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Screening for Reading Difficulties: Comparing Eye Tracking Outcomes to Neuropsychological Assessments

Anna Carin Gran Ekstrand, Mattias Nilsson Benfatto, Gustaf Öqvist Seimyr
2021 Frontiers in Education  
Currently, however, little is known about the relationship between the predictive outcomes produced by eye tracking screening systems and specialist cognitive assessments.  ...  As a group, the subjects performed on average significantly worse in reading and decoding than in other cognitive domains.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS The authors wish to express their gratitude to the Sigvard and Marianne Bernadotte Research Foundation for Children's Eye Care for their invaluable support and vision for the future.  ... 
doi:10.3389/feduc.2021.643232 fatcat:74ydftux5nal3c4avuoqgydox4

Cognitively Driven Arabic Text Readability Assessment Using Eye-Tracking

Ibtehal Baazeem, Hend Al-Khalifa, Abdulmalik Al-Salman
2021 Applied Sciences  
One method of obtaining these behavioral signals is by using eye-tracking technology.  ...  There is still a clear gap in determining the potential of using eye-tracking measures to improve Arabic text.  ...  Additionally, the authors would like to thank the Applied Linguistics Research Lab at Prince Sultan University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, for facilitating eye-tracking data collection.  ... 
doi:10.3390/app11188607 fatcat:j65cku3ypnenvk5zttduytqffu

Inferring user knowledge level from eye movement patterns

Michael J. Cole, Jacek Gwizdka, Chang Liu, Nicholas J. Belkin, Xiangmin Zhang
2013 Information Processing & Management  
We construct exploratory regression models that suggest it is possible to build models that can make predictions of the user's level of knowledge based on real-time measurements of eye movement patterns  ...  A technique is presented to model a user's information acquisition process during search using only measurements of eye movement patterns.  ...  We also thank the anonymous HCIR 2011 workshop reviewers for comments on an early version as well as the anonymous reviewers of this paper for their useful suggestions.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.ipm.2012.08.004 fatcat:x56enktynzh4bfxgskr6fhemaq

Predicting Readers' Sarcasm Understandability by Modeling Gaze Behavior [chapter]

Abhijit Mishra, Pushpak Bhattacharyya
2018 Cognitively Inspired Natural Language Processing  
We introduce a novel method to predict the sarcasm understandability of a reader. Presence of incongruity in textual sarcasm often elicits distinctive eye-movement behavior by human readers.  ...  Our system relies on readers' eyemovement parameters and a few textual features, thence, is able to predict sarcasm understandability with an F-score of 93%, which demonstrates its efficacy.  ...  We have tried to establish the relationship between sarcasm understandability and readers' eye movement patterns and proposed a predictive framework based on this observation.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-981-13-1516-9_5 fatcat:fr6uehu43ba6bb7qongdefe4ae

Integrative processing of verbal and graphical information during re-reading predicts learning from illustrated text: an eye-movement study

Lucia Mason, Maria Caterina Tornatora, Patrik Pluchino
2015 Reading and writing  
This study investigates the time course of processing an 13 illustrated text through eye-tracking methodology in the school context.  ...  of knowledge.  ...  It should be pointed out that only one post-reading performance, the acquisition 567 of text-based factual knowledge, was not predicted by the patterns of integrative 568 processing.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s11145-015-9552-5 fatcat:vuqn5xcws5fwpeepjum5ncugua

Measuring the Impact of (Psycho-)Linguistic and Readability Features and Their Spill Over Effects on the Prediction of Eye Movement Patterns [article]

Daniel Wiechmann, Yu Qiao, Elma Kerz, Justus Mattern
2022 arXiv   pre-print
Our experiments show that both the features included and the architecture of the transformer-based language models play a role in predicting multiple eye-tracking measures during naturalistic reading.  ...  In this paper we report on experiments with two eye-tracking corpora of naturalistic reading and two language models (BERT and GPT-2).  ...  To our knowledge, this is the first systematic attempt to investigate the effects of textual features on the prediction of eye-tracking measures in a corpus of naturalistic reading by considering a large  ... 
arXiv:2203.08085v1 fatcat:7tnkui72lbaohbq4x5cpgrqkmq

Reading behavior predicts syntactic categories

Maria Barrett, Anders Søgaard
2015 Proceedings of the Nineteenth Conference on Computational Natural Language Learning  
This paper investigates to what extent the syntactic category of a word in context can be predicted from gaze features obtained using eye-tracking equipment.  ...  If syntax can be reliably predicted from eye movements of readers, it can speed up linguistic annotation substantially, since reading is considerably faster than doing linguistic annotation by hand.  ...  We show that gaze-based predictions are robust, not only across domains, but also across subjects.  ... 
doi:10.18653/v1/k15-1038 dblp:conf/conll/BarrettS15 fatcat:uzyffzhqfzaehba257fk5p42iq

Attentional processes in natural reading

Andrea Mazzei, Tabea Koll, Frédéric Kaplan, Pierre Dillenbourg
2014 Proceedings of the Symposium on Eye Tracking Research and Applications - ETRA '14  
We present an eye tracking study to investigate how natural reading behavior and reading comprehension are influenced by in-context annotations.  ...  A self-made head-mounted eye tracking system was specifically designed for this experiment, in order to study how learners read and quickly re-read annotated paper texts, in low constrained experimental  ...  Our gaze analysis makes us reflect on the potential of eye tracking methodology in supporting knowledge assessment systems, where the use of tests is not practicable.  ... 
doi:10.1145/2578153.2578195 dblp:conf/etra/MazzeiKKD14 fatcat:t6bklfxuurhgphn3vr4fs6oakq

Study on Applications of Eye Tracking in Different Fields

Min KE, Bo-gang LIN, Yang YANG
2017 DEStech Transactions on Computer Science and Engineering  
In this paper, the application of the real-time gaze-base technique eye tracking is introduced with the presented usages. A comprehensive summary shows the progress of this innovative technology.  ...  The arising technology eye tracking has been blooming not only in the medical field but also in the field of computer science.  ...  It suggests the possibility of creating a classifier for the prediction based on the gaze position, pupil dilation and EEG responses.  ... 
doi:10.12783/dtcse/cimns2017/16280 fatcat:w3obccsrz5gzfdy5dcmchovgri

Study on Applications of Eye Tracking in Different Fields

MIN KE, BO-GANG LIN, YANG YANG
2018 DEStech Transactions on Computer Science and Engineering  
In this paper, the application of the real-time gaze-base technique eye tracking is introduced with the presented usages. A comprehensive summary shows the progress of this innovative technology.  ...  The arising technology eye tracking has been blooming not only in the medical field but also in the field of computer science.  ...  It suggests the possibility of creating a classifier for the prediction based on the gaze position, pupil dilation and EEG responses.  ... 
doi:10.12783/dtcse/cimns2017/17400 fatcat:illdyzifwrhmrfzjztxdgjhxoe

Sentimental Eyes! [chapter]

Amitava Das, Björn Gambäck
2013 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
The paper proposes utilizing personalized search, eye tracking and sentiment analysis for better understanding of end-user behavioural characteristics while making a judgement in a Sentiment Search Engine  ...  Michael Carl for providing the laboratory facilities equipped with the eye-tracker.  ...  In this paper, we report some initial experiments on using eye tracking information as a knowledge source for sentiment analysis.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-642-39342-6_34 fatcat:bnrm57cf7jfizegnspsd7nfj2i

User-oriented document summarization through vision-based eye-tracking

Songhua Xu, Hao Jiang, Francis C.M. Lau
2008 Proceedingsc of the 13th international conference on Intelligent user interfaces - IUI '09  
The prediction of user attention over every word in a document is based on the user's attention during his previous reads, which is acquired via a vision-based commodity eye-tracking mechanism.  ...  The key idea is to rely on the attention (reading) time of individual users spent on single words in a document as the essential clue.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS The first author would like to thank David Gelernter for many inspiring discussions on document summarization research, from which the idea of this paper stemmed.  ... 
doi:10.1145/1502650.1502656 dblp:conf/iui/XuJL09 fatcat:eppbstjhknc7lh2zkaqvgcrz5m

Literacy can enhance syntactic prediction in spoken language processing

Saoradh Favier, Antje S. Meyer, Falk Huettig
2021 Journal of experimental psychology. General  
Using the visual world paradigm enabled us to measure prediction based on syntactic cues in the spoken sentence, prior to the (predicted) target word.  ...  tasks (from reading to listening) if the domains involve similar processes (e.g., predictive dependencies) and representations (e.g., syntactic).  ...  experience. 4 The eye-tracking method used here enabled us to measure syntactic prediction in speech processing unequivocally (i.e., before participants heard the anticipated target).  ... 
doi:10.1037/xge0001042 pmid:34138601 fatcat:w3qqwuxwxzeg7j2djh2n2y6vam

Controlled language and readability [chapter]

Sharon O'Brien
2010 American Translators Association Scholarly Monograph Series  
Little work, however, has been done on the effects of CL on readability.  ...  A significant body of research exists demonstrating the positive effects CL rules can have on machine translation quality (e.g.  ...  Cognitive effort during reading can perhaps better be measured using eye tracking methodologies.  ... 
doi:10.1075/ata.xv.08obr fatcat:ohtjbsmzsrax5pwckyozvlmhjy

Literacy Advantages Beyond Reading: Prediction of Spoken Language

Falk Huettig, Martin J. Pickering
2019 Trends in Cognitive Sciences  
Literacy has many obvious benefits: it exposes the reader to a wealth of new information and enhances syntactic knowledge.  ...  Readers are under pressure to process information more quickly than listeners and reading provides excellent conditions - in particular, a stable environment - for training the predictive system.  ...  Acknowledgments We thank Michael Cutter, Markus Ostarek, Hugh Rabagliati, and Patrick Sturt for their comments on a previous version of this Opinion article.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.tics.2019.03.008 pmid:31097411 fatcat:oom6dv6p4rbjtnevpnnau5a3j4
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