Briggs, Mila Bristow, Josep G. Canadell, Lucas A. Cernusak, Derek Eamus, Andrew C. Edwards, Bradley J. Evans, Benedikt Fest (+14 others)
2014 Global Change Biology  
Savanna ecosystems comprise 22% of the global terrestrial surface and 25% of Australia (almost 1.9 million km 2 ) and provide significant ecosystem services through carbon and water cycles and the maintenance  ...  We show how savanna fires are coupled to the global climate through the carbon cycle and fire regimes.  ...  The support of the Cooperative Research Centre for Enterprise Distributed Systems, the Department of Communications, Information Technology and the Arts under a GranetNet grant, and the Australian Partnership  ... 
doi:10.1111/gcb.12686 pmid:25044767 pmcid:PMC4310295 fatcat:obeg6uxq7jcibobbkjlfsqet5i

Global pathways to sustainable development to 2030 and beyond [article]

Enayat A. Moallemi, Sibel Eker, Lei Gao, Michalis Hadjikakou, Jan Kwakkel, Patrick M. Reed, Michael Obersteiner, Brett A. Bryan
2021 arXiv   pre-print
growth, lowering energy intensity across sectors, decarbonising energy systems, promoting healthy food diets, limiting agricultural land expansion, and reducing global emissions intensity.  ...  Our results quantify the scale and pace of transformations required through eight key entry points: increasing education access, powering sustainable economic development, controlling global population  ...  flux humus to atmosphere, and a total carbon emission-flux atmosphere to biomass-flux atmosphere to ocean, and are unit conversion factors.  ... 
arXiv:2012.04333v2 fatcat:lqthq2f7yzdpxogu67rlypi4we

The European CO2, CO, CH4 and N2O balance between 2001 and 2005

S. Luyssaert, G. Abril, R. Andres, D. Bastviken, V. Bellassen, P. Bergamaschi, P. Bousquet, F. Chevallier, P. Ciais, M. Corazza, R. Dechow, K.-H. Erb (+24 others)
2012 Biogeosciences Discussions  
Globally, terrestrial ecosystems have absorbed about 30 % of anthropogenic emissions over the period 2000-2007 and inter-hemispheric gradients indicate that a significant fraction of terrestrial carbon  ...  accuracy of the net land-atmosphere flux.  ...  However, global GHG-species-specific studies possibly shed some light on the global drivers of N 2 O and CH 4 emissions.  ... 
doi:10.5194/bgd-9-2005-2012 fatcat:yj26uaesovaohe636pk4leqdne

Examining the link between vegetation leaf area and land–atmosphere exchange of water, energy, and carbon fluxes using FLUXNET data

Anne J. Hoek van Dijke, Kaniska Mallick, Martin Schlerf, Miriam Machwitz, Martin Herold, Adriaan J. Teuling
2020 Biogeosciences  
Vegetation regulates the exchange of water, energy, and carbon fluxes between the land and the atmosphere.  ...  A better knowledge of how and when vegetation influences surface fluxes could improve climate models and the extrapolation of ground-based water, energy, and carbon fluxes.  ...  The FLUXNET eddy covariance data processing and harmonization was carried out by the European Fluxes Database Cluster, the AmeriFlux Management Project, and the Fluxdata project of FLUXNET, with support  ... 
doi:10.5194/bg-17-4443-2020 fatcat:7mk4geivjrcfbjhsrw4yl7knzm

The Australian terrestrial carbon budget

V. Haverd, M. R. Raupach, P. R. Briggs, J. G. Canadell, S. J. Davis, R. M. Law, C. P. Meyer, G. P. Peters, C. Pickett-Heaps, B. Sherman
2012 Biogeosciences Discussions  
We thank the Global Carbon Project for the invitation to participate in RECCAP and Eva van Gorsel for her contribution via the CSIRO internal review process. Edited by: P. Ciais  ...  We acknowledge the TRENDY and Transcom modellers for making their results available.  ...  However, these flows help to understand the drivers of changes in national emission profiles over time and how they relate to the global total fossil fuel emissions Davis and Caldeira, 2010) .  ... 
doi:10.5194/bgd-9-12259-2012 fatcat:td4w4syglvbernvnkucbbflxdi

Expert assessment of future vulnerability of the global peatland carbon sink

J. Loisel, A. V. Gallego-Sala, M. J. Amesbury, G. Magnan, G. Anshari, D. W. Beilman, J. C. Benavides, J. Blewett, P. Camill, D. J. Charman, S. Chawchai, A. Hedgpeth (+58 others)
2020 Nature Climate Change  
Acknowledgements This work developed from the PAGES (Past Global Changes) C-PEAT (Carbon in Peat on EArth through Time) working group; we acknowledge support from PAGES funding by the American and Swiss  ...  We also thank the International Union for Quaternary Research (INQUA) and the Department of Geography at Texas A&M University for workshop support. We thank P.  ...  Fig. 3 | 3 Fig. 3 | Expert assessment of the global peatland carbon balance over time.  ... 
doi:10.1038/s41558-020-00944-0 fatcat:zfi7o6ec3fcvthkmbfowa4ugsa

The Australian terrestrial carbon budget

V. Haverd, M. R. Raupach, P. R. Briggs, S. J. Davis, R. M. Law, C. P. Meyer, G. P. Peters, C. Pickett-Heaps, B. Sherman
2013 Biogeosciences  
</strong> This paper reports a study of the full carbon (C-CO<sub>2</sub>) budget of the Australian continent, focussing on 1990–2011 in the context of estimates over two centuries.  ...  land surface model with carbon cycle, are constrained by multiple observation types.  ...  We thank the Global Carbon Project for the invitation to participate in RECCAP and Eva van Gorsel for her contribution via the CSIRO internal review process. Edited by: P. Ciais  ... 
doi:10.5194/bg-10-851-2013 fatcat:mvmwxb3wvvaqvmhmrqr3i6zhou

Evaluating the Interplay Between Biophysical Processes and Leaf Area Changes in Land Surface Models

Giovanni Forzieri, Gregory Duveiller, Goran Georgievski, Wei Li, Eddy Robertson, Markus Kautz, Peter Lawrence, Lorea Garcia San Martin, Peter Anthoni, Philippe Ciais, Julia Pongratz, Stephen Sitch (+3 others)
2018 Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems  
To assess the performance of an ensemble of LSMs (JSBACH, JULES, ORCHIDEE, CLM, and LPJ-GUESS) a consistent set of land surface energy fluxes and leaf area index (LAI) has been generated.  ...  Relationships of interannual variations of modeled surface fluxes and LAI changes have been analyzed at global scale across climatological gradients and compared with those obtained from satellite-based  ...  All information about the data used can be found in sections 2.1 and 2.2. G.F. and A.C.  ... 
doi:10.1002/2018ms001284 pmid:30034575 pmcid:PMC6049881 fatcat:3xw4uvgbxbgs3inbvqhlfjdp6m

Light and flow regimes regulate the metabolism of rivers

Emily S. Bernhardt, Phil Savoy, Michael J. Vlah, Alison P. Appling, Lauren E. Koenig, Robert O. Hall, Maite Arroita, Joanna R. Blaszczak, Alice M. Carter, Matt Cohen, Judson W. Harvey, James B. Heffernan (+7 others)
2022 Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America  
We find that variation in annual solar energy inputs and stability of flows are the primary drivers of GPP and ER across rivers.  ...  A classification schema based on these drivers advances river science and informs management.  ...  We find that variation in annual solar energy inputs and stability of flows are the primary drivers of GPP and ER across rivers.  ... 
doi:10.1073/pnas.2121976119 pmid:35165178 pmcid:PMC8872740 fatcat:xatfh44fzbhyfgao7i4g7c6p4y

Predicting carbon dioxide and energy fluxes across global FLUXNET sites with regression algorithms

Gianluca Tramontana, Martin Jung, Christopher R. Schwalm, Kazuhito Ichii, Gustau Camps-Valls, Botond Ráduly, Markus Reichstein, M. Altaf Arain, Alessandro Cescatti, Gerard Kiely, Lutz Merbold, Penelope Serrano-Ortiz (+3 others)
2016 Biogeosciences  
The evaluated large ensemble of ML-based models will be the basis of new global flux products.</p>  ...  </strong> Spatio-temporal fields of land–atmosphere fluxes derived from data-driven models can complement simulations by process-based land surface models.  ...  Dario Papale, Martin Jung and Markus Reichstein acknowledge funding from the EU FP7 project GEOCARBON (grant agreement no. 283080) and the EU H2020 BACI project (grant agreement no. 640176).  ... 
doi:10.5194/bg-13-4291-2016 fatcat:fc2i5rktnnedpkzbrg56yh7vom

A model inter-comparison study to examine limiting factors in modelling Australian tropical savannas

Rhys Whitley, Jason Beringer, Lindsay B. Hutley, Gab Abramowitz, Martin G. De Kauwe, Remko Duursma, Bradley Evans, Vanessa Haverd, Longhui Li, Youngryel Ryu, Benjamin Smith, Ying-Ping Wang (+2 others)
2016 Biogeosciences  
Performance in predicting LE and GPP was measured using an empirical benchmarking system, which ranks models by their ability to utilise meteorological driving information to predict the fluxes.  ...  In order to better understand why TBMs perform so poorly in savannas, we conducted a model inter-comparison of six TBMs and assessed their performance at simulating latent energy (LE) and gross primary  ...  Conclusions This study set out to assess how well a set of functionally different, state-of-the-art TBMs perform at predicting the bulk exchanges of carbon and water over savanna land surfaces.  ... 
doi:10.5194/bg-13-3245-2016 fatcat:6tdkqebinnaahgzfw577f7p7aq
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