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Quick Brown Fox in Formal Languages [article]

Kazuhiro Inaba
2016 arXiv   pre-print
Various other language classes and problems around pangrams are analyzed.  ...  Given a finite alphabet $\Sigma$ and a deterministic finite automaton on $\Sigma$, the problem of determining whether the language recognized by the automaton contains any pangram is \NP-complete.  ...  the artistic sentence of the "quick brown fox" or Iroha-Uta is a tough brain teaser.  ... 
arXiv:1512.08168v5 fatcat:b5uvuyzlv5b7ljhohhoejyiq2a

On Potential Validity of Document-Centric XML Documents

I.E. Iacob, A. Dekhtyar, M.I. Dekhtyar
2006 22nd International Conference on Data Engineering Workshops (ICDEW'06)  
Document-centric XML document creation is a process of marking up textual content rather than typing text in a predefined structure.  ...  It turns out that, although the final document has to be valid with respect to the DTD/Schema used for the encoding, the "in-progress" document is al most never valid.  ...  Conclusions In this paper, we complete the work started in [11] .  ... 
doi:10.1109/icdew.2006.102 dblp:conf/icde/IacobDD06 fatcat:6sib4gtg3bbn5b4qzb7g33rlbu

Identification and extraction of memes represented as semantic networks from free text online forums

Héctor Beck-Fernández, David F Nettleton
2015 Ingeniare : Revista Chilena de Ingeniería  
This includes such issues as how to process memes from real text corpus, formal definitions for knowledge representation, meme refinement and selection.  ...  we present some examples in the context of a simple online forum.  ...  , dog}, {jumps-over}, 3, 2, 3); mc 2 ({fox, dog, brown, quick, lazy}, {is, jumps-over}, 1, 0, 1); mc 3 ({fox, dog}, {hunts}, 2, 1, 1).  ... 
doi:10.4067/s0718-33052015000100006 fatcat:zyfww5vfkjgsxhsbrfegsi2af4

Temporal Random Indexing: A System for Analysing Word Meaning over Time

Annalina Caputo, Pierpaolo Basile, Giovanni Semeraro
2015 Italian Journal of Computational Linguistics  
We exploit this methodology in order to build geometrical spaces of word meanings that consider several periods of time.  ...  This analysis enables the detection of linguistic events that emerge in specific time intervals and that can be related to social or cultural phenomena.  ...  This analysis is useful to detect linguistic events that emerge in specific time intervals and that can be related to social or cultural phenomena.  ... 
doi:10.4000/ijcol.315 fatcat:h5dkzyhni5fm7jhzuxau7tey5q

On Graph Mining With Deep Learning: Introducing Model R for Link Weight Prediction

Yuchen Hou, Lawrence B. Holder
2019 Journal of Artificial Intelligence and Soft Computing Research  
Deep learning has been successful in various domains including image recognition, speech recognition and natural language processing.  ...  However, the research on its application in graph mining is still in an early stage.  ...  For example, given the natural language vocabulary {the, quick, brown, fox, jumps, over, lazy, dog}, the sentence "the quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog", a context radius of 2, and the word "fox  ... 
doi:10.2478/jaiscr-2018-0022 fatcat:zey43kpbwzcnfgnurmsgfzecza

Speech dasher

Keith Vertanen, David J.C. MacKay
2010 Proceedings of the 28th international conference on Human factors in computing systems - CHI '10  
Speech Dasher's model combines information from a speech recognizer, from the user, and from a letter-based language model.  ...  In a formative user study, expert users wrote at 40 (corrected) words per minute. They did this despite a recognition word error rate of 22%.  ...  A substitution at "quick" allows the two red paths to reach "brawn" and "brown". A substitution at "quick" also allows the blue path to reach "fox" via the insertion edge between "quick" and "fox".  ... 
doi:10.1145/1753326.1753415 dblp:conf/chi/VertanenM10 fatcat:tf3ygs2omzfznhkb7qwbpfbzum

Word Recognition through Malay Animal Fables

Arbaie Sujud, Normaliza Abd Rahim, Nik Rafidah Nik Muhammad Affendi
2014 Asian Social Science  
It is hoped that future study will focus on the use of MAF in writing essay.  ...  The samples of the study were 100 subjects from two classes of Malay language classrooms. The subjects were picked at random and were interviewed based on the MAF program.  ...  The adjectives namely; black (hitam), red (merah), brown (perang), smelly (busuk), fragrant (wangi), day (siang) and night (malam). The adjectives were merely describing the fox and the surrounding.  ... 
doi:10.5539/ass.v10n11p252 fatcat:eja37pnnmjfg7eog2cczkp5snq

A grounded theory of abstraction in artificial intelligence

J.-D. Zucker
2003 Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Biological Sciences  
In artificial intelligence, abstraction is commonly used to account for the use of various levels of details in a given representation language or the ability to change from one level to another while  ...  In such contexts, abstraction is defined as a mapping between formalisms that reduces the computational complexity of the task at stake.  ...  dog fox happy is jumps lazy over quick the the quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog.  ... 
doi:10.1098/rstb.2003.1308 pmid:12903672 pmcid:PMC1693211 fatcat:7jgsbgw3gjhk5f42tsinqwmvkm

Some aspects of snake euphemisms in Lithuanian names based on appearance, habitat, and behaviour

Marius Smetona
2017 Etnolingwistyka  
Lithuania's only poisonous snake, the viper Vipera berus, naturally occurs only in two colour variations: dark brown or almost black, and grey, grey-brown or dark brown, with a brown or black stripe on  ...  The animal in question is often the fox (lapė) but it can also be the wolf (vilkas), e.g.: laputė čiuženutė, vilkas čiužys.  ... 
doi:10.17951/et.2017.29.191 fatcat:225a5ovvrjd3nmahne2qtkqlge

Proto-Indo-European 'fox' and the reconstruction of an athematic ḱ-stem

Axel I. Palmér, Anthony Jakob, Rasmus Thorsø, Paulus van Sluis, Cid Swanenvleugel, Guus Kroonen
2021 Indo-European Linguistics  
This paper presents a detailed etymological analysis of words for 'fox' in Indo-European (IE) languages.  ...  Additionally, we describe how *h₂lō̆p-eḱ- was borrowed from Indo-Iranian into Uralic and we outline the relationship among the reflexes of this word in various Uralic languages.  ...  This work is also part of the research programme "The prehistoric origin and spread of the Indo-Iranian languages: A linguistic test of hypotheses rooted in genetics and archaeology" with project number  ... 
doi:10.1163/22125892-bja10008 fatcat:jig6cmjqzvdnxgm5mqizd7bapq

Probabilistically Masked Language Model Capable of Autoregressive Generation in Arbitrary Word Order [article]

Yi Liao, Xin Jiang, Qun Liu
2020 arXiv   pre-print
While pretrained masked language models such as BERT overwhelm the line of natural language understanding (NLU) tasks, autoregressive language models such as GPT are especially capable in natural language  ...  In this paper, we propose a probabilistic masking scheme for the masked language model, which we call probabilistically masked language model (PMLM).  ...  The bolded words, which compose the input sentence "The quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog", are distributed across the paragraph with a predefined length.  ... 
arXiv:2004.11579v1 fatcat:e5c7pcielrbinnoye5gaok5u6q

The Effects of Concurrent Cognitive Load on Phonological Processing in Adults Who Stutter

Robin M. Jones, Robert A. Fox, Ewa Jacewicz
2012 Journal of Speech, Language and Hearing Research  
Purpose: To determine whether phonological processing in adults who stutter (AWS) is disrupted by increased amounts of cognitive load in a concurrent attention-demanding task.  ...  Significant group differences were found in RTs (delays by AWS were 241 ms greater).  ...  We also thank those individuals who kindly volunteered to participate in this study.  ... 
doi:10.1044/1092-4388(2012/12-0014) pmid:22562825 fatcat:feyerf667bduhgo4hjocc3d6zm

Adult English Language Learner Pathway to Literacy Initiative

Ginger Kosobucki, Kari Moore
2021 INTESOL journal  
In 2017, Kari Moore of Exodus Refugee Immigration and Ginger Kosobucki of the Immigrant Welcome Center met and discussed the unique needs Kari had noticed in her beginning literacy learners at Exodus.  ...  In 2018, Ginger led the Immigrant Welcome Center's Adult ELL Research Project, which exposed the need for more classes geared for literacy-level learners, as well as more teacher training.  ...  to formal education.  ... 
doi:10.18060/25178 fatcat:7ywo5xupijgizhhrf7k6hfkfei

Harold Munro Fox. 1889-1967

J. E. Smith
1968 Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society  
Browne and Robert Gurney.  ...  Upright of carriage and quick in movement he had an immense vitality which was reflected in a quickness of speech and a perpetual urgent questioning in conversation.  ... 
doi:10.1098/rsbm.1968.0009 fatcat:jv6kzdkgy5agtfspza2nvpyzfq

User-Adaptive Text Entry for Augmentative and Alternative Communication [article]

Matt Higger, Fernando Quivira, Deniz Erdogmus
2019 arXiv   pre-print
For example, keyboard keys adjacent to a target may be more likely to be pressed in error. Furthermore, there can be structure in the input message itself (e.g. 'u' is likely to follow 'q').  ...  In this work, we extend the previous framework to incorporate multi-character querying similar to word completion.  ...  The target string is 'the quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog'.  ... 
arXiv:1910.01216v1 fatcat:pchcdh4ekjaxnmd4a4lnqgjceq
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