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Eco-terrorists Facing Armageddon: The Defence of Necessity and Legal Normativity in the Context of Environmental Crisis

Hugo Tremblay
2012 McGill Law Journal  
The application domain of these mechanisms may expand critically in times of crisis and emergency.  ...  Legal decisions are never entirely predetermined; they rely on discretion. 35 The interpretation and application of rules inevitably involve substantive judgments that imply the particularized implementation  ... 
doi:10.7202/1017517ar fatcat:2dqzmkgvijgirgznaioh6mikuq

Field Programmable Gate Array Applications—A Scientometric Review

Juan Ruiz-Rosero, Gustavo Ramirez-Gonzalez, Rahul Khanna
2019 Computation  
These publications show the vast range of applications based on FPGAs, from the new mechanism that enables the magnetic suspension system for the kilogram redefinition, to the Mars rovers' navigation systems  ...  Also, we present an evolution and trend analysis of the related applications.  ...  In Proceedings of the 2011 3rd International Workshop on Intelligent Systems and Applications, ISA 2011, Wuhan, China, 28-29 May 2011. [CrossRef] 169.  ... 
doi:10.3390/computation7040063 fatcat:wxtatzsvvnfopghdfl25hcfc2a

Maps of Lessons Learnt in Requirements Engineering: A Research Preview [chapter]

Ibtehal Noorwali, Nazim H. Madhavji
2013 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
Both researchers and practitioners have emphasized the importance of learning from past experiences and its consequential impact on project time, cost, and quality.  ...  The results show that approximately 80% of the elicited lessons are implicit and that approximately 70% of the lessons deal with the elicitation, analysis, and specification RE phases only.  ...  Acknowledgements First and foremost, my sincere thanks go to Professor Nazim Madhavji for his continuous guidance, supervision, and encouragement during the course of my research.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-642-37422-7_9 fatcat:m67nibzpmna6rmedkg2rmy3zwu

What to Pre-Train on? Efficient Intermediate Task Selection [article]

Clifton Poth, Jonas Pfeiffer, Andreas Rücklé, Iryna Gurevych
2021 arXiv   pre-print
With an abundance of candidate datasets as well as pre-trained language models, it has become infeasible to run the cross-product of all combinations to find the best transfer setting.  ...  Our results show that efficient embedding based methods that rely solely on the respective datasets outperform computational expensive few-shot fine-tuning approaches.  ...  We thank Leonardo Ribeiro and the anonymous reviewers for insightful feedback and suggestions on a draft of this paper.  ... 
arXiv:2104.08247v2 fatcat:4ljcfshev5f3tmgugrrrkh3s4m

Explainable Deep Learning in Healthcare: A Methodological Survey from an Attribution View [article]

Di Jin and Elena Sergeeva and Wei-Hung Weng and Geeticka Chauhan and Peter Szolovits
2021 arXiv   pre-print
In this review, we focus on the interpretability of the DL models in healthcare.  ...  DL models and choose the optimal one accordingly.  ...  In Proceedings of the 55th Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics (Volume 1: Long Papers), pages 950–962, Vancouver, Canada. Association for Computational Linguistics.  ... 
arXiv:2112.02625v1 fatcat:omcm44vj2ffthcpna27typyvau

Innovations to Address Complex Challenges: 22ndAnnual Canadian Conference on HIV/AIDS Research

2013 Canadian Journal of Infectious Diseases and Medical Microbiology  
Problem-based educational modules were produced and two focus groups conducted (n=16) to assess the appeal and applicability of the content.  ...  METHODS: Based on a literature review and a published Bernoulli mathematical model (Fox, AIDS 2011; 25(8) :1065-82), we piloted an application which provides evidence-based risk estimates for HIV transmission  ...  CONCLUSIONS: Knowledge and awareness of HIV/AIDS are key components influencing the context of HIV prevention efforts in Canada.  ... 
doi:10.1155/2013/849649 fatcat:enjn2bdt55aiblhzwtagqusa7u

Neural Machine Translation: A Review

Felix Stahlberg
2020 The Journal of Artificial Intelligence Research  
Statistical MT, which mainly relies on various count-based models and which used to dominate MT research for decades, has largely been superseded by neural machine translation (NMT), which tackles translation  ...  In this work we will trace back the origins of modern NMT architectures to word and sentence embeddings and earlier examples of the encoder-decoder network family.  ...  Acknowledgments I am grateful to Bill Byrne for his comments on an earlier version of the manuscript, and to the associate editor Stephen Clark whose advice was vital for shaping this review article.  ... 
doi:10.1613/jair.1.12007 fatcat:ryepzeon7nfnbgujk2kiacbrlm

Inter-agency evidence sharing in competition law enforcement

Marek Martyniszyn
2015 The International Journal of Evidence & Proof  
and on a non-reciprocal basis.  ...  The article outlines the shortcomings of the current framework and points to novel unilateral approaches.  ...  Programs-Disclosure of Immunity Applicant Statements' (ABA International Cartel Workshop-Vancouver 2012), <http://www.lw.com/upload/pubContent/_pdf/pub4546_1.pdf>. 25 Case C-360/09, Pfleiderer AG v.  ... 
doi:10.1177/1365712714561190 fatcat:x3kujmwhpfdlzfowhisuweg5ka

Tensor Networks for Dimensionality Reduction and Large-scale Optimization: Part 1 Low-Rank Tensor Decompositions

Andrzej Cichocki, Namgil Lee, Ivan Oseledets, Anh-Huy Phan, Qibin Zhao, Danilo P. Mandic
2016 Foundations and Trends® in Machine Learning  
We provide the mathematical and graphical representations and interpretation of tensor networks, with the main focus on the Tucker and Tensor Train (TT) decompositions and their extensions or generalizations  ...  linear equations, pseudo-inverse of very large matrices, Lasso and Canonical Correlation Analysis (CCA) (This is Part 1)  ...  In Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing, ICASSP 2013, Vancouver, BC, Canada, May 26–31, 2013, pages 3228– 3232, 2013b.  ... 
doi:10.1561/2200000059 fatcat:ememscddezeovamsoqrcpp33z4

Can NLI Models Verify QA Systems' Predictions? [article]

Jifan Chen, Eunsol Choi, Greg Durrett
2021 arXiv   pre-print
To build robust question answering systems, we need the ability to verify whether answers to questions are truly correct, not just "good enough" in the context of imperfect QA datasets.  ...  Careful manual analysis over the predictions of our NLI model shows that it can further identify cases where the QA model produces the right answer for the wrong reason, or where the answer cannot be verified  ...  The views and conclusions contained herein are those of the authors and should not be interpreted as necessarily representing the official policies or endorsements, either expressed or implied, of the  ... 
arXiv:2104.08731v2 fatcat:dw5m5vg7ebh2poidozbgtwrabi

NL-Augmenter: A Framework for Task-Sensitive Natural Language Augmentation [article]

Kaustubh D. Dhole, Varun Gangal, Sebastian Gehrmann, Aadesh Gupta, Zhenhao Li, Saad Mahamood, Abinaya Mahendiran, Simon Mille, Ashish Srivastava, Samson Tan, Tongshuang Wu, Jascha Sohl-Dickstein (+113 others)
2021 arXiv   pre-print
Data augmentation is an important component in the robustness evaluation of models in natural language processing (NLP) and in enhancing the diversity of the data they are trained on.  ...  In this paper, we present NL-Augmenter, a new participatory Python-based natural language augmentation framework which supports the creation of both transformations (modifications to the data) and filters  ...  The score drops for these criteria may tory to cite the work that a specific implementation not be easily interpretable; e.g. that model-based builds on, if appropriate.  ... 
arXiv:2112.02721v1 fatcat:uqizuxc4wzgxnnfsc6azh6ckpq

Information Systems as Representations: A Review of the Theory and Evidence

Jan Recker, University of Cologne, Marta Indulska, Peter Green, Andrew Burton-Jones, Ron Weber, University of Queensland, Queensland University of Technology, University of Queensland, Monash University/University of Queensland
2019 Journal of the AIS  
Based on our findings, we articulate a set of recommendations for improving its application, development, testing, and evaluation.  ...  Over the past three decades, the theory has underpinned much research on conceptual modeling in IS analysis and design and, increasingly, research on other IS phenomena such as data quality, system alignment  ...  Acknowledgments The preparation of this paper was supported in part by three Australian Research Council Discovery Grants (DP110104386 to Andrew Burton-Jones and Ron Weber, DP130102454 to Marta Indulska  ... 
doi:10.17705/1jais.00550 fatcat:d3t6lnlz4fgere2lx5ce5esxpy

XXIII ISPRS Congress, Proceedings and Results – Volume XLI, Part A, 2016

L. Halounová, C. Heipke, A. Radtke
2018 The International Archives of the Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences  
XL-1/W1 WG III/4 VCM 2013 -ISPRS International Workshop on 3D Virtual City Modeling 28-31 May 2013 Regina, CANADA Annals Vol.  ...  recommend spokespersons on these issues. • Flag legal issues, problems and scenarios which may arise in the context of ISPRS activities in the context to international policy issues. • Provide advice  ...  high-level semantic interpretation Recognising: -the contributions of ISPRS community to analysis, segmentation and classification of image, point clouds and 3D model data Recommends: -that the work on  ... 
doi:10.5194/isprs-archives-xli-a-1-2018 fatcat:hzsxrsslsfcxtmmcqlp46dgnky

Oral Abstracts

Heather Hickey
2020 Canadian Medical Education Journal  
Each metric was accompanied by an explanation of the metric and designation of independent or interdependent based on earlier interviews with faculty and residents.  ...  Background/Purpose: Physician report cards are an important aspect of outcomes-based practice and education.  ...  The retreat included three workshop activities using a stepwise approach to teaching principles of program evaluation, how to develop a logic model and evaluation matrix, and distributed logic model and  ... 
doi:10.36834/cmej.70081 fatcat:nkxek5eqvrechhd5l6ag4wlhhu

Security and Privacy in Cloud Computing: Technical Review

Yunusa Simpa Abdulsalam, Mustapha Hedabou
2021 Future Internet  
Cloud computing offers advantages and opportunities for business users to migrate and leverage the scalability of the pay-as-you-go price model.  ...  Advances in the usage of information and communication technologies (ICT) has given rise to the popularity and success of cloud computing.  ...  In Proceedings of the 2009 ICSE Workshop on Software Engineering Challenges of Cloud Computing, Vancouver, BC, Canada, 23 May 2009; pp. 44–52. 46.  ... 
doi:10.3390/fi14010011 fatcat:rzfmwfbxujcu7ohcecbqsb6p2a
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