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Lexical Network Analysis on an Online Explanation Task: Effects of Affect and Embodiment of a Pedagogical Agent

Yugo HAYASHI
2016 IEICE transactions on information and systems  
In the study, a lexical network analysis that focused on the co-occurrence of keywords in learner's explanation text, which were used as dependent variables, was performed.  ...  The learners (participants) were students enrolled in a psychology class. The learners provided explanations to a PCA one-on-one as an after-school activity.  ...  The method used in this study provided potential implications that lexical network analysis can be applied to explanation activities performed in a large scale learning task.  ... 
doi:10.1587/transinf.2015cbp0005 fatcat:brb7ein6mjeptnsyoxfto6yale

Longitudinal Task-Related Functional Connectivity Changes Predict Reading Development

Gregory J. Smith, James R. Booth, Chris McNorgan
2018 Frontiers in Psychology  
neural pathways, specifically decreases in transitivity is indicative of greater network integration.  ...  The current study used functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to explore developmental changes in functional connectivity across multiple runs of a rhyming judgment task in young readers (8-14 years  ...  This research was supported by internal faculty development funding from the University at Buffalo College of Arts and Sciences to CM and grants from the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development  ... 
doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2018.01754 pmid:30283393 pmcid:PMC6156257 fatcat:sq6obj5edfhofj3mq3ibytwbkm

Task conflict and proactive control: A computational theory of the Stroop task

Eyal Kalanthroff, Eddy J. Davelaar, Avishai Henik, Liat Goldfarb, Marius Usher
2018 Psychological review  
Cognitive control is an important human capacity that allows us to flexibly respond to the environment in a goal-relevant way, freeing us from the constraints of automaticity or stimulus bound.  ...  signature of task conflict.  ...  As the task unit provides top-down input to the color feature maps, an accelerated activation due to positive feedback can be seen in both layers.  ... 
doi:10.1037/rev0000083 pmid:29035077 fatcat:ylzh2ltg4bauxhbqcmzrxktaum

The effect of dual task demands and proficiency on second language speech production

MATHIEU DECLERCK, JUDIT KORMOS
2012 Bilingualism: Language and Cognition  
The results indicated that imposing dual task demands has a negative effect on the accuracy of lexical selection and the efficiency of error-correction processes.  ...  In this study we examined how the introduction of a parallel finger-tapping task influences second language speech (L2) encoding mechanisms and monitoring processes and how the level of proficiency impacts  ...  There might be several possible explanations for the lack of an overall condition effect on speech production.  ... 
doi:10.1017/s1366728911000629 fatcat:7byevllcwffvddrchdxmiwqfg4

The relatedness-of-meaning effect for ambiguous words in lexical-decision tasks: When does relatedness matter?

Yasushi Hino, Yuu Kusunose, Stephen J. Lupker
2010 Canadian journal of experimental psychology  
Keywords: a number-of-meaning effect, a relatedness-of-meaning effect, a lexical decision task  ...  Effects of the number of meanings (NOM) and the relatedness of those meanings (ROM) were examined for Japanese Katakana words using a lexical-decision task.  ...  In lexical decision tasks, of course, NOM effects (i.e., advantages) do arise.  ... 
doi:10.1037/a0020475 pmid:20873915 fatcat:dfhla445iva27aajlsfc2mwx4q

Dynamic Assessment of IELTS Writing Task One through Mobile Learning in the Context of Iranian EFL Learners

Leila Moeinpour, Mahdi Nasiri, Aiyoub Jodairi Pineh, Nikoo Davarpanah
2019 International Journal of English Language Education  
An intact group went through a pre-test- treatment-post-test process.  ...  The present study was intended to investigate the effect of Mobile-Assisted Dynamic Assessment (MADA) on IELTS writing task one and also the EFL learners' perception to such approaches toward language  ...  Accordingly, during the 10 sessions of mediation, in order to motivate the students to write and actively participate in writing task, the questioning task was used as an effective way.  ... 
doi:10.5296/ijele.v7i1.14273 fatcat:kzkm3tccvjcxpi5oaadu4jrywq

Task relevance modulates successful retrieval effects during explicit and implicit memory tests

Jeremy A. Elman, Arthur P. Shimamura
2011 NeuroImage  
In Experiment 1, significant effects were observed during explicit recognition performance and during an implicit lexical decision task.  ...  In two experiments, we assessed the activation for old and new items during explicit and implicit tests of memory.  ...  We would like to thank Ellen Klostermann and Zachary Rosner as well as two anonymous reviewers for providing useful feedback.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.neuroimage.2011.02.017 pmid:21316476 fatcat:3qvmj4kfl5fgzmt4bmw6iqky7i

How Effective is Interactive Learning? Investigating Japanese University Students' Language Patterns in a Collaborative Writing Task

Mitsuyo Sakamoto
2018 IAFOR Journal of Language Learning  
The task resulted in 54 topic strands. Each student was tracked to see if his/her language use reflected the output of others.  ...  For two months, each student took turns offering a discussion topic with a minimum of 150 words, and the rest of the class members commented online with a minimum of 20 words.  ...  First, the group engaged in a daily English journal-writing task via the online social networking service (SNS) MySpace five times a week (i.e., Monday to Friday, except holidays) for approximately two  ... 
doi:10.22492/ijll.3.2.05 fatcat:yp64hxauxrfoxjbnr6yjutkr7m

Task-Dependent Functional and Effective Connectivity during Conceptual Processing

Philipp Kuhnke, Markus Kiefer, Gesa Hartwigsen
2021 Cerebral Cortex  
For example, our previous functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) study revealed that both modality-specific and multimodal regions respond to sound and action features of concepts in a task-dependent  ...  These results suggest that functional coupling in the conceptual system is extensive, reciprocal, task-dependent, and behaviorally relevant.  ...  experimental manipulation, and 3) "driving inputs" that drive activity in the network.  ... 
doi:10.1093/cercor/bhab026 pmid:33677479 fatcat:me3heakxobaefimirt3jatmseu

THE DUAL-TASK COST IS DUE TO NEURAL INTERFERENCES DISRUPTING THE OPTIMAL SPATIO-TEMPORAL DYNAMICS OF THE COMPETING TASKS [article]

Diego Mac-Auliffe, Benoit Chatard, Mathilde Petton, Anne-Claire Croizé, Florian Sipp, Benjamin Bontemps, Adrien Gannerie, Olivier Bertrand, Sylvain Rheims, Philippe Kahane, Jean-Philippe Lachaux
2020 bioRxiv   pre-print
fMRI does not record neural activity directly and cannot reveal the key effect of timing, and how the spatio-temporal neural dynamics of the tasks coincide.  ...  We found that T2 elicited neuroelectric interferences in the gamma-band (>40 Hz), in key regions of the T1 network including the Multiple Demand Network.  ...  The authors of this document declare that there are no conflicts of interest.  ... 
doi:10.1101/2020.12.07.414953 fatcat:ijcgo5blhvhfhkgpo6gn5unwoi

Transforming task representations to perform novel tasks [article]

Andrew K. Lampinen, James L. McClelland
2020 arXiv   pre-print
An important aspect of intelligence is the ability to adapt to a novel task without any direct experience (zero-shot), based on its relationship to previous tasks.  ...  We demonstrate the effectiveness of this framework across a wide variety of tasks and computational paradigms, ranging from regression to image classification and reinforcement learning.  ...  S Goldin-Meadow, The role of gesture in communication and thinking. Trends Cogn. Sci. 3, 419-429 (1999). 52. MK Tanenhaus, MM Lucas, Context effects in lexical processing.  ... 
arXiv:2005.04318v3 fatcat:taydgkl5hvgude3rf7vpcvluke

Strategic control in word reading: Evidence from speeded responding in the tempo-naming task

Christopher T. Kello, David C. Plaut
2000 Journal of Experimental Psychology. Learning, Memory and Cognition  
The effects of printed frequency and spelling-sound consistency on latencies were attenuated in the tempo naming task, compared to standard naming.  ...  To investigate mechanisms of strategic control over response initiation in word reading, we introduce the tempo naming task.  ...  Timing in the tempo naming experiments was measured acoustically online and given as feedback, and subjects were instructed to respond with the best possible timing as measured by their feedback.  ... 
doi:10.1037//0278-7393.26.3.719 pmid:10855428 fatcat:p4ta52yme5dx5mrmsludu2jgue

Distinguishing languages from dialects: A litmus test using the picture-word interference task

Alissa Melinger
2018 Cognition  
The aim of this study is to examine whether language processing can provide insights into this problem by comparing bidialectal behavioural effects to bilingual effects reported in the literature.  ...  Previous research has demonstrated that when bilinguals name an object in Lx while simultaneously processing a translation equivalent distractor word in Ly, naming times are sped up relative to an unrelated  ...  This work also benefited tremendously from discussions with the members of Dundee's Language Research Centre, insights provided by Jennifer Smith, and from feedback I received from Martin Pickering and  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.cognition.2017.12.006 pmid:29232596 fatcat:rp577ubfnrh2bgfqtrvkuih2ja

Strategic control in word reading: Evidence from speeded responding in the tempo-naming task

Christopher T. Kello, David C. Plaut
2000 Journal of Experimental Psychology. Learning, Memory and Cognition  
The effects of printed frequency and spelling-sound consistency on latencies were attenuated in the tempo naming task, compared to standard naming.  ...  To investigate mechanisms of strategic control over response initiation in word reading, we introduce the tempo naming task.  ...  Timing in the tempo naming experiments was measured acoustically online and given as feedback, and subjects were instructed to respond with the best possible timing as measured by their feedback.  ... 
doi:10.1037/0278-7393.26.3.719 fatcat:wqyfex546bb3tgvarv276rveue

The neural correlates of agrammatism: Evidence from aphasic and healthy speakers performing an overt picture description task

Eva Schönberger, Stefan Heim, Elisabeth Meffert, Peter Pieperhoff, Patricia da Costa Avelar, Walter Huber, Ferdinand Binkofski, Marion Grande
2014 Frontiers in Psychology  
In a third approach, five agrammatic participants performed the picture description task to gain insights in the neural correlates of agrammatism and the functional reorganization of language processing  ...  Event-related data analysis was conducted by defining every clause-like unit (CLU) as an event with its onset-time and duration. Agrammatic and correct CLUs were contrasted.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS The authors wish to thank the Brain Imaging Facility of the Interdisciplinary Centre for Clinical Research (IZKF) within the Faculty of Medicine at the RWTH Aachen University, especially  ... 
doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2014.00246 pmid:24711802 pmcid:PMC3968764 fatcat:kwqlxsaj6rf47cfnvubcarblbq
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