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Quantifying the impact of weak, strong, and super ties in scientific careers

Alexander Michael Petersen
2015 Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America  
The prevalence of super ties suggests that they arise from career strategies based upon cost, risk, and reward sharing and complementary skill matching.  ...  From more than 166,000 collaboration records, we quantify the frequency distributions of collaboration duration and tie-strength, showing that collaboration networks are dominated by weak ties characterized  ...  The author also acknowledges feedback from participants in the European Union Cooperation in Science and Technology (COST) Action TD1210 (KnowEscape) workshop on "Quantifying scientific impact: Networks  ... 
doi:10.1073/pnas.1501444112 pmid:26261301 pmcid:PMC4553788 fatcat:em2qo434mbfldhqrjvzkh6lbce

PNAS Plus Significance Statements

2015 Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America  
Advances in simulation and synthesis of nanoparticles and colloids are leading to a new class of active colloidal systems where self-propelled and self-rotated particles convert energy to motion.  ...  Our findings provide motivation and design rules for the fabrication of primitive colloidal machines. (See pp.  ...  Quantifying the impact of weak, strong, and super ties in scientific careers Alexander Michael Petersen A scientist will encounter many potential collaborators throughout his/ her career.  ... 
doi:10.1073/pnas.ss11234 fatcat:lhljxyg23vgqpc7o65blnjji7u

The science of science: From the perspective of complex systems

An Zeng, Zhesi Shen, Jianlin Zhou, Jinshan Wu, Ying Fan, Yougui Wang, H. Eugene Stanley
2017 Physics reports  
The science of science (SOS) is a rapidly developing field which aims to understand, quantify and predict scientific research and the resulting outcomes.  ...  While different measurements have been designed to evaluate the scientific impact of scholars, journals and academic institutions, the multiplex structure, dynamics and evolution mechanisms of the whole  ...  Acknowledgments The authors would like to thank Zengru Di, Chi Ho Yeung, Linyuan Lü, Bertrand Roehner, Liying Yang for their helpful suggestions and advice to improve this manuscript.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.physrep.2017.10.001 fatcat:fo35nfw2yna6nlgzl4ywtffhyu

Waves to Weather: Exploring the limits of predictability of weather

George C. Craig, Andreas H. Fink, Corinna Hoose, Tijana Janjić, Peter Knippertz, Audine Laurian, Sebastian Lerch, Bernhard Mayer, Annette Miltenberger, Robert Redl, Michael Riemer, Kirsten I. Tempest (+1 others)
2021 Bulletin of The American Meteorological Society - (BAMS)  
To ensure a lasting impact on research in our field in Germany and internationally, we have instituted innovative programs for training and support of early career scientists, and to support education,  ...  In the context of this large program, we address what we have identified to be the most important and challenging scientific questions in predictability of weather, namely upscale error growth, errors  ...  The authors gratefully acknowledge the comments of Chris Snyder and two anonymous reviewers, which led to important improvements in the manuscript.  ... 
doi:10.1175/bams-d-20-0035.1 fatcat:wffl4wuqkrat3adhfbduxq4jxi

Egocentric analysis of co-authorship network structure, position and performance

Alireza Abbasi, Kon Shing Kenneth Chung, Liaquat Hossain
2012 Information Processing & Management  
For our analysis, we use publication data of high impact factor journals in the field of "Information Science & Library Science" between 2000 and 2009, extracted from Scopus.  ...  In particular, scholars with more co-authors and those who exhibit higher levels of betweenness centrality (i.e., the extent to which a co-author is between another pair of co-authors) perform better in  ...  The basis for this argument leverages on the fact that maximizing the number of ties (weak or strong) in an individual's network does not necessarily provides such benefits.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.ipm.2011.09.001 fatcat:pvki2qbxyfglnhg73djufkyteu

Improvement of the methods of assessing the influence of external factors on the strengths and weaknesses of the enterprise

Yriij Lozovik, Bogdan Tishkov, Oksana Pomazun, Vasily Derbentsev, Alexey Hostryk, S. Semerikov, V. Soloviev, L. Kibalnyk, O. Chernyak, H. Danylchuk
2021 SHS Web of Conferences  
We propose our own approach to quantifying the strengths and weaknesses of the enterprise, external threats and opportunities at the main ten stages.  ...  In the article considered the issues of constructing a classic SWOT analysis matrix, forming a list of key factors of the external and internal environment to assess the degree of their impact on the activities  ...  Assessment of internal factors in relation to deviations from the set norms (division of factors into neutral, strong and weak).  ... 
doi:10.1051/shsconf/202110706006 fatcat:7zyu372jffaahk27rn6qsbg2hu

Scientists who engage with society perform better academically

Pablo Jensen, Jean-Baptiste Rouquier, Pablo Kreimer, Yves Croissant
2008 Science and Public Policy  
This paper gives an idea of some actual practices by studying three key points: the proportion of researchers who are active in wider dissemination, the academic productivity of these scientists, and the  ...  However, little is known about the actual openness of scientific institutions and how their proclaimed priorities translate into concrete measures.  ...  esearchers and academic institutions seem to have admitted the importance of establishing strong ties between science and society.  ... 
doi:10.3152/030234208x329130 fatcat:63k76mnhsnewncceemdqb5rnpm

Gender Diversity And Team Science. Conceptual Framework

Jörg Müller, Anne Laure Humbert, Elisabeth Günther, Ulf Sandström, Anne-Charlott Callerstig, Sandra Klatt
2016 Zenodo  
The third chapter then aims to flesh out the gender dimensions of team science and research assessment in order to arrive at an understanding how gender diversity specifically affects team performance.  ...  The fourth chapter finally spells out the methodological implications for our case study research, the development of the Gender- Diversity-Index and the survey.  ...  Instead of weak ties, teams need strong ties within their team and beyond their unit.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.1442691 fatcat:7ek6kuxcyzfute3apneica3dau

Human migration: the big data perspective

Alina Sîrbu, Gennady Andrienko, Natalia Andrienko, Chiara Boldrini, Marco Conti, Fosca Giannotti, Riccardo Guidotti, Simone Bertoli, Jisu Kim, Cristina Ioana Muntean, Luca Pappalardo, Andrea Passarella (+4 others)
2020 International Journal of Data Science and Analytics  
We explore various data sets and models that can be used to quantify and understand migrant integration, with the final aim of providing the basis for the construction of a novel multi-level integration  ...  The first phase includes the journey, and we study migration flows and stocks, providing examples where big data can have an impact.  ...  The funders had no role in developing the research and writing the manuscript.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s41060-020-00213-5 fatcat:4x54imhjlrcu5hyzv3bcdua5qe

Promoting convergence: The integrated graduate program in physical and engineering biology at Yale University, a new model for graduate education

Dorottya B. Noble, Simon G. J. Mochrie, Corey S. O'Hern, Thomas D. Pollard, Lynne Regan
2016 Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Education  
skills applicable in a variety of careers.  ...  This development raises questions about how best to train a new generation of students to thrive and become leaders in this new scientific landscape [1] [2] [3] .  ...  Acknowledgements The authors are grateful for support from the Raymond  ... 
doi:10.1002/bmb.20977 pmid:27292366 pmcid:PMC5132113 fatcat:4fzknt7axbblbmizkx57tjz7ga

Interplay between success and patterns of human collaboration: case study of a Thai Research Institute

Antonio Maria Fiscarelli, Matthias R. Brust, Roland Bouffanais, Apivadee Piyatumrong, Grégoire Danoy, Pascal Bouvry
2021 Scientific Reports  
We identify several measures to quantify productivity and quality of work, as well as centrality measures and structural measures.  ...  scientific success.  ...  in super ties.  ... 
doi:10.1038/s41598-020-79447-z pmid:33431924 fatcat:kisruijvcnd2pipnkm43q7wzty

Perspective on identifying and characterizing the processes controlling iron speciation and residence time at the atmosphere-ocean interface

Nicholas Meskhidze, Christoph Völker, Hind A. Al-Abadleh, Katherine Barbeau, Matthieu Bressac, Clifton Buck, Randelle M. Bundy, Peter Croot, Yan Feng, Akinori Ito, Anne M. Johansen, William M. Landing (+5 others)
2019 Marine Chemistry  
Here, we provide an assessment report on where the current state of knowledge is and where future research emphasis would have the highest impact in furthering the field of Fe atmosphere-ocean biogeochemical  ...  In addition, the study identifies existing challenges and disconnects (both fundamental and methodological) such as i) inconsistencies in Fe nomenclature and the definition of bioavailable Fe between oceanic  ...  Acknowledgements Funding for this workshop was provided by the National Science Foundation (NSF) grant OCE-1807179 and the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Biological and Environmental Research.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.marchem.2019.103704 fatcat:2uxgk6gujnehfctrvdkjvauaku

Chapter 22 Artistic Labor Markets: Contingent Work, Excess Supply and Occupational Risk Management [chapter]

Pierre-Michel Menger
2006 Handbook of the Economics of Art and Culture  
Artists learn how to compose balanced sets of recurrent and non-recurrent hiring ties in order to secure a living as well as to increase their human capital.  ...  magnify the power of differences in talent and work opportunity to increase inequality.  ...  Such an argument has a strong and a weak version. The strong version is that of on optimal allocation of talents according to an "optimal division of labor" scheme.  ... 
doi:10.1016/s1574-0676(06)01022-2 fatcat:ftdzvqbotvahla64zcjjtpdhba

Women in Science and Technology

Constance E Arregger
1958 Physics Bulletin  
The strength of weak ties: A network theory revisited. Sociological Theory, 1, 201-233. KIRCHMEYER, Catherine (2005).  ...  Learning from academia: The importance of relationships in professional life. Academy of Management Journal, 43(6), 1026-1044. GRANOVETTER, Mark (1973). The strength of weak ties.  ...  Her research in the fields of science and technology and creative industries focuses on working conditions in general and on gender-specific career aspects such as the reconciliation of work and private  ... 
doi:10.1088/0031-9112/9/5/008 fatcat:xfvbgynfybhubfylix2zkrkd7y

Women in science and technology

Janet Hussein
2000 Zimbabwe Science News  
The strength of weak ties: A network theory revisited. Sociological Theory, 1, 201-233. KIRCHMEYER, Catherine (2005).  ...  Learning from academia: The importance of relationships in professional life. Academy of Management Journal, 43(6), 1026-1044. GRANOVETTER, Mark (1973). The strength of weak ties.  ...  Her research in the fields of science and technology and creative industries focuses on working conditions in general and on gender-specific career aspects such as the reconciliation of work and private  ... 
doi:10.4314/zsn.v34i2.18537 fatcat:bqvjuadwxrghpha3avi2r4kgca
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