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Visual perceptual limitations on letter position uncertainty in reading

Marialuisa Martelli, Cristina Burani, Pierluigi Zoccolotti
2012 Behavioral and Brain Sciences  
Perceptual and psychophysical evidence indicates a decay of letter position encoding as a function of the eccentricity of letters (crowding); this factor may account for some of the differences in the  ...  Chinese complicates matters by placing weak demands on serial order of graph-to-speech mapping and strong demands on spatial relations.  ...  For example, both the SOLAR model offered by Davis (1999) and the recent Spatial Coding model (Davis 2010) adopt the idea of spatial coding and encode relative letter position by measures of relative  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0140525x12000222 pmid:22929297 fatcat:zfrnpubyovcslo5lrrikj5zvbu

Structured statistical models of inductive reasoning

Charles Kemp, Joshua B. Tenenbaum
2009 Psychological review  
Each model makes probabilistic inferences about the extensions of novel properties, but the priors for the 4 models are defined over different kinds of structures that capture different relationships between  ...  the power and flexibility of human reasoning.  ...  Participants were told that the absolute positions of the dots were not important, but were asked to ensure that the relative distances between dots matched the relative distances between cities as closely  ... 
doi:10.1037/a0014282 pmid:19159147 fatcat:vtzluuq7mrfhrhwitclfhtfvda

Computational Analysis of Merchant Marine GPS Data

George B. Davis, Kathleen M. Carley
2006 Social Science Research Network  
The analysis framework is unusual in taking a relational perspective to spatial data, and novel in its principled treatment of the relationship between spatial, two-mode, and one-mode network representations  ...  approaches to selecting ports for increased surveillance can balance the tradeoff between cost / inconvenience of surveillance and informational benefit. • Several new software tools were developed to  ...  The measure differentiates between anomalously strong members of weak communities and elite members of a well-connected core (CITE).  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.2728463 fatcat:ti7xnsadqvcy7dypjaaauc4fc4

Infinity and the foundations of linguistics

Ryan M. Nefdt
2017 Synthese  
a strong analogy with discrete mathematics and especially arithmetic.  ...  The Conceptualist tradition, marshalled in by Chomsky and others, holds that infinity is a core explanandum and a link to the formal sciences.  ...  I would also like to thank audiences at the Arché Research Centre and the joint Semantics Seminar at the linguistics and philosophy departments at Yale University for their excellent comments and suggestions  ... 
doi:10.1007/s11229-017-1574-x fatcat:knqznzc6t5dhfp76hap65zg6gm

Great Expectations: The Value of Spatial Diversity in Wireless Networks

S.N. Diggavi, N. Al-Dhahir, A. Stamoulis, A.R. Calderbank
2004 Proceedings of the IEEE  
Throughout the paper, we discuss engineering intuition and tradeoffs, emphasizing the strong interactions between the various network functionalities.  ...  In this paper, the effect of spatial diversity on the throughput and reliability of wireless networks is examined.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENT The authors would like to thank M. Grossglauser and V. Vaishampayan for their insightful comments on the paper, which helped to significantly improve it.  ... 
doi:10.1109/jproc.2003.821914 fatcat:rdjeepkcqvgynddrnae5ik7loe

Job Information Networks, Neighborhood Effects, and Inequality

Yannis M Ioannides, Linda Datcher Loury
2004 Journal of Economic Literature  
Ioannides and Linda Datcher Loury The paper explores the theoretical and empirical literature to examine the use by different social groups of informal sources of information provided by friends, relatives  ...  It also addresses the role of network structure and size, the resource endowments of contacts, and nature of the links between contacts to explain differences in the effects of job information networks  ...  In contrast to the extensive treatment of networks by sociologists, economists' formal as well as qualitative understanding of the role of networks is much less developed.  ... 
doi:10.1257/0022051043004595 fatcat:6iyb5jfe3ve2vdux7xxsq7fara

A century of Gestalt psychology in visual perception: II. Conceptual and theoretical foundations

Johan Wagemans, Jacob Feldman, Sergei Gepshtein, Ruth Kimchi, James R. Pomerantz, Peter A. van der Helm, Cees van Leeuwen
2012 Psychological bulletin  
The first considers the brain as a complex adaptive system and explains how self-organization solves the conundrum of trading between robustness and flexibility of perceptual states.  ...  ., integral dimensions, emergent features, configural superiority, global precedence, primacy of holistic/configural properties) and a refined understanding of its psychological implications (e.g., at  ...  difference between global properties and component properties is not in their relative size.  ... 
doi:10.1037/a0029334 pmid:22845750 pmcid:PMC3728284 fatcat:tqnakmbxhbctxlannhyszazvz4

Computational cognitive models of spatial memory in navigation space: A review

Tamas Madl, Ke Chen, Daniela Montaldi, Robert Trappl
2015 Neural Networks  
Spatial memory refers to the part of the memory system that encodes, stores, recognizes and recalls spatial information about the environment and the agent's orientation within it.  ...  Finally, suggested experimental neuroscience methods are described for verifying the biological plausibility of computational cognitive models of spatial memory, and open questions for the field of spatial  ...  This work has been supported by EPSRC (Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council) grant EP/I028099/1, and FWF (Austrian Science Fund) grant P25380-N23.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.neunet.2015.01.002 pmid:25659941 fatcat:lgnqn7vd2nfptgfzqw2sdx2mha

Geographical Design: Spatial Cognition and Geographical Information Science

Stephen C. Hirtle
2011 Synthesis Lectures on Human-Centered Informatics  
information technologies.This monograph describes the interplay between spatial cognition research and use of spatial interfaces.  ...  The monograph concludes with a discussion of the number of outstanding issues, including the changing nature of maps as the primary spatial interface, concerns about privacy for spatial information, and  ...  For example, one can easily calculate the distance from point A to point B along a network of streets to a reasonable (i) Generate a route from origin o ∈ V to destination d ∈ V from graph G = (V , E)  ... 
doi:10.2200/s00342ed1v01y201103hci011 fatcat:nxo3ej25yjgnhm2u2rs3o23sru

Adapting a Formal Model Theory to Applications in Augmented Personalized Medicine [article]

Plamen L. Simeonov, Andrée C. Ehresmann
2017 arXiv   pre-print
This is presented to the modeller via a formal augmented reality language as a first step towards practical modelling and simulation of multi-level living systems.  ...  The results will be integrated within the current methodology and practices of theoretical biology and (personalized) medicine to deepen and to enhance the holistic understanding of life.  ...  The remaining parts of the main paper and Appendix A have been developed and written by Plamen L. Simeonov. They contain (in part) content from the postdoctoral thesis of Plamen L.  ... 
arXiv:1710.03571v4 fatcat:5v4dymci4rgsfo3k4qcyqq3vae

HindSight: Encouraging Exploration through Direct Encoding of Personal Interaction History

Mi Feng, Cheng Deng, Evan M. Peck, Lane Harrison
2017 IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics  
The results of our experiments suggest that simple additions to visualizations can make users aware of their interaction history, and that these additions significantly impact users' exploration and insights  ...  How the Recession Shaped the Economy in 255 Charts, NYTimes).  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS We thank Dave Brown, Steve Franconeri, Martin Wattenberg, and others who gave excellent feedback on early versions of this work.  ... 
doi:10.1109/tvcg.2016.2599058 pmid:27875151 fatcat:2ipydvil7jd2boll44m3jipa2y

The General Theory of General Intelligence: A Pragmatic Patternist Perspective [article]

Ben Goertzel
2021 arXiv   pre-print
The implementation of specific cognitive processes such as logical reasoning, program learning, clustering and attention allocation in the context and language of this high level architecture is considered  ...  The review covers underlying philosophies (patternist philosophy of mind, foundational phenomenological and logical ontology), formalizations of the concept of intelligence, and a proposed high level architecture  ...  The paper Distinction Graphs and Graphtropy [Goe19a] builds on the Laws of Form paradigm by introducing "distinction graphs" -in which a symmetric link is drawn between two observations, relative to  ... 
arXiv:2103.15100v3 fatcat:mqomtbl53rfgbbdzqqvlexq4i4

Exploring the Use of Conceptual Metaphors in Solving Problems on Entropy

Fredrik Jeppsson, Jesper Haglund, Tamer G. Amin, Helge Strömdahl
2013 The Journal of the Learning Sciences  
Journal of the Learning Sciences Publication details, including instructions for authors and subscription information:  ...  Correspondence should be addressed to Fredrik Jeppsson, the Swedish National Graduate School in Science and Technology Education, ISV, Linköping University, 601 74 Norrköping, Sweden.  ...  Thus, abstract formal reasoning using graphs and equations was realized as a form of narrative discourse.  ... 
doi:10.1080/10508406.2012.691926 fatcat:hd54kcmzyraallrgjjvahbpcyi

Adversarial patrolling with spatially uncertain alarm signals

Nicola Basilico, Giuseppe De Nittis, Nicola Gatti
2017 Artificial Intelligence  
We show that finding the optimal strategy is FNP-hard even in tree graphs and APX-hard in arbitrary graphs.  ...  In the present paper, we focus on spatially uncertain alarm signals. That is, the alarm system is able to detect an attack but it is uncertain on the exact position where the attack is taking place.  ...  Alarm systems are in practice affected by detection uncertainty, e.g., missed detections and false positives, and localization (a.k.a. spatial) uncertainty, e.g., the alarm system is uncertain about the  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.artint.2017.02.007 fatcat:dszlclbfovawfmstfdey2ey3xq

Regional Sustainable Development and Natural Resource Use

Peter Nijkamp, C. J. M. van den Bergh, Frits J. Soeteman
1990 World Bank Economic Review  
Implicit in RSD is that it should always be compatible with global sustainability and that RSD of all regions of a spatial system implies sustainable development for the system as a whole.  ...  From a planning viewpoint, an identification of critical success factors (CSFS) is of crucial importance for RSD.  ...  Sustainability takes for granted a balance between economic development-all quantitative and qualitative changes in the economy that offer positive contributions to welfare-and ecological sustainability-all  ... 
doi:10.1093/wber/4.suppl_1.153 fatcat:4rrrb7iahvhwjbx7ob3q267lly
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