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Local meaning-negotiation, activity types, and the current-discourse-space model

ANDREAS LANGLOTZ
2015 Language and Cognition  
With reference to these frameworks, the paper sketches a grounded socio-cognitive model of meaning construction in context that combines the situated interactional negotiation of meaning with the discursive  ...  that conversations are subject to genres that impose conventionalized expectations for allowable contributions and inferences, as advocated by the ethnography of communication.  ...  In doing so, they can invite their partners to engage with a diff erent speech activity, such as teasing.  ... 
doi:10.1017/langcog.2015.21 fatcat:s4ausp5hifftbpqev53fr2sj3e

Unsupervised models for morpheme segmentation and morphology learning

Mathias Creutz, Krista Lagus
2007 ACM Transactions on Speech and Language Processing  
Several instances of the model are evaluated quantitatively in a morpheme segmentation task on different sized sets of Finnish as well as English data.  ...  We present a model family called Morfessor for the unsupervised induction of a simple morphology from raw text data. The model is formulated in a probabilistic maximum a posteriori framework.  ...  Here we allow two correct segmentations, namely, the traditional linguistic segmentation in invite, invite+s, invit+ed and invit+ing, as well as the alternative interpretation, where the e is considered  ... 
doi:10.1145/1217098.1217101 dblp:journals/tslp/CreutzL07 fatcat:7fk7fnto4ze6vjrewx54tay7w4

Unsupervised models for morpheme segmentation and morphology learning

Mathias Creutz, Krista Lagus
2007 ACM Transactions on Speech and Language Processing  
Several instances of the model are evaluated quantitatively in a morpheme segmentation task on different sized sets of Finnish as well as English data.  ...  We present a model family called Morfessor for the unsupervised induction of a simple morphology from raw text data. The model is formulated in a probabilistic maximum a posteriori framework.  ...  Here we allow two correct segmentations, namely, the traditional linguistic segmentation in invite, invite+s, invit+ed and invit+ing, as well as the alternative interpretation, where the e is considered  ... 
doi:10.1145/1187415.1187418 fatcat:2mteoik2dnb5jn3fpli6ahcajq

Context-based multimodal interpretation : an integrated approach to multimodal fusion and discourse processing [article]

Norbert Pfleger, Universität Des Saarlandes, Universität Des Saarlandes
2008
There is also a camera based on-/off-view detection and a prosody-based on-/off-talk detection that prevent the system from processing user contributions that were not intended to address the system.  ...  The actual interpretation can be realized using the processing strategy as depicted in algorithm 2.  ...  The trace is organized as follows: For each user utterance, we will first provide the processing trace of the interpretation phase including the trace for the integration of the selected hypothesis into  ... 
doi:10.22028/d291-25919 fatcat:w276wugztnbvhe742q44swlvnq

Logics of questions

Yacin Hamami, Floris Roelofsen
2015 Synthese  
for an agent in a state). iii approach.  ...  The last chapter includes a brief overview of related works, main results, possibilities of future directions, and comments on problematic parts of our 3 We will use the term askability of a question (  ...  The model-theoretical view shows it in a direct way.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s11229-015-0736-y fatcat:p25rjnaub5d7xpb7ki3f76rrmq

Pedagogical content knowledge and content knowledge of secondary mathematics teachers

Stefan Krauss, Martin Brunner, Mareike Kunter, Jürgen Baumert, Werner Blum, Michael Neubrand, Alexander Jordan
2008 Journal of Educational Psychology  
The results give interesting insights in students' learning processes of modelling, their progress and their problems during the semester and their considerations about teaching modelling.  ...  Among other things, the students had to write a "learning diary" over the whole semester.  ...  This sequence is also a good basis for interdisciplinary teaching to see the same phenomenon with "subject driven" eyes.  ... 
doi:10.1037/0022-0663.100.3.716 fatcat:m4zrtj4he5gh7pfexbp4oqomaq

Towards a Computational Comparative Neuroprimatology: Framing the language-ready brain

Michael A. Arbib
2016 Physics of Life Reviews  
Third, we assess the similarities and differences between the dorsal and ventral streams in audition and vision as the basis for presenting and comparing two models of language processing in the human  ...  A human language (such as English and Swahili, but not music) is a system which combines a lexicon with a grammar which supports a compositional semantics, i.e., it supports an unbounded set of propositions  ...  talked about.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.plrev.2015.09.003 pmid:26482863 fatcat:3ppvthd6mfaepc6km53psffw7i

Nanosecond Tuning In Microwave Resonators Fabricated On Ruddlesden-Popper Thin Films

A.M. Hagerstrom, X. Lu, N.M. Dawley, H. Nair, Jordi Mateu, J.C. Booth, C.J. Long, D.G. Scholm, N. Orloff
2017 Zenodo  
The abstracts are reproduced as submitted by authors, a format that provides for longer, more detailed descriptions of papers.  ...  of view.  ...  Both single-mode and multimode tellurite optical fiber are to be made.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.1155779 fatcat:oczwziam2bar7dpe7r7yybcu3y

Estimating the size and spatial distribution of bubble clouds in an underwater acoustic test tank

Fred D. Holt, J. Daniel Park, R. Lee Culver, David Coles, Timothy Leighton
2010 Journal of the Acoustical Society of America  
., Woods Hole, MA 02543, jlynch@whoi.edu͒ Observations show that shallow water bottom relief often has a bandlimited directional spectrum produced by various oceanographic and geological processes.  ...  A seismic source vessel shot a series of lines designed to give detailed angle and range information concerning the field of the primary arrival.  ...  : it leads to reconsider the concepts of information versus meaning, as well as from a methodological point of view, the concepts of affordance versus Umwelt.  ... 
doi:10.1121/1.3384193 fatcat:hbesn7bgzbhvfjiy4sewacwaxe

Representing Cognitive Activity in Complex Tasks

Philip J. Barnard, Jon May
1999 Human-Computer Interaction  
Interacting Cognitive Subsystems (ICS) is proposed as a unified cognitive theory that can be used as the basis for such representations, and two approaches based upon the theory are described.  ...  While cognitive theory has been recognised as essential for the analysis of Human-Computer Interaction, the representations that have been developed have been directed more towards theoretical purposes  ...  It is certainly nowhere near being a real, applicable tool. It is best viewed as a snapshot of a development process, but one with the potential for further development.  ... 
doi:10.1080/07370024.1999.9667267 fatcat:3vabmlu5ejcrvjz7gf2arxoale

From monkey-like action recognition to human language: an evolutionary framework for neurolinguistics

Michael A Arbib
2005 Behavioral and Brain Sciences  
million years ago and modern human language, with manual gestures rather than a system for vocal communication providing the initial seed for this evolutionary process.  ...  Imitation is seen as evolving via a so-called simple system such as that found in chimpanzees (which allows imitation of complex "object-oriented" sequences but only as the result of extensive practice  ...  However, it is a mistake to confuse Wray's observation of the role of formulas in modern language use with the idea that protowords were themselves formulas.  ... 
pmid:16201457 fatcat:rfgns6ylqngehlnw5fdxiz7mvi

New Foundation in the Sciences: Physics without Sweeping Infinities under the Rug [article]

Victor Christianto, Florentin Smarandache, Robert Neil Boyd
2020 Figshare  
For instance, a quote from Richard Feynman goes as follows: "What the three Nobel Prize winners did, in the words of Feynman, was "to get rid of the infinities in the calculations.  ...  In other words, the leading paradigms have strong tendency to be hailed as the only game in town.  ...  (This can be viewed as a "learning process" for young neurons.)  ... 
doi:10.6084/m9.figshare.12387260 fatcat:6qqvy3zxrfgebm6ctt5jkakqz4

Performance of optimized sound field control techniques in simulated and real acoustic environments

Philip Coleman, Martin Møller, Martin Olsen, Marek Olik, Philip Jackson, Jan Abildgaard Pedersen
2012 Journal of the Acoustical Society of America  
A comparatively low ceiling with elegant dome-like caisson acts as a sound shell, providing beneficial reflections to the audience, and to actors on the stage as well.  ...  as well?  ...  Using timbre in data sonification can be viewed as an inverse transform of this process: Expressing data with timbre is equivalent to designing the spectro-temporal structure of a sound.  ... 
doi:10.1121/1.4709059 fatcat:5yv7djzdifgwvlzymric4u65oa

Genetic Programming III - Darwinian Invention and Problem Solving

Peter Nordin
1999 Evolutionary Computation  
Special thanks goes to our reviewers, who stuck with us through a major reorganization of the book and provided insightful and useful comments.  ...  If one were to interpret the word orthodoxy as signifying a body of rigid and mindless dogma, this would be a depressing statement, but if we take it as meaning the body of moderate views subscribed to  ...  His conclusion: "A man, viewed as a behaving system, is quite simple.  ... 
doi:10.1162/evco.1999.7.4.451 fatcat:27732t6mfvgt7mzpbvkrv6wcqm

Message from the general chair

Benjamin C. Lee
2015 2015 IEEE International Symposium on Performance Analysis of Systems and Software (ISPASS)  
methods as an isolated inference procedure at the end.  ...  Traditional merging methods adopt different strategies such as the best-first method and enforcing the transitivity constraint, but most of these methods are used independently of the pairwise learning  ...  (ICC)) 9:00am -10:30am Invited Talk: Aravind K.  ... 
doi:10.1109/ispass.2015.7095776 dblp:conf/ispass/Lee15 fatcat:ehbed6nl6barfgs6pzwcvwxria
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