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Is Mandarin Chinese a Truth-Based Language? Rejecting Responses to Negative Assertions and Questions

Feifei Li, Santiago González-Fuente, Pilar Prieto, M.Teresa Espinal
2016 Frontiers in Psychology  
Eight native speakers of MC participated in an oral Discourse Completion Task that elicited rejecting responses to negative assertions/questions and broad focus statements (control condition).  ...  Results show that MC speakers convey reject by relying on a combination of lexico-syntactic strategies (e.g., negative particles such as bù, méi(yǒ u), and positive sentences) together with prosodic (e.g  ...  AUTHOR CONTRIBUTIONS FL ran the DCT production experiment with native speakers of Mandarine Chinese and is responsible for the descriptive analysis of the materials.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2016.01967 pmid:28066292 pmcid:PMC5167746 fatcat:ye6n27kfjrasfaijudls7cy2aa

Phonological influences on the realization of final lowering evidence from dialogue Chinese Mandarin

Wei Lai, Xiaoying Xu, Ya Li, Hao Che, Shanfeng Liu, Jianhua Tao
2014 2014 17th Oriental Chapter of the International Committee for the Co-ordination and Standardization of Speech Databases and Assessment Techniques (COCOSDA)  
the realization of final lowering in Chinese Mandarin.  ...  The results show that: I) The bearing unit of final lowering in Chinese is the last prosodic word in the utterance, regardless of its length, rather than a fixed duration range in a physiological way.  ...  the prosodic structure of Chinese Mandarin.  ... 
doi:10.1109/icsda.2014.7051425 dblp:conf/ococosda/LaiXLCLT14 fatcat:jw6ejtmtzjegbmltlf2kj6njsu

A Chinese yuppie in Beijing: Phonological variation and the construction of a new professional identity

QING ZHANG
2005 Language in society  
Because of the nature of their work, professionals in foreign businesses have more opportunities to interact with non-mainland Mandarin speakers who use the full tone variant.  ...  that deals with non-mainland Chinese.  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0047404505050153 fatcat:fzurrrhbsve6jhvcuetaqkc5zy

Hierarchical stress modeling and generation in mandarin for expressive Text-to-Speech

Ya Li, Jianhua Tao, Keikichi Hirose, Xiaoying Xu, Wei Lai
2015 Speech Communication  
The F-score of two-level stress predictions are 73.3% and 78.7%, respectively, which are satisfactory compared to other prosody predictions.  ...  The top level emphasizes stressed syllables, while the bottom level focuses on unstressed syllables for the first time due to its importance in both naturalness and expressiveness of synthetic speech.  ...  As introduced above, the whole corpus contains 6000 sentences (about 34500 prosodic words and 72900 syllables) which are pronounced by a professional female speaker.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.specom.2015.05.003 fatcat:nttxqdwm7jb2tmbuxrsvipe27i

Prosody in context: a review

Jennifer Cole
2014 Language, Cognition and Neuroscience  
Acoustic correlates of prosody cue this rich contextual information, but interpreting prosodic cues in terms of the lexical, syntactic, and discourse information they encode also requires recognizing prosodic  ...  perception that is robust to variation in prosodic form. when they occur at fixed locations in prosodic structure, such as the beginning or end of a prosodic word or phrase (Section 3).  ...  For an overview of downstep in lexical tone systems and acoustic evidence for its interaction with phrase-and discourse-level prosody in Mandarin Chinese see Wang & Xu (2011) .  ... 
doi:10.1080/23273798.2014.963130 fatcat:dreoglvbszcjpjpgawlvy4kfqq

Using the ToBI transcription to record the intonation of Slovene

Jana Volk
2012 Linguistica  
Due to its simplicity and flexibility, the system soon began to be used for the prosodic annotation of other variants of English and many other languages, as well as in different non-linguistic fields,  ...  The paper presents ToBI, a transcription method for prosodic annotation.  ...  for Chinese dialect Cantonese, Pan Mandarin-ToBI for Pan-Mandarin, P-ToBI for Portuguese.  ... 
doi:10.4312/linguistica.52.1.169-186 fatcat:i6gekb5y4zh5ff5hbsxmnssf2u

Unsupervised joint prosody labeling and modeling for Mandarin speech

Chen-Yu Chiang, Sin-Horng Chen, Hsiu-Min Yu, Yih-Ru Wang
2009 Journal of the Acoustical Society of America  
Two types of prosodic tags are determined by four prosodic models designed to illustrate the hierarchy of Mandarin prosody: the break of a syllable juncture to demarcate prosodic constituents and the prosodic  ...  Experimental results showed that the estimated parameters of the four prosodic models were able to explore and describe the structures and patterns of Mandarin prosody.  ...  [1] [2] [3] On the other hand, the prosodic structure of Mandarin Chinese also parses continuous speech into different prosodic constituents by breaks that reflect different levels of Chinese linguistic  ... 
doi:10.1121/1.3056559 pmid:19206890 fatcat:zw3uhrlhsncqdlkti76t2ft6by

Speech melody as articulatorily implemented communicative functions

Yi Xu
2005 Speech Communication  
The values of the melodic primitives are specified by a set of encoding schemes each associated with a particular communicative function.  ...  Communicative meanings, as I will argue, are conveyed through a set of separate functions which are realized by an articulatory system that has various biophysical properties.  ...  ACKNOWLEGEMENT This work is supported in part by NIH Grant DC03902.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.specom.2005.02.014 fatcat:o6gc3gle6bcnrfgz3w5mqlqgsu

The meaning of zehu in spoken Israeli Hebrew:

Leon Shor, Anna Inbar
2019 Skandinaviske Sprogstudier  
In light of zehu's morphological makeup – a fusion of the sgm demonstrative ze 'this' and the 3sgm pronoun hu 'he' – the interjectional use is suggested to have originated in the grammaticalization of  ...  This paper focuses on a particular use of the item zehu 'that's it' in spoken Israeli Hebrew, in which it functions as a secondary interjection that conveys the meanings of "completion" and "restriction  ...  , ' to borrow a term used by Wang & Cao (2014) in their description of a group of demonstratives with interjectional functions that are used in several dialects of Mandarin Chinese.  ... 
doi:10.7146/sss.v10i1.114675 fatcat:ow6gpmlwprafncq6fxnnjqxam4

Language learning

2007 Language Teaching  
We compared Englishand Mandarin Chinese-speaking 3-and 4-year-old children and adults' attention to shape versus material in a labeling and non-labeling task.  ...  On the non-labeling task, 4-year-old and adult Chinese speakers attended to material, whereas younger Chinese speakers attended to shape; English speakers of all ages attended to shape, with 4-year-olds  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0261444807224280 fatcat:igz24bnowbf5jjeiblk6aup3fu

Some thoughts on the contrastive analysis of features in second language acquisition

Donna Lardiere
2009 Second Language Research  
I illustrate the nature of the problem by comparing the assembly and expression of features involved in plural-marking in English, Mandarin Chinese and Korean, and situate this comparison with respect  ...  In L2 acquisition, of course, learners arguably do start off with a 'predefined set' of functional categories, i.e. those of the L1, as touched on in the following section.  ...  minimalist syntax with me.  ... 
doi:10.1177/0267658308100283 fatcat:iqpe6xn3ovbjtc5cckkvfiurhm

Applied linguistics

2006 Language Teaching  
The study analyzes the prosodic forms produced by Spanish learners of English and compares it to the prosody of English native speakers in order to interpret the pragmatic meaning expressed in the conversation  ...  High-level non-native speakers of German differ significantly from native speakers in both types of tasks. The differences are clearly not the result of transfer.  ...  Experiment 3 tested native English speakers with the words in sentence context and showed a null result comparable to the high-proficiency group.  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0261444806283708 fatcat:awnbuk63kzenbf2usbjmjtst6i

Language learning

2006 Language Teaching  
The study analyzes the prosodic forms produced by Spanish learners of English and compares it to the prosody of English native speakers in order to interpret the pragmatic meaning expressed in the conversation  ...  High-level non-native speakers of German differ significantly from native speakers in both types of tasks. The differences are clearly not the result of transfer.  ...  Experiment 3 tested native English speakers with the words in sentence context and showed a null result comparable to the high-proficiency group.  ... 
doi:10.1017/s026144480622370x fatcat:fnwl32pifrf2veusbwvwdcxxpu

Neurolinguistics

2006 Language Teaching  
The study analyzes the prosodic forms produced by Spanish learners of English and compares it to the prosody of English native speakers in order to interpret the pragmatic meaning expressed in the conversation  ...  High-level non-native speakers of German differ significantly from native speakers in both types of tasks. The differences are clearly not the result of transfer.  ...  Experiment 3 tested native English speakers with the words in sentence context and showed a null result comparable to the high-proficiency group.  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0261444806303709 fatcat:uiutxlhivzhphkdymzzhmtd5ii

Language testing

2006 Language Teaching  
The study analyzes the prosodic forms produced by Spanish learners of English and compares it to the prosody of English native speakers in order to interpret the pragmatic meaning expressed in the conversation  ...  High-level non-native speakers of German differ significantly from native speakers in both types of tasks. The differences are clearly not the result of transfer.  ...  Experiment 3 tested native English speakers with the words in sentence context and showed a null result comparable to the high-proficiency group.  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0261444806243702 fatcat:5nfkjhrkbzhztkdf3dlg354wwi
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