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How Does Domain Expertise Affect Users' Search Interaction and Outcome in Exploratory Search?

Jiaxin Mao, Yiqun Liu, Noriko Kando, Min Zhang, Shaoping Ma
2018 ACM Transactions on Information Systems  
Previous researches categorize these learning-related searches as exploratory searches, because they are often open-ended and multi-faceted, in which the user usually submits multiple queries iteratively  ...  In this position paper, we propose to conduct a user study to investigate whether and how users' domain expertise affect their search processes in exploratory searches.  ...  Previous works on query reformulation strategy study the reformulation patterns [4] , why the user adds or removes terms in query reformulation [5] , the sources of query terms [2, 12] , and the relationship  ... 
doi:10.1145/3223045 fatcat:zlm77jfhkfflzftjl5g4bhiwcm

Searching for specific health-related information in MedlinePlus: Behavioral patterns and user experience

Yan Zhang
2013 Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology  
Nineteen students participated in the study, and each performed 12 specific tasks.  ...  could be implemented to help users reformulate queries; and the search results page should be reconceptualized as a place for accessing answers rather than documents.  ...  Query reformulations were not as pervasive and complex as those observed in Zhang et al. (2012) when users performed exploratory tasks.  ... 
doi:10.1002/asi.22957 fatcat:ba34vyb465esta3xjneg3no74m

Voice Search and Typed Search Performance Comparison on Baidu Search System [article]

Hanqing Huang, Kezia Irene, Nahyun Ryu
2019 arXiv   pre-print
This paper is a pilot study to compare the search performance of people using voice search and typed search using Baidu search system.  ...  Afterward, we analyzed 8 people who had a middle to advanced searching ability by their behaviors, search results, and average query length.  ...  For designing search tasks more adequate to our research question, the query tasks should be developed with certain correct answer.  ... 
arXiv:1911.11063v1 fatcat:vkbqf2jx5ndrtpihfihlaowwfe

A study of children's search query formulation habits

Nicholas Vanderschantz, Annika Hinze
2017 HCI 2017  
As a result of this study, we identified query-creation and query-reformulation strategies that children use.  ...  The strategies children use for digital information search in educational settings are rarely explored.  ...  Because natural language questions required least reformulations, we suggest educating children to use natural language questions or natural language sentences.  ... 
doi:10.14236/ewic/hci2017.7 dblp:conf/bcshci/VanderschantzH17 fatcat:trqimd3e2jcdnmsetkakxade74

Characterizing and Predicting Voice Query Reformulation

Ahmed Hassan Awadallah, Ranjitha Gurunath Kulkarni, Umut Ozertem, Rosie Jones
2015 Proceedings of the 24th ACM International on Conference on Information and Knowledge Management - CIKM '15  
However, voice query reformulation has its unique characteristics in terms of the reasons that lead users to reformulating their queries and how they reformulate them.  ...  We demonstrate through experiments with the human labeled data that our classifiers achieve good performance in both tasks.  ...  search result pages for both these queries, then answering three questions.  ... 
doi:10.1145/2806416.2806491 dblp:conf/cikm/AwadallahKOJ15 fatcat:clxhk66gpjcy5n6uccdyw2gbzy

Detecting Good Abandonment in Mobile Search

Kyle Williams, Julia Kiseleva, Aidan C. Crook, Imed Zitouni, Ahmed Hassan Awadallah, Madian Khabsa
2016 Proceedings of the 25th International Conference on World Wide Web - WWW '16  
Web search queries for which there are no clicks are referred to as abandoned queries and are usually considered as leading to user dissatisfaction.  ...  Our findings have implications for the study and application of user satisfaction in search systems.  ...  gesture-based interaction data, and Widad Machmouchi and Jin Kim for their insights into methods for measuring satisfaction in search.  ... 
doi:10.1145/2872427.2883074 dblp:conf/www/WilliamsKCZAK16 fatcat:zsiuco246nfb5mhmbrxbjqgkru


Aditya Parameswaran, Ming Han Teh, Hector Garcia-Molina, Jennifer Widom
2014 Proceedings of the 2014 ACM SIGMOD international conference on Management of data - SIGMOD '14  
We demonstrate DataSift, a crowd-powered search toolkit that can be instrumented over any corpus supporting a keyword search API, and supports efficient and accurate querying for a rich general class of  ...  Attendees will also be able to perform a side-by-side comparison between DataSift and traditional retrieval schemes.  ...  To reduce the burden on the user, both in terms of labor (e.g., in finding reformulations and going through results) and in terms of knowledge (e.g., in identifying that a socket is indeed a USB 2.0 socket  ... 
doi:10.1145/2588555.2594510 dblp:conf/sigmod/ParameswaranTGW14 fatcat:t2wmxclumrambjjopxwhctk62m

Conversational Query Understanding Using Sequence to Sequence Modeling

Gary Ren, Xiaochuan Ni, Manish Malik, Qifa Ke
2018 Proceedings of the 2018 World Wide Web Conference on World Wide Web - WWW '18  
Understanding conversations is crucial to enabling conversational search in technologies such as chatbots, digital assistants, and smart home devices that are becoming increasingly popular.  ...  reformulation, where the goal is to reformulate the conversational query into a search engine friendly query in order to satisfy users' information needs in conversational settings.  ...  We would aso like to thank our colleagues from Microsoft Research: Wei Wu, Can Xu and Ming Zhou for their constructive suggestion and feedbacks during the development of this work, particularly the vocabulary  ... 
doi:10.1145/3178876.3186083 dblp:conf/www/RenNMK18 fatcat:3ibwo5vnfvfz7fce5cyy7xxsom

Context & Semantics in News & Web Search

Daan Odijk
2016 SIGIR Forum  
Each video segment has a unique ID and three associated files (the first two are provided, the last one needs to be reconstructed):  ...  The dataset that was described in Section 6.3 has been made available to the research community; 3 it consists of more than 1,500 manually annotated links in over 5,000 subtitle chunks for 50 video segments  ...  A number of recent studies have shown that search tasks provide a rich context for performing log-based query suggestion [64, 111, 128] , underscoring the importance of studying query reformulation in  ... 
doi:10.1145/2964797.2964816 fatcat:zmt2clavxrdi5izyo73z6kfg3q

An Eye-Tracking Study of Query Reformulation

Carsten Eickhoff, Sebastian Dungs, Vu Tran
2015 Proceedings of the 38th International ACM SIGIR Conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval - SIGIR '15  
Based on the public API of a popular search engine, we demonstrate how query suggestion candidates can be ranked according to traces of user attention and interest, resulting in significantly better performance  ...  In this paper, we study query refinement using eye-tracking in order to gain precise and detailed insight into which terms the user was exposed to in a search session and which ones they showed a particular  ...  the 2006 and 2007 editions of the TREC Question Answering Track's complex interactive QA task [28] .  ... 
doi:10.1145/2766462.2767703 dblp:conf/sigir/EickhoffDT15 fatcat:du72447ou5dnpiawgd3h3xsm5e

Automatic Identification and Contextual Reformulation of Implicit System-Related Queries

Adam Fourney, Susan T. Dumais
2016 Proceedings of the 39th International ACM SIGIR conference on Research and Development in Information Retrieval - SIGIR '16  
We show that such queries: (1) can be detected with high precision, (2) are common, and (3) can be automatically reformulated to substantially improve retrieval performance in these fall-through scenarios  ...  We report that, in this environment, users frequently ask questions that implicitly pertain to the systems or devices from which they are searching (e.g., asking: [how do I take a screenshot]).  ...  In more practical terms: across all queries, the median relevance of the topmost search result was 4 (excellent) in all treatment conditions, but was only 2 (fair) for the unaltered query baseline.  ... 
doi:10.1145/2911451.2914701 dblp:conf/sigir/FourneyD16 fatcat:xaysyhv22vhzzdzwemzrsikewy

Improving Question Answering System based on a Hybrid Technique

Ayatallah Gamal Abass, Sameh Abd El-Ghany, Ahmed Abo Elfetoh
2018 Journal of Computer Science  
The main goal of this new model is to enrich the question by reformulating it into similar meaning queries with additional information and hence for improving question answering process.  ...  Query expansion is an approach which is used to extend question key words with new related words that are not included in question.  ...  These reformulated query terms are used to select and retrieve question answer pairs that best match the reformulated question.  ... 
doi:10.3844/jcssp.2018.1202.1212 fatcat:bhxfsv6fcfemrktbzuyk63vkja

Relevance Feedback versus Local Context Analysis as Term Suggestion Devices: Rutgers' TREC-8 Interactive Track Experience

Nicholas J. Belkin, Colleen Cool, J. Head, J. Jeng, Diane Kelly, Shin-jeng Lin, L. Lobash, Soyeon Park, Pamela A. Savage-Knepshield, C. Sikora
1999 Text Retrieval Conference  
Query formulation and reformulation is recognized as one of the most difficult tasks that users in information retrieval systems are asked to perform.  ...  and performance in the task, subjects using the Local Context Analysis system had significantly fewer user−defined query terms than those in the relevance feedback system.  ...  all of the help that they gave us in installing LCA at Rutgers.  ... 
dblp:conf/trec/BelkinCHJKLLPSS99 fatcat:cvkcaj3znrg2tprl6x6zrxjyo4

Designing for Exploratory Search on Touch Devices

Khalil Klouche, Tuukka Ruotsalo, Diogo Cabral, Salvatore Andolina, Andrea Bellucci, Giulio Jacucci
2015 Proceedings of the 33rd Annual ACM Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems - CHI '15  
reformulating queries.  ...  Exploratory search confront users with challenges in expressing search intents as the current search interfaces require investigating result listings to identify search directions, iterative typing, and  ...  The Questions not Answers (QnA) [16] prototype is an interesting instance of a system that exploits social interactions and context-awareness capabilities of mobile devices in order to offer reuse of  ... 
doi:10.1145/2702123.2702489 dblp:conf/chi/KloucheRCABJ15 fatcat:rwllifujzvcphbqsz4gfa4k7mu

Understanding User Satisfaction with Intelligent Assistants

Julia Kiseleva, Kyle Williams, Jiepu Jiang, Ahmed Hassan Awadallah, Aidan C. Crook, Imed Zitouni, Tasos Anastasakos
2016 Proceedings of the 2016 ACM on Conference on Human Information Interaction and Retrieval - CHIIR '16  
In this paper, we describe a user study that was designed to measure user satisfaction over a range of typical scenario's of use: controlling a device, web search, and structured search dialog.  ...  We also study how the nature and complexity of the task at hand affect user satisfaction, and found that preserving the conversation context is essential and that overall task-level satisfaction cannot  ...  Acknowledgments We thank Sarvesh Nagpal and Toby Walker for the help in collecting the internal API data for the user study. We also thank the participants in the study.  ... 
doi:10.1145/2854946.2854961 dblp:conf/chiir/KiselevaWJACZA16 fatcat:e7o4hkrhkbchxmeop6qhfiecmm
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