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Capabilities for strategic flexibility: a cognitive content framework

Ian A. Combe, Gordon E. Greenley
2004 European Journal of Marketing  
In this article we develop a theoretical cognitive content framework that postulates relationships between different ways of thinking about strategy and different information-processing demands.  ...  It is therefore becoming increasingly important for decision makers to not only possess marketing capabilities, but also the capabilities for strategic flexibility in its various forms.  ...  Based on the beliefs inherent in probabilistic ways of thinking about strategy, the dominant decision-making traits expected to be associated with probabilistic cognitive models of strategy are competitive  ... 
doi:10.1108/03090560410560191 fatcat:2ojgnyxmr5glbdxaicbimng2na

Different underlying mechanisms for high and low arousal in probabilistic learning in humans [article]

Luis F. Ciria, Marta Suarez-Pinilla, Alex G. Williams, Sridhar R. Jagannathan, Daniel Sanabria, Tristan A. Bekinschtein
2021 bioRxiv   pre-print
evidence-based strategies, and introduces wake-sleep and physical exercise transitions as complementary experimental models for investigating neural and cognitive dynamics.  ...  Here we show how this ability, termed cognitive flexibility, is differentially modulated by high and low arousal fluctuations.  ...  and skills into effective strategies for coping with similar future demands. 1 Here, we implement a Probabilistic Reversal Learning (PRL) task to study the modulatory effect of low and high arousal  ... 
doi:10.1101/2021.02.26.431959 fatcat:ht32ijceizeyhmoj6e7q3qc2kq

Reduced behavioral flexibility in autism spectrum disorders

Anna-Maria D'Cruz, Michael E. Ragozzino, Matthew W. Mosconi, Sunil Shrestha, Edwin H. Cook, John A. Sweeney
2013 Neuropsychology  
Method-Forty-one individuals with ASD and 37 matched controls performed a probabilistic reversal learning task to assess behavioral flexibility.  ...  Feedback was provided on an 80:20 probabilistic schedule, with 80% of correct choices and 20% of incorrect choices randomly reinforced.  ...  Schematic of probabilistic reversal learning task. Participants were instructed to select the correct stimulus location from a pair and won points for making the correct choice (acquisition).  ... 
doi:10.1037/a0031721 pmid:23527643 pmcid:PMC3740947 fatcat:5o34fobuf5hsta3ad4j6hagra4

Impact of specific serotonin receptor modulation on behavioral flexibility

Bryan D. Alvarez, Cheyenne A. Morales, Dionisio A. Amodeo
2021 Pharmacology, Biochemistry and Behavior  
Current examinations have identified specific serotonin receptors for their direct impact on behavioral flexibility.  ...  Providing definitive evidence for the impact of specific receptor targets on behavioral flexibility is difficult, due to the range of behavioral tests used.  ...  The rat's not for turning: Dissociating the psychological components of cognitive inflexibility.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.pbb.2021.173243 pmid:34314738 pmcid:PMC8429145 fatcat:iulnwmsu7ze4zarehxkejay5n4

Basal ganglia and dopamine contributions to probabilistic category learning

D. Shohamy, C.E. Myers, J. Kalanithi, M.A. Gluck
2008 Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews  
The basal ganglia, in particular, have been linked to probabilistic category learning in humans.  ...  The medial temporal lobes, by contrast, contribute to rapid encoding of relations between stimuli and support flexible generalization of learning to novel contexts and stimuli.  ...  Sage for collaborating with us on some of the research discussed here.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.neubiorev.2007.07.008 pmid:18061261 pmcid:PMC2705841 fatcat:gk6pq7x2jbcq7mvr64ggohvcbq

Distinct Hippocampal and Basal Ganglia Contributions to Probabilistic Learning and Reversal

Daphna Shohamy, Catherine E. Myers, Ramona O. Hopkins, Jake Sage, Mark A. Gluck
2009 Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience  
Amnesic subjects with selective hippocampal damage, Parkinson subjects with disrupted basal ganglia function, and healthy controls were tested on a novel probabilistic learning and reversal paradigm.  ...  The basal ganglia are necessary for learning a new response when a previously learned response is no longer rewarding.  ...  We would also like to thank two anonymous reviewers for insightful comments on an earlier draft.  ... 
doi:10.1162/jocn.2009.21138 pmid:18823246 fatcat:rdyss4hydvhaphkysnllpwhcgy

Computational rationality: A converging paradigm for intelligence in brains, minds, and machines

S. J. Gershman, E. J. Horvitz, J. B. Tenenbaum
2015 Science  
Advances include the development of representations and inferential procedures for large-scale probabilistic inference and machinery for enabling reflection and decisions about tradeoffs in effort, precision  ...  We highlight key concepts with examples that show the potential for interchange between computer science, cognitive science, and neuroscience. We are grateful to A.  ...  strategies in human cognition.  ... 
doi:10.1126/science.aac6076 pmid:26185246 fatcat:vpr6ke7czvhdpa4dnebvize7yq

Risperidone and the 5-HT2AReceptor Antagonist M100907 Improve Probabilistic Reversal Learning in BTBR T + tf/J Mice

Dionisio A. Amodeo, Joshua H. Jones, John A. Sweeney, Michael E. Ragozzino
2014 Autism Research  
To date, there are limited options for treating cognitive inflexibility in autism.  ...  Because risperidone can often lead to unwanted side effects, treatment with a 5HT 2A receptor antagonist may offer an alternative for improving cognitive flexibility in individuals with autism.  ...  Currently, there are no FDA approved treatments for cognitive flexibility deficits in ASD or other disorders.  ... 
doi:10.1002/aur.1395 pmid:24894823 pmcid:PMC4230321 fatcat:cldmjunnhzbaxokumrvhkkrqpa

Subcortical Dopamine and Cognition in Schizophrenia: Looking Beyond Psychosis in Preclinical Models

Kyna-Anne Conn, Thomas H. J. Burne, James P. Kesby
2020 Frontiers in Neuroscience  
We also discuss future strategies and approaches aimed at improving the translational outcomes for the treatment of cognitive deficits in schizophrenia.  ...  This has the potential to aid the successful incorporation of recent clinical research to address the lack of treatment strategies for cognitive symptoms in schizophrenia.  ...  and maintenance of a selected strategy in response to a reversal.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fnins.2020.00542 pmid:32655348 pmcid:PMC7325949 fatcat:rjo2epwotrd4fhdhedkpk5oeia

Isolation rearing effects on probabilistic learning and cognitive flexibility in rats

Nurith Amitai, Jared W. Young, Kerin Higa, Richard F. Sharp, Mark A. Geyer, Susan B. Powell
2013 Cognitive, Affective, & Behavioral Neuroscience  
For this purpose, we assessed cognitive flexibility using between-and within-session probabilistic reversal-learning tasks based on clinical tests.  ...  We investigated what effect isolation rearing would have on cognitive flexibility, a cognitive function characteristically disrupted in schizophrenia.  ...  Mahalah Buell for their assistance.  ... 
doi:10.3758/s13415-013-0204-4 pmid:23943516 pmcid:PMC3923850 fatcat:2fwglgghdzdijnczdvfkdrwvn4

Page 1822 of Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience Vol. 21, Issue 9 [page]

2009 Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience  
and reversal using a novel paradigm that allows a direct assessment of learning strategies and flexibility.  ...  Alternatively, (b) in the present design reversal could be supported by flexibly select- ing a new cue that is different from that used during learning.  ... 

Experimental evaluation of Opportunistic Spectrum Access in distributed cognitive radio networks

Ahmed Khattab, Dmitri Perkins, Magdy A. Bayoumi
2012 2012 8th International Wireless Communications and Mobile Computing Conference (IWCMC)  
However, today's cognitive radio technologies lag far behind the OSA goals and do not allow for the applicability of exiting theoretical distributed OSA techniques.  ...  to OSA approaches that are optimized for fully-capable cognitive radio networks (e.g., with wide-band sensing capability and adopt winner-takesall access relying on network-wide coordination mechanisms  ...  from the use of a common control channel for global network coordination. 1 The RAP OSA approach uses coordinated random spectrum selection combined with a rate-adaptive probabilistic access mechanism  ... 
doi:10.1109/iwcmc.2012.6314211 dblp:conf/iwcmc/KhattabPB12 fatcat:uffyizcetnhu3djdi6a7diitsi

The rat's not for turning: Dissociating the psychological components of cognitive inflexibility

Simon R.O. Nilsson, Johan Alsiö, Elizabeth M. Somerville, Peter G. Clifton
2015 Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews  
Pathology-related deficits in cognitive flexibility can produce selective disruptions to both the processing of irrelevant associations and associations with reward.  ...  Successful performance in assays of cognitive flexibility can therefore depend on a combination of rewarded, non-rewarded, and irrelevant associations derived from previous learning, accounting for some  ...  using the probabilistic stimulus selection task.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.neubiorev.2015.06.015 pmid:26112128 pmcid:PMC4726702 fatcat:h77xzjtcnrbanjzoutkqcaraei

A Review of Methodologies for Natural-Language-Facilitated Human-Robot Cooperation [article]

Rui Liu, Xiaoli Zhang
2017 arXiv   pre-print
In this review, a comprehensive summary about methodologies for NLC is presented.  ...  For the probabilistic model, it is good for scenarios with rich evidence and single objective goal, such as tool delivery and navigation path selection.  ...  formulize robot execution strategies.  ... 
arXiv:1701.08756v3 fatcat:gquzgq3w6bcf5ih4aubchyyulm

Dopaminergic control of cognitive flexibility in humans and animals

Marianne Klanker, Matthijs Feenstra, Damiaan Denys
2013 Frontiers in Neuroscience  
Less is known about the contribution of DA to cognitive flexibility-the ability to adapt behavior in response to changes in the environment.  ...  Citation: Klanker M, Feenstra M and Denys D (2013) Dopaminergic control of cognitive flexibility in humans and animals. Front. Neurosci. 7:201.  ...  DA in the nucleus accumbens in the regulation of cognitive flexibility, in particular strategy or set-shifting.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fnins.2013.00201 pmid:24204329 pmcid:PMC3817373 fatcat:cczozwi33jaaxemgboxmepfnhq
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