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Enhancing Poaching Predictions for Under-Resourced Wildlife Conservation Parks Using Remote Sensing Imagery [article]

Rachel Guo, Lily Xu, Drew Cronin, Francis Okeke, Andrew Plumptre, Milind Tambe
2020 arXiv   pre-print
Illegal wildlife poaching is driving the loss of biodiversity. To combat poaching, rangers patrol expansive protected areas for illegal poaching activity.  ...  Thus, the Protection Assistant for Wildlife Security (PAWS) was introduced as a machine learning approach to help identify the areas with highest poaching risk.  ...  Thank you to the rangers who are doing critical work to protect wildlife on the ground, the NC Zoo for the collaboration, and SMART Partnership for their conservation leadership.  ... 
arXiv:2011.10666v1 fatcat:c4ip75il2jgmnlcy6tafojoure

Stay Ahead of Poachers: Illegal Wildlife Poaching Prediction and Patrol Planning Under Uncertainty with Field Test Evaluations [article]

Lily Xu, Shahrzad Gholami, Sara Mc Carthy, Bistra Dilkina, Andrew Plumptre, Milind Tambe, Rohit Singh, Mustapha Nsubuga, Joshua Mabonga, Margaret Driciru, Fred Wanyama, Aggrey Rwetsiba, Tom Okello (+1 others)
2019 arXiv   pre-print
To help combat poaching, the Protection Assistant for Wildlife Security (PAWS) is a machine learning pipeline that has been developed as a data-driven approach to identify areas at high risk of poaching  ...  However, efforts for wildlife protection are constrained by the limited resources of law enforcement agencies.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENT Thank you to our partners at Uganda Wildlife Authority, Cambodia Ministry of Environment, Wildlife Conservation Society, and the World Wide Fund for Nature for their conservation efforts  ... 
arXiv:1903.06669v3 fatcat:wvttsoa3nzgvxgijn7smpwpd5u

Taking It for a Test Drive: A Hybrid Spatio-Temporal Model for Wildlife Poaching Prediction Evaluated Through a Controlled Field Test [chapter]

Shahrzad Gholami, Benjamin Ford, Fei Fang, Andrew Plumptre, Milind Tambe, Margaret Driciru, Fred Wanyama, Aggrey Rwetsiba, Mustapha Nsubaga, Joshua Mabonga
2017 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
focusing their efforts to prevent wildlife poaching and save animals.  ...  In this paper, we present a hybrid spatio-temporal model that predicts poaching threat levels and results from a five-month field test of our model in Uganda's Queen Elizabeth Protected Area (QEPA).  ...  We are grateful to the Wildlife Conservation Society and the Uganda Wildlife Authority for supporting data collection in QEPA. We also thank Donnabell Dmello for her help in data processing.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-319-71273-4_24 fatcat:lc437rjpofbs3iplqr7pirz37m

Synergy Issues for Rhinoceros Conservation and Protection in Kenya

Joseph Muiruri Karanja, the Graduate School of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Tsukuba, Japan, Kenichi Matsui
2018 International Journal of Environmental Science and Development  
This paper examines the current status of rhinoceros protection and discusses how the protection regime can be improved in the future.  ...  From 2011 to 2015, however, about 160 rhinoceros were poached in Kenya.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENT We acknowledge generous support provided by the Kenya Wildlife Service for sharing some data and permitting us to carry out this research in Lake Nakuru National Park.  ... 
doi:10.18178/ijesd.2018.9.11.1125 fatcat:fmsqzgtyzfdhdftfnd4ptmecj4

Identification and mapping of risk areas of rhino poaching; a geospatial approach: A case study from eastern sector of Chitwan National Park, Nepal

M. Subedi, R. Subedi
2018 Banko Janakari  
The poaching risk map indicates that areas near to roads, far from the guard post, and densely populated area of grasslands are high risk zone areas for rhino poaching.  ...  Nepal has an appreciative history on conservation of rhino with remarkable proportions of Asian rhino population protected and managed within the protected areas.  ...  We are grateful to the Department of National Parks and Wildlife Conservation (DNPWC) for allowing permission to conduct the research in the study area. We express our cordial thanks to Mr.  ... 
doi:10.3126/banko.v27i2.21219 fatcat:6nyeeb4g6ve7jb2tl4wkegw26e

Combating Rhino Horn Trafficking: The Need to Disrupt Criminal Networks

Timothy C. Haas, Sam M. Ferreira, Antoni Margalida
2016 PLoS ONE  
We evaluate policies that consist of different combinations of legal trade initiatives, demand reduction marketing campaigns, increased anti-poaching measures within protected areas, and transnational  ...  living next to protected areas where rhinos live.  ...  Acknowledgments Travel for Timothy C. Haas was supported with funding provided by a WWF South Africa grant. We do not have any conflicts of interest.  ... 
doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0167040 pmid:27870917 pmcid:PMC5117767 fatcat:zfn6dt6sj5frllycqvtojcuyia

Spatial modelling for predicting potential wildlife distributions and human impacts in the Dja Forest Reserve, Cameroon

Migue Angel Farfán, Alisa Aliaga-Samanez, Jesus Olivero, David Williams, Jef Dupain, Zokoe Guian, John E. Fa
2019 Biological Conservation  
favourable areas for wildlife.  ...  anti-poaching patrol efforts started in Sept. 2013, here we use 158 data for Feb.  ...  Our models 458 clearly suggest that favourable areas for poaching, as expected, correspond 459 with the more favourable areas for wildlife.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.biocon.2018.12.015 fatcat:2t4vtbm76bg7vh7273ajfvrk4u

The performance of African protected areas for lions and their prey

P.A. Lindsey, L.S. Petracca, P.J. Funston, H. Bauer, A. Dickman, K. Everatt, M. Flyman, P. Henschel, A.E. Hinks, S. Kasiki, A. Loveridge, D.W. Macdonald (+7 others)
2017 Biological Conservation  
Bushmeat poaching was identified as the most serious threat to both lions and to wildlife in general.  ...  The severity of threats to wildlife in PAs and the performance of prey populations were best predicted by geographic-socioeconomic variables related to the size of PAs, whether people were settled within  ...  Acknowledgements Thanks to Kathleen Fitzgerald of African Wildlife Foundation and Dawn Burnham for proofreading this manuscript and providing valuable insights.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.biocon.2017.01.011 fatcat:cagw5cm2xvegxnr6v6htnk53zi

Exploiting Data and Human Knowledge for Predicting Wildlife Poaching

Swaminathan Gurumurthy, Lantao Yu, Chenyan Zhang, Yongchao Jin, Weiping Li, Xiaodong Zhang, Fei Fang
2018 Proceedings of the 1st ACM SIGCAS Conference on Computing and Sustainable Societies (COMPASS) - COMPASS '18  
Poaching continues to be a significant threat to the conservation of wildlife and the associated ecosystem.  ...  In collaboration with World Wild Fund for Nature, we show that incorporating human knowledge leads to better predictions in a conservation area in Northeastern China where the charismatic species is Siberian  ...  Knowledge for Predicting Wildlife Poaching.  ... 
doi:10.1145/3209811.3209879 dblp:conf/dev/GurumurthyYZJLZ18 fatcat:xzqfd6jujzbuznhsj7pbw2bhc4

Game Theory on the Ground: The Effect of Increased Patrols on Deterring Poachers [article]

Lily Xu, Andrew Perrault, Andrew Plumptre, Margaret Driciru, Fred Wanyama, Aggrey Rwetsiba, Milind Tambe
2020 arXiv   pre-print
Applications of artificial intelligence for wildlife protection have focused on learning models of poacher behavior based on historical patterns.  ...  Here for the first time, we demonstrate a measurable deterrence effect on real-world poaching data.  ...  Improving the efficacy of ranger patrols is therefore imperative to protecting wildlife.  ... 
arXiv:2006.12411v1 fatcat:r5mculxekvbkjeajf6sexqqqci

Factorial Design and Model for the Effect of Anti-Poaching Rules and Laws a Case Study in South Africa, India, and Kenya

Grace Chepkorir Chumba
2021 EDITON CONSORTIUM JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL AND APPLIED SCIENCES  
of the various observations in the data for the number of poached wildlife.  ...  The purpose of this study is to use factorial design to investigate the effect of anti-poaching rules and laws in the reduction of illegal poaching of wildlife, and find a model for adequate description  ...  the prediction of the various observations.  ... 
doi:10.51317/ecjpas.v1i1.295 fatcat:wsrpjocwjfejjf3d4bbsltxdty

Long-term research sites as refugia for threatened and over-harvested species

G. Campbell, H. Kuehl, A. Diarrassouba, P. K. N'Goran, C. Boesch
2011 Biology Letters  
The presence of researchers, ecotourists or rangers inside protected areas is generally assumed to provide a protective effect for wildlife populations, mainly by reducing poaching pressure.  ...  This positive effect was particularly pronounced for threatened and over-harvested species, such as the endangered red colobus monkey (Procolobus badius).  ...  INTRODUCTION It is generally stated that protected areas are more efficient for wildlife conservation than unprotected ones [1, 2] .  ... 
doi:10.1098/rsbl.2011.0155 pmid:21450724 pmcid:PMC3169048 fatcat:ntxyqotwi5b6xmlpubweirv6ry

A conceptual framework for understanding illegal killing of large carnivores

Neil H. Carter, José Vicente López-Bao, Jeremy T. Bruskotter, Meredith Gore, Guillaume Chapron, Arlyne Johnson, Yaffa Epstein, Mahendra Shrestha, Jens Frank, Omar Ohrens, Adrian Treves
2016 Ambio  
The growing complexity and global nature of wildlife poaching threaten the survival of many species worldwide and are outpacing conservation efforts.  ...  Our framework offers a common platform to help guide future research on wildlife poaching feedbacks, which has hitherto been lacking, in order to effectively inform policy making and enforcement.  ...  poaching, cultural uses of wildlife, and natural resource-protective policies, shape individual motivations to poach (Fig. 1) .  ... 
doi:10.1007/s13280-016-0852-z pmid:27854069 pmcid:PMC5347529 fatcat:gmy3brnuvvfrfekmmwoh26munu

Conservation Risks: When Will Rhinos be Extinct?

Timothy C. Haas, Sam M. Ferreira
2016 IEEE Transactions on Cybernetics  
Reducing the demand for rhino horn [15], protecting rhinos better [16] and providing horn to consumers [17] offer strategic options to combat rhino poaching.  ...  For many species, the dynamics of anthropogenic impacts driven by economic as well as noneconomic values of associated wildlife products along with their ecological stressors can help meaningfully predict  ...  Militarized anti-poaching degrades the sense of place of protected areas [53] a key societal value [54] .  ... 
doi:10.1109/tcyb.2015.2470520 pmid:26340794 fatcat:nrqolizwknbulht6eipihzq7zq

Illegal fishing and compliance management in marine protected areas: a situational approach

Damian Weekers, Gohar Petrossian, Lauric Thiault
2021 Crime Science  
Wildlife crime, and in particular poaching, is a serious global problem that undermines the success of PAs.  ...  AbstractProtected Areas (PAs) are spatially representative management tools that impose various levels of protection for conservation purposes.  ...  Acknowledgements The authors acknowledge the support for this study provided by members of the Reef Joint Field Management Program.  ... 
doi:10.1186/s40163-021-00145-w fatcat:u4depwmh4ndgpl7qzfshasdugq
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