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Race-Based parsing and syntactic disambiguation

S Weber McRoy
1990 Cognitive Science  
Race-Based Parsing and Syntactic Disambiguution SUSAN WEBER MCROY AND GRAEME HIRST Univenity of Toronto We present a processing model that integrates some important psychological claims about the human  ...  RACE-BASED PARSING 331 word that might be a plural noun, but is still ambiguous (so the system has no outstanding expectations).  ...  Recall from Figure 7 that "read" isa PRESEN-TATION; hence by transitivity in the hierarchy of the knowledge base it is a TRANSFER and an ACTION.  ... 
doi:10.1016/0364-0213(90)90016-p fatcat:saaeypdik5bbhl4ovsxsux2axm

A Probabilistic Model of Lexical and Syntactic Access and Disambiguation

Daniel Jurafsky
1996 Cognitive Science  
The algorithm is based on a parallel porser which ranks constructions for access, and interpretations for disambiguation, by their conditional probability.  ...  The literature abounds with psychological results on lexical access, the access of idioms, syntactic rule access, parsing preferences, syntactic disombiguation, and the processing of garden-path sentences  ...  Our models of access and disambiguation are based on this idea.  ... 
doi:10.1207/s15516709cog2002_1 fatcat:q2zqbzpnbvhl5izhdhwpdfevdy

A probabilistic model of lexical and syntactic access and disambiguation

D Jurafsky
1996 Cognitive Science  
The algorithm is based on a parallel porser which ranks constructions for access, and interpretations for disambiguation, by their conditional probability.  ...  The literature abounds with psychological results on lexical access, the access of idioms, syntactic rule access, parsing preferences, syntactic disombiguation, and the processing of garden-path sentences  ...  Our models of access and disambiguation are based on this idea.  ... 
doi:10.1016/s0364-0213(99)80005-6 fatcat:hbjxvtou3bg5xoylt4aivboksu

Prosodic aids to syntactic and semantic analysis of spoken English

Chris Rowles, Xluming Huang
1992 Proceedings of the 30th annual meeting on Association for Computational Linguistics -  
In this paper we present some results of employing two types of prosodic information, namely pitch and pause, to assist syntactic and semantic analysis during parsing.  ...  Prosody can be useful in resolving certain lexical and structural ambiguities in spoken English.  ...  The authors have benefited from discussions with Robin King, Peter Sefton, Julie Vonwiller and Christian Matthiessen, Sydney University, and Muriel de Beler, Telecommunication Research Laboratories, who  ... 
doi:10.3115/981967.981982 dblp:conf/acl/RowlesH92 fatcat:lltv6di3svhyjauag4yja7vwnq

Underspecification of syntactic ambiguities: Evidence from self-paced reading

Benjamin Swets, Timothy Desmet, Charles Clifton, Fernanda Ferreira
2008 Memory & Cognition  
We also note that some versions of constraint-based models allow for more graded resolution of syntactic ambiguity, and we suspect that competition models could be built to predict either the presence  ...  We first turn to the question of the strategy and goals in parsing.  ... 
doi:10.3758/mc.36.1.201 pmid:18323075 fatcat:opl3kjpnkfcfhaahk75lzgmlzq

Task Sensitivity in L2 English Speakers' Syntactic Processing: Evidence for Good-Enough Processing in Self-Paced Reading

Maryann Tan, Anouschka Foltz
2020 Frontiers in Psychology  
The results suggest that both L1 and L2 syntactic processing is modulated by the task at hand.  ...  Task difficulty affected reading times at the point of disambiguation for both L1 and L2 participants.  ...  We would also like to thank the reviewers for their constructive feedback, Benjamin Swets for sharing the stimuli that we used in the current study with us and Fernanda Ferreira for her advice on the statistical  ... 
doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2020.575847 pmid:33041947 pmcid:PMC7517905 fatcat:chizqd2rabd7rgiow23p5eehuu

A Review on Part-of-Speech Technologies [article]

Onyenwe Ikechukwu, Onyedikachukwu Ikechukwu-Onyenwe, Onyedinma Ebele
2021 arXiv   pre-print
Many POS disambiguation technologies have been developed for this type of research and there are factors that influence the choice of choosing one.  ...  Developing an automatic part-of-speech (POS) tagging for any new language is considered a necessary step for further computational linguistics methodology beyond tagging, like chunking and parsing, to  ...  Figure 2 : EngCG Architecture CG has been implemented in English, Swedish, and Finnish. It is based on disambiguation of morphological readings and syntactic labels.  ... 
arXiv:2110.04977v1 fatcat:ipowj2amqfh7hoiksgpnyamb6m

A Review on Parts-of-Speech Technologies

Onyenwe Ikechukwu, Onyedikachukwu Ikechukwu-Onyenwe, Onyedinma Ebele, Chidinma A. Nwafor
2022 International Journal of Computer Science & Engineering Survey  
Many POS disambiguation technologies have been developed for this type of research and there are factors that influence the choice of choosing one.  ...  Developing an automatic parts-of-speech (POS) tagging for any new language is considered a necessary step for further computational linguistics methodology beyond tagging, like chunking and parsing, to  ...  Your feedbacks are very insightful and helpful towards the development of this paper.  ... 
doi:10.5121/ijcses.2022.13201 fatcat:wiwu4cqvtbhrlka3oh6eyruqxa

A finite-state model of human sentence processing

Jihyun Park, Chris Brew
2006 Proceedings of the 21st International Conference on Computational Linguistics and the 44th annual meeting of the ACL - ACL '06  
We show that a simple computational model (a bigram part-of-speech tagger based on the design used by Corley and Crocker (2000) ) makes correct predictions on processing difficulty observed in a wide range  ...  We use two modes of evaluation: one that relies on comparison with a control sentence, paralleling practice in human studies; another that measures probability drop in the disambiguating region of the  ...  Crocker and Brants (2000) used broad coverage statistical parsing techniques in their modeling of human syntactic parsing.  ... 
doi:10.3115/1220175.1220182 dblp:conf/acl/ParkB06 fatcat:t2ukdgtayjg5ve2kld6yz4wwa4

Page 29 of Computational Linguistics Vol. 18, Issue 1 [page]

1992 Computational Linguistics  
McRoy, Susan W., and Hirst, Graeme (1990). “Race-based syntactic attachment.” Cognitive Science 14(3): 313-354. Morris, Jane (1988). “Lexical cohesion, the thesaurus, and the structure of text.”  ...  “Automatic sense disambiguation with LDOCE: Enriching syntactically analyzed corpora with semantic data.” In Theory and Practice in Corpus Linguistics, edited by Jan Aarts and Willem Meijs, 105-135.  ... 

The Influence of Focus Operators on Syntactic Processing of Short Relative Clause Sentences

Kevin B. Paterson, Simon P. Liversedge, Geoffrey Underwood
1999 The Quarterly journal of experimental psychology. Section A, Human experimental psychology  
guiding initial parsing.  ...  Of particular importance has been the question of how and when non-syntactic factors in¯uence syntactic ambiguity resolution.  ...  In constraint-based terms, the relative clause analysis has a very strong competitor prior to disambiguation.  ... 
doi:10.1080/713755827 fatcat:na2acdxdgvempgklferly4zwbm

Wide-coverage probabilistic sentence processing

M W Crocker, T Brants
2000 Journal of Psycholinguistic Research  
The model uses probabilistic parsing techniques, which combine phrase structure, lexical category, and limited subcategory probabilities with an incremental, left-to-right "pruning" mechanism based on  ...  This paper describes a fully implemented, broad-coverage model of human syntactic processing.  ...  This present work builds directly on their approach, but extends it beyond category disambiguation to full syntactic parsing.  ... 
pmid:11196067 fatcat:rtfvdjtennf5he22uxuefitdga

Coordination of -mente Ending Adverbs in Portuguese: An Integrated Solution [chapter]

Jorge Baptista, Lucas Nunes Vieira, Cláudio Diniz, Nuno Mamede
2012 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
This paper proposes an integrated solution, where a rule-base disambiguating module and a POS statistical tagger combine to produce more accurate tagging and better parsing results to this non-trivial  ...  Portuguese -mente ending adverbs constitute a large, morphologically homogenous, but syntactically and semantically diverse lexical set.  ...  Rule-Based Disambiguation The next step in the system processing chain is a rule-based disambiguation module [7] , [9] .  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-642-28885-2_3 fatcat:l2owj4pe75bwzbt45aoknif7de

ワーキングメモリ容量が前置詞句を含む文処理過程に及ぼす影響について : 日本人英語学習者を対象にした実証研究
The Contribution of Working Memory Capacity to Processing Sentences with Prepositional Phrases for Japanese EFL Learners

Hiroshi NAKANISHI
2012 Zenkoku Eigo Kyoiku Gakkai kiyo  
This research addresses whether Working Memory (WM) capacity influences syntactic parsing strategies by using temporarily ambjguous prepositional phrases (such as "The boy read the book on the chair instead  ...  We used fbur types ofexperimerrtal sentenoes: mmimal attaclment and non-minimal attachment sentences, and two versions of medificand-prepositional phiase distance (i.e., short and leng versions), The results  ...  The garden-path sentence, which contains tempoTarily ambiguous syntactic structure, such as sentenoes with reduced re1ative clause and prepositional phrase (i.e., "The horse raced past the barn fell" and  ... 
doi:10.20581/arele.23.0_281 fatcat:cmahqbkcefc4pkxm4v7redm6vm

The Influence of only on Syntactic processing of "Long" Relative Clause Sentences

Simon P. Liversedge, Kevin B. Paterson, Emma L. Clayes
2002 The Quarterly journal of experimental psychology. Section A, Human experimental psychology  
A central issue in syntactic processing research is whether initial parsing decisions are made using syntactic knowledge alone or are influenced by higher order factors such as referential properties of  ...  "Restricted" theories (Traxler & Pickering, 1996) require that syntactic knowledge alone dictates initial processing of ambiguous sentences like (1) and (2): 1.  ...  Only horses raced past the barn fell.  ... 
doi:10.1080/02724980143000253 pmid:11873848 fatcat:dmeve2pmjzbmzd4dr5wpt3t6bu
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