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Temporal Experiment for Storms and Tropical Systems Technology Demonstration (TEMPEST-D): Reducing risk for 6U-Class nanosatellite constellations

Steven C. Reising, Todd C. Gaier, Christian D. Kummerow, Sharmila Padmanabhan, Boon H. Lim, Shannon T. Brown, Cate Heneghan, Chandrasekar V. Chandra, Jon Olson, Wesley Berg
2016 2016 IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium (IGARSS)  
The Temporal Experiment for Storms and Tropical Systems Technology Demonstration (TEMPEST-D) mission is to demonstrate the capability of 6U-Class satellite constellations to perform repeat-pass radiometry  ...  The next steps for the TEMPEST-D millimeter-wave radiometer are thermal vacuum testing and antenna pattern measurements.  ...  Acknowledgments This work was supported in part by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, Science Directorate, Earth Science Division, Earth Venture Program, as part of Grant NNX15AP56G.  ... 
doi:10.1109/igarss.2016.7730451 dblp:conf/igarss/ReisingGKPLBHCO16 fatcat:jn5wkqrf3bbh5kuzs2jcjyo32i

Rainfall Estimation From TEMPEST-D CubeSat Observations: A Machine-Learning Approach

Chandrasekar Radhakrishnan, V. Chandrasekar, Steven C. Reising, Wesley Berg
2022 IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observations and Remote Sensing  
In this study, a machine-learning model was used to produce surface rainfall estimates from Temporal Experiment for Storms and Tropical Systems -Demonstration (TEMPEST-D) microwave radiance observations  ...  The other five storm cases, consisting of three continental storms and two land-falling hurricanes, were used for independent testing.  ...  As of January 1, 2021, more than 1200 CubeSats have been successfully deployed in LEO [19] , including temporal experiment for storms and tropical systems -demonstration (TEMPEST-D).  ... 
doi:10.1109/jstars.2022.3170835 fatcat:2goc2udohncz3dez7ywsmt25ze

Overview of the Convection and Moisture Experiment (CAMEX)

Ramesh Kakar, Michael Goodman, Robbie Hood, Anthony Guillory
2006 Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences  
CAMEX-3 tropical cyclones and missions The CAMEX-3 field experiment investigated four tropical cyclones (Table 3) as well as thunderstorms and stratiform precipitation in central Florida and the surrounding  ...  CAMEX-4 tropical cyclones and missions Four tropical cyclones (Table 5 and Fig. 4) were stud- ied during CAMEX-4. The first of these was Tropical Storm Chantal on 20 August 2001.  ... 
doi:10.1175/jas3607.1 fatcat:cs74kbqpvvf7ph3ymthjw47spy

The Miniaturization Revolution in Earth Observing

Graeme Stephens, Antony Freeman, Erik Richard, Peter Pilewskie, Philip Larkin, Clara Chew, Simone Tanelli, Shannon Brown, Derek Posselt, Eva Peral
2020 Bulletin of The American Meteorological Society - (BAMS)  
The Temporal Experiment for Storms and Tropical Systems (TEMPEST) mission was originally conceived to map the onset of precipitation over the global ocean simultaneously with the surrounding moisture field  ...  A CubeSat version of the mini-KaAR radar electronics was launched in 2018 as the technology demonstration RainCube mission on a 6U CubeSat.  ... 
doi:10.1175/bams-d-19-0146.a fatcat:v2ybxkr2dbb6bpu552umhucd4a

The Emerging Technological Revolution in Earth Observations

Graeme Stephens, Antony Freeman, Erik Richard, Peter Pilewskie, Philip Larkin, Clara Chew, Simone Tanelli, Shannon Brown, Derek Posselt, Eva Peral
2019 Bulletin of The American Meteorological Society - (BAMS)  
The extent that small sensors can indeed provide similar or replacement capabilities compared to larger and more expensive counterparts has barely been demonstrated and any loss of capability of smaller  ...  systems weighed against the gains in costs and new potential capabilities offered by implementing them with a more distributed observing strategy also has not yet been embraced.  ...  John Yorks of GSFC provided the parameters of the TOMCAT lidar system.  ... 
doi:10.1175/bams-d-19-0146.1 fatcat:qigwv54nxjhl7kt5nh6xo53efm

Satellites see the World's Atmosphere

S. A. Ackerman, S. Platnick, P. K. Bhartia, B. Duncan, T. L'Ecuyer, A. Heidinger, G. Skofronick-Jackson, N. Loeb, T. Schmit, N. Smith
2018 Meteorological Monographs  
This paper discusses some of the key advances in our understanding of the energy and water cycles, weather forecasting, and atmospheric composition enabled by satellite observations.  ...  Satellite meteorology is a relatively new branch of the atmospheric sciences. The field emerged in the late 1950s during the Cold War and built on the advances in rocketry after World War II.  ...  The authors are thankful for the comments, resources, and suggestions provided by S. Stephens. The authors also appreciate and thank the thoughtful comments by reviewers.  ... 
doi:10.1175/amsmonographs-d-18-0009.1 fatcat:hillp6ewefh5rpcvcv22nnhcca

The Global Precipitation Measurement Mission

Arthur Y. Hou, Ramesh K. Kakar, Steven Neeck, Ardeshir A. Azarbarzin, Christian D. Kummerow, Masahiro Kojima, Riko Oki, Kenji Nakamura, Toshio Iguchi
2014 Bulletin of The American Meteorological Society - (BAMS)  
The aut hors t ha n k  ...  GPM will enable us to track, for the first time, 3D structural changes of tropical storms as they undergo the transition into midlatitude frontal systems to seek why some, but not all storms, intensify  ...  GPM will provide combined radar/radiometer estimates of the intensity and variability of 3D latent heating structures of precipitation systems beyond the tropics.  ... 
doi:10.1175/bams-d-13-00164.1 fatcat:yn47eblptzar3ir65owf55znve

Estimating tropical cyclone surface winds: Current status, emerging technologies, historical evolution, and a look to the future

John A. Knaff, Charles R. Sampson, Matthew Kucas, Christopher J. Slocum, Michael J. Brennan, Thomas Meissner, Lucrezia Ricciardulli, Alexis Mouche, Nicolas Reul, Mary Morris, Galina Chirokova, Philippe Caroff
2021 Tropical Cyclone Research and Review  
Finally, we suggest that users of archived operational wind radii datasets contact operational organizations to ensure these datasets are appropriate for their needs as the datasets vary in quality through  ...  This article provides a review of tropical cyclone (TC) surface wind estimation from an operational forecasting perspective.  ...  Knaff thanks NOAA/Center for Satellite Applications and Research for providing the time to compile this review, and to attend the 9th International Workshop on Tropical Cyclones, where this idea has its  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.tcrr.2021.09.002 fatcat:4zjvt3ix4bhtdgdl7tzy4vvj6y

Remotely Sensed Winds and Wind Stresses for Marine Forecasting and Ocean Modeling

Mark A. Bourassa, Thomas Meissner, Ivana Cerovecki, Paul S. Chang, Xiaolong Dong, Giovanna De Chiara, Craig Donlon, Dmitry S. Dukhovskoy, Jocelyn Elya, Alexander Fore, Melanie R. Fewings, Ralph C. Foster (+22 others)
2019 Frontiers in Marine Science  
Strengths and weakness of remotely sensed winds are discussed, along with the current capabilities for remotely sensing winds and stress. Future missions are briefly mentioned.  ...  The observational needs for a wide range of wind and stress applications are provided. These needs strongly support a short list of desired capabilities of future missions and constellations.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS The authors thank Roger Samelson, Dudley Chelton, Ted Strub, Eric Skyllingstad, and Larry O'Neill (all  ... 
doi:10.3389/fmars.2019.00443 fatcat:mbket5dcjvaibhd2j5ngkyvvri

Seasat—A 25-year legacy of success

Diane L. Evans, Werner Alpers, Anny Cazenave, Charles Elachi, Tom Farr, David Glackin, Benjamin Holt, Linwood Jones, W. Timothy Liu, Walt McCandless, Yves Menard, Richard Moore (+1 others)
2005 Remote Sensing of Environment  
surface; the Seasat-A Satellite Scatterometer (SASS), to measure wind speed and direction over the ocean; the Scanning Multichannel Microwave Radiometer (SMMR) to measure surface wind speed, ocean surface  ...  The Seasat mission was launched on June 26, 1978, on an Atlas-Agena rocket from Vandenberg Air Force Base.  ...  Acknowledgments Work performed at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, is under contract with National Aeronautics and Space Administration.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.rse.2004.09.011 fatcat:b72ap4uobnglpaddmeuq7lom7m

Progress from TRMM to GPM

2021 Journal of the Meteorological Society of Japan  
The Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM) satellite was launched in 1997, and the observations continued for more than 17 years.  ...  For science, TRMM provided precise and accurate rain distributions over tropical and subtropical regions.  ...  Technology, Colorado State University, Nagoya University, and the University of Tokyo.  ... 
doi:10.2151/jmsj.2021-035 fatcat:25s5l2wy2jbp5k4hpt667hoezy

Sea surface salinity estimates from spaceborne L-band radiometers: An overview of the first decade of observation (2010–2019)

N. Reul, S.A. Grodsky, M. Arias, J. Boutin, R. Catany, B. Chapron, F. D'Amico, E. Dinnat, C. Donlon, A. Fore, S. Fournier, S. Guimbard (+18 others)
2020 Remote Sensing of Environment  
Acknowledgements We would like to thank the contributions from three anonymous reviewers for comments and detailed editing of our draft which definitively helped to improve the paper.  ...  The EU authors acknowledge support of ESA in the frame of the SMOS ESL Level 2 phase 3 contract (, the N. Reul, et al. Remote Sensing of Environment 242 (2020) 111769  ...  The storm track is indicated by crosses, the larger the more intense the storm. Map of the mean temporal evolution in SSS (b) and SST (c) from before to after the hurricane passage.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.rse.2020.111769 fatcat:4oa3ceryd5felg7y7ytbjtrrpq


R. Albertson, S. Schoenung, M. Fladeland, F. Cutler, B. Tagg
2015 The International Archives of the Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences  
The aircraft and accompanying data and support systems have been used in numerous investigations. For example, Global Hawks have been used to study both hurricanes and atmospheric composition.  ...  As a foundation for NASA's UAS work, Altair and Ikhana not only flew wildfires in the US, but also provided major programs for the development of real-time data download and processing capabilities.  ...  11-15 May 2015, Berlin, Germany NASA has been demonstrating the utility of UAS for Earth Science and Applied Science since the early 1990's, beginning with the Environmental Research and Sensor Technology  ... 
doi:10.5194/isprsarchives-xl-7-w3-1111-2015 fatcat:xirarwkgfbbwvpugl5i6df5qk4

Butterfly: a satellite mission to reveal the oceans' impact on our weather and climate

Chelle L. Gentemann, Carol Anne Clayson, Tong Lee, Shannon Brown, Aneesh Subramanian, Mark Bourassa, Kelly Lombardo, Rhys Parfitt, Hyodae Seo, Sarah Gille, Tom Farrar, Brian Argrow (+8 others)
2021 Zenodo  
Butterfly's team is committed to open science and our mission is designed as such, bringing a cooperative approach and transparency to enable faster scientific breakthroughs and expand opportunities for  ...  This area of research is very active and 41% of our science citations are from 2017-present. The science community wants these data.  ...  Butterfly extends existing missions, complements planned missions, and sets the path for future air-sea flux missions, important for Earth system science.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.5120585 fatcat:nathzbjbhzb2xggf2obshcq3si

NASA Research Strategy for Earth System Science: Climate Component

Ghassem Asrar, Jack A. Kaye, Pierre Morel
2001 Bulletin of The American Meteorological Society - (BAMS)  
The ultimate challenge for NASA's earth system science program, a major contribution to the U.S.  ...  This paper describes the principles adopted by the NASA Earth Science Enterprise in formulating a comprehensive 2002-2010 research strategy for earth system science, and outlines one component of this  ...  We thank particularly Antonio Busalacchi, Moustafa Chahine, Anthony Del Genio, James Hansen, William Rossow, and Bruce Wielicki for many insightful comments and clarifications.  ... 
doi:10.1175/1520-0477(2001)082<1309:nrsfes>;2 fatcat:tt4e33tm2vehpfynwyxykvcvz4
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