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Prospection: Interpretable Plans From Language By Predicting the Future [article]

Chris Paxton, Yonatan Bisk, Jesse Thomason, Arunkumar Byravan, Dieter Fox
2019 arXiv   pre-print
We demonstrate the fidelity of plans generated by our framework when interpreting real, crowd-sourced natural language commands for a robot in simulated scenes.  ...  A key feature of this framework is prospection, training an agent not just to correctly execute the prescribed command, but to predict a horizon of consequences of an action before taking it.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS This work was funded in part by the National Science Foundation under contract no. NSF-NRI-1637479, and the DARPA CwC program through ARO (W911NF-15-1-0543).  ... 
arXiv:1903.08309v1 fatcat:hcrwafxdzzg4xegwnmqf6w3aiy

Future prospects for computational linguistics

Gary G. Hendrix
1980 Proceedings of the 18th annual meeting on Association for Computational Linguistics -  
Although the goal of fluent machine-based nautral-langusge understanding remains elusive, considerable progress has been made and future prospects appear bright both for the advancement of the science  ...  There is a real possibility that as commercial enterprises enter the natural-language field, they will seek to build in-house groups by attracting researchers from universities and nonprofit institutions  ...  Although the goal of fluent machine-based nautral-langusge understanding remains elusive, considerable progress has been made and future prospects appear bright both for the advancement of the science  ... 
doi:10.3115/981436.981476 dblp:conf/acl/Hendrix80 fatcat:bjxbuvh4xjemljxmhjvckkhmee

A Sociology of Expectations:Retrospecting Prospects and Prospecting Retrospects

Nik Brown, Mike Michael
2003 Technology Analysis & Strategic Management  
The paper concludes by offering a means by which it is possible to map or model the situatedness of expectations.  ...  That is, we compare the way the future was once represented with the way it has been represented more recently.  ...  the Future, the 2001 conference of the Society for the Social Study of Science, Boston, MA.  ... 
doi:10.1080/0953732032000046024 fatcat:mab6jg4dgnht7hax5qyo66qrwi

Prospective logic agents

Luis Moniz Pereira, Goncalo Lopes
2009 International Journal of Reasoning-based Intelligent Systems  
This issue brings the challenge of how to allow such evolving agents to be able to look ahead, prospectively, into such hypothetical futures, in order to determine the best courses of evolution from their  ...  We conclude by elaborating about current limitations of the system and examining future work scenaria.  ...  In prospective reasoning agents, exploration of the future is essentially an openended, non-deterministic and continuously iterated process, distinct from the one-step, best-path-takes-all planning procedures  ... 
doi:10.1504/ijris.2009.028019 fatcat:uw3dofernrashivqavcss5hevq

Feeling the future: prospects for a theory of implicit prospection

Philip Gerrans, David Sander
2013 Biology & Philosophy  
The evolution of mental time travel gives humans a unique capacity for prospection: the ability to pre-experience the future.  ...  We argue that implicit simulations of past and future experience can also be used as a way of gaining information about the future to shape preferences and guide behaviour.  ...  In other words her anticipation of prospects for an enjoyable dinner would be based on retrieving implicit information from the past in order to simulate the future.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10539-013-9408-9 fatcat:tfnqummt5fekjn4wbbspnq2njm

Towards prospective design

Bridgette Engeler
2017 The Design Journal  
Whether creating the next contexts or the artefacts in them, design helps people make sense of and shape multiple alternative futures.  ...  of prospective thinking and action, and bring about greater global wellbeing.  ...  at least comprehend the language of strategy, systems and innovation, even the language of complexity.  ... 
doi:10.1080/14606925.2017.1352956 fatcat:oitknivaxbdhtp4m42jaaqzoiy

Prospective cognition in animals

C.R. Raby, N.S. Clayton
2009 Behavioural Processes  
the future.  ...  This focus has distracted from consideration of other forms of foresight that animals demonstrate.  ...  from the outside rather than from the inside as if one were considering the future plans of a third person.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.beproc.2008.12.005 pmid:20522320 fatcat:exfua3aetngtrmgzhs5vjtyfua

Prospects for Preferences

Jon Doyle
2004 Computational intelligence  
This article examines prospects for theories and methods of preferences, both in the specific sense of the preferences of the ideal rational agents considered in economics and decision theory and in the  ...  We seek to understand the nature and representation of preferences by examining the roles, origins, meaning, structure, evolution, and application of preferences.  ...  futures seems not worth the effort.  ... 
doi:10.1111/j.0824-7935.2004.00233.x fatcat:rpempubyrnbqbbhewwf2nfwb6i

Reflections and prospectives

J. Glimm
2009 Bulletin of the American Mathematical Society  
The role of mathematics in society continues to grow; with this growth comes new opportunities and some growing pains; each will be analyzed here.  ...  Agent-based models have been used to study automobile traffic patterns and to plan for disruptions caused by repairs.  ...  For voice recognition, there is no such thing as a law of physics to convey or interpret from the sound waves to the meaning.  ... 
doi:10.1090/s0273-0979-09-01279-8 fatcat:v6lyo5uvy5fvzcdnxzlkpc7coq

Rectification of the Register - Prospective or Retrospective?

Emma Lees
2015 Modern law review  
This is a natural interpretation of the statutory language.  ...  Comment The interpretation adopted in this case best accords with the language of paragraph 8. However, the overall consistency in interpretation of Sch 4 can be called into question.  ... 
doi:10.1111/1468-2230.12119 fatcat:dke7vd4aerhodbabmbsuk5zsay

Prospective memory: A comparative perspective

Jonathon D. Crystal, A. George Wilson
2015 Behavioural Processes  
Finally, we review selected approaches from the human literature on prospective memory to identify targets for development of animal models of prospective memory.  ...  Prospective memory consists of forming a representation of a future action, temporarily storing that representation in memory, and retrieving it at a future time point.  ...  Acknowledgements This article is in honor of the contributions of Tom Zentall to the study of comparative cognition. Supported by National Institute on Aging grant AG044530 to JDC.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.beproc.2014.07.016 pmid:25101562 pmcid:PMC4314352 fatcat:godcvzferver3fcqswhu2thg2i

Interpretation, Constraint, and the Prospects of Scientific Realism

Harold Brown
2009 Human Affairs  
Interpretation, Constraint, and the Prospects of Scientific RealismI explore the interaction between theory-based interpretations of scientific evidence and constraints on theories provided by that evidence  ...  While the design of such instruments and the interpretation of their outputs are deeply dependent on theory-based interpretations, these outputs can still challenge those very theories.  ...  Acknowledgment I want to thank the participants in the Work in Progress discussion group at Northern Illinois University-Valia Alori, Nicoleta Apostel, Carl Gillett, Tom Kapitan, Bill Tolhurst, and Geof  ... 
doi:10.2478/v10023-009-0030-z fatcat:tdhhghbewvbnzpq26c7efm47by

Challenges for corporate foresight: towards strategic prospective through scenario thinking

John S. Ratcliffe
2006 Foresight  
The Need for Futures Thinking To create the future one must first be capable of imagining it. Not predicting, not planning, not forecasting -imagining.  ...  a futures oriented approach, whether by way of foresight or prospective?  ... 
doi:10.1108/14636680610647138 fatcat:xjl5n5jezbd7zofoxovhoqwc5q

Prospective thinking; scenario planning meets neuroscience

Peter McKiernan
2017 Technological forecasting & social change  
The process encourages individuals to recall past events and to imagine future happenings.  ...  The Intuitive Logics (IL) scenario planning process is grounded in the work of Hermann Kahn and Pierre Wack in the 1960s and 1970s.  ...  Prospection and the prospective brain that imagined the future and a range of possible future scenarios were largely ignored.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.techfore.2016.10.069 fatcat:2ykyrawp45cobn4vdbz4q6jfie

Trends and Prospects [chapter]

2016 City-Region 2020  
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS Land Use Consultants (1995) Sustainable Development for Archaeology and the Historic Environment, Consultation paper for English Heritage Landry C and Bianchini F (1997) The creative  ...  City, London Demos Foundation Lang, P (1994) Rebuilding the Local Economy, London, New Economics Foundation Lang, T and Heasman, M (2000), Food.  ...  development, from the 'Brundtland Report' :9 'to provide for the needs of the present generation without compromising the abilities of future generations to meet their needs' One way to interpret this  ... 
doi:10.4324/9781315541372-12 fatcat:2ixmyid7yvg37kgnhaefzyx7ie
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