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2021 Dynamic Risk Assessment and Management of Domino Effects and Cascading Events in the Process Industry  
Probability of failure on demand (PFD), 299, 300f Probit models, 81 Process control systems (PCSs), 176 Process plants, 133 plant vulnerability, 141e143, 143f, 143te144t safety assessment cost-effect  ...  Flixborough Works of Nypro Limited, 20, 21f highest domino frequency, 26e27 internal domino effects, 19, 22 material damage, 17 in Mexico City, 29 PEMEX location Mexico City, 22, 23f risk management  ... 
doi:10.1016/b978-0-08-102838-4.20001-1 fatcat:yxjwhhued5erxcchv2b3gqxgfa

The Assessment of Risk Caused by Fire and Explosion in Chemical Process Industry: A Domino Effect-Based Study

Farid Kadri, Eric Chatelet, Patrick Lallement
2013 Journal of Risk Analysis and Crisis Response (JRACR)  
This methodology is based on the probabilistic models and the physical equations.  ...  In the field of risks analysis, the domino effect has been documented in technical literature since 1947.  ...  Acknowledgements This work has been developed in the DISC project and supported by the ANR (Agence Nationale de la Recherche) from the French Research Ministry (  ... 
doi:10.2991/jrarc.2013.3.2.1 fatcat:djvsb22lfvgero2hvstxhlqytq

Investigation and Analysis of Historical Domino Effects Statistic

Yinting Chen, Mingguang Zhang, Peijie Guo, Juncheng Jiang
2012 Procedia Engineering  
Situation of Domino accidents in China had been analyzed and a definition of 'process linkage Domino effect' had been proposed.  ...  The statistics showed that 226 Domino accidents (71.1%) occurred in developed countries and 92 accidents (28.9%) occurred in developing countries. 41.8% of the accidents occurred in storage areas.  ...  Acknowledgements The author thanks the strict guidance of tutor Zhang Mingguang and the National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 71001051) for supporting.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.proeng.2012.08.136 fatcat:lppnikygyvhnbkqn2mujvoxsfq

Stochastic modeling and analysis of vapor cloud explosions domino effects in chemical plants

Diego Sierra, Leonardo Montecchi, Ivan Mura
2019 Journal of the Brazilian Computer Society  
In this work, we propose a stochastic modeling methodology to perform a probabilistic analysis of the likelihood of domino effects caused by propagating vapor cloud explosions.  ...  conditions, the failure proneness of equipment units, the execution of preventive maintenance activities, and of course the plant layout.  ...  Felipe Muñoz Giraldo from the Department of Chemical Engineering of Universidad de los Andes to the conceptual formulation of the failure propagation model.  ... 
doi:10.1186/s13173-019-0092-8 fatcat:ye3qmkfnhjbrfkay4bnonqwv6q

Explosions and Structural Fragments as Industrial Hazard: Domino Effect and Risks

Mebarki Ahmed, Sandra Jerez, Igor Matasic, Gaëtan Prodhomme, Mathieu Reimeringer
2012 Procedia Engineering  
This study deals with industrial accidents and domino effects that may occur in an industrial plant, the initial accident being supposed to take place in any of the tanks either under or at atmospheric  ...  Cascading sequences of accidents, explosions and fires can take place, giving rise to the domino effect. This risk of domino effect occurrence is investigated herein.  ...  Acknowledgements This paper is a synthesis of research works developed in the framework of various research programs: VULCAIN and INTERNATECH, with financial support provided by French Agence Nationale  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.proeng.2012.08.137 fatcat:lq225gs6rrbelgpm4u6btzsada

Probabilistic Assessment of Domino Effect Triggered by Fire: Implementation in Quantitative Risk Assessment

G. Landucci, G. Antonioni, A. Tugnoli, V. Cozzani
2012 Chemical Engineering Transactions  
A case study was defined for the application of the methodology obtaining a significant risk increment due to the implementation of domino effects triggered by fire in a Quantitative Risk Assessment (QRA  ...  The present study was aimed at the quantitative assessment of domino effect triggered by fires.  ...  Introduction Domino effect was responsible of several catastrophic accidents that took place in the chemical and process industry (CCPS, 2000; Khan and Abbasi, 1999; Lees, 1996) .  ... 
doi:10.3303/cet1226033 doaj:2624404b83ec4b01b2cc18a062b5166a fatcat:gniam4cnbbfxrdo6ii3xqujnhi

Analysis and Characterization of Risk Methodologies Applied to Industrial Parks

Martin Folch-Calvo, Francisco Brocal-Fernández, Cristina González-Gaya, Miguel A. Sebastián
2020 Sustainability  
It is important to evaluate the risks in industrial parks and their processes due to the consequences of major accidents and especially the domino effect.  ...  , probabilistic, traditional, modern, and dynamic evaluation that are applied or could be used in industrial parks.  ...  Acknowledgments: This work has been produced within the scope of the doctoral activities carried out by the lead author at the International Doctoral School of the Spanish National Distance-Learning University  ... 
doi:10.3390/su12187294 fatcat:y7377ir7t5erhecfyongcjqmsm

Which Fire to Extinguish First? A Risk-Informed Approach to Emergency Response in Oil Terminals

Nima Khakzad
2017 Risk Analysis  
The performance of fire protection measures plays a key role in the prevention and mitigation of fire escalation (fire domino effect) in process plants.  ...  In the present study, we have demonstrated an application of dynamic Bayesian network to modeling and safety assessment of fire domino effect in oil terminals while considering the effect of safety measures  ...  in case of external fires and explosions or for modeling domino effect scenarios  ... 
doi:10.1111/risa.12946 pmid:29193193 fatcat:fayoiwddt5bjtpf36yobfueox4

A Systematic Literature Review on Safety Research Related to Chemical Industrial Parks

Tao Zeng, Guohua Chen, Yunfeng Yang, Genserik Reniers, Yixin Zhao, Xia Liu
2020 Sustainability  
The increasing demand for chemical products has driven the construction and development of chemical industrial areas, or so-called 'chemical industrial parks' (CIPs), but this has intrinsically raised  ...  In this paper, a keyword co-occurrence analysis of 116 scientific articles was conducted to support the classification of research topics in this field, then an overview of those research topics was presented  ...  All authors have read and agreed to the published version of the manuscript. Conflicts of Interest: The authors declare no conflict of interest.  ... 
doi:10.3390/su12145753 fatcat:vdburcqepjft7j63siyoi5fiha

Assessing the Impact of Natural Hazards on Safety Barriers on the Basis of Expert Elicitation

Alessio Misuri, Gabriele Landucci, Valerio Cozzani
2020 Chemical Engineering Transactions  
Moreover, natural hazards can impact and weaken safety measures for accident prevention and mitigation implemented in the impacted plant, increasing the credibility of severe domino effect escalation and  ...  The present study is aimed at developing a structured approach aimed at supporting the probabilistic evaluation of Natech events in presence of safety barriers.  ...  assessment The probabilistic assessment of domino scenarios developing from Natech primary accident can be carried out applying a customized event tree analysis (ETA) methodology for modelling safety  ... 
doi:10.3303/cet2082019 doaj:35fadfc346c54f6886c5fc591eb73d4d fatcat:5yekq5nzn5bq5c53wctsxdvrvq

Proximity risk assessment for two sensitive chemical plants based on the accident scenario consequence analysis

Gheorghe Maria, Daniel Dinculescu, Hasan Hadi Salman Khwayyir
2013 Asia-Pacific Journal of Chemical Engineering  
on the severity of accident consequences and domino-effect occurrence.  ...  Such plant design/ operation problems contribute quite frequently to the occurrence of small incidents or rare major accidents including domino effects.  ...  The same formula can also be applied to evaluate the joint domino-effect probability (P f,tot ) as a sum of failure probabilities of failed units (subsystems) involved in the domino sequence.  ... 
doi:10.1002/apj.1755 fatcat:cmsahiklzbh6xfdxgdevnu557u

Application of Graph Theory to Cost-Effective Fire Protection of Chemical Plants During Domino Effects

Nima Khakzad, Gabriele Landucci, Genserik Reniers
2016 Risk Analysis  
More recent studies were aimed at developing probabilistic models to evaluate the failure probability of equipment involved in domino events, (17) (18) (19) (20) (21) (22) (23) leading to notable improvement  ...  in the risk assessment of domino effects  ... 
doi:10.1111/risa.12712 pmid:27862134 fatcat:bkwutyla7vglnbl3fckqam3xgi

Advances and Gaps in Natech Quantitative Risk Analysis

Adriana Mesa-Gómez, Joaquim Casal, Mauricio Sánchez-Silva, Felipe Muñoz
2020 Processes  
In this communication a comparative analysis of the existing Natech QRA approaches is done, to highlight features and differences and to identify main gaps that should be addressed in future research.  ...  The occurrence of Natech (natural hazard triggering technological disasters) accidents has generated a reflection about the need to manage adequately the risk to people, to the environment, and to the  ...  Domino effect in industrial plants and, more specifically, in chemical process plants, has been intensively studied in the last decades, as well as its integration in the quantitative risk analysis methodologies  ... 
doi:10.3390/pr9010040 fatcat:gqvsinncnvhgbivuqpgdn3tolu

A Fuzzy-Sets Based Approach for Modelling Uncertainties in Quantitative Risk Assessment of Industrial Plants Under Seismic Actions

N. Buratti, B. Ferracuti, M. Savoia, G. Antonioni, V. Cozzani
2012 Chemical Engineering Transactions  
fragilities of the industrial plant components.  ...  The adopted QRA methodology allows for identification and consequence assessment of all the possible scenarios, including possible domino events.  ...  The procedures analyses domino effects and allows the identification and the calculation of frequencies of the overall final scenarios due to seismic events.  ... 
doi:10.3303/cet1226018 doaj:7e13c86c005f428d89844364d31f7d08 fatcat:53e3qpgmhzbmja7k7wxbna4dma

Application of dynamic Bayesian network to performance assessment of fire protection systems during domino effects

Nima Khakzad, Gabriele Landucci, Genserik Reniers
2017 Reliability Engineering & System Safety  
Although such safety barriers are widely employed to prevent or delay the initiation or escalation of fire domino effects, their inclusion in the modeling and risk assessment of fire domino effects has  ...  The propagation of fire in chemical plantsalso known as fire domino effects -largely depends on the performance of add-on passive and active protection systems such as sprinkler systems, water deluge systems  ...  which is usually disregarded in domino effect modeling and risk assessment, leading to the overestimation of the probability of domino effect and thus the risks.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.ress.2017.06.004 fatcat:n4cpce63vng4hjtq373fuszw5e
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