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Quantitative methods for Phylogenetic Inference in Historical Linguistics: An experimental case study of South Central Dravidian [article]

Taraka Rama, Sudheer Kolachina, Lakshmi Bai B
2014 arXiv   pre-print
Furthermore, we studied these minor differences and found that they were cases of genuine ambiguity even for a well-trained historical linguist.  ...  given in Krishnamurti et al. (1983), we observed that the resultant phylogenetic trees are largely in agreement with the linguistic family tree constructed using the comparative method of reconstruction  ...  supervision of experts so that their veracity can be better ascertained.  ... 
arXiv:1401.0708v1 fatcat:bdxmb7qv6veydfdjig5lcbc62u

Linguistic Classification using Instance-Based Learning [article]

Priya S. Nayak, Rhythm Girdhar, Shreekanth M. Prabhu
2020 arXiv   pre-print
Further, we make use of clustering coefficients as a quality metric for our research. We believe our work has the potential to usher in a new era in linguistics.  ...  We have limited this work for important languages in India.  ...  Srinivas, our professor, PES University for his continued guidance and support.  ... 
arXiv:2012.07512v1 fatcat:2gsw5rdv7rbvtdrd6jg3edofeu

Non-Parametric Bayesian Areal Linguistics [article]

Hal Daumé III
2009 arXiv   pre-print
The use of areas improves genetic reconstruction of languages both qualitatively and quantitatively according to a variety of metrics.  ...  We describe a statistical model over linguistic areas and phylogeny. Our model recovers known areas and identifies a plausible hierarchy of areal features.  ...  Acknowledgments Deep thanks to Lyle Campbell, Yee Whye Teh and Eric Xing for discussions; comments from the three anonymous reviewers were very helpful.  ... 
arXiv:0906.5114v1 fatcat:7go3ed5ynvgxdeb3aaiahmznsq

The political economy of linguistic cleavages

Klaus Desmet, Ignacio Ortuño-Ortín, Romain Wacziarg
2012 Journal of Development Economics  
By doing so, we let the data inform us on which linguistic cleavages are most relevant for a range of political economy outcomes, rather than making ad hoc choices.  ...  This paper uses a linguistic tree, describing the genealogical relationship between all 6912 world languages, to compute measures of diversity at different levels of linguistic aggregation.  ...  However, at high levels of aggregation both countries are similar: 80% of their populations speak an Indo-European language, with a 20% minority of mostly Dravidian in the case of Sri Lanka and Altaic  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.jdeveco.2011.02.003 fatcat:xaduadt4mjbzthnidydhhstj6a

The Political Economy of Linguistic Cleavages

Klaus Desmet, Ignacio Ortuno-Ortin, Romain T. Wacziarg
2011 Social Science Research Network  
By doing so, we let the data inform us on which linguistic cleavages are most relevant for a range of political economy outcomes, rather than making ad hoc choices.  ...  This paper uses a linguistic tree, describing the genealogical relationship between all 6,912 world languages, to compute measures of diversity at different levels of linguistic aggregation.  ...  For instance, Luttmer and Fong (2009) find in an experimental setting that people donate more money to Hurricane Katrina victims when the victims are perceived to to examine what level of linguistic  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.2125034 fatcat:kfvqhlv7rrelnb4a4istnoxfri

Population Genetic Structure in Indian Austroasiatic Speakers: The Role of Landscape Barriers and Sex-Specific Admixture

G. Chaubey, M. Metspalu, Y. Choi, R. Magi, I. G. Romero, P. Soares, M. van Oven, D. M. Behar, S. Rootsi, G. Hudjashov, C. B. Mallick, M. Karmin (+15 others)
2010 Molecular biology and evolution  
This research was supported by the EU European Regional Development Fund through the Centre of Excellence in Genomics, Estonian Biocentre and University of Tartu  ...  Rost, to allow us to use the rice plant picture (for Figure 1 ) from http://www-plb.ucdavis.edu/labs/rost/Rice/RICEHOME.HTML.  ...  MATERIALS AND METHODS A detailed description of experimental procedures can be found in the Supplementary Experimental Procedures.  ... 
doi:10.1093/molbev/msq288 pmid:20978040 pmcid:PMC3355372 fatcat:6kaqy7wphjg4ppakvnoyscmj6y

Non-spurious correlations between genetic and linguistic diversities in the context of human evolution

Dan Dediu, James Hurford, Simon Kirby
2007 Zenodo  
Acknowledgements My work has been supported by an ORS Awards Grant 2003014001 and a CHSS Studentship, The University of Edinburgh.  ...  For example (Nettle, 1999a:10) , Central Africa is high in language diversity but very low on phylogenetic diversity, while the relation between structural and phylogenetic diversities is discussed in  ...  In this case the current nonspurious correlation cannot be used to infer much about very old linguistic states.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.4252896 fatcat:bzdyptgfsrfybm7w7sbp5sb46q

Universals of reading: Developmental evidence for linguistic plausibility

Usha Goswami
2012 Behavioral and Brain Sciences  
Developmental data support Frost's claim that letter-coding flexibility reflects the optimization of encoding resources in a highly developed system.  ...  Even young children seek to make their visual word recognition strategies linguistically coherent. Orthographic knowledge gained through spelling affects reading, and vice versa.  ...  ACKNOWLE DGMENTS This article was supported in part by the Israel Science Foundation (Grant 159/10 awarded to Ram Frost), and by the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (Grant HD-01994  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0140525x12000052 pmid:22929206 fatcat:ecufjzbnffazfluelfakjo5usm

8 Evolutionary models in other disciplines [chapter]

2020 Handbook of Stemmatology  
The tree as a mathematical, analytical structure has been used, in turn, for a huge number of purposes, be it in one of its first attested usages, as a family tree for aristocratic families (see Lima 2014  ...  The application of the tree model in science as an analytical tool is -as already statedvery broad and has had a special role as a "tool of thought" in Europe (Klapisch-Zuber 2007, 293).  ...  An overview of the use of computational phylogenetic methods in the field of historical linguistics since the early 2000s is given.  ... 
doi:10.1515/9783110684384-009 fatcat:fgh4xgw7gfhjfivsd7xtroghhu

A probabilistic assessment of the Indo-Aryan Inner-Outer Hypothesis [article]

Chundra A. Cathcart
2019 arXiv   pre-print
I employ different prior distributions in order to model sound change, one of which, the logistic normal distribution, has not received much attention in linguistics outside of Natural Language Processing  ...  I find evidence for cohesive dialect groups that have made their imprint on contemporary Indo-Aryan languages, and find that when a logistic normal prior is used, the distribution of dialect components  ...  in Konstanz.  ... 
arXiv:1912.01957v1 fatcat:y2xtwibfhrbvde7l6tgewbw2wm

Altitude and the distributional typology of language structure: Ejectives and beyond

Matthias Urban, Steven Moran
2021 PLoS ONE  
A phylogenetic exploration of the development of both classes of sounds in two large language families spoken in widely different environments, Indo-European and Sino-Tibetan, together with a qualitative  ...  In this context, Everett (2013) argued for direct geographical influences on the sound structure of languages.  ...  Acknowledgments We thank Caleb Everett, Gerhard Jäger, Eitan Grossman, George Moroz, Peter Ranacher, and an anonymous reviewer for their helpful comments on earlier versions of this article.  ... 
doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0245522 pmid:33544750 pmcid:PMC7864408 fatcat:3oxsiqu4mffbzkpgt4rfb2tb7y

Genome variation, diversity and evolution

2008 Genomic Medicine  
Genetics plays a major role in determining performance and success of an individual in a sport.  ...  The aim of this study was to analyze ACTN3 (R577X) and KCNJ11 (E23 K) polymorphisms in athletes and controls.  ...  Identification of the genomic regions which have been targets of natural selection will help in the understanding of human  ... 
doi:10.1007/s11568-009-9096-3 pmid:19449171 pmcid:PMC2694881 fatcat:ndwdo3hzknhepopkrufdavxde4

Non-parametric Bayesian areal linguistics

Hal Daumé
2009 Proceedings of Human Language Technologies: The 2009 Annual Conference of the North American Chapter of the Association for Computational Linguistics on - NAACL '09   unpublished
The use of areas improves genetic reconstruction of languages both qualitatively and quantitatively according to a variety of metrics.  ...  We describe a statistical model over linguistic areas and phylogeny. Our model recovers known areas and identifies a plausible hierarchy of areal features.  ...  Acknowledgments Deep thanks to Lyle Campbell, Yee Whye Teh and Eric Xing for discussions; comments from the three anonymous reviewers were very helpful.  ... 
doi:10.3115/1620754.1620841 fatcat:r4m6ljsg7nhwfnaxzclwvlimqu

Classification and evolution in biology, linguistics and the history of science [article]

(:Unkn) Unknown, Universitätsbibliothek Der FU Berlin, Universitätsbibliothek Der FU Berlin, Heiner Fangerau, Hans Geisler, Thorsten Halling, William Martin
2013
In the field of linguistics, the mutual lexical and morphosyntactic borrowing between languages seems to be much more central for language evolution than the family tree model is likely to concede.  ...  In the humanities, networks are employed as an alternative to established phylogenetic models, to express the hybridization of cultural phenomena, concepts or the social structure of science.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS We thank Thorsten Halling for initiating collaboration between the three of us, and Bill Martin and Tal Dagan for their pioneering work in linguistics using language networks.  ... 
doi:10.17169/refubium-21260 fatcat:64b5xd6nmvhh5nl6vnxmmdmmgm

Kinship terms are not kinship

Maurice Bloch
2010 Behavioral and Brain Sciences  
Grammar is best understood as an offshoot of a uniquely human capacity for playing coordination games.  ...  Thus the study of kinship sheds light on two areas of cognition, and their phylogeny.  ...  On this account, Dravidian and Iroquois cousin terms fall along a markedness gradient with respect to unilineal or parallel/cross distinctions, addressing the concerns of Kronenfeld and McConvell about  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0140525x10001949 fatcat:xv3qq7zarfepvjx32pucp5vpku
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