Filters








238,428 Hits in 8.9 sec

Providing Arguments in Discussions on the Basis of the Prediction of Human Argumentative Behavior

Ariel Rosenfeld, Sarit Kraus
2016 ACM transactions on interactive intelligent systems (TiiS)  
Providing arguments in discussions on the basis of the prediction of human argumentative behavior.  ...  By gathering and analyzing human argumentative behavior from more than 1000 human study participants, we show that the prediction of human argumentative behavior using Machine Learning (ML) is possible  ...  We also want to thank Noam Slonim from Watson, The Debater c research team for sharing data with us.  ... 
doi:10.1145/2983925 fatcat:ppag6vxxtvabxej5x6kat5tnna

How to Win Arguments

Klaus Weber, Niklas Rach, Wolfgang Minker, Elisabeth André
2020 Datenbank-Spektrum  
To raise awareness of the different aspects of persuasion (how and what), we present a multimodal dialog system consisting of two virtual agents that use synthetic speech in a discussion setting to present  ...  The agents are able to adapt their emotions based on explicit feedback of the users to increase their perceived persuasiveness during interaction using Reinforcement Learning.  ...  376696351, as part of the Priority Program "Robust Argumentation Machines (RATIO)" (SPP-1999).  ... 
doi:10.1007/s13222-020-00345-9 fatcat:27l4fbeyl5eqbopma5zfknl7em

A New Monument to Human Altruism

Robert D. Mather, Danny Wedding
2011 PsycCRITIQUES  
the usefulness of his model in predicting helping behavior.  ...  His discussion of this is an updated, more detailed review of his previous arguments.  ...  the usefulness of his model in predicting helping behavior.  ... 
doi:10.1037/a0024487 fatcat:bw6ensepvjevlnwulkhaa6bomq

Deception detection in human reasoning

Deqing Li, Eugene Santos
2011 2011 IEEE International Conference on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics  
Therefore, researchers have studied the features of deceptive behaviors that were largely ignored in human detection.  ...  In this paper, a method is proposed to detect deception by identifying inconsistencies, explaining the reasoning behind the inconsistencies, and measuring the likelihood of deception based on cues in reasoning  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENT This work was supported in parts AFOSR Grant Nos.  ... 
doi:10.1109/icsmc.2011.6083660 dblp:conf/smc/LiS11 fatcat:576wxsvmcfcexckvg4vy44rvg4

Computational Argumentation and Cognition [article]

Emmanuelle Dietz, Antonis Kakas, Loizos Michael
2021 arXiv   pre-print
The paper begins with a brief presentation of the scientific motivation for the integration of Computational Argumentation and Cognition, arguing that within the context of Human-Centric AI the use of  ...  It stems from the work of the 1st Workshop on Computational Argumentation and Cognition (COGNITAR), which was organized as part of the 24th European Conference on Artificial Intelligence (ECAI), and took  ...  In particular, in the context of Machine Learning, can argumentation provide a layer on top of learning that would allow the further use of the results of learning?  ... 
arXiv:2111.06958v1 fatcat:vlfvfowja5fevd3upfztrp6uly

Unpredictability and Indeterminism in Human Behavior: Arguments and Implications for Educational Research

Gary A. Cziko
1989 Educational Researcher  
First, Phillips contends that complex interactions also occur in the physical sciences where, for example, "pressure and volume interact to affect the behavior of a gas-but temperature in turn is another  ...  interacting factor, and so is the initial mass IL 61820, specializes in first-and second-language acquisition and applications of the biological and physical sciences to the cognitive sciences and education  ...  Because mainstream "scientific" research continues to be based on the conviction that human behavior is in principle determinate and predictable, the validity of even one of these arguments has important  ... 
doi:10.2307/1174887 fatcat:lt5vk626lncxxfzennellf35tq

Unpredictability and Indeterminism in Human Behavior: Arguments and Implications for Educational Research

Gary A Cziko
1989 Educational Researcher  
First, Phillips contends that complex interactions also occur in the physical sciences where, for example, "pressure and volume interact to affect the behavior of a gas-but temperature in turn is another  ...  interacting factor, and so is the initial mass IL 61820, specializes in first-and second-language acquisition and applications of the biological and physical sciences to the cognitive sciences and education  ...  Because mainstream "scientific" research continues to be based on the conviction that human behavior is in principle determinate and predictable, the validity of even one of these arguments has important  ... 
doi:10.3102/0013189x018003017 fatcat:q3eneojw6zehjdiymzb32ru25y

Human-Agent Decision-making: Combining Theory and Practice

Sarit Kraus
2016 Electronic Proceedings in Theoretical Computer Science  
On the one hand, they provide a formal design specification for agent strategies.  ...  For bargaining we will study game-theory based equilibrium agents and for argumentation we will discuss logic-based argumentation theory.  ...  Through an extensive human study, we showed that the PRH agent outperforms other agents that propose arguments based on Argumentation Theory, predicted arguments without heuristics or only the heuristics  ... 
doi:10.4204/eptcs.215.2 fatcat:zu4tlts6unhwrfjlwsufiw2gna

Conversational Argumentation in Decision Making: Chinese and U.S. Participants in Face-to-Face and Instant-Messaging Interactions

Craig O. Stewart, Leslie D. Setlock, Susan R. Fussell
2007 Discourse Processes  
The results are discussed in terms of structuration theory and the socioegocentric model of communication.  ...  Argumentation in IM tended to be more direct than in FtF interactions. There were no interaction effects between culture and communication medium on argumentation behavior.  ...  (Human Communication & Technology Division) in San Antonio, TX in November, 2006.  ... 
doi:10.1080/01638530701498994 fatcat:aujar7eevfbqrgyad756ycz5rm

Social Reality, the Boundaries of Self-Fulfilling Prophecy, and Economics

Teppo Felin, Nicolai J. Foss
2009 Organization science (Providence, R.I.)  
We also appreciate the helpful comments received from seminar presentations at the Marriott School, Brigham Young University, the David Eccles School of Business, University of Utah, and the Free University  ...  Special thanks to the editor of Organization Science, Linda Argote, and anonymous reviewers for their thorough feedback and guidance.  ...  Or put differently, self-fulfilling prophecies based on true predictions, rather than false ones, affect reality.  ... 
doi:10.1287/orsc.1090.0431 fatcat:npi2addoijgedbay3b5awehaby

Exploring the Feasibility of Using Writing Process Features to Assess Text Production Skills

Paul Deane, Mo Zhang
2015 ETS Research Report Series  
To support future analyses, we are conducting a partial rescoring, since we believe that the low rates of agreement on the BA and SN prompts were due primarily to relatively poor performance on the part  ...  with the directions they were given in rater training.  ...  a similar way as the predicted scores on Prompt B (resulting from the model based on Prompt B) correlate with human ratings of the same students' performance on Prompt A.  ... 
doi:10.1002/ets2.12071 fatcat:vw6zhu6ac5epxmndzdshbd5vo4

Social Reality, the Boundaries of Self-Fulfilling Prophecy, and Economics

Teppo Felin, Nicolai J. Foss
2008 Social Science Research Network  
We also appreciate the helpful comments received from seminar presentations at the Marriott School, Brigham Young University, the David Eccles School of Business, University of Utah, and the Free University  ...  Special thanks to the editor of Organization Science, Linda Argote, and anonymous reviewers for their thorough feedback and guidance.  ...  Or put differently, self-fulfilling prophecies based on true predictions, rather than false ones, affect reality.  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.1151206 fatcat:tdjbyprg5jawbmdhyzzfnovk2y

Limits to science or limits to epistemology?

Steven N. Durlauf
1997 Complexity  
Rather, the arguments have more often been based on the claim that social sciences are incapable of exhibiting predictive laws of comparable accuracy to those found in the natural sciences. 10, 11 The  ...  At the same time, as discussed in Nesse and Williams [27] , evolutionary theory can provide precise predictions about the effects of different medical interventions against viruses, conditional on this  ... 
doi:10.1002/(sici)1099-0526(199701/02)2:3<31::aid-cplx6>3.0.co;2-q fatcat:gsud57upizb3bfcnlmabr5rcvm

Confusion and dependence in uses of history

David Slutsky
2010 Synthese  
Although history is special, it is special in the same way to all parts of the world.  ...  This paper will show that nonhistorical properties make the same difference to all things in the world when it comes to their causal behavior and that historical properties make the same difference to  ...  He bases his argument for this claim on a certain kind of warrant that we have for engaging in inductive practices generally, and in making accurate predictions particularly, about members of copied kinds  ... 
doi:10.1007/s11229-010-9785-4 fatcat:ucahbjxx3bfxjpki3zqxaabfda

Technical report of "Empirical Study on Human Evaluation of Complex Argumentation Frameworks" [article]

Marcos Cramer, Mathieu Guillaume
2019 arXiv   pre-print
The existence of multiple argumentation semantics raises the question which of these semantics predicts best how humans evaluate arguments.  ...  In abstract argumentation, multiple argumentation semantics have been proposed that allow to select sets of jointly acceptable arguments from a given argumentation framework, i.e. based only on the attack  ...  But as the goal of these studies was to predict argument evaluation based on the attack relation between arguments rather than based on the content of the argument and the world knowledge of the participants  ... 
arXiv:1902.10552v1 fatcat:pikt6stwxzainc3h3l5xgqdrku
« Previous Showing results 1 — 15 out of 238,428 results