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Benford analysis of quantum critical phenomena: First digit provides high finite-size scaling exponent while first two and further are not much better

Anindita Bera, Utkarsh Mishra, Sudipto Singha Roy, Anindya Biswas, Aditi Sen(De), Ujjwal Sen
<span title="">2018</span> <i title="Elsevier BV"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/j5vumr4o65agbmeqovmzt67pqe" style="color: black;">Physics Letters A</a> </i> &nbsp;
We find that for the transverse field quantum XY model, behavior of the very first significant digit of an observable, at an arbitrary point of the parameter space, is enough to capture the quantum phase  ...  A marked proportion of such analyses is restricted to the first significant digit.  ...  This underlines the fact that the first significant digit already captures the most significant aspect of the transverse magnetization in the system with respect to the Benford violation near the QPT.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.physleta.2018.04.020">doi:10.1016/j.physleta.2018.04.020</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/d53zh44vhbdwzl7xp57k4ph3qi">fatcat:d53zh44vhbdwzl7xp57k4ph3qi</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20200912030645/https://arxiv.org/pdf/1711.00758v1.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download [not primary version]" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <span style="color: #f43e3e;">&#10033;</span> <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/8b/c1/8bc1e2133b4dccda04762da7105acf2ae1392bb3.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1016/j.physleta.2018.04.020"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> elsevier.com </button> </a>

Quantum networks for elementary arithmetic operations

Vlatko Vedral, Adriano Barenco, Artur Ekert
<span title="1996-07-01">1996</span> <i title="American Physical Society (APS)"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/iedolmzeofgc3ezyedga7h4eba" style="color: black;">Physical Review A. Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics</a> </i> &nbsp;
Quantum modular exponentiation seems to be the most difficult (time and space consuming) part of Shor's quantum factorising algorithm.  ...  Quantum computers require quantum arithmetic. We provide an explicit construction of quantum networks effecting basic arithmetic operations: from addition to modular exponentiation.  ...  In a first step, all the carries are calculated until the last carry gives the most significant digit of the result.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1103/physreva.54.147">doi:10.1103/physreva.54.147</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9913467">pmid:9913467</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/iro6zd2jcbf67omgt33o6pbvni">fatcat:iro6zd2jcbf67omgt33o6pbvni</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20100813190921/http://pm1.bu.edu/~tt/qcl/pdf/ekert__a199505160000.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/dc/9a/dc9a5b59a22098bf5a2206f1304f73a86b2434eb.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1103/physreva.54.147"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> aps.org </button> </a>

Benford's law detects quantum phase transitions similarly as earthquakes

Aditi Sen(De), Ujjwal Sen
<span title="2011-08-25">2011</span> <i title="IOP Publishing"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/g5hwjttblnfj5hbaytqsfuuwtm" style="color: black;">Europhysics letters</a> </i> &nbsp;
It shows that estimation of the first significant digit of measured physical observables is enough to detect the presence of quantum phase transitions in macroscopic systems.  ...  A century ago, it was predicted that the first significant digit appearing in a data would be nonuniformly distributed, with the number one appearing with the highest frequency.  ...  can already be detected by looking at the first significant digit.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1209/0295-5075/95/50008">doi:10.1209/0295-5075/95/50008</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/c4tokenhbngqxnp6lbhphplit4">fatcat:c4tokenhbngqxnp6lbhphplit4</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20200827185132/https://arxiv.org/pdf/1103.5398v1.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download [not primary version]" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <span style="color: #f43e3e;">&#10033;</span> <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/f4/13/f4130f19c6f834abe5b9d182c0c0800ccf0c8206.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1209/0295-5075/95/50008"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> Publisher / doi.org </button> </a>

A Novel 4×4 Universal Reversible Gate as a Cost Efficient Full Adder/Subtractor in Terms of Reversible and Quantum Metrics

Shekoofeh Moghimi, Mohammad R. Reshadinezhad
<span title="2015-11-08">2015</span> <i title="MECS Publisher"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/e2edi7vsvnbf3nx6iy25ioadxe" style="color: black;">International Journal of Modern Education and Computer Science</a> </i> &nbsp;
The most significant aspect of the MOG gate is that it is a universal gate and has the ability of calculating any logical function on its own.  ...  Additionally, it is more efficient than the existing counterparts in terms of quantum cost. The full adder/subtractor cell is an important circuit in VLSI and digital signal processing applications.  ...  most significant digital architecture requirements these days.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.5815/ijmecs.2015.11.04">doi:10.5815/ijmecs.2015.11.04</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/6u3o3p4vffgjvgwzppj4jmgnsu">fatcat:6u3o3p4vffgjvgwzppj4jmgnsu</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20170808221108/http://www.mecs-press.org/ijmecs/ijmecs-v7-n11/IJMECS-V7-N11-4.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/27/13/2713c09ede81da93ef58a91701654114c3782ea3.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.5815/ijmecs.2015.11.04"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="unlock alternate icon" style="background-color: #fb971f;"></i> Publisher / doi.org </button> </a>

Preface to special topic on lattice-based cryptography

Yu Yu
<span title="2021-08-31">2021</span> <i title="Oxford University Press (OUP)"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/u4bdhpukkbe3ncikyibr6q4x7e" style="color: black;">National Science Review</a> </i> &nbsp;
To summarize, post-quantum cryptography has received widespread attention and made significant progress in recent years.  ...  The first perspective, presented by Lu and Zhang, introduces public-key cryptographic algorithms whose quantum security is reducible from the conjectured quantum hardness of lattice problems.  ...  To summarize, post-quantum cryptography has received widespread attention and made significant progress in recent years.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1093/nsr/nwab154">doi:10.1093/nsr/nwab154</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/34691746">pmid:34691746</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/PMC8433076/">pmcid:PMC8433076</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/c3el4ix3fbffbgkycgpohltjhy">fatcat:c3el4ix3fbffbgkycgpohltjhy</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20210918025757/https://watermark.silverchair.com/nwab154.pdf?token=AQECAHi208BE49Ooan9kkhW_Ercy7Dm3ZL_9Cf3qfKAc485ysgAAAsQwggLABgkqhkiG9w0BBwagggKxMIICrQIBADCCAqYGCSqGSIb3DQEHATAeBglghkgBZQMEAS4wEQQM63cw99d4OphdK7JyAgEQgIICd4TJNyx7GmaCcVVXXDseeUBfp666AVRcn7U-olkEiI6mj8IpJxtIsEHXsjXsZENpVUMjk4vWrNZtdJi8qPDTjeKLbCpQXSAOdlRZuQo6-nQ18t7VeY25azTq6Gkh9OiZ8OXIWaWz-F3K2QrpXbdZmKlsDeI2XJDwxczzzEiGisqTbGr5OpskbjJEijym0Em6G1YfZen9EIjj_JI6lUuia4KqGxAlAuObvwmTy3GjQZmHG8ArQ50Lm2k0OobYKAGQURTJ7YYUQIOfmjo44Zr_G7i3MWxZyyqDsbtqgZJUu7hE3d9oR0qFSgnNG2gzDXmApUt3jxXdp_P6xUrQTFlfX6_wiGs8l0k_fxmxI-gnGAgz1XJzFe1x-BTaDUBhlS7nrtXfDxBxXntnDwRVSCo_KiMxrFTs0VqVxaA9A-SeDzOMZQQRz9BjSPOS0ZwrnmA8IJFPBgl3NtkRsHkCBZt_XXdwhbTb_D6iJeOV-BVvWGFy5wMAhVHWOQaesJxF5z05lnDOTBIUGcHyOGtQ_ZZ2UZAHpK0PbEwUliaqL75XzFYIO7s-4WDigfdQ4-Q1GU0LU3Rj-7P7btFfngTGsMOxkq_8yG3LL5fNUY-NcRsB4MSCyTFEWWNuLmlODBrEcngNSgigjfIGdx9bGozYNCc7-6lOHeEfaZw_YCkUMzreFJZxYpw_myBHfqDkG51bBAoeBpJEwGuEQUzxuojhdjPq7fmLA7kK2tDwOS8TUMkV6DMOOP_TxNlnFWct48DQmWeJT67-8VxC-Fn0cbvkb2YX4hi5CGJyz_GrGLC2K49E97FyJOz4Yjv_YNG4NnSl7JXYDwA73X1VjDo" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/93/40/9340a3113ab403342c2f35664ec63b4f42e72bd1.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1093/nsr/nwab154"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="unlock alternate icon" style="background-color: #fb971f;"></i> oup.com </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8433076" title="pubmed link"> <button class="ui compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="file alternate outline icon"></i> pubmed.gov </button> </a>

Hybrid digital-analog simulation of many-body dynamics with superconducting qubits [article]

D. V. Babukhin, A. A. Zhukov, W. V. Pogosov
<span title="2020-05-12">2020</span> <i > arXiv </i> &nbsp; <span class="release-stage" >pre-print</span>
In recent years, there has been a significant progress in the development of digital quantum processors.  ...  Until technology develops to the state with practical error correction, computational approaches other than the standard digital one can be used to avoid execution of the most noisy quantum operations.  ...  Acknowledgements We acknowledge use of the IBM Quantum Experience for this work.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://arxiv.org/abs/1909.10732v2">arXiv:1909.10732v2</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/ci3eq47t7nhuxeqclpehqysjyi">fatcat:ci3eq47t7nhuxeqclpehqysjyi</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20200514011931/https://arxiv.org/pdf/1909.10732v2.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://arxiv.org/abs/1909.10732v2" title="arxiv.org access"> <button class="ui compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="file alternate outline icon"></i> arxiv.org </button> </a>

Development of a 60 Hz Power Standard Using SNS Programmable Josephson Voltage Standards

C.J. Burroughs, S.P. Benz, P.D. Dresselhaus, B.C. Waltrip, T.L. Nelson, Yonuk Chong, J.M. Williams, D. Henderson, P. Patel, L. Palafox, R. Behr
<span title="">2007</span> <i title="Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/ezthgawmfbeczntonmx4gfjvtm" style="color: black;">IEEE Transactions on Instrumentation and Measurement</a> </i> &nbsp;
The National Institute of Standards and Technology PJVS systems use series arrays of Josephson junctions to produce accurate quantum-based dc voltages.  ...  We present measurements and calculations that elucidate the sources of error in the rms voltage that are intrinsic to the digital-synthesis technique and that are due to the finite rise times and transients  ...  In our application, the first eight digitization harmonics are the most significant, and their effect on the rms voltage is summarized in Table I .  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1109/tim.2007.891156">doi:10.1109/tim.2007.891156</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/dkorw2ym35h2dlpc6jz2pu5foq">fatcat:dkorw2ym35h2dlpc6jz2pu5foq</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20200322123532/https://tsapps.nist.gov/publication/get_pdf.cfm?pub_id=32393" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/9d/db/9ddb004348bf1d2e886b6477ec4759e12309930d.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1109/tim.2007.891156"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> ieee.com </button> </a>

Towards Post-Quantum Blockchain: A Review on Blockchain Cryptography Resistant to Quantum Computing Attacks

Tiago M. Fernandez-Carames, Paula Fraga-Lamas
<span title="">2020</span> <i title="Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/q7qi7j4ckfac7ehf3mjbso4hne" style="color: black;">IEEE Access</a> </i> &nbsp;
Furthermore, extensive comparisons are provided on the characteristics and performance of the most promising post-quantum public-key encryption and digital signature schemes for blockchains.  ...  Moreover, the most relevant post-quantum blockchain systems are studied, as well as their main challenges.  ...  In addition, extensive comparisons were provided on the characteristics and performance of the most promising post-quantum public-key encryption and digital-signature schemes.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1109/access.2020.2968985">doi:10.1109/access.2020.2968985</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/7wsxhxrfojdmzcxtjtrk6cmcci">fatcat:7wsxhxrfojdmzcxtjtrk6cmcci</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20201117041629/https://ieeexplore.ieee.org/ielx7/6287639/8948470/08967098.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/91/85/918591659286dc2891a6201d7146b80eab77ad2a.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1109/access.2020.2968985"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="unlock alternate icon" style="background-color: #fb971f;"></i> ieee.com </button> </a>

Proposal for a digital pseudorandom number generator

C.P. Downing
<span title="">1984</span> <i title="Institution of Engineering and Technology (IET)"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/5njumqonprdi3jwzrhnh22m7pm" style="color: black;">Electronics Letters</a> </i> &nbsp;
The p/2 most significant bits are applied to the digital-to-analogue convertor.  ...  binary output is taken from the most significant bit.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1049/el:19840302">doi:10.1049/el:19840302</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/k2rk5mwjora7lpxdo4lrutnc74">fatcat:k2rk5mwjora7lpxdo4lrutnc74</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20200320043655/https://arrow.tudublin.ie/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1017&amp;context=engscheceart" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/9b/a1/9ba1bba4d5028901ac0ccd890910ca8b3f2f9cb5.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1049/el:19840302"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="unlock alternate icon" style="background-color: #fb971f;"></i> Publisher / doi.org </button> </a>

Design of an Area Efficient Adder Using Minority Gates in QCA
english

Abilash.B, Kirubakaran.T
<span title="2015-05-30">2015</span> <i title="Ess &amp; Ess Research Publications"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/vzhjis6iijfe5gwwloxj4ecjr4" style="color: black;">International Journal of Innovative Research in Computer and Communication Engineering</a> </i> &nbsp;
The proposed QCA adder design is based on new algorithm that requires only three majority gates and two inverters for the QCA addition.  ...  In addition, because of the adopted basic logic and layout approach, the number of clock cycles required of completing the explanation was limited.  ...  It must be noted that the time critical addition is performed when a carry is generated at the least significant bit position and then it is propagated through the subsequent bit positions to the most  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.15680/ijircce.2015.0305018">doi:10.15680/ijircce.2015.0305018</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/5phhxau6kzdihgsjxhbo5vcdsu">fatcat:5phhxau6kzdihgsjxhbo5vcdsu</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20170829042924/https://www.rroij.com/open-access/adder-design-using-qca-technique-witharea-delay-efficient.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/fd/c4/fdc4c78a7ffd73cd4f39ea8cd40489c113141b4f.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.15680/ijircce.2015.0305018"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> Publisher / doi.org </button> </a>

Scanning the issue - Special Issue on Applications of Superconductivity

T. VanDuzer, W.V. Hassenzahl
<span title="">2004</span> <i title="Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/yfvtieuumfamvmjlc255uckdlm" style="color: black;">Proceedings of the IEEE</a> </i> &nbsp;
Ketchen, describes several of the most significant of these applications.  ...  Several families of single-flux-quantum circuits have been invented; the most highly developed and widespread logic family is called RSFQ, for Rapid Single-Flux Quantum logic.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1109/jproc.2004.833650">doi:10.1109/jproc.2004.833650</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/2nb24ytjqreuzi34xojg2chnhe">fatcat:2nb24ytjqreuzi34xojg2chnhe</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20190309044346/http://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/fe87/2dfb56abea4d3cafecb6ec831cea321d83f9.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/fe/87/fe872dfb56abea4d3cafecb6ec831cea321d83f9.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1109/jproc.2004.833650"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> ieee.com </button> </a>

Image Pixel Value Unification Digital Watermarking Embedding Method based on Quantum Key

Wu Jianan, Zhang Di, Wang Huan, Zhu Dexin, Song Lijun
<span title="">2019</span> <i title="Totem Publisher, Inc."> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/7jcg35zmwbdmpmvxhyrwzy26s4" style="color: black;">International Journal of Performability Engineering</a> </i> &nbsp;
At present, most watermarking algorithms use pseudo-random number sequences as watermarks, and the design of the algorithm is more focused on improving the concealment and robustness.  ...  The algorithm, based on the principle of the BB84 protocol, uses the quantum key with true randomness generated by the mechanism for distributing the quantum key as the data source for preparing watermarks  ...  In addition, there are also digital watermarking algorithms combined with quantum key in the airspace.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.23940/ijpe.19.08.p28.22772284">doi:10.23940/ijpe.19.08.p28.22772284</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/gxmxscleb5cs5m2seqeyigg7m4">fatcat:gxmxscleb5cs5m2seqeyigg7m4</a> </span>
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Page 426 of Journal of Philosophy of Education Vol. 36, Issue 3 [page]

<span title="">2002</span> <i title="Blackwell Publishing Ltd."> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://archive.org/details/pub_journal-of-philosophy-of-education" style="color: black;">Journal of Philosophy of Education</a> </i> &nbsp;
(a) With ever increasing clarity, the formulation of guantum mechanics in the 1920s by Werner Heisenberg, Niels Bohr, Erwin Schrédinger and others has shown itself to be the most significant breakthrough  ...  The fundamental philosophical significance of quantum mechanics stems from the fact that the observer of quantum systems is assigned a role that he or she did not have in classical physics.  ... 
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Signatures for unconditional save authenticity protection of medical dokumentation

Arkadiusz Liber, Rafał Rusek
<span title="2015-12-30">2015</span> <i title="Index Copernicus"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/b2gsvmziurb23k6p536xrh6624" style="color: black;">PULS UCZELNI</a> </i> &nbsp;
The most significant element of the verification phase is the ability to compare two sets of bits or qubits. For classical bits it is an easy task.  ...  The first Quantum Digital Signature protocol was proposed in 2001 by Gottesman and Chuang [2] . This protocol was designed for classical messages only.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.5604/2081-2021.1191752">doi:10.5604/2081-2021.1191752</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/s6cv7pm7jbcapli6hor6xvzine">fatcat:s6cv7pm7jbcapli6hor6xvzine</a> </span>
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Transitioning to a Hyperledger Fabric Quantum-Resistant Classical Hybrid Public Key Infrastructure

Robert Campbell
<span title="2019-11-04">2019</span> <i title="The British Blockchain Association"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/yc65vo6om5eotpdi3nh63xheyi" style="color: black;">The Journal of British Blockchain Association</a> </i> &nbsp;
This research presents independent evaluation and testing of the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), based Second Round Candidate Post-Quantum Cryptography (PQC), lattice-based digital  ...  Hyperledger Fabric (HLF) is a permissioned, blockchain designed by IBM and uses Public Key Infrastructure (PKI), for digital signatures, and digital identities (X.509 certificates), which are critical  ...  Further, the author encourages additional independent testing, verification, and validation of qTESLA as one of the most practical hybrid quantum-resistant PKI systems.  ... 
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