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How Semantic Radicals in Chinese characters Facilitate Hierarchical Category-Based Induction

Xiaoxi Wang, Xie Ma, Yun Tao, Yachen Tao, Hong Li
2018 Scientific Reports  
Prior studies indicate that the semantic radical in Chinese characters contains category information that can support the independent retrieval of category information through the lexical network to the  ...  Chinese characters for metal objects contain a semantic radical (" ") denoting the metal category per se.  ...  Acknowledgements This study was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (31660282, 31400961, 31271088, and 31571153) and the Shenzhen Peacock Plan (grant no.  ... 
doi:10.1038/s41598-018-23281-x pmid:29615656 pmcid:PMC5882916 fatcat:6hhovqk3cfeqvo6bj6sxm5qwuu

Online recognition of chinese characters: the state-of-the-art

Cheng-Lin Liu, S. Jaeger, M. Nakagawa
2004 IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence  
The recognition of Chinese characters is different from western handwriting recognition and poses a special challenge.  ...  The research works are reviewed in terms of pattern representation, character classification, learning/adaptation, and contextual processing.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS The authors are grateful to the anonymous reviewers for their invaluable comments and suggestions, which led to improvements to the presentation quality of this paper.  ... 
doi:10.1109/tpami.2004.1262182 pmid:15376895 fatcat:j75xqkn3kvdgxo6yyu526xhsvi

A new radical-based approach to online handwritten Chinese character recognition

Long-Long Ma, Cheng-Lin Liu
2008 Pattern Recognition (ICPR), Proceedings of the International Conference on  
This paper proposes a new radical-based approach for online handwritten Chinese character recognition.  ...  The approach is novel in three respects: statistical classification of radicals, over-segmentation of characters into candidate radicals, and lexicon-driven recognition of characters.  ...  In a HMM-based method, characters are modeled by a network of radical and ligature HMMs [5] .  ... 
doi:10.1109/icpr.2008.4761207 dblp:conf/icpr/MaL08 fatcat:mzsiu54kvvdojmxkl6uu5zqdue

CHARM: A Character Level Precoding Method for Chinese Text

Xiaoming Fan, Tuo Shi, Jiayan Cai, Binjun Wang
2021 IEEE Access  
Her current research interests include analysis of Internet public opinion, network security analysis, electronic data forensics, and their applications in the field of network security.  ...  Unlike the simple hierarchies and small alphabet of English, Chinese has a huge set of zi (i.e.  ...  Author Name: Preparation of Papers for IEEE Access (February 2017) VOLUME XX, 2017 13  ... 
doi:10.1109/access.2021.3112190 fatcat:snizeoyuq5bvlfbdwwhpfrybhq

Learning Semantic Hierarchies: A Continuous Vector Space Approach

Ruiji Fu, Jiang Guo, Bing Qin, Wanxiang Che, Haifeng Wang, Ting Liu
2015 IEEE/ACM Transactions on Audio Speech and Language Processing  
Semantic hierarchy construction aims to build structures of concepts linked by hypernym-hyponym ("is-a") relations. A major challenge for this task is the automatic discovery of such relations.  ...  This paper proposes a novel and effective method for the construction of semantic hierarchies based on continuous vector representation of words, named word embeddings, which can be used to measure the  ...  We also thank Xinwei Geng and Hongbo Cai for their help in the experiments.  ... 
doi:10.1109/taslp.2014.2377580 fatcat:tmkldxsyffcqhmycaaoy4vgx2e

Implanting Rational Knowledge into Distributed Representation at Morpheme Level [article]

Zi Lin, Yang Liu
2018 arXiv   pre-print
of words for parataxis languages like Chinese.  ...  the classical models by more than 5 Spearman scores or 8 percentage points, which shows very promising prospects for adoption of the new source of knowledge.  ...  We thank the anonymous reviewers for their helpful comments. The corresponding author of this paper is Yang Liu.  ... 
arXiv:1811.10188v1 fatcat:zfk32zpjfrhdrf4fzp4mmkpl6y

A Web-Based Cooperation and Retrieval Model of Character Images for Ancient Chinese Character Research [chapter]

Xuedong Tian, Songqiang Yang, Xuesha Jia, Fang Yang, Chong Zhang
2016 IFIP Advances in Information and Communication Technology  
areas of character images for searching radicals in Chinese characters.  ...  Table 4 shows several kinds of mapping table for radical sorting. In side of ancient Chinese character image retrieval, we scanned 3176 character images of ancient books for experiment with scanner.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-319-48357-3_4 fatcat:kmrfkp3pnrb5znlsvknrtinrpq

Reading in the BrainRevised and Extended: Response to Comments

STANISLAS DEHAENE
2014 Mind & Language  
Finally, I argue that there is consistent evidence for deep cross-cultural universals in writing systems, as well as for the multiple subtypes of dyslexia that are expected given the broad set of areas  ...  In response to my critics, I emphasize how brain plasticity and brain constraints can be reconciled within the Bayesian perspective on learning.  ...  Phonetic radicals convey statistical information about the pronunciation of Chinese characters and expert Chinese readers make use of this sublexical route Lee et al., 2004) .  ... 
doi:10.1111/mila.12053 fatcat:r735nvsvlzehbduzuq75ppgvpa

Reading, Writing, and Animation in Character Learning in Chinese as a Foreign Language

Yi Xu, Li-Yun Chang, Juan Zhang, Charles A. Perfetti
2013 Foreign language annals  
Implications for the teaching and learning of Chinese characters are offered.  ...  This study investigated the comparative effectiveness of reading, animation, and writing in developing foreign language learners' orthographic knowledge of Chinese and found that, for learners with existing  ...  Acknowledgments This research was funded by two grants: the Jiede Empirical Research Grant for Chinese Pedagogy/Chinese Applied Linguistics from the Chinese Language Teachers Association, and the FY12  ... 
doi:10.1111/flan.12040 fatcat:jmskb6nxjvdt5ciuwcvniop4jq

Multiple Character Embeddings for Chinese Word Segmentation [article]

Jingkang Wang, Jianing Zhou, Jie Zhou, Gongshen Liu
2019 arXiv   pre-print
Chinese word segmentation (CWS) is often regarded as a character-based sequence labeling task in most current works which have achieved great success with the help of powerful neural networks.  ...  However, these works neglect an important clue: Chinese characters incorporate both semantic and phonetic meanings.  ...  It is worthy to notice that most of the neural network models depend heavily on the embeddings of Chinese characters.  ... 
arXiv:1808.04963v3 fatcat:snvfwqbuqjcqdjkdid6btolmoa

CAN-NER: Convolutional Attention Network for Chinese Named Entity Recognition [article]

Yuying Zhu, Guoxin Wang, Börje F. Karlsson
2020 arXiv   pre-print
In this paper, we investigate a Convolutional Attention Network called CAN for Chinese NER, which consists of a character-based convolutional neural network (CNN) with local-attention layer and a gated  ...  Therefore, Chinese Word Segmentation (CWS) is usually considered as the first step for Chinese NER.  ...  Character-based LSTM-CRF model was applied to Chinese NER to utilize both character-level and radical-level representations [31] .  ... 
arXiv:1904.02141v3 fatcat:qxiwyexmpzeh7cliven2zxoeem

Automatic Facsimile of Chinese Calligraphic Writings

Songhua Xu, Hao Jiang, Tao Jin, Francis C.M. Lau, Yunhe Pan
2008 Computer graphics forum (Print)  
We first analyze the structures and shapes of the constituent components, i.e., strokes and radicals, of characters in sample calligraphic writings by the same writer.  ...  We focus on Chinese calligraphic writings due to their rich variation in style, high artistic values and also the fact that they are among the most difficult candidates for the problem.  ...  More recently, we introduced a neural-network-based approach to evaluate the aesthetics of Chinese calligraphy for providing feedback to guide the automatic Chinese calligraphy generation process [XJLP07  ... 
doi:10.1111/j.1467-8659.2008.01335.x fatcat:pp6e3t7kuze5dlsu62zkhlacza

A Critical Analysis of the Use of Pinyin as a Substitute of Chinese Characters

Herbert Mushangwe, Godfrey Chisoni
2015 Journal of Language Teaching and Research  
A questionnaire survey and character recognition survey was done and it was discovered that the use of pinyin as a substitute for Chinese characters negatively affects the acquisition of more complex characters  ...  The present research paper critically examines use of pinyin as a substitute of characters by Zimbabwean students during acquisition of Chinese language.  ...  JOURNAL OF LANGUAGE TEACHING AND RESEARCH 691 on the hierarchy of characters.  ... 
doi:10.17507/jltr.0603.28 fatcat:yfpfdteomfhlnmhjij2z75xtju

Analysis of Poetry Style Based on Text Classification Algorithm

Can Wang, Tongguang Ni
2022 Scientific Programming  
From the research results, the effect of the poetry style analysis method based on the text classification algorithm proposed in this paper is very good, which meets the actual needs of poetry style analysis  ...  In order to realize the effect of intelligent poetry style analysis, this paper applies the text classification algorithm to the poetry style analysis, combines the knowledge representation algorithm to  ...  R 3 : all the combined strokes used to form the same radical are equivalent to each other. R 4 : all the radicals used to form the same Chinese character are equivalent to each other.  ... 
doi:10.1155/2022/2763380 fatcat:s22gfjfmhnaivinhfx36uvmhr4

Lessons Jesuit Business Programs Can Learn from Chinese MBA Programs

Mary Ann McGrath
2016 Journal of Technology Management & Innovation  
Using an ethnographic approach of participant observation gained through two years of teaching and living in China supplemented with interviews with Chinese students studying in the U.S., this paper suggests  ...  North American Schools of Business have been "going global" by transplanting pedagogy and content to Asia and Africa for several centuries.  ...  Acknowledgement The author is grateful to the Quinlan School of Business at Loyola University Chicago for support in completing this project.  ... 
doi:10.4067/s0718-27242016000100002 fatcat:ujhel475vzfzbc7c574gb4xjgi
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