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Fluid and flexible minds: Intelligence reflects synchrony in the brain's intrinsic network architecture

Michael A. Ferguson, Jeffrey S. Anderson, R. Nathan Spreng
2017 Network Neuroscience  
Using a large sample of resting-state fMRI and cognitive data (n = 830), we report that the synchrony of functional interactions within and across distributed brain networks reliably predicts fluid and  ...  of discrete brain regions or, more recently, of specific networks of functionally connected regions.  ...  Synchrony within multiple functional networks reliably predicted fluid intelligence.  ... 
doi:10.1162/netn_a_00010 pmid:29911673 pmcid:PMC5988392 fatcat:orrfumn5tbbthoeejq5yohm3pe

Functional brain networks related to individual differences in human intelligence at rest

Luke J. Hearne, Jason B. Mattingley, Luca Cocchi
2016 Scientific Reports  
Despite its importance in defining human behaviour, the neural networks responsible for intelligence are not well understood.  ...  The dominant view from neuroimaging work suggests that intelligent performance on a range of tasks is underpinned by segregated interactions in a fronto-parietal network of brain regions.  ...  The Penn's Progressive Matrices (PMAT), a shortened version of Raven's Progressive Matrices 49 , was used as a measure of fluid intelligence (M = 17.06, SD = 4.77, range = 4-24).  ... 
doi:10.1038/srep32328 pmid:27561736 pmcid:PMC4999800 fatcat:6afg7n5f3vcnjdt6fylhlhlkqa

Multiple Bases of Human Intelligence Revealed by Cortical Thickness and Neural Activation

Y. Y. Choi, N. A. Shamosh, S. H. Cho, C. G. DeYoung, M. J. Lee, J.-M. Lee, S. I. Kim, Z.-H. Cho, K. Kim, J. R. Gray, K. H. Lee
2008 Journal of Neuroscience  
We hypothesized that individual differences in intelligence (Spearman's g) are supported by multiple brain regions, and in particular that fluid ( gF) and crystallized ( gC) components of intelligence  ...  structure or brain function.  ...  Thus, within this population, MR-derived brain images can be used to predict intelligence to an impressive degree.  ... 
doi:10.1523/jneurosci.3259-08.2008 pmid:18842891 fatcat:qj4kvykrxjfs3izxyndpuby3ie

Linking Brain Biology to Intellectual Endowment: A Review on the Associations of Human Intelligence With Neuroimaging Data

Aslan Satary Dizaji, Bruno Hebling Vieira, Mohmmad Reza Khodaei, Mahnaz Ashrafi, Elahe Parham, Gholam Ali Hosseinzadeh, Carlos Ernesto Garrido Salmon, Hamid Soltanianzadeh
2021 Basic and Clinical Neuroscience  
and functional features of the brain.  ...  Future studies hold promising outcomes for machine learning-based predictive frameworks using neuroimaging features to estimate human intelligence.  ...  Moreover, 9 cognitive tests were used to measure fluid, crystallized, and spatial intelligence.  ... 
doi:10.32598/bcn.12.1.574.1 pmid:33995924 pmcid:PMC8114859 fatcat:vkdjjavpyzgs7ejma2ajog77ua

Fluid intelligence loss linked to restricted regions of damage within frontal and parietal cortex

A. Woolgar, A. Parr, R. Cusack, R. Thompson, I. Nimmo-Smith, T. Torralva, M. Roca, N. Antoun, F. Manes, J. Duncan
2010 Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America  
The statement should instead appear as: "In the group with frontal lesions (n = 44), MD lesion volume was significantly predictive of behavioral deficit (r = −0.35; P = 0.009) (Fig. 3A) .  ...  Guided by functional imaging, however, our analysis defines surprisingly specific regions within frontal and parietal cortex with a causal role in fluid intelligence.  ...  Results For each patient, current fluid intelligence was measured using two well-established tests (21, 22) .  ... 
doi:10.1073/pnas.1007928107 pmid:20679241 pmcid:PMC2930407 fatcat:xqeqiintuvemxia6pa2vbw6wvy

Neural Activity in the Fronto-Parietal Multiple Demand Network Robustly Predicts Individual Differences In Working Memory And Fluid Intelligence [article]

Moataz Assem, Zachary Allan Mineroff, Idan A Blank, Ahmet Ademoglu, Evelina Fedorenko
2017 bioRxiv   pre-print
Damage to this network leads to deficits in executive abilities and lower fluid intelligence (e.g., Woolgar et al., 2010), and aberrant functioning of this network has been reported in a variety of neurological  ...  intelligence measured independently.  ...  A measure of fluid intelligence based on a diverse battery of executive function tasks may be more reliable.  ... 
doi:10.1101/110270 fatcat:scs5j3sbmffxjojqiswtgryv5y

The Neural Architecture of General Knowledge

Erhan Genç, Christoph Fraenz, Caroline Schlüter, Patrick Friedrich, Manuel C. Voelkle, Rüdiger Hossiep, Onur Güntürkün, René Mõttus
2019 European Journal of Personality  
brain volume and brain network connectivity and assessed their predictive power with regard to both general knowledge and fluid intelligence.  ...  Moreover, we found fluid intelligence to be best predicted by cortex volume in male subjects and functional network connectivity in female subjects.  ...  The authors thank Axel Kohler for his valuable comments on previous versions of this work as well as all research assistants for their support during behavioural measurements.  ... 
doi:10.1002/per.2217 fatcat:46kasmnjz5flxaow75le3gkda4

Distinct functional and structural connections predict crystallised and fluid cognition in healthy adults

Elvisha Dhamala, Keith W Jamison, Abhishek Jaywant, Sarah Dennis, Amy Kuceyeski
2021 Human Brain Mapping  
Third, we find that distinct functional and structural connections predict crystallised and fluid abilities.  ...  Specifically, we evaluate the extent to which functional and structural connectivity predict individual crystallised and fluid cognitive abilities in 415 unrelated healthy young adults (202 females) from  ...  Conversely, stronger functional connections within visual, somatomotor, and cerebellar networks predict lower crystallised and fluid abilities, along with stronger structural connections within cerebellum  ... 
doi:10.1002/hbm.25420 pmid:33830577 pmcid:PMC8193532 fatcat:dc7wbwwqybgjldyb7dfwbuijh4

Driving the brain towards creativity and intelligence: A network control theory analysis

Yoed N. Kenett, John D. Medaglia, Roger E. Beaty, Qunlin Chen, Richard F. Betzel, Sharon L. Thompson-Schill, Jiang Qiu
2018 Neuropsychologia  
The strength of this approach is its ability to characterize the potential role of each brain region in regulating whole-brain network function based on its anatomical fingerprint and a simplified model  ...  how NCT relates to individual differences in distinct measures of creative ability and intelligence.  ...  (Figure 1 ): We defined anatomical brain networks by subdividing the entire brain into 234 anatomically distinct brain regions (network nodes) in a commonly used anatomical atlas Daducci et al., 2012;  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2018.01.001 pmid:29307585 pmcid:PMC6034981 fatcat:2ceggas66ngr3dhy6kbsysunxm

A neuromarker of individual general fluid intelligence from the white-matter functional connectome

Jiao Li, Bharat B. Biswal, Yao Meng, Siqi Yang, Xujun Duan, Qian Cui, Huafu Chen, Wei Liao
2020 Translational Psychiatry  
Neuroimaging studies have uncovered the neural roots of individual differences in human general fluid intelligence (Gf).  ...  Given reliable detection of blood-oxygen-level-dependent functional magnetic resonance imaging (BOLD-fMRI) signals in WM, we used a functional, rather than an anatomical, neuromarker in WM to identify  ...  We thank Dr Alex Fornito (Turner Institute for Brain and Mental Health, Monash University) for his assistance in Fig. 5a .  ... 
doi:10.1038/s41398-020-0829-3 pmid:32404889 fatcat:aizcnorqf5dyjlkp5ipuz3amzu

Shared functional connections within and between cortical networks predict cognitive abilities in adult males and females

Elvisha Dhamala, Keith W. Jamison, Abhishek Jaywant, Amy Kuceyeski
2021 Human Brain Mapping  
Second, we demonstrate sex-specific models comparably predict crystallised abilities within and between sexes, and generally fail to predict fluid abilities in either sex.  ...  cognitive tests in males and females, while connections within visual, somatomotor, and temporal parietal networks are associated with poorer performance.  ...  Resting-state functional connectivity is defined as the temporal dependence of the blood-oxygen-level dependent (BOLD) response in anatomically separate brain regions at rest (Aertsen, Gerstein, Habib  ... 
doi:10.1002/hbm.25709 pmid:34811849 pmcid:PMC8764478 fatcat:crkfu4eyjnhfjc54zffvwuiaxe

Distributed Patterns of Functional Connectivity Predict Working Memory Performance in Novel Healthy and Memory-impaired Individuals

Emily W. Avery, Kwangsun Yoo, Monica D. Rosenberg, Abigail S. Greene, Siyuan Gao, Duk L. Na, Dustin Scheinost, Todd R. Constable, Marvin M. Chun
2019 Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience  
Model predictions also correlated with measures of fluid intelligence and, with less strength, sustained attention.  ...  Here, using a data-driven technique known as connectome-based predictive modeling, we built models to predict individual working memory performance from whole-brain functional connectivity patterns.  ...  Furthermore, we characterize overlap and differences in the functional brain networks underlying WM, fluid intelligence, and sustained attention.  ... 
doi:10.1162/jocn_a_01487 pmid:31659926 fatcat:puwwngbka5fhpaltr7bly43blm

Distributed neural system for emotional intelligence revealed by lesion mapping

Aron K. Barbey, Roberto Colom, Jordan Grafman
2012 Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience  
Regression analyses revealed that latent scores for measures of general intelligence and personality reliably predicted latent scores for emotional intelligence.  ...  Here we investigated the neural basis of emotional intelligence in 152 patients with focal brain injuries using voxel-based lesion-symptom mapping.  ...  Emotional intelligence was measured by the full MSCEIT inventory and psychometric intelligence was defined by the WAIS-III, which includes measures of fluid/perceptual ability, crystallized/verbal ability  ... 
doi:10.1093/scan/nss124 pmid:23171618 pmcid:PMC3980800 fatcat:muydmxq33retrexuh2vdmbpy3m

Architecture of fluid intelligence and working memory revealed by lesion mapping

Aron K. Barbey, Roberto Colom, Erick J. Paul, Jordan Grafman
2013 Brain Structure and Function  
Although cognitive neuroscience has made valuable progress in understanding the role of the prefrontal cortex in human intelligence, the functional networks that support adaptive behavior and novel problem  ...  Here, we studied 158 human brain lesion patients to investigate the cognitive and neural foundations of key competencies for fluid intelligence and working memory.  ...  Results Fluid intelligence Gf was associated with a broadly distributed network of brain regions primarily within the right hemisphere ( Fig. 1 ; illustration of gray and white matter results).  ... 
doi:10.1007/s00429-013-0512-z pmid:23392844 fatcat:na7wqc72prcdxpav67daxuem6q

Distance-based functional criticality in the human brain: intelligence and emotional intelligence

Lili Jiang, Kaini Qiao, Chunlin Li
2021 BMC Bioinformatics  
Hence, to explore the effects of anatomical distance of the human brain on behaviors in terms of functional criticality, we proposed a revised algorithm of functional criticality called the distance-based  ...  Background Anatomical distance has been identified as a key factor in the organizational principles of the human brain.  ...  In this study, we used inter-areal distance instead of neighborhood to define the boundary of the dominant cluster within the entire network architecture.  ... 
doi:10.1186/s12859-021-03973-4 pmid:33499802 fatcat:ufqgvgzflrhtpjbqmcteckiusa
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