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News Briefs

1999 Journal of Research of the National Institute of Standards and Technology  
The load controls whether the radiofrequency current injected at the powered electrode flows to the second electrode or to other surfaces inside the reactor.  ...  An important possible implication of this work is that, after "training" the SET device by repeated cooldowns or a high-temperature anneal, it may be possible to use SET devices in applications without  ...  PAPER DETAILS PROS AND CONS OF ANNEALING OPTICAL FIBERS NIST has been a pioneer in the development of annealed optical fiber current sensors for use in commercial utility and power monitoring applications  ... 
doi:10.6028/jres.104.026 fatcat:jevlwe22jvektfguyyyfncqa6u

2001 MRS Fall Meeting Highlights Innovations in Materials Research

2002 MRS bulletin  
matrix-assisted pulsed laser evaporation direct write MBE: molecular beam epitaxy MEMS: microelectromechanical systems MESFET: metal-semiconductor field-effect transistor MIT: Massachusetts Institute of  ...  , and the potential of a double-quantum-well system with possibilities to operate at room temperature for chemical and biological agent detection.  ...  These pores serve as a molecular stencil to guide the growth from one layer to the next. Other studies on the structure have revealed threads of the protein Lustrin A that act as shock absorbers.  ... 
doi:10.1557/mrs2002.77 fatcat:rbqtnqjxtrdkto2wx5yjzpz6gi

4th International Conference "Nanotechnologies"

Alex Gerasomov, Levan Chkhartishvili
2022 Nano Studies  
Upon cessation of shear flow, the system relaxes to a globally isotropic state with a rate which is independent of the prior shear rate but is strongly dependent on the temperature.  ...  The development of a global preferred orientation in the thermotropic phase of the propanoate ester of hydroxypropylcellulose subjected to shear flow is evaluated using time-resolving X-ray scattering  ...  Theory predicts [8] that higher absorption can be achieved with a suitable choice of the dielectric permittivity and the thickness of the substrate.  ... 
doi:10.52340/ns.2010.04 fatcat:ghwwgjzlujaxpf3g3l5hh5ky6m

Applications of advanced hybrid organic–inorganic nanomaterials: from laboratory to market

Clément Sanchez, Philippe Belleville, Michael Popall, Lionel Nicole
2011 Chemical Society Reviews  
a dimension ranging from a few Å to several nanometers.  ...  This, in turn, makes it possible to tailor and fine-tune properties (mechanical, optical, electronic, thermal, chemical...) in very broad ranges, and to design specific systems for applications.  ...  For this reason, ODS steels are considered as the most promising candidates for future nuclear application (i.e. elements of IV gen. reactors).  ... 
doi:10.1039/c0cs00136h pmid:21229132 fatcat:76hrb3d4xnh2jeorcenyd4ipz4

News Briefs

1997 Journal of Research of the National Institute of Standards and Technology  
of resistance to breakage), 60 % higher flexural strength (ability to be bent or twisted without breaking) and 126 % increased flexural modulus (ultimate level of ability to be bent or twisted).  ...  News Briefs NIST plans to host a conference in the near future where scientists and plastics industry representatives will discuss setting up a research consortium to further study nanocomposite flame  ...  According to the paper, a particular texture can be achieved through an efficient choice of rolling reductions and annealing steps.  ... 
doi:10.6028/jres.102.049 fatcat:iwdhjfefgrhfbkc5a3a5kbwwv4

Science and technology roadmap for graphene, related two-dimensional crystals, and hybrid systems

Andrea C Ferrari, Francesco Bonaccorso, Vladimir Fal'ko, Konstantin S Novoselov, Stephan Roche, Peter Bøggild, Stefano Borini, Frank H L Koppens, Vincenzo Palermo, Nicola Pugno, José A Garrido, Roman Sordan (+52 others)
2015 Nanoscale  
We provide an overview of the key aspects of graphene and related materials (GRMs), ranging from fundamental research challenges to a variety of applications in a large number of sectors, highlighting  ...  the steps necessary to take GRMs from a state of raw potential to a point where they might revolutionize multiple industries.  ...  Acknowledgements We acknowledge useful discussions with A. K. Geim, K. von Klitzing  ... 
doi:10.1039/c4nr01600a pmid:25707682 fatcat:hzfkhollfbbunbdroujkvqzxke

Fabrication and performance of GaN electronic devices

S.J. Pearton, F. Ren, A.P. Zhang, K.P. Lee
2000 Materials science & engineering. R, Reports  
GaN and related materials (especially AlGaN) have recently attracted a lot of interest for applications in high power electronics capable of operation at elevated temperatures.  ...  O 3 with band gaps of 4.3 and 9.2 eV, respectively.  ...  The ICP reactor was a load-locked Plasma-Therm SLR 770, which used a 2 MHz, three-turn coil ICP source. The ion energy or dc-bias was defined by superimposing an rf-bias (13.56 MHz) on the sample.  ... 
doi:10.1016/s0927-796x(00)00028-0 fatcat:ev54z37k2bdjvfwdfrtpnfsunq

CERAMIC ABSTRACTS

1961 Journal of The American Ceramic Society  
—K. reviews the use of ceramics in chemical process equipment with special ref- erence to a brand of SiC, its properties, and its applications. 4 references W.A Use ceramics in power reactors.  ...  Nuclear Materials, 3 (3) 331-53 (1961) One of the uncertainties involved in the use of cold-pressed and sintered UO, for reactor fuel elements has been the lack of ade- quate data concerning those factors  ... 
doi:10.1111/j.1151-2916.1961.tb13706.x fatcat:pz7joodskjgxjdmhisnsxpvica

Future trends in microelectronics - reflections on the road to nanotechnology

1997 Precision engineering  
Send comment regarding this burden estimates or any other aspect of this collection of information, including suggestions for reducing this burden, to Washington Headquarters Services, Directorate for  ...  Public reporting burden for this collection of information is estimated to average 1 hour per response, including the time for reviewing instructions, searching existing data sources, gathering and maintaining  ...  We consider such grating structures particularly promising for future applications, and extensive studies of such structures are currently underway, to be reported in due course.  ... 
doi:10.1016/0141-6359(97)90048-9 fatcat:j7blw4wn6zbitmoqqffj46g54e

Electric Double Layer Capacitor [chapter]

2016 Encyclopedia of Nanotechnology  
LC 50 The lethal concentration 50 % is the dose required to kill half the members of a tested population for a test duration. It is a general indicator of a substance's acute toxicity.  ...  effective concentration referring to the concentration that induces a response halfway between the baseline and maximum after some specified exposure time.  ...  Due to the limitation of the number of references, we favored the citation of reviews and the most recent articles.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-94-017-9780-1_100279 fatcat:bwewyikjfjckhfucz5ta2fhg7a

Electronic Properties [chapter]

2016 Encyclopedia of Nanotechnology  
LC 50 The lethal concentration 50 % is the dose required to kill half the members of a tested population for a test duration. It is a general indicator of a substance's acute toxicity.  ...  effective concentration referring to the concentration that induces a response halfway between the baseline and maximum after some specified exposure time.  ...  Due to the limitation of the number of references, we favored the citation of reviews and the most recent articles.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-94-017-9780-1_100299 fatcat:uafi4jywlrhfxdtcrlnvzgboti

Electrospinning and Electrospun Nanofibers: Methods, Materials, and Applications

Jiajia Xue, Tong Wu, Yunqian Dai, Younan Xia
2019 Chemical Reviews  
Remarkable progress has been made with regard to the development of electrospinning methods and engineering of electrospun nanofibers to suit or enable various applications.  ...  We begin with a brief introduction to the early history of electrospinning, followed by discussion of its principle and typical apparatus.  ...  the material cost of a fuel cell.  ... 
doi:10.1021/acs.chemrev.8b00593 pmid:30916938 pmcid:PMC6589095 fatcat:qlkpfqtj4naftjdqarto765agu

Cell Micro-patterning [chapter]

2016 Encyclopedia of Nanotechnology  
Dc-contact switches function similarly to conventional relays: micromachined beams or plates move under the influence of an appropriately applied force (e.g., electrostatic force) to open or close a metal-to-metal  ...  Synonyms Electrostatic RF MEMS switches; Micromechanical switches; RF MEMS switches Definition Capacitive micro-electro-mechanical systems (MEMS) switches are a special type of micromachined switches that  ...  The interest in this class of materials is fueled by a broad range of potential applications, ranging from fabrication of flexible/stretchable electronic and acoustic devices to the design of advanced  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-94-017-9780-1_100152 fatcat:msyahfwivvcxhol3nltwdi546e

Chemical Vapor Deposition (CVD) [chapter]

Yoke Khin Yap, Dongyan Zhang
2016 Encyclopedia of Nanotechnology  
Dc-contact switches function similarly to conventional relays: micromachined beams or plates move under the influence of an appropriately applied force (e.g., electrostatic force) to open or close a metal-to-metal  ...  Synonyms Electrostatic RF MEMS switches; Micromechanical switches; RF MEMS switches Definition Capacitive micro-electro-mechanical systems (MEMS) switches are a special type of micromachined switches that  ...  The interest in this class of materials is fueled by a broad range of potential applications, ranging from fabrication of flexible/stretchable electronic and acoustic devices to the design of advanced  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-94-017-9780-1_345 fatcat:hqqkocm2sne5jp32r7akdjceyi

Three-dimensional point-cloud room model in room acoustics simulations

Milos Markovic, So/ren K. Olesen, Dorte Hammersho/i
2013 Journal of the Acoustical Society of America  
In the 4th generation sodium fast nuclear reactors (SFR), different phenomena can lead to gaseous microbubbles presence in the primary liquid sodium pool.  ...  the end of their life cycle as fuel and burned in cement kilns in order to take advantage of their high heating value, with all the problems of pollution that this solution produces.  ...  to rank a set of competing models.  ... 
doi:10.1121/1.4806371 fatcat:ln4w6j7cjvchrckf2gzfmeiwoi
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