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Quantum, a French/English Cross-Language Question Answering System [chapter]

Luc Plamondon, George Foster
2004 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
We describe a method for modifying a monolingual English question answering system to allow it to accept French questions.  ...  The additional steps performed by the cross-language system lower its performance by 28% compared to the original system.  ...  At CLEF, the cross-language version of our system obtained a MRR of 0.161 on the French questions.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-540-30222-3_53 fatcat:2rifhygq5rdezlxwq2pbr2o6ae

Mood and modality in finite noun complement clauses: A French-English contrastive study

2010 International Journal of Corpus Linguistics  
On the one hand, we claim on the basis of cross-linguistic and semantic evidence that modality is a common intrinsic feature of nouns that licensethat/quecomplement clauses, and, as a consequence, that  ...  The present paper presents a corpus-based contrastive analysis of modality in English and French finite noun complement clauses.  ...  cross-linguistically.  ... 
doi:10.1075/ijcl.15.2.06kan fatcat:4gy4qov5w5cfhj3vqvmg5hhaua

A life in statistical mechanics

Joel L. Lebowitz, Luisa Bonolis
2017 The European Physical Journal H  
The second part will appear in a forthcoming issue of European Physical Journal H.  ...  We are deeply indebted to Wolf Beiglböck for a critical and constructive evaluation of the manuscript and for his and Francesco Guerra's constant encouragement. J. L.  ...  We both ordered fish in a saffron sauce, but neither of us knew what saffron was. So I looked it up in my French/English dictionary, which just said "saffron = saffron".  ... 
doi:10.1140/epjh/e2017-80006-9 fatcat:rfua4um375cqpbyrry5hhvu3sy

LANGUAGE POLICY AND PRACTICE IN SECONDARY SCHOOL CONTEXTS IN BANGLADESH [article]

S.M.Ariful Islam
2015 The PhD Series of the Faculty of the Humanities  
Other European languages like French, English, and Italian started to get importance in the sixteenth century due to political changes, and Latin was gradually displaced in spoken and written communication  ...  Among various questions, he mentioned true/false, multiple choice question, short-question answer from a given text.  ...  First I discuss the topic, A: pre-discussion right? S: Then I give them some questions to write the answers.  ... 
doi:10.5278/vbn.phd.hum.00006 fatcat:4dkl4hw7vrfqbld5qwnkn6rr24

CORRESPONDENCE

1875 The Monthly Microscopical Journal  
-We are microscope-one of which appears in print in the present number of this Journal-in the form of a complete book " on the theory of optical instruments." informed that Professor Abbe inten a s to  ...  The answer to my question is, as Dr.  ...  They quote Scotch, French, English, American, and Dutch aut'horities with perfect impartiality, thus recognizing that science, like goodness, is the property of no particular nationality.  ... 
doi:10.1111/j.1365-2818.1875.tb00070.x fatcat:xdedjbg4jfhm3kgyxinl7xkxcm

Natural Language Processing as a Foundation of the Semantic Web

Yorick Wilks, Christopher Brewster
2007 Foundations and Trends® in Web Science  
: 200 million words of the French-English parallel text from Hansard, the Canadian parliamentary proceedings.  ...  On this view, QA are like two "languages." In practice, this approach meant taking FAQ questions and their corresponding answers as training pairs.  ... 
doi:10.1561/1800000002 fatcat:n2xfw3qdhverrokidb2globwyq

Levels of Reality as Source of Quantum Indeterminacy [article]

Basarab Nicolescu
2000 arXiv   pre-print
We show that the notion of "levels of Reality" introduced by Werner Heisenberg in his "Manuscript of 1942" (1984) and by myself (1983-1985) could explain the quantum indeterminacy.  ...  This proposal is not enough, by itself, to justify a new vision of the world. We must first of all answer many questions in the most rigorous possible way.  ...  See also the Internet site of the International Center for Transdisciplinary Research (CIRET) http://perso.clubinternet.fr/nicol/ciret/ (materials in French, English, Portuguese and Spanish). 6] Stéphane  ... 
arXiv:quant-ph/0012007v1 fatcat:vms6xi3rtffxvo3e22qdjgfana

Foundations of Information Theory [article]

Mark Burgin
2008 arXiv   pre-print
Many question a possibility of such a definition.  ...  Foundations of information theory are built in a form of ontological principles, which reflect basic features of information and information processes.  ...  It is assumed, for example, that a paper about the Sun may help answering questions about the Sun.  ... 
arXiv:0808.0768v1 fatcat:57wwstsrujattiv44srvedb2bu

Digital Spatial Practices and Linguistic Landscaping in Beirut

David Joseph Wrisley
2020 ILCEA  
Conversations in the Lebanese capital move between Arabic, French, English, and sometimes Armenian, and when the diaspora visits, more languages can be heard in the cityscape: Spanish, Brazilian Portuguese  ...  The simple answer to the student's question was no doubt a question of numbers; in the early 2010s the web content created in Arab countries in general, let alone in English, would not have returned many  ...  The students in the course represented somewhat of a cross-section of contemporary Lebanese society, with differing levels of English dominant education.  ... 
doi:10.4000/ilcea.9198 fatcat:v46fakjxfrea7nnahkjti26dxi

Les débuts de la mission de Hugh Swinton Legaré, chargé d'affaires des États-Unis à Bruxelles (septembre-décembre 1832)

Henri Laurent
1937 Bulletin de la Commission royale d histoire Académie royale de Belgique  
As to the probability of such an event as the investing of the citadel of Antwerp by the French & English for, as I informed you in my last that a convention had been signed between the ambassadors of  ...  It is said, also, that the captains of French & English vessells (sic) have received instructions to withdraw from the ports of Holland for fear of an embargo, & from that of Antwerp, in contemplation  ...  called them, or prisoners of a denomination yet unknown to the public law of Europe, is a grave question for the diplomatic corps.  ... 
doi:10.3406/bcrh.1937.1736 fatcat:yf4wwcoarvczljld46km4nvgky

Sociology and Beyond. Interview with Elemér Hankiss

Máté Zombory
2015 Intersections  
French, English, American, German philosophical and sociological thinking, and all the natural sciences, physics.  ...  So I had to try to do what was possible, to tell the public, in a weird metaphoric language. This was one standpoint.  ...  It is a great question, because I don't know the answer. As a matter of fact there was a serious change in 1995-96. I was at Georgetown University, Washington DC. 14 It was hard work.  ... 
doi:10.17356/ieejsp.v1i2.117 fatcat:nbj45y7t7bg7papykuthhmdd2m

New Foundation in the Sciences: Physics without Sweeping Infinities under the Rug [article]

Victor Christianto, Florentin Smarandache, Robert Neil Boyd
2020 Figshare  
They say: "Quantum electrodynamics is a good theory, and we do not have to worry about it any more."  ...  That is why we choose a theme here: New Foundations in the Sciences, in order to emphasize the necessity to introduce a new set of approaches in the Sciences, be it Physics, Cosmology, Consciousness etc  ...  Another set of experiments along similar lines was done in Europe by a coalition of French, English, and German experimenters. Their observations verified those which had been made in the U.S.  ... 
doi:10.6084/m9.figshare.12387260 fatcat:6qqvy3zxrfgebm6ctt5jkakqz4

The Solvay Councils and the Birth of Modern Physics

Steve Abbott, Pierre Marage, Gregoire Wallenborn
2000 Mathematical Gazette  
Toute personne peut, sans avoir à demander l'autorisation de l'auteur ou de l'ayant-droit, à des fins d'usage privé ou à des fins d'illustration de l'enseignement ou de recherche scientifique, dans la  ...  de Bruxelles, recueille la production scientifique de l'Université, mise à disposition en libre accès autant que possible.  ...  Papers would be translated into three languages, French, English and German.  ... 
doi:10.2307/3621708 fatcat:cvjoljvqhfccbficlce4t4lt7e

Retelling Legends and Folk Tales: A Transcreative Approach in the Collaborative Translation Classroom

Olga Mastela
2020 Research in Language  
The project in question was accomplished in the academic year 2018/2019 by a team of the 1st and 2nd year MA students, partly out of the classroom in an authentic setting and partly within the frames of  ...  a specialised collaborative translation course.  ...  Clark (Camberley/England) not only for checking the text with the eyes of a native speaker of English but also for giving important advice as a Biblical scholar and former UBS and IBT Translation Consultant  ... 
doi:10.18778/1731-7533.18.2.03 fatcat:5ch56f4bkfeavirsjyfqbjmukm

THE POETIC LINGUISTIC NON-STANDARDNESS AND MEANING CONSTRUCTION: SEMANTIC ASPECTS OF THE ASSOCIATIVE THEORY OF LINGUISTIC CREATIVITY

T.A. Gridina, T.V. Ustinova
2016 Russian Linguistic Bulletin  
linguistic form, its semantic subject matter and conceptual content are explained from the perspective of associative shifting which broadens the semantic potential of the word and results in developing a  ...  The Associative Theory of Linguistic Creativity is put forward as an attempt to explain the dynamic process of meaning construction in cases of deliberate language nonconformity in poetry.  ...  Kant once said: arguing about the nature of French, English, Spanish, Italian and German peoples that "Russia is not yet what you need for a specific notion of natural inclinations, is ready to develop  ... 
doi:10.18454/rulb.6.27 fatcat:vqglnxeamraj3ikgayebvwcove
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