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Rainbow Keywords: Efficient Incremental Learning for Online Spoken Keyword Spotting [article]

Yang Xiao and Nana Hou and Eng Siong Chng
2022 arXiv   pre-print
To alleviate such an issue, we propose a novel diversity-aware incremental learning method named Rainbow Keywords (RK).  ...  Experimental results show that the proposed RK approach achieves 4.2% absolute improvement in terms of average accuracy over the best baseline on Google Speech Command dataset with less required memory  ...  Conclusions In this paper, we propose a novel diversity-aware class incremental learning method named Rainbow Keywords (RK) approach to avoid catastrophic forgetting with less memory.  ... 
arXiv:2203.16361v2 fatcat:o6xjhwmiqrde3h4iiw6x6ns7ty

Hypothesis-driven Online Video Stream Learning with Augmented Memory [article]

Mengmi Zhang, Rohil Badkundri, Morgan B. Talbot, Rushikesh Zawar, Gabriel Kreiman
2021 arXiv   pre-print
Like humans, some AI agents have to learn incrementally from a continuous temporal stream of non-repeating data.  ...  Here, we examine a more challenging and realistic online continual learning problem called online stream learning.  ...  method (BIC) [50] , Gradient sample selection (GSS) [2] , Continual Pro-totype Evolution (CoPE) [10] , Adaptive Aggregation Network (AAN) [28] , REMIND (REM) [16] , and Rainbow Memory (RM) [4] .  ... 
arXiv:2104.02206v4 fatcat:2yi3jeo32ndnno2cs6m7tr76ka

Memory Efficient Online Meta Learning

Durmus Alp Emre Acar, Ruizhao Zhu, Venkatesh Saligrama
2021 International Conference on Machine Learning  
A fundamental concern arising in online metalearning is the scalability of memory as more tasks are viewed over time.  ...  We propose a novel algorithm for online meta learning where task instances are sequentially revealed with limited supervision and a learner is expected to meta learn them in each round, so as to allow  ...  ), CCF-1955981 (VS), the Office of Naval Research Grant N0014-18-1-2257.  ... 
dblp:conf/icml/AcarZS21 fatcat:3rfd6a3derdutlivaq3mwyazwq

Sample Efficient Reinforcement Learning Method via High Efficient Episodic Memory

Dujia Yang, Xiaowei Qin, Xiaodong Xu, Chensheng Li, Guo Wei
2020 IEEE Access  
This strategy limits the memory with small subset of the experience samples, in other word with poor diversity.  ...  By this means, we increase the value density of samples for learning while keep a good diversity of the mini-batch. C.  ... 
doi:10.1109/access.2020.3009329 fatcat:7tqpczapubd2njypufusmoq6ly

Rainbow Bridge: an illustrated history

2000 ChoiceReviews  
It may well be that the ancient memory of a far-off Rainbow Bridge is more important to Hopi mysticism than non-Hopis will ever know or appreciate.  ...  It is a trip whose memories have remained vivid and fresh as the years have passed. The Rainbow Bridge country is indeed special beyond measure.  ... 
doi:10.5860/choice.37-4082 fatcat:wzq7z56xejcmlbijg2v7rqg23i

What Does a 'Good' Essay Look Like? Rainbow Diagrams Representing Essay Quality [chapter]

Denise Whitelock, Alison Twiner, John T. E. Richardson, Debora Field, Stephen Pulman
2018 Communications in Computer and Information Science  
On the basis of this we can conclude that a significant relationship exists between an essay's rainbow diagram structure and the mark awarded.  ...  Using a bank of rainbow diagrams produced from real essays, we rated the diagrams as belonging to high-, medium-or lowscoring essays according to their structure, and compared this rating to the actual  ...  power to detect that effect even with a modest sample.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-319-97807-9_1 fatcat:77kob752ebf45imufpnnbj7t6y

Pots of Gold at the End of the Rainbow: What is Success for Open Source Contributors? [article]

Bianca Trinkenreich, Mariam Guizani, Igor Wiese, Tayana Conte, Marco Gerosa, Anita Sarma, Igor Steinmacher
2021 arXiv   pre-print
This perception can exclude a variety of individuals with a diverse set of skills and backgrounds, in turn helping create the current diversity & inclusion imbalance in OSS.  ...  the end of the rainbow".  ...  Communities are encouraged to prepare manuals and iterative learning modules and provide skill-specific mentoring [58] to help with continuous learning and SELF-DEVELOPMENT (Fig. 3 III (a) ) [59] .  ... 
arXiv:2105.08789v2 fatcat:hh46jyr5a5eyxggek55oo2uia4

Overcome Anterograde Forgetting with Cycled Memory Networks [article]

Jian Peng, Dingqi Ye, Bo Tang, Yinjie Lei, Yu Liu, Haifeng Li
2021 arXiv   pre-print
This paper first demonstrates a fundamental issue of lifelong learning using neural networks, named anterograde forgetting, i.e., preserving and transferring memory may inhibit the learning of new knowledge  ...  Learning from a sequence of tasks for a lifetime is essential for an agent towards artificial general intelligence.  ...  Separate mechanisms for short-and Rainbow Memory: Continual Learning with a Memory of long-term memory. Behavioural brain research, 103(1): 1– Diverse Samples.  ... 
arXiv:2112.02342v1 fatcat:l56n5dkdqzdrzdz4niyoqzl7oi

A Review of the Science of Colorful, Plant-Based Food and Practical Strategies for "Eating the Rainbow"

Deanna M. Minich
2019 Journal of Nutrition and Metabolism  
Even though eating fruits and vegetables is a well-known feature of a healthy dietary pattern, population intakes continue to be below federal recommendations.  ...  It is suggested that such a consumer-oriented categorization of these plant-based foods may lead to greater recognition of their importance in the daily diet throughout the lifespan.  ...  Polyphenol-rich foods to assist with learning, memory, and mood (flavonoids, procyanidins (monomeric and oligomeric form), flavonols (i.e., kaempferol, quercetin, and myricetin), phenolic acids (mainly  ... 
doi:10.1155/2019/2125070 pmid:33414957 pmcid:PMC7770496 fatcat:7zcofzibfjbanfy5db4wq3dbvm

Model-Based Episodic Memory Induces Dynamic Hybrid Controls [article]

Hung Le, Thommen Karimpanal George, Majid Abdolshah, Truyen Tran, Svetha Venkatesh
2021 arXiv   pre-print
Episodic control enables sample efficiency in reinforcement learning by recalling past experiences from an episodic memory.  ...  We propose a new model-based episodic memory of trajectories addressing current limitations of episodic control. Our memory estimates trajectory values, guiding the agent towards good policies.  ...  Prof Venkatesh is the recipient of an ARC Australian Laureate Fellowship (FL170100006).  ... 
arXiv:2111.02104v2 fatcat:54bxy22onjca7hwceilp5jl6fu

The Rainbow Project: Enhancing the SAT through assessments of analytical, practical, and creative skills

Robert J. Sternberg
2006 Intelligence  
Phase I of the Rainbow Project, described here, uses Sternberg's triarchic theory of successful intelligence as a basis to provide a supplementary assessment of analytical skills, as well as tests of practical  ...  This article describes the formulation and execution of the Rainbow Project, Phase I, funded by the College Board. Past data suggest that the SAT is a good predictor of performance in college.  ...  Sternberg, Office of the Dean of Arts and Sciences, Ballou Hall 3rd Floor, Tufts University, Medford, MA 02155. Appendix A.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.intell.2006.01.002 fatcat:vpenrnsutfhuzdnoz64bzvcfwi

Unweaving The Lexical Rainbow: Grounding Linguistic Creativity in Perceptual Semantics

Tony Veale, Khalid Al-Najjar
2015 International Conference on Computational Creativity  
To ensure that our linguistic readymades, which owe a great deal to Marcel Duchamp's notion of found art, are anchored in a consensus model of perception, we introduce the notion of a lexicalized colour  ...  To solve this problem we shall call upon the notion of a linguistic readymade, a phrase that is wrenched from its original context of use to be given new meaning and new resonance in new settings.  ...  Acknowledgements This research was facilitated by a travel mission funded by the Univerity of Helsinki and by the EC coordination action PROSECCO (Promoting the Scientific Exploration of Computational  ... 
dblp:conf/icccrea/VealeA15 fatcat:rt3jiwweg5dt3m5cbgq2qexqre

A review of malaria vaccine clinical projects based on the WHO rainbow table

Lauren Schwartz, Graham V Brown, Blaise Genton, Vasee S Moorthy
2012 Malaria Journal  
research projects so that lessons learned can be applied to increase the chances of success for second-generation malaria vaccines over the next 10 years.  ...  Development and Phase 3 testing of the most advanced malaria vaccine, RTS,S/AS01, indicates that malaria vaccine R&D is moving into a new phase.  ...  Acknowledgements The views expressed are those of the authors and do not necessarily represent the views, position or policy of the World Health Organization.  ... 
doi:10.1186/1475-2875-11-11 pmid:22230255 pmcid:PMC3286401 fatcat:qhw3sjw6pvc2tfiyr5lsmcpi7i

Carrots and Rainbows: Motivation and Social Practice in Open Source Software Development

von Krogh, Haefliger, Spaeth, Wallin
2012 MIS Quarterly  
Based on the social philosophy of Alasdair MacIntyre, we construct a theoretical framework that expands our assumptions about individual motivation to include the idea of a long-term, value-informed quest  ...  For the past 10 years, a substantial amount of academic work has theorized about and empirically examined developer motivations.  ...  Acknowledgments The authors would like to thank the editorial team of MIS Quarterly for guidance and developmental feedback that helped tremendously in improving the manuscript.  ... 
doi:10.2307/41703471 fatcat:zyiv5x5osnaafp5ox7f6gn67pa

Content analysis of living historical memory around the world: Terrorization of the Anglosphere, and national foundations of hope in developing societies

Sarah Y Choi, James H Liu, Silvia Mari, Ilya E Garber
2021 Memory Studies  
The current study examined the content and subjective evaluation of living historical memory from open-ended nominations of historical events provided by samples from 39 societies.  ...  Results showed that Western societies were dominated by living memories of terrorism, reflecting a distinctly negative climate.  ...  Our content analysis provided a cross-cultural sketch of the kind of events that have converged in the living memory of these diverse societies, and how these memories were subjectively evaluated.  ... 
doi:10.1177/1750698021995974 fatcat:febs7ras7bgabcam3n3scp6osq
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