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The role of devaluing and discounting in performance monitoring: a neurophysiological study of minorities under threat

Chad E. Forbes, Toni Schmader, John J. B. Allen
2008 Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience  
In the diagnostic condition, valuing also predicted more efficient behavioral responses to errors, whereas discounting predicted more negative task construals.  ...  Psychological disengagement allows stigmatized individuals to cope with negative outcomes in stereotype-relevant domains, but its role in online performance monitoring and adjustment is unknown.  ...  When performance was framed in terms of intelligence, valuing predicted early stage motivational processes in performance monitoring (ERN amplitudes as an indicator of error detection) and behavior (faster  ... 
doi:10.1093/scan/nsn012 pmid:19015117 pmcid:PMC2566773 fatcat:he3w2abq7vecfncj3rds6hktka

Automatic Recognition of Student Engagement using Deep Learning and Facial Expression [article]

Omid Mohamad Nezami, Mark Dras, Len Hamey, Deborah Richards, Stephen Wan, Cecile Paris
2019 arXiv   pre-print
We train the model on our new engagement recognition dataset with 4627 engaged and disengaged samples.  ...  Engagement is a key indicator of the quality of learning experience, and one that plays a major role in developing intelligent educational interfaces.  ...  Behavioral Emotional Engagement On-task Satisfied Engaged On-task Confused Engaged On-task Bored Disengaged Off-task Satisfied Disengaged Off-task Confused Disengaged Off-task Bored Disengaged  ... 
arXiv:1808.02324v5 fatcat:tphgzg6torblrbdqbrrpvbeari

Predicting Student Participation in STEM Careers: The Role of Affect and Engagement during Middle School

Ma Victoria Quintos Almeda, Ryan Shaun Baker
2020 Zenodo  
Previous studies have shown that detectors of students' learning, affect, and engagement, measured from their interactions within an online tutoring system during middle school, are strongly predictive  ...  In general, this study sheds light on the relevant student factors that influence STEM participation years later, providing a more comprehensive understanding of student STEM trajectories.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS We would like to thank the ASSISTments team for their support for this research and, in particular, for making the data set analyzed in this research available to the broader research community  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.4008054 fatcat:qaklgsbdfnhj3cmgwed26xcjza

Attrition and Achievement Gaps in Online Learning

René F. Kizilcec, Sherif Halawa
2015 Proceedings of the Second (2015) ACM Conference on Learning @ Scale - L@S '15  
Attrition in online learning is generally higher than in traditional settings, especially in large-scale online learning environments.  ...  Online learners in Africa, Asia, and Latin America scored substantially lower grades and were only half as likely to persist than those in Europe, Oceania, and Northern America.  ...  An analysis of student behavior on an online education platform showed that 31% of variation in achievement could be accounted for by a small set of participation measures [16] .  ... 
doi:10.1145/2724660.2724680 dblp:conf/lats/KizilcecH15 fatcat:tugsxlclh5ddxerveshs2mhpuq

Predicting Moral Disengagement From The Harms Associated With Digital Music Piracy: An Exploratory, Integrative Test Of Digital Drift And The Criminal Interaction Order

James F. Popham, Claudia Volpe
2018 Zenodo  
The test includes measures for technological competency; capacity to mask personal identity online; affinity modeling deviant behaviors encountered online; positive affect for engaging in digital deviance  ...  Further implications from these findings are discussed in relation to music piracy specifically, and digital deviance generally.  ...  Jennifer Lavoie, Wilfrid Laurier University, for their support in the preparation of this study. We also thank the contributions of the anonymous reviewers.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.1467883 fatcat:a5g64wemjbbx3b7g4py7tb4pna

Disengagement Detection in Online Learning: Validation Studies and Perspectives

Mihaela Cocea, Stephan Weibelzahl
2011 IEEE Transactions on Learning Technologies  
E-Learning systems could be improved by tracking students' disengagement that, in turn, would allow personalized interventions at appropriate times in order to re-engage students.  ...  Previously, several attributes relevant for disengagement prediction were identified by means of log-file analysis on HTML-Tutor, a web-based learning environment.  ...  We would like to thank Gerhard Weber, University of Education Freiburg, Germany and Jim Greer, University of Saskatchewan, Canada, for their generous support.  ... 
doi:10.1109/tlt.2010.14 fatcat:sg3o2lah45bs7nzgyrn3nwweza

Supporting Learning Engagement with Online Students

Janet R Buelow, Thomas A. Barry, Leigh E Rich
2018 Online Learning  
To investigate this question, an online survey was conducted in one state university of all students taking an online course during the spring semester.  ...  University students are increasingly demanding that traditionally taught courses are converted to an online platform.  ...  what the students themselves found engaging and disengaging in an online course.  ... 
doi:10.24059/olj.v22i4.1384 fatcat:ojk2foygwffz7ggnrumjqex2wu

Lower Trait Stability, Stronger Normative Beliefs, Habitual Phone Use, and Unimpeded Phone Access Predict Distracted College Student Messaging in Social, Academic, and Driving Contexts

Julia L. Briskin, Tim Bogg, Jesse Haddad
2018 Frontiers in Psychology  
disengagement via messaging behaviors.  ...  In addition, stronger normative beliefs for messaging behaviors and stronger phone related habits predicted unimpeded physical phone access across the contexts.  ...  primary context and task disengagement via messaging behaviors.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2018.02633 pmid:30619020 pmcid:PMC6306621 fatcat:k4ytjrnzbfa5hp6of2zm2p5ujy

Gender roles and dating violence: A mediator role of moral disengagement

Ahmet Erdem, Fuad Bakioğlu
2020 Istraživanja u Pedagogiji  
The results showed that gender roles predicted moral disengagement and dating violence negatively, and that moral disengagement predicted dating violence positively.  ...  It was further found that the structural equation model that proposed that gender roles had a direct and an indirect effect through moral disengagement on dating violence was confirmed.  ...  In addition, moral disengagement predicted dating violence negatively (β = .17, p<0.01).  ... 
doi:10.5937/istrped2002169e fatcat:4vpmb5uj7ndh3k5otyect6csle

Team Size, Dispersion, and Social Loafing in Technology-Supported Teams: A Perspective on the Theory of Moral Disengagement

Omar A. Alnuaimi, Lionel P. Robert, Likoebe M. Maruping
2010 Journal of Management Information Systems  
Social loafing is the tendency of individuals to withhold contributions to a task in a team setting. team size and dispersion are two primary drivers of social loafing in technology-supported team settings  ...  We conducted a laboratory study involving 140 students randomly assigned to 32 teams performing a brainstorming task using group systems software. the results show that diffusion of responsibility, attribution  ...  Acknowledgments: the authors thank all the participants of the 2008 university of arkansas at Fayetteville Workshop for helpful comments on an earlier draft of this paper. the research was funded by a  ... 
doi:10.2753/mis0742-1222270109 fatcat:yzfqxcd2urcqjdwl3rz7okyyfe

Achievement goals, PERMA and life satisfaction: A mediational analysis

2020 Elementary Education Online  
In conclusion, PERMA and achievement goals have an positive effect on students' life satisfaction.  ...  The students were enrolled in undergraduate 223 (85.8%) and postgraduate 37 (14.2%).  ...  In other word, mastery-oriented students are discovered to predict lower degree of task disengagement and performance-avoidance goals predict higher degree of task disengagement.  ... 
doi:10.17051/ilkonline.2020.695266 fatcat:67djxrwlo5fgnhyrxhx6awpmf4

2018 Index IEEE Transactions on Learning Technologies Vol. 11

2019 IEEE Transactions on Learning Technologies  
-March 2018 5-12 Predicting Students Disengaged Behaviors in an Online Meaning-Generation Task.  ...  Bozgeyikli, L., þ, TLT April -June 2018 133-151 Predicting Students Disengaged Behaviors in an Online Meaning-Generation Task.  ... 
doi:10.1109/tlt.2019.2891054 fatcat:52fwidmagfeljk7e6toiu7sdcu

My intelligence may be more malleable than yours: the revised implicit theories of intelligence (self-theory) scale is a better predictor of achievement, motivation, and student disengagement

Krista De Castella, Donald Byrne
2015 European Journal of Psychology of Education  
to their beliefs about the malleability of intelligence in general.  ...  In testing with 643 Australian high school students (62% female) ranging from 15 -19 years of age (M = 16.6, SD = 1.01), the belief that intelligence is 'fixed' was predictive of lower endorsement of achievement  ...  also lead to self-protective behavior and student disengagement.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10212-015-0244-y fatcat:pepni3b5prdmbfcp72egmouvda

Creation and loss of sociotechnical capital among information professionals educated online

Michelle M. Kazmer
2006 Library & Information Science Research  
The increase over the last decade in online distance learning options for LIS students presents a challenge to educators with respect to this goal: Are students who earn the degree online sufficiently  ...  The author thanks the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Graduate College for the Dissertation Research Grant that supported the work reported here; the 30 research participants for giving so generously  ...  Part of the design of an online social world is creating behavioral norms.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.lisr.2006.03.002 fatcat:jlmtdysswje3xdj7d3qc5dnzdq

The slippery slope: How small ethical transgressions pave the way for larger future transgressions

David T. Welsh, Lisa D. Ordóñez, Deirdre G. Snyder, Michael S. Christian
2015 Journal of Applied Psychology  
In this study, we draw on theories of self-regulation to examine whether individuals engage in a slippery slope of increasingly unethical behavior.  ...  However, behavioral ethics research has rarely considered how unethical behavior unfolds over time.  ...  Hypothesis 3 predicted that moral disengagement would increase unethical behavior.  ... 
doi:10.1037/a0036950 pmid:24865577 fatcat:xf4oduaipbhsfnl4xsouriczyq
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