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Preprocessing of emotional visual information in the human piriform cortex

Patrick Schulze, Anne-Kathrin Bestgen, Robert K. Lech, Lars Kuchinke, Boris Suchan
2017 Scientific Reports  
Odors of different valence (pleasant, neutral and unpleasant) were primed by images of emotional facial expressions (happy, neutral and disgust).  ...  This study examines the processing of visual information by the olfactory system in humans.  ...  Acknowledgements The present study was funded by a grant (Sonderforschungsbereich 874, CRC 874) awarded by the German Research Foundation (Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft, DFG) to Boris Suchan (Project  ... 
doi:10.1038/s41598-017-09295-x pmid:28835658 pmcid:PMC5569091 fatcat:ssww6qfzq5ab3aqj2rovg6xh3m

Human chemosignals of disgust facilitate food judgment

Yan Zheng, Yuqi You, Ana R. Farias, Jessica Simon, Gün R. Semin, Monique A. Smeets, Wen Li
2018 Scientific Reports  
cortex (OFC) were engaged in processing social chemosignals of disgust during food judgment.  ...  , in contrast to primary disgust elicitors (disgust odors) that impaired the judgment. fMRI analyses (disgust vs. neutral sweat) revealed that the fusiform face area (FFA), amygdala, and orbitofrontal  ...  Acknowledgements This research was supported by the National Institute of Mental Health grants R01MH093413 (W.L.). Author Contributions W.L., G.R.S., M.A.S. and A.R.F. designed this study.  ... 
doi:10.1038/s41598-018-35132-w fatcat:3v2yrpbwwrdrdfkbrua3xeto24

Sweet Emotion: The Role of Odor-induced Context in the Search Advantage for Happy Facial Expressions

Ljubica Damjanovic, Heather Wilkinson, Julie Lloyd
2017 Chemical Senses  
a function of the odor context, such that the categorization of happy faces was 74 facilitated in the context of pleasant odor relative to the no odor control condition, but 75 impaired when presented  ...  The different odor contexts did not 76 affect the processing of facial expressions of disgust.  ...  Processing of disgusted faces is facilitated by odor primes: A functional MRI study. amygdala. Curr Dir Psychol Sci. 7:177 -188. facial expressions. Psychol Sci. 20: 177 -183.  ... 
doi:10.1093/chemse/bjx081 pmid:29293901 fatcat:zkhns2bqjrepjhykjxp7lbe2wa

The scent of attraction and the smell of success: crossmodal influences on person perception

Charles Spence
2021 Cognitive Research  
Numerous peer-reviewed studies have documented that a variety of olfactory stimuli, from ambient malodours through to fine fragrances, and even a range of chemosensory body odours can influence everything  ...  At the same time, however, it is important to note that the presence of scent (and/or the absence of malodour) can also influence people's (i.e., a perceiver's) self-confidence which may, in turn, affect  ...  Using functional MRI, Seubert et al. (2010a) were able to demonstrate that the processing of disgusted faces was facilitated by the prior presentation of odour primes.  ... 
doi:10.1186/s41235-021-00311-3 pmid:34173932 fatcat:atg6qkv5rzdl7ftijwiza4gc7y

The Crossmodal Influence of Odor Hedonics on Facial Attractiveness: Behavioural and fMRI Measures [chapter]

Francis McGlone, Robert A., Luisa M., Charles Spence
2013 Functional Brain Mapping and the Endeavor to Understand the Working Brain  
This view is also supported by the results of a recent study demonstrating that the amygdala does not encode odor valence or intensity per se, but rather appears to contain a general representation of  ...  This observation is consistent with previous studies that have implicated these regions in the processing of facial attractiveness [ , , ] and positively valenced odors [ , , ].  ...  This view is also supported by the results of a recent study demonstrating that the amygdala does not encode odor valence or intensity per se, but rather appears to contain a general representation of  ... 
doi:10.5772/56504 fatcat:7wkrc6djvvfsllvqcsqd5ae6vq

Effective connectivity reveals distinctive patterns in response to others' genuine affective experience of disgust as compared to pain [article]

Yili Zhao, Lei Zhang, Markus Ruetgen, Ronald Sladky, Claus Lamm
2021 bioRxiv   pre-print
Empathy is significantly influenced by the identification of others' emotions.  ...  odors as compared to pretending to smell something disgusting.  ...  Olfactory priming could facilitate the identification of the emotion of disgust (Seubert et al., 2010a; Seubert et al., 2010b) ; in turn, priming with a disgusted face compared to a happy face enhanced  ... 
doi:10.1101/2021.09.03.458875 fatcat:p63hofe34zh3taz3mo5cowuv3u

The functional profile of the human amygdala in affective processing: Insights from intracranial recordings

Ryan J. Murray, Tobias Brosch, David Sander
2014 Cortex  
Emotion Intracerebral Single-unit Relevance Medial temporal a b s t r a c t The amygdala is suggested to serve as a key structure in the emotional brain, implicated in diverse affective processes.  ...  The early window (~50e290 msec) subsumes effects respective to exogenous stimulus-driven affective processing of faces and emotion.  ...  This research was supported by a research grant to Professor David Sander and Dr. Tobias Brosch from the Swiss National Science Foundation (100014-143398; project n un 8306). r e f e r e n c e s  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.cortex.2014.06.010 pmid:25043736 fatcat:dggqu27k4fdufjdde6gsogjshu

Successful Contextual Integration of Loose Mental Associations As Evidenced by Emotional Conflict-Processing

Ulrike Zimmer, Karl Koschutnig, Franz Ebner, Anja Ischebeck, Marcus Gray
2014 PLoS ONE  
In an fMRI-study, nineteen participants detected the presence or absence of a little worm hidden in the picture of an apple, while ignoring a voice with an emotional sound of taste (delicious/disgusting  ...  Our results indicate a modulation due to emotional conflict, pronounced most strongly when processing conflict in the context of disgust (conflict: disgust/no-worm vs. no conflict: disgust/worm).  ...  Acknowledgments We thank Emiliano Macaluso and Ian Gilchrist for valuable oral discussions on this study and Manuel Ninaus, Gernot Reishofer and Hannah Rosenzopf for technical assistance.  ... 
doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0091470 pmid:24618674 pmcid:PMC3950074 fatcat:all7uwzp4ngnvfj3j3jawxvseq

Emotion processing in words: a test of the neural re-use hypothesis using surface and intracranial EEG

Aurélie Ponz, Marie Montant, Catherine Liegeois-Chauvel, Catarina Silva, Mario Braun, Arthur M. Jacobs, Johannes C. Ziegler
2013 Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience  
This study investigates the spatiotemporal brain dynamics of emotional information processing during reading using a combination of surface and intracranial electroencephalography (EEG).  ...  According to the neural re-use perspective, brain regions that are involved in processing emotional information contained in other stimuli (faces, pictures, smells) might be in charge of the processing  ...  is involved in a number of other cognitive functions (e.g.  ... 
doi:10.1093/scan/nst034 pmid:23482627 pmcid:PMC4014107 fatcat:um7yc4ggjvaiflneqc73lfxlka

Neurobiological responses to images of food and psycho-behavioral correlates in obese binge eaters: a functional MRI study

Roni Aviram
2017
between the groups: for 'food versus nonfood', activated were seven areas functionally involved in the integration of somatosensory experience with internal state, processing of sensations, cognitions,  ...  thoughts, and emotions, integration of sensory functions and memory, visual object recognition and motion, visual - somatosensory functions and associations, integration of emotional value with a sensory  ...  functional MRI.  ... 
doi:10.7916/d8ws8s2g fatcat:h5sx6xdhp5eyjjrefk2sohb544

The human amygdala and the emotional evaluation of sensory stimuli

David H. Zald
2003 Brain Research Reviews  
A wealth of animal data implicates the amygdala in aspects of emotional processing.  ...  In recent years, functional neuroimaging and neuropsychological studies have begun to refine our understanding of the functions of the amygdala in humans.  ...  Note that at this resolution (which is typical of anatomical MRIs collected as part of functional studies), it is difficult to visualize the borders of the subnuclei or even the border of the amygdala  ... 
doi:10.1016/s0165-0173(02)00248-5 pmid:12505650 fatcat:nkupeounebgnpfybpzmmyvkzbe

Abstracts from the 24th Annual Meeting of the European Chemoreception Research Organization (ECRO 2014), Dijon, France, September 10-13th, 2014

2015 Chemical Senses  
A number of studies demonstrated a direct involvement of accessory olfactory system in regulation of male sexual Downloaded from https://academic.oup.com/chemse/article-abstract/40/3/211/614502 by guest  ...  We present here a brain imaging study aimed at relating neural activity in human olfactory cortex and chemical space of odorants on the one hand and perceptual space of odors on the other hand.  ...  Olfactory Performance Is Predicted by Individual Sex-Atypicality, but Not Sexual Orientation A Novel Semi Intact in Situ Nose-Olfactory Bulb-Brainstem Preparation (NOBBP) of Rat  ... 
doi:10.1093/chemse/bju073 fatcat:tcf6foce2ve6zn77aqjzywelcm

Neural components of social evaluation

William A. Cunningham, Marcia K. Johnson, J. Chris Gatenby, John C. Gore, Mahzarin R. Banaji
2003 Journal of Personality and Social Psychology  
Together, these findings indicate a neural distinction between processes engaged for automatic and controlled evaluation.  ...  Using functional magnetic resonance imaging, the authors investigated the brain systems associated with automatic and controlled evaluative processing.  ...  To synchronize stimulus presentations with functional scanning, all trials were initiated by a trigger sent by the MRI scanner at the beginning of each scan.  ... 
doi:10.1037/0022-3514.85.4.639 pmid:14561118 fatcat:xs3l3jn6gvf2zdrzt4vkol3v6i

XXVIth Annual Meeting of the European Chemoreception Research Organization, ECRO 2016

2017 Chemical Senses  
Through history, infectious bacteria and viruses have posed a threat to humanity. Being able to detect and avoid pathogens is, therefore, of crucial importance. It has been shown  ...  In contrast the N170 component was stronger for disgusted faces in disgusting odor trials than in trials with a pleasant odor context.  ...  However, this arousal effect depended on the odor context for happy faces, in a pleasant-odor context the faces were rated as more arousing than in the disgusting odor context.  ... 
doi:10.1093/chemse/bjw120 fatcat:jtfyrwkf5nagffjtmxbpvkiu3a

Abstracts from the Thirty-fourth Annual Meeting of the Association for Chemoreception Sciences

2013 Chemical Senses  
Acknowledgements: Howard Smelling the same odorant can be accompanied by a significantly different percept as a function of context and expectation.  ...  Aggression between conspecific males is a social behavior that is under pheromonal control.  ...  taste perception is facilitated by a variable number of bitter taste receptor (Tas2r) genes.  ... 
doi:10.1093/chemse/bjs091 pmid:23300212 fatcat:or55rqfvszfqdmmdlusi5jfrbi
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