4,434 Hits in 12.1 sec

Progressive Disclosure: Designing for Effective Transparency [article]

Aaron Springer, Steve Whittaker
2018 arXiv   pre-print
We use these findings to motivate new progressive disclosure principles for transparency in intelligent systems.  ...  As we increasingly delegate important decisions to intelligent systems, it is essential that users understand how algorithmic decisions are made.  ...  In this progressive disclosure approach, explanation is presented as two-way communication with the user driving exactly when and how explanations are provided.  ... 
arXiv:1811.02164v1 fatcat:qxs5znpl4fhibmlcmoxsvo64jq

Algorithmic disclosure rules

Fabiana Di Porto
2021 Artificial Intelligence and Law  
To clarify how and why these tasks should be performed, disclosures in the contexts of online contract terms and privacy online are taken as examples.  ...  Specifically, it outlines how algorithmic tools can be used in a holistic manner to address the many failures of disclosures from the rulemaking in parliament to consumer screens.  ...  Liability of digital operators Why would the digital firms want to participate in the BED instead of producing their own disclosures?  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10506-021-09302-7 fatcat:yglb73gch5c3ddhzxfdgfp5uei

Would You Sell Your Mother's Data? Personal Data Disclosure in a Simulated Credit Card Application [chapter]

Miguel Malheiros, Sacha Brostoff, Charlene Jennett, M. Angela Sasse
2013 The Economics of Information Security and Privacy  
Discrepancies between acceptability and disclosure were observed -e.g. 43% provided names and contact of friends, having said they found the question unacceptable.  ...  They are always looking to improve the effectiveness of their predictions, which means improving the algorithms and/or collecting different data.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS We would like to thank Madalina Vasilache, Diana Franculescu and Jessica Colson for testing and interviewing the study"s participants.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-642-39498-0_11 fatcat:byccyxsg4jdxbggyg5657xbcva


2021 EU Tax Disclosure Rules  
It built on other recent tax transparency developments, including those requiring exchange of information concerning tax rulings and proposals for public disclosure of tax information on a country-by-country  ...  Nevertheless, the EU Commission and Member States regarded disclosure of information on cross-border tax planning as consistent with the recent extension of tax transparency.  ...  Relevant taxpayer or another intermediary has to report Relevant taxpayer has to report No reporƟng obligaƟon Decision Chart Mandatory Disclosure Rules under DAC6 Is there at least one hallmark that  ... 
doi:10.4337/9781800885639.00009 fatcat:o4gxtauxf5b4jhoq3vd4vylyqi

Divulgación, utilización e interpretación de la información financiera de los gobiernos: tres ensayos = Disclosure, use and interpretation of the financial information of governments: three essays Claudio Columbano SEGOVIA,

Claudio Columbano, Marco Trombetta
2021 Zenodo  
This dissertation offers three studies aimed at shedding new light on the disclosure, use and interpretation of the financial information released by gover [...]  ...  Los dos primeros capítulos se basan en un conjunto de datos recogidos por el autor que abarcan las previsiones divulgadas por los gobiernos de la Unión Europea durante el período 2001-2018.  ...  That's when this interaction comes in and that's why I do think a thorough analysis needs to look at both.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.4600500 fatcat:qpmcmuoibrby7jiszuvzfh2v7y

Patent Disclosures and Standard-Setting

Josh Lerner, Haris Tabakovic, Jean Tirole
2016 Social Science Research Network  
This article explores the firms' strategies in response to IP disclosure requirements-in particular, the choice between specific and generic disclosures of IP-and the optimal response by SSOs, including  ...  We empirically examine patent disclosures made to seven large SSOs, and find results consistent with theoretical predictions. JEL Codes: L24, O34. and 669217).  ...  A better understanding of when and what firms choose to disclose, how these disclosures are interpreted, and how the commitments evolve over time would be very important for optimal policy setting.  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.2851539 fatcat:7ruqsctnwrgojezjvzsnfwgdlu

10 Things the PTO Can Do to Enhance Context-Based Patent Disclosure

Colleen V. Chien
2013 Social Science Research Network  
Determinations as to when, how often and to whom the updated record is filed are critical to this. Maybe -there is less of a need to update information once a patent issues.  ...  If I'm a startup in this space and I want to reverse engineer what others have done, I'm going to look at what others have done, and I want to know what Pandora has done.  ...  Anything the PTO can do in that regard would be desirable. Paul  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.2215128 fatcat:2owrekl3snfzrffmef2qc5d3ji

Maintaining the reversibility of foldings: Making the ethics (politics) of information technology visible

Lucas D. Introna
2006 Ethics and Information Technology  
I will give a brief account of this approach and show how it might guide our understanding of the ethics and politics of technology by considering two examples of contemporary information technology: search  ...  I want to suggest that the morality of technology is much more embedded and implicit than such a view would suggest.  ...  How and when -in concrete terms -must this disclosure happen? Let me briefly mention some ideas.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10676-006-9133-z fatcat:6ob4hnizsjeypjh42deat4tzvi

Disclosive Ethics and Information Technology: Disclosing Facial Recognition Systems

Lucas D. Introna
2005 Ethics and Information Technology  
It presents the design of technology as a process of closure in which design and use decisions become black-boxed and progressively enclosed in increasingly complex sociotechnical networks.  ...  The paper then proceeds to do a disclosive analysis of facial recognition systems.  ...  Obviously, we do not know how these factors would act together and they are not necessarily cumulative.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10676-005-4583-2 fatcat:562brps2prczzmouuc6n6lwq44

Net neutrality: A progress report

Jan Krämer, Lukas Wiewiorra, Christof Weinhardt
2013 Telecommunications Policy  
This paper is intended as an introduction to the debate on net neutrality and as a progress report on the growing body of academic literature on this issue.  ...  Moreover, a framework for policy decisions is derived and it is discussed how the concept of neutrality extends to other parts of the Internet ecosystem.  ...  If ISPs would indeed want to block disliked websites, why should they do not so under another network regime?  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.telpol.2012.08.005 fatcat:aql4vwjwnvhxrb6z33gbpupl2y

The 2020 Census Disclosure Avoidance System TopDown Algorithm [article]

John M. Abowd and Robert Ashmead and Ryan Cumings-Menon and Simson Garfinkel and Micah Heineck and Christine Heiss and Robert Johns and Daniel Kifer and Philip Leclerc and Ashwin Machanavajjhala and Brett Moran and William Sexton and Matthew Spence and Pavel Zhuravlev
2022 arXiv   pre-print
The Census TopDown Algorithm (TDA) is a disclosure avoidance system using differential privacy for privacy-loss accounting.  ...  The algorithm ingests the final, edited version of the 2020 Census data and the final tabulation geographic definitions.  ...  We discuss the utility of the TDA, but leave for future work a discussion of how users can best analyze the released data and how the privacy semantics-the interpretation of DP-are modified in the presence  ... 
arXiv:2204.08986v1 fatcat:bv5ow3lqqzbudjpi5kjdyuxdum

Technological Progress and Artificial Intelligence [chapter]

Anton Korinek, Martin Schindler, Joseph E. Stiglitz
2021 How to Achieve Inclusive Growth  
They also give rise to winner-takes-all dynamics that advantage highly skilled individuals and countries that are at the forefront of technological progress.  ...  Advances in artificial intelligence and automation have the potential to be labor-saving and to increase inequality and poverty around the globe.  ...  New transparency regulations, for example, regarding the algorithms and targeting of advertising, are necessary, but again not sufficient.  ... 
doi:10.1093/oso/9780192846938.003.0005 fatcat:oy2jfcjh75awvbsamkvcot276u

Protecting Democratic Expression Online: Canada's Work in Progress [chapter]

Richard Janda
2021 Perspectives on Platform Regulation  
It concludes with some observations about how Canada could reinforce online dispute resolution and help shift platform business models that serve to amplify extreme content.  ...  Thus, it has proved harder than anticipated to strike the balance between dismantling barriers to full democratic expression placed upon groups targeted by hate speech, on the one hand, and ensuring that  ...  on advertising transparency, v) public labelling and registration of bots, and vi) disclosure of the ownership structure behind those disseminating user-generated and other third-party content. 104 he  ... 
doi:10.5771/9783748929789-365 fatcat:f33a3nbwsfasjjfgsu5gxv6pye

The Biases of Information Security Research [chapter]

2020 Researching Internet Governance  
But how to secure information and communication technologies is deeply contested (Deibert 2017).  ...  The choices that are made to secure information ultimately shape our communications spaces and, by extension, how we secure our societies.  ...  Who wants to interrogate a hidden and prejudiced algorithm if it will invoke the wrath of a company's powerful legal department or blacklist graduates from prospective jobs?  ... 
doi:10.7551/mitpress/12400.003.0012 fatcat:bsqybl6gunc3hk2ajgcqb7bewe

Digital health fiduciaries: protecting user privacy when sharing health data

Chirag Arora
2019 Ethics and Information Technology  
While some scholars argue for transparency and accountability mechanisms to resolve this conflict, an average user is not adequately equipped to access and process information relating to the consequences  ...  These deliberative requirements ensure that users can engage in collective participation and share their health data at a lower risk of privacy harms.  ...  Acknowledgements I would like to thank Elizabeth O' Neill, Anthonie Meijers, Claudia-Melania Chituc, John Danaher, Tamar Sharon, Linnet Taylor and two anonymous reviewers for their immensely valuable and  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10676-019-09499-x fatcat:7um456u46faz5lnf2r2cqvvi5m
« Previous Showing results 1 — 15 out of 4,434 results