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RADAR-X: An Interactive Interface Pairing Contrastive Explanations with Revised Plan Suggestions [article]

Karthik Valmeekam, Sarath Sreedharan, Sailik Sengupta, Subbarao Kambhampati
2020 arXiv   pre-print
The central idea for such systems is to augment the capabilities of the human-in-the-loop with automated planning techniques and provide timely support to enhance the decision-making experience.  ...  Empowering decision support systems with automated planning has received significant recognition in the planning community.  ...  Acknowledgements The research is supported in part by ONR grants N00014-16-1-2892, N00014-18-1-2442, N00014-18-1-2840, N00014-19-1-2119, AFOSR grant FA9550-18-1-0067, DARPA SAIL-ON grant W911NF-19-2-0006  ... 
arXiv:2011.09644v1 fatcat:yr6woyzs3zdkpnot22btxrwsfq

Regulatory Analytics and Data Architecture (RADAR)

Kingsley Jones
2015 Social Science Research Network  
In the development of this conception, it is natural to adopt the emerging idea of a Social Machine, as a metaphor for the large-scale interaction of humans and machines via web connections.  ...  In this paper, we develop a framework to consider how the technology forces of: faster computing; networked data portals; and growth in organizational models for parallelism might facilitate a new Regulatory  ...  This research was supported by the Centre for International Finance and Regulation Project Number T-019: Regulatory Data Architecture and Analytics, which is a Centre of Excellence for research and education  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.2628939 fatcat:picudx6dnnd2niaamjqmftgwaq

Proactive Decision Support using Automated Planning [article]

Satya Gautam Vadlamudi, Tathagata Chakraborti, Yu Zhang, Subbarao Kambhampati
2016 arXiv   pre-print
Proactive decision support (PDS) helps in improving the decision making experience of human decision makers in human-in-the-loop planning environments.  ...  In this regard, we propose a PDS framework, named RADAR, based on the research in Automated Planning in AI, that aids the human decision maker with her plan to achieve her goals by providing alerts on:  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS This research is supported in part by the ONR grant N00014-15-1-2027. We thank Vivek Dondeti for his help with the implementation of parts of the RADAR system.  ... 
arXiv:1606.07841v1 fatcat:mus7uvcgybegfattbtpvrkmsfi

Exploring Impacts of Rapid-Scan Radar Data on NWS Warning Decisions

Pamela L. Heinselman, Daphne S. LaDue, Heather Lazrus
2012 Weather and forecasting  
Rapid-scan weather radars, such as the S-band phased array radar at the National Weather Radar Testbed in Norman, Oklahoma, improve precision in the depiction of severe storm processes.  ...  To explore potential impacts of such data on forecaster warning decision making, 12 National Weather Service forecasters participated in a preliminary study with two control conditions: 1) when radar scan  ...  We thank the three external reviewers for helpful comments on the manuscript.  ... 
doi:10.1175/waf-d-11-00145.1 fatcat:x3nrj3jiqnamtg6oqwbxi2arri

Implementation of an IoT Based Radar Sensor Network for Wastewater Management

Adam Drenoyanis, Raad Raad, Ivan Wady, Carmel Krogh
2019 Sensors  
This network infrastructure allows for devices capable of real-time monitoring to alert of any system failures, providing an effective tool to proactively capture the current state of the sewer network  ...  A standalone, portable radar device allowing non-invasive benchmarking of sewer pumping station (SPS) pumps is presented.  ...  This will allow forward planning of augmentations to existing network infrastructure to made based on inform decisions, and thus reducing both capital and operational expenditures.  ... 
doi:10.3390/s19020254 fatcat:blczkjyuhjgzdlarofqhkl5wma

RADAR: Data Protection in Cloud-Based Computer Systems at Run Time

Zoltan Adam Mann, Florian Kunz, Jan Laufer, Julian Bellendorf, Andreas Metzger, Klaus Pohl
2021 IEEE Access  
JSON is a widely used format for providing and receiving information, and our implementation uses JSON format in the interfaces described in Section VI-B.  ...  We also use EMF to serialize the run-time model and the target configurations into files in XMI format 15 for test purposes.  ...  For demonstration purposes the TOSCA import / export interface currently supports a subset of the RADAR meta-model.  ... 
doi:10.1109/access.2021.3078059 fatcat:cvzzttaarndbrgzwxk67d7ugqy

Development of New Radar and Pyroelectric Sensors for Road Safety Increase in Cloud-Based Multi-Agent Control Application

Leslie Robert Adrian, Ansis Avotins, Donato Repole, Olegs Tetervenoks
2021 Baltic Journal of Road and Bridge Engineering  
It also introduces the advances in radar-type sensors used in smart SLC (street lighting control) application systems.  ...  The use of a CMAS (Cloud-Based Multi-Agent System) as a possible framework is investigated.  ...  Moreover, the MAS will be proactive in the assimilation of data, yet can maintain control of the system as a whole.  ... 
doi:10.7250/bjrbe.2021-16.540 fatcat:ejqxtswetjewta25iuzamydp54

Ethics and Artificial Intelligence: Suicide Prevention on Facebook

Norberto Nuno Gomes de Andrade, Dave Pawson, Dan Muriello, Lizzy Donahue, Jennifer Guadagno
2018 Philosophy & Technology  
Facebook is in a unique position-through its support for networks and friendships on the site-to help connect a person in these difficult situations with people who can support them.  ...  There is a death by suicide in the world every 40 seconds, and suicide is the second leading cause of death for 15-29-year-olds.  ...  Development and Adoption of AI^(published June 5th 2018) for a proposed decision matrix structure into 3 possible models (human in the loop; human over the loop; and human out of the loop).  ... 
doi:10.1007/s13347-018-0336-0 fatcat:e6fb4jajczawvbxjg65y5edpsy

Flexible Airspace Management Operator Roles, Task Distribution, and Coordination Mechanisms

M. J. Mainini, P. U. Lee, J. R. Homola, H. E. Lee
2011 Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society Annual Meeting  
A human-in-the-loop study was conducted to further test the potential benefits of the Flexible Airspace Management concept and to begin exploring the required coordination aspects of the concept.  ...  the Traffic Management Coordinators had the final authority for implementing the airspace configuration change.  ...  In 2009, the FAA and NASA conducted a human-in-the-loop (HITL) simulation to examine the impact of airspace configuration changes on air traffic controllers (Homola et al., 2010) .  ... 
doi:10.1177/1071181311551022 fatcat:6w5voeuelzattleaivbrzacsai

New Air Traffic Management Concepts Analysis Methodology: Application to a Multi-Sector Planner in US Airspace

Kevin Corker, Paul Lee, Tom Prevot, Diana Liang
2007 Air Traffic Control Quarterly  
The experiment consisted of a pair of one-week human-n-the-loop studies in which the two concepts (Multi-D, in which multiple R-sides are supported by a single D side, and Area Flow, in which the MSP manages  ...  access to advanced decision support tools was also run.  ...  In one of the scenarios, a single data controller supported multiple radar controllers.  ... 
doi:10.2514/atcq.15.4.347 fatcat:7flbmqppabbgrfuhraufr4xi5a

History of Operational Use of Weather Radar by U.S. Weather Services. Part I: The Pre-NEXRAD Era

Roger C. Whiton, Paul L. Smith, Stuart G. Bigler, Kenneth E. Wilk, Albert C. Harbuck
1998 Weather and forecasting  
The first part of a history of the use of storm surveillance radars by operational military and civil weather services in the United States is presented.  ...  Hence, this paper and its companion focus on the history of operational radar meteorology from its birth in World War II through the introduction of the first two operational Doppler weather radars.  ...  The contribution of one of the authors (PLS) was supported in part by National Science Foundation Grant ATM-9221528.  ... 
doi:10.1175/1520-0434(1998)013<0219:hoouow>2.0.co;2 fatcat:thay5cd66rbqbd3cp7pf7m4qey

Information fusion measures of effectiveness (MOE) for decision support

Erik P. Blasch, Richard Breton, Pierre Valin, Ivan Kadar
2011 Signal Processing, Sensor Fusion, and Target Recognition XX  
As the amount of sensed and collected data becomes increasingly large, there is a need to look at the architectures, metrics, and processes that provide the best methods for decision support systems.  ...  In this paper, we overview some information fusion methods in decision support and address the capability to measure the effects of the fusion products on user functions.  ...  It also includes a feedback loop within each module; 3) It provides a basic architecture for modeling a variety of team decision-making in the OODA loop.  ... 
doi:10.1117/12.883988 fatcat:i3iwveld3zdjtorsmp7skz5xly

Modeling activities in air traffic control systems: antecedents and consequences of a mid-air collision

Paulo Victor R. de Carvalho, Bemildo Ferreira
2012 Work : A journal of Prevention, Assesment and rehabilitation  
In this article we present a model of some functions and activities of the Brazilian Air traffic Control System (ATS) in the period in which occurred a mid-air collision between flight GLO1907, a commercial  ...  provided by the Air Navigation Service Provider (ANSP), enabling a mid-air collision to be happen.  ...  Automation in the Area Control Centers (ACC) The increased use of airspace, the enhanced flight performance and embedded aircraft result in a need of the automation of controller tasks to support decision  ... 
doi:10.3233/wor-2012-0162-232 fatcat:2to7t2kuczc23phdv6ourlcu6y

What about the Next Generation? Assessing Experts' Judgments of Human Abilities Required for Working in a Future ATC Environment [chapter]

2016 Human Factors in Transportation  
A controller-in-the-loop simulation study was designed to assess experts' judgments on the main human abilities required for working in time-based arrival scenarios with different levels of assistance  ...  With the implementation of the European ATM Master Plan (SESAR, 2012) job requirements for air-traffic controllers (ATCOs) will alter significantly.  ...  To keep the human within the decision loop in such a system-support setting it has to be guaranteed that automation supports the ATCOs in developing a mental picture of the traffic situation (Mogford,  ... 
doi:10.1201/9781315370460-25 fatcat:657frp4b4nenvcakzqqzwt7eb4

PRYSTINE - Technical Progress After Year 1

Norbert Druml, Omar Veledar, Georg Macher, Georg Stettinger, Solmaz Selim, Jakob Reckenzaun, Sergio E. Diaz, Mauricio Marcano, Jorge Villagra, Rutger Beekelaar, Johannes Jany-Luig, Marta Maria Corredoira (+11 others)
2019 2019 22nd Euromicro Conference on Digital System Design (DSD)  
For this, fail-operational behavior is essential in the sense, plan, and act stages of the automation chain in order to handle safety-critical situations by its own, which currently is not reached with  ...  PRYSTINE will realize Fail-operational Urban Surround perceptION (FUSION) which is based on robust Radar and LiDAR sensor fusion and control functions in order to enable safe automated driving in urban  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENT The authors would like to thank all national funding authorities and the ECSEL Joint Undertaking, which funded the PRYSTINE project under the grant agreement n° 783190.  ... 
doi:10.1109/dsd.2019.00063 dblp:conf/dsd/DrumlVMSSRDMVBJ19 fatcat:uqtvrecwgzb43hm6dar2rgd7pe
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