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Quantifying Inequality in Underreported Medical Conditions [article]

Divya Shanmugam, Emma Pierson
2021 arXiv   pre-print
However, it is difficult to estimate relative prevalence when a medical condition is underreported.  ...  In this work, we provide a method for accurately estimating the relative prevalence of underreported medical conditions, building upon the positive unlabeled learning framework.  ...  However, it is difficult to replicate this success for underreported medical conditions for several reasons.  ... 
arXiv:2110.04133v1 fatcat:nyeljaund5dkrkdnz32jqcv46e

Upsurge of Homicides and Its Impact on Life Expectancy and Life Span Inequality in Mexico, 2005–2015

José Manuel Aburto, Hiram Beltrán-Sánchez
2019 American Journal of Public Health  
To quantify the effect of the upsurge of violence on life expectancy and life span inequality in Mexico after 2005.  ...  Results for females indicate substantial reductions in life span inequality from medically amenable conditions and diabetes in the period 1995 to 2015.  ...  For example, conditions amenable to medical service contributed to reductions in life span inequality in some states but small increases in 9 states for males distributed across the country, while cirrhosis  ... 
doi:10.2105/ajph.2018.304878 pmid:30676788 pmcid:PMC6366518 fatcat:o2ztozcqezeqncjpjhvals2jzm

Measuring abortion-related mortality: challenges and opportunities

Caitlin Gerdts, Ozge Tunçalp, Heidi Johnston, Bela Ganatra
2015 Reproductive Health  
Two recent efforts to quantify the causes of maternal deaths on a global scale generated divergent estimates of abortion-related mortality.  ...  The post-MDG development agenda that aims to improve global health, reduce health inequities, and increase accountability, requires new and novel approaches be tested to improve measurement and estimation  ...  to seek care in medical facilities [8] [9] [10] [11] .  ... 
doi:10.1186/s12978-015-0064-1 pmid:26377189 pmcid:PMC4572614 fatcat:bd7vtz667zeyhksfhxu2z5ckba

Completeness of Cancer Case Ascertainment in International Cancer Registries: Exploring the Issue of Gender Disparities

Syed Ahsan Raza, Irfan Jawed, Roger Jamil Zoorob, Jason Lee Salemi
2020 Frontiers in Oncology  
There are few studies that discussed or attempted to quantify the degree of underreporting among women in a cancer registry (9, 25) . Barlow et al.  ...  and the tradition of sharing of medical information among different medical specialties (59) .  ...  The use, distribution or reproduction in other forums is permitted, provided the original author(s) and the copyright owner(s) are credited and that the original publication in this journal is cited, in  ... 
doi:10.3389/fonc.2020.01148 pmid:32766152 pmcid:PMC7378680 fatcat:aaflu7qmnjgmnlh472mv4nm6ua

Income-related disparities in private prescription drug coverage in Canada

Talshyn Bolatova, Michael R. Law
2019 CMAJ Open  
Higher-income households are much more likely to hold private drug insurance coverage in Canada.  ...  We performed a study to examine the relation between household income and private drug insurance coverage in Canada.  ...  inequities in private drug insurance coverage in Canada.  ... 
doi:10.9778/cmajo.20190085 pmid:31604712 pmcid:PMC6791783 fatcat:zbnxxu2karcbbaawrt4idzenny

Quantifying underreporting of law-enforcement-related deaths in United States vital statistics and news-media-based data sources: A capture–recapture analysis

Justin M. Feldman, Sofia Gruskin, Brent A. Coull, Nancy Krieger, Alexander C. Tsai
2017 PLoS Medicine  
the Quantifying underreporting of law-enforcement-related deaths US [4] .  ...  There was no statistically significant difference in the odds of underreporting in the NVSS for deaths certified by coroners compared to medical examiners, and the odds of underreporting did not vary by  ... 
doi:10.1371/journal.pmed.1002399 pmid:29016598 pmcid:PMC5634537 fatcat:nxuouliyyncwtgybyfp7uttpc4

Comprehensive evaluation of the impact of sociodemographic inequalities on adverse outcomes and excess mortality during the COVID-19 pandemic in Mexico City

Neftali Eduardo Antonio-Villa, Luisa Fernandez-Chirino, Julio Pisanty-Alatorre, Javier Mancilla-Galindo, Ashuin Kammar-García, Arsenio Vargas-Vázquez, Armando González-Díaz, Carlos A Fermín-Martínez, Alejandro Márquez-Salinas, Enrique C Guerra, Jessica Paola Bahena-López, Marco Villanueva-Reza (+4 others)
2021 Clinical Infectious Diseases  
Here, we conducted an in-depth evaluation of the impact of individual and municipal-level social inequalities on the COVID-19 pandemic in Mexico City.  ...  Background The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic in Mexico City has been sharp, as several social inequalities at all levels coexist.  ...  Conditions related to SARS-CoV-2 outcomes in Mexico City.  ... 
doi:10.1093/cid/ciab577 pmid:34159351 fatcat:7tsvmwhv65bjdehldkadtql2z4

Characterizing the Impact of Social Inequality on COVID-19 Propagation in Developing Countries

Evelin Helena Silva Cardoso, Marcelino Silva Da Silva, Francisco Eguinaldo De Albuquerque Felix Junior, Solon Venancio De Carvalho, Andre Carlos Ponce De Leon Ferreira De Carvalho, Nandamudi Vijaykumar, Carlos Renato Lisboa Frances
2020 IEEE Access  
The relationship between social inequality and the health condition is not new, but it becomes even more evident in times of crisis, such as the one the world has been facing with COVID-19.  ...  How does social inequality affect the COVID-19 propagation in developing countries is the object of this study.  ...  cases that have sought medical advice [61] .  ... 
doi:10.1109/access.2020.3024910 pmid:34786291 pmcid:PMC8545300 fatcat:l3bibriakvf63dwje7jj6ojy24

Maternal Mortality Profile: An Integrative Literature Review / Perfil da Mortalidade Materna: Uma Revisão Integrativa da Literatura

Juliane Scarton, Saul Ferraz De Paula, Gustavo Baade De Andrade, Rosiane Filipin Rangel, Jeferson Ventura, Hedi Crecencia Heckler De Siqueira
2019 Revista de Pesquisa : Cuidado é Fundamental Online  
Metodologia: Revisão da literatura, a busca foi realizada em agosto de 2017, por meio da Biblioteca Virtual em Saúde, nas bases de dados da Literatura Latino-Americana e do Caribe em Ciências da Saúde, Medical  ...  The descriptions of the articles were performed by descriptive statistical analysis, being quantified by their nature.  ...  This fact demonstrates that underreporting is still a problem to be solved.  ... 
doi:10.9789/2175-5361.2019.v11i3.816-822 fatcat:y7zez6vyuzhktged4vlytskx6u

Comprehensive evaluation of the impact of sociodemographic inequalities on adverse outcomes and excess mortality during the COVID-19 pandemic in Mexico City [article]

Neftali Eduardo Antonio-Villa, Luisa Fernández-Chirino, Julio Pisanty-Alatorre, Javier Mancilla-Galindo, Ashuin Kammar-García, Arsenio Vargas-Vázquez, Armando González-Díaz, Carlos A. Fermín-Martínez, Alejandro Márquez-Salinas, Enrique Cañedo Guerra, Jessica Paola Bahena-López, Marco Villanueva-Reza (+4 others)
2021 medRxiv   pre-print
The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic in Mexico City has been sharp, as several social inequalities coexist with chronic comorbidities.  ...  The impact of social inequalities transcends individuals and has significant effects at a municipality level, with and interaction between DISLI and MUPD.  ...  Conditions related to SARS-CoV-2 outcomes in workers in Mexico City.  ... 
doi:10.1101/2021.03.11.21253402 fatcat:quza5egi2fffrbbm3kbawunri4

Women's uptake of Medicare Benefits Schedule mental health items for general practitioners, psychologists and other allied mental health professionals

Julie E Byles, Xenia Dolja-Gore, Deborah J Loxton, Lynne Parkinson, Jennifer A Stewart Williams
2011 Medical Journal of Australia  
SF-36 Mental Health Index scores among women in the younger and mid-age cohorts were lowest for women who had accessed mental health items or self-reported a recent mental health condition.  ...  Although there has been rapid uptake of mental health items, uptake by women with mental health needs is low and there is potential socioeconomic inequity.  ...  Consequently, it is not known whether providing subsidised services addresses inequities in service access. 5 In this study, we aimed to: • quantify uptake of mental health items by women participating  ... 
pmid:21401457 fatcat:icd4ant4anhbfh5gn6hqv7str4

Unreported cases in the 2014-2016 Ebola epidemic: Spatiotemporal variation, and implications for estimating transmission

Benjamin D. Dalziel, Max S. Y. Lau, Amanda Tiffany, Amanda McClelland, Jon Zelner, Jessica R. Bliss, Bryan T. Grenfell, Benjamin Althouse
2018 PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases  
to medical care.  ...  Conversely, quantifying underreporting can improve epidemic forecasts and containment PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases | https://doi.strategies.  ...  Metcalf for feedback on earlier versions of the manuscript, and Red Cross volunteers and staff who worked on the Safe and Dignified Burial program in Sierra Leone. Author Contributions  ... 
doi:10.1371/journal.pntd.0006161 pmid:29357363 pmcid:PMC5806896 fatcat:b5fxp3hfw5cyhpyetmsams3ifq

Socioeconomic inequalities in metabolic syndrome in the French West Indies

Zoé Colombet, Marlène Perignon, Benoît Salanave, Edwige Landais, Yves Martin-Prevel, Benjamin Allès, Sophie Drogue, Marie Josèphe Amiot, Caroline Méjean
2019 BMC Public Health  
However, socioeconomic inequalities in chronic diseases are poorly explored in this region.  ...  Further prospective studies are needed to improve our understanding of the mechanisms of social inequalities in MetS in a high poverty rates context.  ...  Subjects who reported specific conditions that could objectively explain low energy intake, such as a low-energy diet to lose weight or acute disease, were not recorded as underreporters.  ... 
doi:10.1186/s12889-019-7970-z pmid:31795991 pmcid:PMC6888917 fatcat:onyu5jnimnaybdtrilraapdgeq

Has universal health insurance reduced socioeconomic inequalities in urban and rural health service use in Thailand?

Vasoontara Yiengprugsawan, Gordon A. Carmichael, Lynette L-Y Lim, Sam-ang Seubsman, Adrian C. Sleigh
2010 Health and Place  
conducted under the auspices of the overarching project ''The Thai Health-Risk Transition: A National Cohort Study'', funded by the Wellcome Trust UK (GR071587MA) and the Australian National Health and Medical  ...  Conclusion In this paper, we have described the patterns of urban and rural use of health services, quantified and assessed the magnitudes of inequalities, and compared between urban and rural areas before  ...  The present study has three objectives: first, to describe the patterns of urban and rural use of health services before and after the UCS; second, to quantify and assess the magnitudes of inequalities  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.healthplace.2010.06.010 pmid:20634120 pmcid:PMC3031979 fatcat:deykhz7zejg7pjhqh3gbuladr4

Inequalities in mortality of men by oral and pharyngeal cancer in Barcelona, Spain and São Paulo, Brazil, 1995–2003

José Leopoldo Ferreira Antunes, Carme Borrell, Glòria Pérez, Antonio Fernando Boing, Victor Wünsch-Filho
2008 International Journal for Equity in Health  
Large inequalities of mortality by most cancers in general, by mouth and pharynx cancer in particular, have been associated to behaviour and geopolitical factors.  ...  The objective of this study was to compare socioeconomic inequalities in male mortality by oral and pharyngeal cancer in two major cities of Europe and South America.  ...  For this aim, health systems demand selective information quantifying inequalities in the experience of disease.  ... 
doi:10.1186/1475-9276-7-14 pmid:18533020 pmcid:PMC2430700 fatcat:rd6b25a6qbbczhpc5bci23drey
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