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Ecosystems - Burden or Bounty?

Richard Damania, Pasquale L. Scandizzo, A.J Glauber
2014 Social Science Research Network  
To guard against overstatement, ecosystem impacts are under-stated relative to other effects.  ...  This ecosystem is also undergoing rapid change from a host of factors related to developments within and around the protected area system.  ...  They suggest that the proportion of stock harvested under imperfect regulation is always higher than under perfect regulation (for finite fines) and as a result wildlife stocks are always lower under imperfect  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.2477714 fatcat:quyhyntkkbcf3cqk5e2qd5ue3q

The Ways to Improve the Legal System for Wildlife Protection——From the Perspectives of "Animal Rights Theory" and "Modern Anthropocentrism"

Fuqing Zhang
2020 Scientific and Social Research  
China's current wildlife protection legislation is imperfect, there are multiple contradictions between human and wildlife resources.  ...  Scientific and reasonable protection of wildlife resources is conducive to economic development and ecological civilization construction.  ...  According to current regulations, the animal epidemic monitoring functional department belongs to the Wildlife Protection and Science and Technology Department under the Forestry Department.  ... 
doi:10.36922/ssr.v2i3.984 fatcat:nibdrvd6azfdjagfiqjkybl5aa

Stay Ahead of Poachers: Illegal Wildlife Poaching Prediction and Patrol Planning Under Uncertainty with Field Test Evaluations [article]

Lily Xu, Shahrzad Gholami, Sara Mc Carthy, Bistra Dilkina, Andrew Plumptre, Milind Tambe, Rohit Singh, Mustapha Nsubuga, Joshua Mabonga, Margaret Driciru, Fred Wanyama, Aggrey Rwetsiba, Tom Okello (+1 others)
2019 arXiv   pre-print
However, efforts for wildlife protection are constrained by the limited resources of law enforcement agencies.  ...  To help combat poaching, the Protection Assistant for Wildlife Security (PAWS) is a machine learning pipeline that has been developed as a data-driven approach to identify areas at high risk of poaching  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENT Thank you to our partners at Uganda Wildlife Authority, Cambodia Ministry of Environment, Wildlife Conservation Society, and the World Wide Fund for Nature for their conservation efforts  ... 
arXiv:1903.06669v3 fatcat:wvttsoa3nzgvxgijn7smpwpd5u

Deductive and Inductive Methods of Accumulating Reliable Knowledge in Wildlife Science

2007 Journal of Wildlife Management  
Under the hypothetico-deductive (H-D) method, observations are used to formulate explanatory or causal hypotheses, which serve as the basis for deductions (predictions) of expected events.  ...  Under the process of induction, the results of a study are presumed to hold generally and taken as knowledge accordingly.  ...  Romesburg (1981) lamented the failure of wildlife scientists to test hypotheses, especially those developed after the fact to explain an observation (retroductions).  ... 
doi:10.2193/2006-276 fatcat:4g34wzz57ffynbcc35yb6sy6fq

Aggregation of two imperfectly detected imperilled freshwater fishes: understanding community structure and co-occurrence for multispecies conservation

KA Lamothe, AJ Dextrase, DAR Drake
2019 Endangered Species Research  
We also used a principal component analysis (PCA) to characterize observed fish community structure and fit abiotic variables to PCA axes to explain observed patterns.  ...  Results indicated aggregation between the 2 federally protected species in the Grand River; the probability of occupancy for N. photogenis was higher at sites where A. pellucida was present.  ...  In Canada, critical habitat is defined under the Species at Risk Act (SARA; Government of Canada 2002) as 'habitat that is necessary for the survival or recovery of a listed wildlife species and that is  ... 
doi:10.3354/esr00982 fatcat:bjtixcuutvaf7axe7mf6ix3vrq

Accumulation of wind-dispersed trash in desert environments

E.R. Zylstra
2013 Journal of Arid Environments  
I used distance-sampling methods to quantify density of wind-dispersed trash in two protected areas of the Sonoran Desert in southern Arizona.  ...  Results of this study provide evidence that wind can disperse substantial amounts of trash >2 km into protected natural areas and suggest that accumulation of trash poses a potential threat to desert ecosystems  ...  In contrast, quantifying trash in desert environments requires methods that account for imperfect detection because observers are likely to overlook trash that is beneath or entangled in vegetation.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.jaridenv.2012.10.004 fatcat:zv7xwmyigba6ngkiqxcykzk5ou

Wildlife crime data integration from multiple sources: A way forward to ensure public access to information and data analytics

Shankar Prakash Alagesan
Hence, wildlife crime databases become a vital information system that helps enforcement officers detect and prevent wildlife crime and pursue wildlife criminals.  ...  Therefore, an attempt has been made in this paper to shed light on available wildlife crime databases in India.  ...  Category of wildlife offence(s) • Hunting under Wild Life (Protection) • Picking, uprooting, etc. of specified plants Act, 1972 • Unauthorised possession, transport and trade • Protected areas/habitat  ... 
doi:10.6084/m9.figshare.13107209.v1 fatcat:agzmgl53vzhuvnayfffakgq4c4

On a Dhole Trail: Examining Ecological and Anthropogenic Correlates of Dhole Habitat Occupancy in the Western Ghats of India

Arjun Srivathsa, Krithi K. Karanth, Devcharan Jathanna, N. Samba Kumar, K. Ullas Karanth, John Goodrich
2014 PLoS ONE  
We conducted spatially replicated detection/non-detection surveys of dhole signs along forest trails at two appropriate scales: the entire landscape and a single wildlife reserve.  ...  Addressing imperfect sign detections by estimating detection probabilities [p p t(L) (SE) = 0.12 (0.11)] was critical for reliable estimation.  ...  Acknowledgments We acknowledge Wildlife Conservation Society (New York), Wildlife Conservation Society-India, Centre for Wildlife Studies and the National Centre for Biological Sciences for supporting  ... 
doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0098803 pmid:24893166 pmcid:PMC4043888 fatcat:ip4ddwdzrbe53h4nc4vrmu2i74

Land-sparing agriculture sustains higher levels of avian functional diversity than land sharing

Patrick G. Cannon, James J. Gilroy, Joseph A. Tobias, Alex Anderson, Torbjørn Haugaasen, David P. Edwards
2019 Global Change Biology  
In contrast to FD values of observed and simulated communities, sesFD was greater in cattle pasture than forest and was unaffected by both proportion of 'wildlife-friendly' habitat cover and distance from  ...  A similar effect of habitat was observed for FDis (Fig S4. d) .  ...  Accepted Article This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.  ... 
doi:10.1111/gcb.14601 fatcat:kctonhywbzfwbg6pfjymofqr24

An Integrated Sampling and Analysis Approach for Improved Biodiversity Monitoring

Amielle A. DeWan, Elise F. Zipkin
2010 Environmental Management  
In this article we describe a practical and sophisticated data collection and analysis framework for developing a comprehensive wildlife monitoring program that includes multi-species inventory techniques  ...  We demonstrate the benefits and practicality of this approach to address challenges associated with monitoring in the context of US state agencies that are legislatively required to monitor and protect  ...  Acknowledgments The ideas for this manuscript were developed with support of the New York State Department of Environmental Conservation's Hudson River Estuary Program, Cornell University, and Patuxent Wildlife  ... 
doi:10.1007/s00267-010-9457-7 pmid:20237922 fatcat:i6xy6gmkljcv7mkdt6fwmqp5eu

Turtles and Tourism: Where the Endangered Species Act Ends and Community Activism Begins

Kamaile A. Nichols
2007 UCLA Journal of Environmental Law and Policy  
The "fit" of the ESA at Laniakea is imperfect. Chronic wildlife viewing scenarios with the potential for injury are outside the bounds of the ESA's current, inflexible structure. B.  ...  Community-Based Volunteer Protection The fact that the ESA does not provide guidance about wildlife viewing is not necessarily a critical flaw.  ... 
doi:10.5070/l5252019547 fatcat:hv3p3pmjkfggvf7ogl255lm3vu

Responses of snow leopards, wolves and wild ungulates to livestock grazing in the Zorkul Strictly Protected Area, Tajikistan

Khalil Karimov, Shannon M. Kachel, Klaus Hackländer, Marco Festa-Bianchet
2018 PLoS ONE  
Long recognized as a threat to wildlife, livestock grazing in protected areas has the potential to undermine conservation goals, via competition, habitat degradation, human-carnivore conflict and disruption  ...  to minimize the risk of cascading negative impacts on wildlife.  ...  space use while acknowledging that Euclidean distance is an imperfect measure of proximity in mountainous landscapes.  ... 
doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0208329 pmid:30500847 pmcid:PMC6269086 fatcat:jqj26dcbqzdgna3tcp2betzuuy

Establishing endangered species recovery criteria using predictive simulation modeling

Conor P. McGowan, Daniel H. Catlin, Terry L. Shaffer, Cheri L. Gratto-Trevor, Carol Aron
2014 Biological Conservation  
USGS Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center. 301. a b s t r a c t Listing a species under the Endangered Species Act (ESA) and developing a recovery plan requires U.S.  ...  It logically follows that the recovery criteria, the defined conditions for removing a species from ESA protections, need to be closely related to extinction risk.  ...  Fish and Wildlife Service.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.biocon.2014.06.018 fatcat:cuhrrf6nizd7zk3t3vsldb32re

The Economics of Captive Breeding and Endangered Species Conservation

Richard Damania, Erwin H. Bulte
2002 Social Science Research Network  
Introduction Protecting endangered species is an expensive preoccupation.  ...  Observe that dx * /ds < 0. This is also evident from Figure 1.  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.295496 fatcat:b7slsgdkrrbcfo5tpdn3zd5dmm

Imperfect detection biases extinction‐debt assessments

Fielding A. Montgomery, Scott M. Reid, Nicholas E. Mandrak
2021 Conservation Science and Practice  
Imperfect detection ultimately biased conservation prioritization among wetlands.  ...  Our findings suggest that if imperfect detection is not accounted for when projecting future extinctions, the severity of future species loss across a landscape, and the subsequent need for immediate restorative  ...  Thanks to various National Wildlife Areas and conservation areas for providing field accommodations and land access.  ... 
doi:10.1111/csp2.427 fatcat:rqq4gnlobjd7xlvvvqrcbcweti
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